Andrea Carandini, who supervised excavations in Rome for two decades, presents here the archaeological and textual evidence behind his provocative theory about the city's origins in the eighth century BCE. Arguing that Rome did not grow up gradually and anonymously, as scholars have usually believed, he suggests that the legend of Romulus reflects aspects of the truth - that the city was indeed inaugurated, by a king, in a one-day ceremony on the traditional date of 21 April.
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know about the Ancient Greeks
Peter Jones adds to his popular series of books on the classical world with this collection of fascinating nuggets from the history and literature of ancient Greece. Journeying through time from the Bronze Age to the coming of the Romans, he stops off at major events and significant historical figures to unearth trivia and tell stories that illustrate how much our Hellenic forebears influence our cultural, philosophical, political and scientific ideas. You will also learn that Archimedes actually said heureka!
The Madness of Alexander the Great
And the Myth of Military Genius
Alexander the Great spent virtually all his adult life at war and has often been acclaimed as one of history’s greatest military commanders. But he was also insecure and unstable, flying into uncontrollable rages and pursuing flawed strategy because of his obsession with personal glory. In this reappraisal of Alexander’s character, the author considers whether such alarming behaviour can be explained as a symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder which resulted from his extended exposure to violence and danger.
Persia and the West
An Archaeological Investigation of the Genesis of Achaemenid Art
In the 6th century BCE, with no local tradition to guide them, Cyrus the Great and Darius, kings of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, had to devise a new style of monumental architecture and sculpture with which to express their mastery of the known world. In time Darius created a style of Persian court art and architecture derived from the practices of his subject peoples: Ionian Greeks, Lydians, Mesopotamians and Egyptians. In this scholarly study, Boardman seeks to trace these sources.
The Megalithic Monuments of Britain and Ireland
This concise, richly illustrated book provides an authoritative introduction to the very wide range of British and Irish Neolithic monuments – from around 6,000 years ago to the beginning of the Bronze Age around 1,700 years later. The book is divided into chapters on Scotland, England and Wales, and Ireland, and another devoted to Avebury and Stonehenge; and it covers a tremendous range of structures, including stone circles, chambered tombs, burial mounds, earthworks, henges and cursus monuments.
Life at Court and on Campaign
In this authoritative and lavishly illustrated account, Garry Shaw begins by presenting both the mythological and the archaeological history of pharaonic kingship before examining what it was like to be a pharaoh. Covering ancient Egyptian culture from the Predynastic to the Ptolemaic period, the book describes the birth and upbringing of princes, royal accession, the life and duties of the pharaoh as judge, ruler and intermediary of the gods, his involvement in warfare, and the preparations for his death.
Greek Gems and Finger Rings
Early Bronze Age to Late Classical
The miniaturist art of gem engraving is the least familiar of the major arts of ancient Greece, yet we know it to have been practised by the greatest artists, and its masterpieces can challenge many better-known works of sculpture and painting. John Boardman presents a comprehensive, well-illustrated account of gem engraving in the Greek lands, examining the gems’ subject matter and iconography, the materials and technology used in creating them, and their relation to contemporary artistic works in other media.
Poseidon and the Sea
Myth, Cult, and Daily Life
Although he is most familiar as the ancient Greek god of the sea, the trident-wielding Poseidon also ruled over horses and natural phenomena such as floods and earthquakes. This volume brings together 125 ancient works of art with essays examining mythical stories about the god, his Greek, Roman and Etruscan iconography, and the importance of the sea, shipbuilding, marine life and seafood to his ancient worshippers.
On 5 Deben A Day
You have travelled back to 1250 BCE, to the land of the pharaohs – but how will you know which sights to see and what to do? Based on contemporary sources, this entertaining guide offers an archaeologist's advice on the local customs, food and drink, religious festivals and the vibrant cities of Memphis and Thebes. It also teaches such useful phrases as 'Mer pay-ee aa' ('My donkey is ill').
On 5 Drachmas A Day
For the tourist in fifth-century-BCE Greece, this guide covers the journey from Thermopylae to Athens, and describes how best to explore that great city. The book is packed with historical and cultural information as well as practical matters such as where to stay and the price of fish, and it ends with a selection of useful phrases (‘Tauta pant’ esti moi barbara’ – ‘This is all Greek to me’).
The Parthenon Enigma
A Journey into Legend
Constructed between 447 and 432 BCE, the Parthenon has come to epitomize architectural beauty and proportion as well as the ancient Athenian political and social ideals that underpin Western civilization. Connelly's radical new interpretation of the temple challenges our traditional understanding of the events depicted on its frieze; she uses the evidence of a fragmentary play by Euripides to argue that the temple’s enigmatic imagery represents not a contemporary civic celebration but a human sacrifice in the mythic past. Off-mint.
The Complete Greek Temples
A leading authority on Greek archaeological sites, Professor Spawforth tells the story of Greek temples as a cultural phenomenon and follows their spread as far as Libya and Ukraine, stressing religion and politics as well as art and architecture, and later antiquity as well as classical Greece. This complete, fully illustrated survey traces the origins, rise and decline of collonaded temples, explains the practicalities of their construction, and presents an up-to-date gazetteer of Greek temple sites, arranged by region.
Lost Voices of the Nile
Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt
Much of our knowledge about ancient Egyptian daily life concerns the highest levels of society, but archaeological excavations are now revealing valuable information about workers and their families. Examining this evidence, together with tomb inscriptions and papyri ranging from laundry lists to legal documents, Booth introduces intriguing characters such as the violent drunkard Paneb, the workmen who staged a strike over delayed payment, and Naunakhte, who disinherited her neglectful children.
Everyday Life on a Roman Frontier
Beginning with a survey of the period 55 BCE to 122 CE and the decades of Roman government in Britain before the wall was begun, Patricia Southern, a renowned authority on ancient Roman history, gives a closely detailed account of Hadrian himself, how his wall was built and manned by Roman soldiers, what life was like on this northernmost outpost of the Empire, the building of the Antonine Wall, and what happened to Hadrian’s Wall when the Romans left.
Search For Wisdom
Each of these ten engaging and accessible essays focuses on one ancient Greek author whose achievements in poetry, drama, history or philosophy have profoundly influenced Western culture. The essays set authors, from Homer to Aristotle, in historical context, delineate the themes of their work and show what we can learn today from the Greeks’ rigorous pursuit of logic, their timeless reflections on our place in the world and their practical advice about the best way to live our lives.
Alexander the Great
Themes and Issues
Recent scholarship has challenged Alexander’s epithet ‘Great’, judging his conquests destructive rather than, as earlier historians believed, a civilizing force. This study examines Alexander’s life and career through the major issues surrounding his reign and legacy. In chapters on his Macedonian background, the legacy of Philip II, deification, the administration of an empire, and Asia, Anson sets out the major academic positions, evaluates the historical evidence and brings a new clarity to the history of Alexander.
The Rise and Fall of the House of Caesar
In his acclaimed Rubicon, Tom Holland engagingly retold the fall of the Roman Republic; in this sequel he takes up the story from the aftermath of Julius Caesar’s murder. He shows how the subsequent civil wars made Romans welcome the stabilizing rule of a single man, then traces the fortunes of the first emperor Augustus’ Julio-Claudian descendants, among whom were some of the most notorious characters of antiquity – Caligula, Nero and Agrippina. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
An Illustrated Introduction to Ancient Rome
This concise and accessible guide outlines the political and social history of ancient Rome, from the foundation myth of Romulus and Remus to the coming of Christianity and the end of the Western Roman Empire. With evidence drawn from the archaeological remains of the ancient city, it shows what we can learn about the lives and beliefs of ordinary citizens as well as the reigns of the greatest - and most infamous - emperors.
Catiline: The Monster of Rome
An Ancient Case of Political Assassination
Because of his attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic in 63 BCE, the name of Catiline has become a byword for conspiracy, treachery and depravity, but was he really as monstrous as his enemies claimed? Economic historian Francis Galassi presents a defence of Catiline, reassessing his actions and arguing that he felt compelled to stand up for common Romans against the elite at a time when the growing disparity between poor and wealthy was threatening to destabilize society.
Warriors and Kings
The 1500-Year Battle for Celtic Britain
The charismatic leaders Boudicca, Caratacus, William Wallace, Owain Glyndwr and the legendary King Arthur all epitomize the resistance of British Celts to the fearsome military powers at whose hands they suffered oppression and injustice. This survey of British history focuses on the key moments when the Celts' determination to survive came to the fore, from the Roman invasion to the Act of Union passed by the Tudors, and considers the mythology and psychology that drove them.
Taken at the Flood
The Roman Conquest of Greece
In 146 BCE the Romans destroyed Corinth, bringing to a climax their long period of expansion in the east, which had begun in 229. Waterfield's history of these momentous decades combines a narrative of the clash of superpowers in the Punic, Illyrian and Macedonian Wars with analysis of Rome's eastern policy: he argues that the Romans were 'natural imperialists' whose belligerence, deceit and arrogance precluded successful negotiation during the long period of indirect rule.
Hidden Treasures from the National Museum, Kabul
In 1978, in the Afghan highlands, an archaeologist unearthed the tomb of a Bactrian warrior. Sealed for 2,000 years, it contained more than 22,000 golden artefacts. Within months, the Soviet invasion sealed the country and the treasure disappeared. Produced in conjunction with a major touring exhibition, this magnificent catalogue illustrates hundreds of items of jewellery and sculpture, and tells the story of the courageous band of curators who risked their lives to save these treasures from the Taliban.
A Brief History of Stonehenge: A Complete
History and Archaeology of the World's Most Enigmatic Stone Circle
Britain's leading expert on stone circles here offers a comprehensive introduction to our most enigmatic ancient site. He explains how the stones were transported and their relationship with the surrounding burial sites; he carefully examines the possible astronomical meanings of the stones' alignment; and also debunks many myths and inaccurate mystical notions. Each successive generation has developed its own reading of the stones; Burl offers the most up-to-date assessment.
The Art of the Pharaohs
Introduced by Zahi Hawass, from Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, and illustrated with magnificent photography by Araldo De Luca, this volume explores the significance, values and evolution of the art of the pharaohs chronologically, from Narmer (c.3100 BCE) to Cleopatra VII (51-30 BCE). The text sketches an historical and artistic profile for each of 34 rulers, including Khafre, Nefertiti and Tutankhamen, revealing how the art practice of ancient Egypt aspired to 'represent an immutable, sanctified reality'. Includes a complete chronology.
How to Decode the Sacred Language of the Ancient Egyptians
The hieroglyphic script found on ancient Egyptian tombs and temples is probably the world’s oldest writing system. As you work through this introductory guide by an expert Egyptologist, you will learn the basic principles of the script and the language’s common structures and formulas, before discovering how to unlock the meaning of 23 short texts taken from real artefacts.
Harry Mount's Odyssey
Ancient Greece in the Footsteps of Odysseus
'Odysseus began his journey home to Ithaca on the windswept plain beneath the burning ramparts of Troy... I started my odyssey in the Pret a Manger at Terminal 5 in Heathrow Airport': travelling to Troy via Istanbul, Harry Mount set out on a 21st-century journey in the footsteps of the ancient Greek hero. This irresistible book is both Mount's commentary on Odysseus' epic journey and an account of his own travels in modern Greece and around Homer's Mediterranean.
The Ark Before Noah
Decoding the Story of the Flood
Although a version of the Flood myth that pre-dates the Old Testament by a millennium was discovered in 1872, how the story came to be incorporated in Genesis remained shrouded in mystery until Irving Finkel encountered the 'Ark Tablet' in 2009. In this very engaging book, he describes the detective work that revealed a tablet of cuneiform writing giving instructions for building the Ark and he explains how the old story found its way into the Bible. American-cut pages. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Last Days of Pompeii
Decadence. Apocalypse. Resurrection
'The most famously dead of all ancient cities, yet the one that comes most vividly alive to us today', Pompeii has provided a metaphor for artists to explore the concerns of their own day ever since its rediscovery in the 18th century. This volume, which accompanied an exhibition at the J Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, explores the legacy of Pompeii in 92 works that range from 18th-century recreations of Roman murals to paintings by artists including Dali, Rothko and Warhol.
In Bed With the Ancient Egyptians
Sex featured prominently in ancient Egyptian religion, mythology and art, while Cleopatra's love affairs with Mark Antony and Julius Caesar continue to fire the imagination. Drawing on the evidence of texts and pictures from inscriptions and papyri, Booth's wide-ranging survey explores the Egyptians' customs relating to love, marriage and childbirth; their attitudes to adultery, prostitution and homosexuality; the place of sex in beliefs about the afterlife; and their doctors' ideas about sexual health, fertility and aphrodisiacs.
The Rise and Fall of Ancient Rome
The first half of this accessible history highlights the people and political processes behind Rome's gradual growth from its origins as a small Iron Age settlement; the second focuses on the Roman army's training and organization, and the campaigns in which it responded to the series of military crises that eventually brought the empire to an end. More than 470 illustrations complement the text - maps and diagrams illustrating key battles, as well as photographs showing ancient artefacts and archaeological sites.
The War of the Three Gods
Romans, Persians and the Rise of Islam
Peter Crawford describes the eventful military history of the Near East during the 7th century CE, a pivotal period when the Eastern Roman Empire based in Constantinople was brought to the brink of extinction by Sassanid Persia, before Islam's adherents made spectacular advances and transformed the region. Using maps, plans and diagrams, Crawford analyses the strategies and tactics of these very different armies in the epic battles and sieges which 'brought about the end of the Ancient World'.
The Oldest Enigma of Humanity
The Key to the Mystery of the Paleolithic Cave Paintings
How did prehistoric people, some 30,000 years ago, paint realistic images of animals on cave walls? What meaning did these images convey? For centuries archaeologists and art historians have pondered these questions, but the animals of Lascaux or Chauvet remained an enigma. Working together, the artist Bertrand David and historian Jean-Jacques Lefrere made a breakthrough in understanding how, if not why, prehistoric peoples made these wonderful images.
The Mirror of Venus
Women in Roman Art
The art produced in the male-dominated society of ancient Rome abounds in images of imperial wives, working women and female mythological characters such as the Amazons. This broad thematic survey of such representations from across the empire interprets them in the light of political, religious and cultural contexts to show how much they reflect an ideological stereotype of the Roman matron, and how they were used to convey moral and political messages to women.
The Greatest Empire
A Life of Seneca
'The greatest kind of power is self-control,' wrote Seneca (c.4-65 CE), the enigmatic philosopher who was Nero's tutor and advisor. But, as this biography compellingly shows, his struggles for compromise at the heart of an absolutist tyranny placed him under enormous pressure. He found himself trapped between the Stoic ideal of tranquillity that he advocated and the unsettling realities of political, military and economic power, until he was accused of conspiring against his emperor and took his own life.
Towards One World
Ancient Persia and the West
Focusing on Persia's attempt to extend its borders into Europe in the sixth century BCE, Ball emphasizes the profound influence of the Persian religious idea of a single universal creator and the complex relations between the Persian Empire and the Greco-Roman world.
Traveller's Guide to the Ancient World
Greece in the Year 415 BCE
With the features that a tourist would find in a modern travel guide, this overview of ancient Athenian life offers guidance on what sights to see and who to meet, where to get a room for the night, when to take part in festivals and how to buy a slave. The book ends with some useful words and phrases as well as a brief outline of later Athenian history.
The Gulf of Naples
Archaeology and History of an Ancient Land
Campania, the Italian region of which Naples is the capital, has a long history stretching back to its colonization by the ancient Greeks, and despite earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, remains one of the most populous areas of Europe. Lavishly illustrated with colour photographs, this volume explores the region's astonishing heritage of Greek and Roman monuments, including the wonders of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Paestum, Sorrento and Capri, while special features focus on its role in literature, archaeology and volcanology.
The Conquests of Alexander the Great
This 'intelligent introduction' to Alexander the Great emphasizes the military, political and administrative aspects of his short but extraordinarily successful career, leaving aside speculation about his psychological motivations. Heckel begins by outlining the Macedonian background, then uses maps and battle plans to describe in detail how Alexander won his reputation as one of history's greatest commanders. Appendices give the evidence for troop numbers at key moments and the names of Alexander's officers and administrators.
The Treasures of the Egyptian Museum
Opened in 1902, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an unmatched collection of antiquities charting the ancient civilization over a period of 4,000 years. This impressive volume presents, in hundreds of full-page images, many of the most important pieces, from simple decorated pots of the pre-dynastic period, through the great statuary and tomb treasure of the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms to paintings and artefacts of the period of Roman occupation up to around 300 CE.
Women in Ancient Egypt
In this study of women's place in the political and social history of ancient Egypt, Watterson brings to life the evidence of written records, monuments and sculpture, burial artefacts, wall-paintings and human remains. She first explores ancient Egyptian attitudes to women and in subsequent chapters describes the occupations open to them, love and marriage, health, childbirth, dress and domestic life. The book ends with a survey of the few women, among them Nefertiti, Hatshepsut and Cleopatra, who wielded political power.
A History of the Roman World
753 to 146 BC
More than 80 years after its first publication, HH Scullard's acclaimed overview of Roman history still offers much to students and professional scholars alike, as Tim Cornell demonstrates in his new foreword to this fourth edition. Covering six centuries from the city's foundation and the establishment of the Republic to the Punic Wars and the fall of Carthage, Scullard examines the Romans' predilection for law and order, organization and administration, which enabled them to build the foundations of a great empire.