The Roman Family in the Empire
Rome, Italy, and Beyond
These ten papers examine the forms taken by families in territories conquered by the Romans, with a particular focus on the ways in which local traditions and the process of ‘Romanization’ combined to shape social attitudes in provinces from Lusitania to Judaea. The authors analyse evidence from a wide range of sources, including the speeches of Cicero, Justinian’s law code, archival documents from Egypt and the inscriptions and reliefs carved on funerary monuments.
Documentary Sources in Ancient Near Eastern and Greco-Roman Economic History
Methodology and Practice
Originating from a conference in Vienna in 2008 that brought scholars of Mesopotamian history together with classicists working on Greco-Roman sources, these 14 papers cover topics including Babylonian house structure, Old Assyrian trade, water-lifting technology and prices in the ancient Mediterranean and Near East.
The Great Empires of the Ancient World
Ranging from Egypt and the Mediterranean world to South Asia and China, this volume surveys the history and culture of each of the major imperial powers that held sway in the ancient world between 1600 BCE and 500 CE. As well as accessible accounts by a team of eminent scholars, the book features sections quoting texts written by inhabitants of the empires and is illustrated with maps, timelines and images showing such splendid artistic achievements as Sasanian silver and Roman mosaics.
Gifts for the Gods
Ancient Egyptian Animal Mummies and the British
Cats, birds and crocodiles are among the animals mummified in quantity by the ancient Egyptians and deposited as votive offerings. With contributions from 19 experts, this collection of illustrated essays details animals’ role in Egyptian religion and traces both the British fascination with such artefacts and the recent development of innovative techniques for studying them.
Alexander the Great
Themes and Issues
Recent scholarship has challenged Alexander’s epithet ‘Great’, judging his conquests destructive rather than, as earlier historians believed, a civilizing force. This study examines Alexander’s life and career through the major issues surrounding his reign and legacy. In chapters on his Macedonian background, the legacy of Philip II, deification, the administration of an empire, and Asia, Anson sets out the major academic positions, evaluates the historical evidence and brings a new clarity to the history of Alexander.
A Civilization and its Writing
Most of the glyphs carved on the stone monuments of the ancient Maya civilization have now been deciphered. This handbook presents around 200 of the script’s symbolic characters, each with an interpretation of the concept that it expresses. The glyphs are arranged thematically to show what the Maya’s written records reveal about their lives and beliefs, their vigesimal number system and the complex organization of their solar and ritual calendars.
The Roman Fighter's Unofficial Manual
‘Having people fight and kill each other for entertainment requires some pretty flexible moral gymnastics’, writes Philip Matyszak. Here, he introduces the world of the gladiator, from entering the ludus (gladiator school) to the surprisingly wide range of career options if (a rather big ‘if’) you survive combat in the arena. The ‘manual’ includes quotes from the ancient authorities, a survey of the Empire’s best arenas and photographs of modern, reconstructed gladiators.
Fact and Fiction
The intelligent, politically astute Cleopatra captivated both Caesar and Antony, two of the most powerful Romans of her age, and continues to fascinate us today. Watterson describes the events of the Egyptian queen’s life, examines how she came to symbolize the danger of female influence to Rome’s safety and traces the development of the Cleopatra legend in art and in drama for stage and screen. The book’s appendices present extensive excerpts from ancient sources.
The Treasures of the Egyptian Museum
Opened in 1902, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an unmatched collection of antiquities charting the ancient civilization over a period of 4,000 years. This impressive volume presents, in hundreds of full-page images, many of the most important pieces, from simple decorated pots of the pre-dynastic period, through the great statuary and tomb treasure of the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms to paintings and artefacts of the period of Roman occupation up to around 300 CE.
History, Mystery and the Latest Discoveries
Discovered by chance by farmers in 1974, the mausoleum of the first emperor of China contained one of the wonders of the world: the Terracotta Army. Based on unique access to leading Chinese archaeologists, this book sets the clay warriors in the context of Chinese society 2,200 years ago, describes the latest discoveries at the vast and only partly excavated site, and hints at what may still be uncovered – including the imperial tomb itself.
Chronicle of the Queens of Egypt
From Early Dynastic Times to the Death of Cleopatra
Some ancient Egyptian queens, including Nefertiti, wife of the radical reformer Akhenaten, and Hatshepsut, who rose from the position of a conventional consort to that of female pharaoh, are still renowned today. These women are set alongside lesser-known queens in this collection of biographies, which reveals their uniquely varied roles and their importance across 3,000 years of their country’s history. The book also features timelines, genealogical tables and photographs of sites and artefacts.
A Year in the Life of Ancient Egypt
What would it have been like to live in Ancient Egypt? In this book one of the world’s most acclaimed Egyptologists imagines a year in the life of a government official and his family. Organized according to the three agricultural seasons that structured Egyptian lives – inundation, planting and harvesting – the family’s story illustrates aspects of their everyday lives and customs, their experience of the educational, medical and legal professions and their preparations for the afterlife.
Twilight of the Hellenistic World
After the death of Alexander the Great and the fragmentation of his empire, the east Mediterranean world was controlled by the so-called Successor States. The authors analyse the complex conflicts and rivalries among these states during the final decades of the 3rd century BCE – the last generation before Roman intervention in the region – as well as considering Hellenistic military systems and the tactics used in major land and sea battles.
Late Roman Luxury Glasses
Displaying ‘aesthetic refinement and technical finesse second to none’, Roman cage cups are glass vessels decorated with delicate openwork, sometimes including an inscribed toast (‘Drink! For many years’). This book identifies the dates and locations of cage cups’ production, describes their characteristic shapes and colours and addresses different theories about the manufacturing processes that were used by ancient glassworkers. A catalogue presents more than 80 examples, each with commentary and bibliography.
Deadly Arena Sports of Ancient Rome
Gladiatorial spectacles were central to Roman society, fulfilling important roles beyond mere entertainment. Epplett describes their origins, gladiators’ training, staged beast hunts and the infrastructure of the arenas, and asks why these cruel events were so popular. Previously published as Gladiators and Beast Hunts.
The Athenian Story
How did a radical new set of democratic ideals emerge from the ancient Athenians’ search for a durable political order? In a lively narrative history, Professor Mitchell traces the influence of early revolutionary movements and describes how democracy took hold for two centuries. He analyses both the system’s strengths and the weaknesses that hastened its demise in the face of Macedonian conquerors. The book ends with an assessment of Athens’ political legacy in the modern world.
Temples and Tombs
Treasures of Egyptian Art from the British Museum
Thousands of years after they were created, the works produced by the royal artists of ancient Egypt retain their power to inspire wonder at its rich and vibrant culture. This volume – the catalogue of a 2006 exhibition – presents 85 artefacts, from imposing granite statues to delicate gold earrings, spanning the millennia of pharaonic history. It also features two essays, on the background to the manufacture of such items, and on the history of the British Museum’s Egyptian collections.
The Fall of the Ancient Maya
Solving the Mystery of the Maya Collapse
While the downfall of the Maya has variously been attributed to earthquake, famine, plague and war, this account of their demise, which critically evaluates many of the proposed causes, asks not only how the civilization collapsed, but what collapsed. David Webster draws upon recent archaeological research and discoveries at sites including Copan, Tikal and Piedras Negras to examine the history and culture of the Maya, and to analyse the complex factors behind their decline. Slightly off-mint.
The Mysteries of Stonehenge
Myth and Ritual at the Sacred Centre
By studying the fragments of myth and ritual that have survived through Britain’s oral tradition, Tolstoy attempts to explain the human story behind the mysterious stones of Stonehenge. Reconstructing the significant aspects of British pagan ideology from the pre-Roman era, and studying the material remains of this lost civilization, Tolstoy presents Stonehenge as the ancient people’s ‘sacred centre’, where the birth, death and eventual rebirth of their island was celebrated.
Panorama of the Classical World
Covering the millennium which separates the first and last Olympic Games, this introduction to classical antiquity reflects the cultural and ethnic diversity of the cosmopolitan Greco-Roman world. With nearly 600 illustrations and a collection of excerpts from the writings of ancient authors, it is organized around the ideas and values that underpinned ancient history, including hygiene and diet; the body in life and death; money and economic life; and the realms of politics, war and rebellion.
A Brief History of the Amazons
Women Warriors in Myth and History
Ancient Greek myth tells of ferocious female warriors called Amazons who lived near the Black Sea and slaughtered their male children. Could the story reflect a real matriarchal society, or perhaps a women-only religious cult? This book follows the author’s quest for the evidence, not only in ancient texts and artistic depictions but also in archaeological discoveries such as the graves of Iron-Age women buried with arrows, swords and armour.
Harry Mount's Odyssey
Ancient Greece in the Footsteps of Odysseus
'Odysseus began his journey home to Ithaca on the windswept plain beneath the burning ramparts of Troy... I started my odyssey in the Pret a Manger at Terminal 5 in Heathrow Airport': travelling to Troy via Istanbul, Harry Mount set out on a 21st-century journey in the footsteps of the ancient Greek hero. This irresistible book is both Mount's commentary on Odysseus' epic journey and an account of his own travels in modern Greece and around Homer's Mediterranean.
The Invasion of Europe by the Barbarians
JB Bury (1861–1927) was Professor of Modern History, then of Greek, at Cambridge, but his most important contributions were to the study of Late Antiquity. This book brings together a series of lectures on the long period of migrations from the fourth to sixth centuries; with a focus on military matters, they examine how Germans, Visigoths, Gauls, Ostrogoths and Franks took control of Europe as the power and influence of the Roman Empire waned.
A Brief History of the Celts
The intricate artwork and vibrant mythology of the Celts make their culture a source of particular fascination, which continues to be fuelled by new archaeological discoveries. This overview of ancient Europe discusses the Celts' mysterious origins, their complex society and their vigorous survival even after conquest by the Romans. Previously published as The Ancient World of the Celts (1998).
Greek Gems and Finger Rings
Early Bronze Age to Late Classical
The miniaturist art of gem engraving is the least familiar of the major arts of ancient Greece, yet we know it to have been practised by the greatest artists, and its masterpieces can challenge many better-known works of sculpture and painting. John Boardman presents a comprehensive, well-illustrated account of gem engraving in the Greek lands, examining the gems’ subject matter and iconography, the materials and technology used in creating them, and their relation to contemporary artistic works in other media. Slightly off-mint.
Chariots and Other Wheeled Vehicles In Italy Before the Roman Empire
Three categories of wheeled transport are documented in early Italy – carts and chariots with two wheels and wagons with four. This study of their construction and harnessing presents a wide range of archaeological evidence, such as wall paintings, terracotta models and the remains of actual vehicles. In the final chapter Crouwel considers the relative economic and social importance of the different means of land transport.
Monuments and Changing Communities in the Wessex Landscape
In addition to the famous monuments at Stonehenge and Avebury, Wessex contains many lesser-known ancient sites, such as earthen circles and long barrows. In this book, two former archaeological investigators for English Heritage use their thorough knowledge of the area to set these locations within the context of the wider landscape and to reveal how early farming communities shaped the land that we see today.
The Discovery of Middle Earth
Mapping the Lost World of the Celts
It was while planning a cycling expedition along the Via Heraklea, the legendary route of Hercules from the western tip of the Iberian Peninsula to the Alps, that Graham Robb discovered a precise pattern of towns and holy places based on astronomical and geometrical measurements: the three-dimensional 'Middle Earth' of the Celts. This volume describes his historical treasure hunt, revealing the lasting influence of the Druids, and looking afresh at the 'protohistory' of Europe.
Lost Voices of the Nile
Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt
Much of our knowledge about ancient Egyptian daily life concerns the highest levels of society, but archaeological excavations are now revealing valuable information about workers and their families. Examining this evidence, together with tomb inscriptions and papyri ranging from laundry lists to legal documents, Booth introduces intriguing characters such as the violent drunkard Paneb, the workmen who staged a strike over delayed payment, and Naunakhte, who disinherited her neglectful children.
The Greeks Overseas
Their Early Colonies and Trade
Described by the TLS as ‘a masterly summary’, this is a classic study of the earliest Greek trading posts and colonies. Boardman explains what archaeology has revealed about the Greeks’ travels as far afield as southern Egypt and northern Spain; he also highlights how much Greek arts and culture owed to foreign influences. This fourth edition features an extra chapter on recently discovered evidence and fresh theoretical approaches to the interpretation of this important period of European history.
The Rise of Athens
The Story of the World's Greatest Civilization
Classical Athens, a community of just 200,000 citizens, not only gave birth to some of antiquity's greatest geniuses but also created the world's first democracy, raising political issues that remain relevant today. Complementing his account of The Rise of Rome, Everitt surveys the Athenian achievement, from the early centuries of kings and tyrants, through the democratic revolution and the city's intellectual and artistic flowering in the age of Socrates and Pericles, to its decline with the growth of Macedon.
The World of Philip and Alexander
A Symposium on Greek Life and Times
Alexander the Great conquered the known world in the fourth century BCE, but it was the achievements of his father, Philip II of Macedon, that laid the foundations of his success. This collection of essays, originally presented at a symposium at the University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in Philadelphia, explores aspects of this pivotal period in classical history from the rulers' interest in the Olympic Games to the modern reconstruction of Philip II's skull, discovered in 1977.
On 5 Drachmas A Day
For the tourist in fifth-century-BCE Greece, this guide covers the journey from Thermopylae to Athens, and describes how best to explore that great city. The book is packed with historical and cultural information as well as practical matters, such as where to stay and the price of fish, and it ends with a selection of useful phrases (‘Tauta pant’ esti moi barbara’ – ‘This is all Greek to me’).
Judaea and Rome in Coins 65 BCE-135 CE
Papers Presented at the International Conference Hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010
This volume comprises 14 papers presented at a 2010 conference on recent advances in numismatic scholarship relating to the period from the conquest of Judaea to the last major Jewish uprising against Roman rule. The contributors draw on evidence from many new coin finds in the region to shed light on such subjects as the Roman influence on local coinage, Hadrian’s characterization as a second Nero and the use of Jewish emblems and Hebrew slogans.
Coinage in the Greek World
Coins can provide valuable information about social, economic and political life in ancient Greece and this introductory survey focuses on their circulation and use as it traces the development of the Greek coinage from its introduction in the 7th century BCE to the late Hellenistic period. Photographs of over 300 coins illustrate types from across the Greek world. First published in 1988.
A Chronology of Ancient Greece
Covering the period from c.560 to 145 BCE, this accessible reference work provides a year-by-year narrative of the most significant events across the Greek world and in those regions that came into contact with Greek culture. Detailed accounts of battles and political crises are provided and scholarly disputes about the dating or sequence of events are noted. The book concludes with an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources and a set of dynastic tables.
In Bed With the Ancient Egyptians
Sex featured prominently in ancient Egyptian religion, mythology and art, while Cleopatra's love affairs with Mark Antony and Julius Caesar continue to fire the imagination. Drawing on the evidence of texts and pictures from inscriptions and papyri, Booth's wide-ranging survey explores the Egyptians' customs relating to love, marriage and childbirth; their attitudes to adultery, prostitution and homosexuality; the place of sex in beliefs about the afterlife; and their doctors' ideas about sexual health, fertility and aphrodisiacs.
Inside the Neolithic Mind
Consciousness, Cosmos and the Realm of the Gods
During the Early Neolithic period (c.10,000–5,000 years ago) agriculture became a way of life and the first large settlements were established. In this sequel to The Mind in the Cave, the authors combine archaeological evidence, such as Near Eastern skull burials and the massive stone monuments of western Europe, with insights from research into the universal functioning of the human brain, to propose radical new theories about the role of mind, art and religion in ancient cosmology and society.
Animals and Roman Society
Ancient Romans often treated animals in ways that we consider cruel, but in many respects their attitudes were similar to our own. Ferris proposes ‘a way to understand Roman culture through analysing the society’s relationship with animals’. Using literary, visual and archaeological evidence, he shows how animals were kept for farm work and as household pets; how they were slaughtered for food, as sacrifices and as public entertainment; and how Romans presented animals in mythology and as attributes of deities.
Rome Seizes the Trident
The Defeat of Carthaginian Seapower and the Forging of the Roman Empire
In 264 BCE, when the Romans first went to war with Carthage, they had no navy, relying instead on ships from South Italian cities. However, when the Punic Wars ended more than a century later, Rome had developed a powerful fleet, which would prove vital for imperial expansion. DeSantis traces the growth of this naval supremacy and discusses the tactics that made it possible, such as the boarding-bridge by which the superior Roman infantry simply walked onto the enemy’s decks.
Exploring Cross-Channel Relationships from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age
This volume comprises ten essays investigating archaeologically the links – material, social and cultural – between Britain and Ireland and continental Europe during later prehistory. The topics discussed include seafaring in prehistoric Atlantic Europe, the shifting character of Europe’s landscapes and seascapes, Neolithic funerary monuments, and narratives of Iron Age art in Britain and its relationship with the Continent.
Andrea Carandini, who supervised excavations in Rome for two decades, presents here the archaeological and textual evidence behind his provocative theory about the city's origins in the eighth century BCE. Arguing that Rome did not grow up gradually and anonymously, as scholars have usually believed, he suggests that the legend of Romulus reflects aspects of the truth – that the city was indeed inaugurated, by a king, in a one-day ceremony on the traditional date of 21 April.
On 5 Deben A Day
You have travelled back to 1250 BCE, to the land of the pharaohs – but how will you know which sights to see and what to do? Based on contemporary sources, this entertaining guide offers an archaeologist's advice on the local customs, food and drink, religious festivals and the vibrant cities of Memphis and Thebes. It also teaches such useful phrases as 'Mer pay-ee aa' ('My donkey is ill').
The Complete Greek Temples
A leading authority on Greek archaeological sites, Professor Spawforth tells the story of Greek temples as a cultural phenomenon and follows their spread as far as Libya and Ukraine, stressing religion and politics as well as art and architecture, and later antiquity as well as classical Greece. This complete, fully illustrated survey traces the origins, rise and decline of collonaded temples, explains the practicalities of their construction, and presents an up-to-date gazetteer of Greek temple sites, arranged by region.
An Illustrated Introduction to Ancient Rome
This concise and accessible guide outlines the political and social history of ancient Rome, from the foundation myth of Romulus and Remus to the coming of Christianity and the end of the Western Roman Empire. With evidence drawn from the archaeological remains of the ancient city, it shows what we can learn about the lives and beliefs of ordinary citizens as well as the reigns of the greatest – and most infamous – emperors.