The Parthenon Enigma
A Journey into Legend
Constructed between 447 and 432 BCE, the Parthenon has come to epitomize architectural beauty and proportion as well as the ancient Athenian political and social ideals that underpin Western civilization. But Connelly's radical new interpretation of the temple challenges our traditional understanding of the events depicted on its frieze; she uses the evidence of a fragmentary play by Euripides to argue that its enigmatic imagery represents not a contemporary civic celebration but a human sacrifice in the mythic past. Off-mint.
The Oldest Enigma of Humanity
The Key to the Mystery of the Paleolithic Cave Paintings
How did prehistoric people, some 30,000 years ago, paint realistic images of animals on cave walls? What meaning did these images convey? For centuries archaeologists and art historians have pondered these questions, but the animals of Lascaux or Chauvet remained an enigma. Working together, the artist Bertrand David and historian Jean-Jacques Lefrere made a breakthrough in understanding how, if not why, prehistoric peoples made these wonderful images.
The Last Days of Pompeii
Decadence. Apocalypse. Resurrection
'The most famously dead of all ancient cities, yet the one that comes most vividly alive to us today', Pompeii has provided a metaphor for artists to explore the concerns of their own day ever since its rediscovery in the 18th century. This volume, which accompanied an exhibition at the J Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, explores the legacy of Pompeii in 92 works that range from 18th-century recreations of Roman murals to paintings by artists including Dali, Rothko and Warhol.
The Discovery of Middle Earth
Mapping the Lost World of the Celts
It was while planning a cycling expedition along the Via Heraklea, the legendary route of Hercules from the western tip of the Iberian Peninsula to the Alps, that Graham Robb discovered a precise pattern of towns and holy places based on astronomical and geometrical measurements: the three-dimensional 'Middle Earth' of the Celts. This volume describes his historical treasure hunt, revealing the lasting influence of the Druids, and looking afresh at the 'protohistory' of Europe.
The Mirror of Venus
Women in Roman Art
The art produced in the male-dominated society of ancient Rome abounds in images of imperial wives, working women and female mythological characters such as the Amazons. This broad thematic survey of such representations from across the empire interprets them in the light of political, religious and cultural contexts to show how much they reflect an ideological stereotype of the Roman matron, and how they were used to convey moral and political messages to women.
Taken at the Flood
The Roman Conquest of Greece
In 146 BCE the Romans destroyed Corinth, bringing to a climax their long period of expansion in the east, which had begun in 229. Waterfield's history of these momentous decades combines a narrative of the clash of superpowers in the Punic, Illyrian and Macedonian Wars with analysis of Rome's eastern policy: he argues that the Romans were 'natural imperialists' whose belligerence, deceit and arrogance precluded successful negotiation during the long period of indirect rule.
The Greatest Empire
A Life of Seneca
'The greatest kind of power is self-control,' wrote Seneca (c.4-65 CE), the enigmatic philosopher who was Nero's tutor and advisor. But, as this biography compellingly shows, his struggles for compromise at the heart of an absolutist tyranny placed him under enormous pressure. He found himself trapped between the Stoic ideal of tranquillity that he advocated and the unsettling realities of political, military and economic power, until he was accused of conspiring against his emperor and took his own life.
Towards One World
Ancient Persia and the West
Focusing on Persia's attempt to extend its borders into Europe in the sixth century BCE, Ball emphasizes the profound influence of the Persian religious idea of a single universal creator and the complex relations between the Persian Empire and the Greco-Roman world.
Traveller's Guide to the Ancient World
Greece in the Year 415 BCE
With the features that a tourist would find in a modern travel guide, this overview of ancient Athenian life offers guidance on what sights to see and who to meet, where to get a room for the night, when to take part in festivals and how to buy a slave. The book ends with some useful words and phrases as well as a brief outline of later Athenian history.
The Gulf of Naples
Archaeology and History of an Ancient Land
Campania, the Italian region of which Naples is the capital, has a long history stretching back to its colonization by the ancient Greeks, and despite earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, remains one of the most populous areas of Europe. Lavishly illustrated with colour photographs, this volume explores the region's astonishing heritage of Greek and Roman monuments, including the wonders of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Paestum, Sorrento and Capri, while special features focus on its role in literature, archaeology and volcanology.
Lost Legion Rediscovered
The Mystery of the Theban Legion
In 383 CE, a river bank collapse on the river Rhone revealed a mass grave which Bishop Eucherius of Lyon claimed held the remains of Christian legionaries massacred a century earlier for refusing to obey orders that they considered immoral. O'Reilly investigates this claim, which appears in no other source, assembling evidence from coins, inscriptions and other writers of the period to argue that Eucherius' story is true and reflects the religious and moral uncertainties within the tumultuous empire.
The Conquests of Alexander the Great
This 'intelligent introduction' to Alexander the Great emphasizes the military, political and administrative aspects of his short but extraordinarily successful career, leaving aside speculation about his psychological motivations. Heckel begins by outlining the Macedonian background, then uses maps and battle plans to describe in detail how Alexander won his reputation as one of history's greatest commanders. Appendices give the evidence for troop numbers at key moments and the names of Alexander's officers and administrators.
The Treasures of the Egyptian Museum
Opened in 1902, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an unmatched collection of antiquities charting the ancient civilization over a period of 4,000 years. This impressive volume presents, in hundreds of full-page images, many of the most important pieces, from simple decorated pots of the pre-dynastic period, through the great statuary and tomb treasure of the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms to paintings and artefacts of the period of Roman occupation up to around 300 CE.
Women in Ancient Egypt
In this study of women's place in the political and social history of ancient Egypt, Watterson brings to life the evidence of written records, monuments and sculpture, burial artefacts, wall-paintings and human remains. She first explores ancient Egyptian attitudes to women and in subsequent chapters describes the occupations open to them, love and marriage, health, childbirth, dress and domestic life. The book ends with a survey of the few women, among them Nefertiti, Hatshepsut and Cleopatra, who wielded political power.
The War of the Three Gods
Romans, Persians and the Rise of Islam
Peter Crawford describes the eventful military history of the Near East during the 7th century CE, a pivotal period when the Eastern Roman Empire based in Constantinople was brought to the brink of extinction by Sassanid Persia, before Islam's adherents made spectacular advances and transformed the region. Using maps, plans and diagrams, Crawford analyses the strategies and tactics of these very different armies in the epic battles and sieges which 'brought about the end of the Ancient World'.
A History of the Roman World
753 to 146 BC
More than 80 years after its first publication, HH Scullard's acclaimed overview of Roman history still offers much to students and professional scholars alike, as Tim Cornell demonstrates in his new foreword to this fourth edition. Covering six centuries from the city's foundation and the establishment of the Republic to the Punic Wars and the fall of Carthage, Scullard examines the Romans' predilection for law and order, organization and administration, which enabled them to build the foundations of a great empire.
Ritual Texts for the Afterlife
Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets
Now a second edition incorporating new archaeological finds and interpretations, this is a detailed study of the small gold tablets inscribed with words attributed to Orpheus and found in graves of followers of Dionysus from the fifth century BCE to second century CE.
The Roman Empire Divided, 400-700
By the beginning of the 8th century, the vast Roman Empire had been reduced to a shrinking remnant based in the city of Constantinople. This book ranges from west to east, showing how the advances of Germanic peoples, Slavs, and Arabs reduced Roman territory and established new Mediterranean civilizations. The updated second edition features new sections covering such topics as the large hoards recently discovered in Britain and the widespread effects of the plague.
The Ark Before Noah
Decoding the Story of the Flood
Although a version of the Flood myth that pre-dates the Old Testament by a millennium was discovered in 1872, how the story came to be incorporated in Genesis remained shrouded in mystery until Irving Finkel encountered the 'Ark Tablet' in 2009. In this very engaging book, he describes the detective work that revealed a tablet of cuneiform writing giving instructions for building the Ark and he explains how the old story found its way into the Bible. American-cut pages. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
Alexander the Great Failure
The Collapse of the Macedonian Empire
John D Grainger takes a new approach to Alexander's life and death, treating his achievement as built on foundations laid by his father, Philip II of Macedon, and discussing his death in the light of his unfinished projects to extend and consolidate the Macedonian empire.
Rome's Last Citizen
The Life and Legacy of Cato, Mortal Enemy of Caesar
For George Washington and his revolutionary contemporaries, the Roman statesman Marcus Porcius Cato (95-46 BCE) was the embodiment of liberty, principle and stoic courage, who chose suicide to avoid becoming a political pawn for Caesar. In this first modern biography the authors place Cato in the context of his turbulent times - an age of terrorism, debt crisis and political corruption - and consider why he ultimately failed in his attempt to save the Republic.
An Introduction to Greek and Latin Palaeography
The work of one of the great pioneering scholars of palaeography, the Introduction has remained the principal work in its field in English. Thompson provides an account of the history and progress of Greek and Latin palaeography from the earliest periods for which there are surviving manuscripts to the late 15th century, and illustrates it with an invaluable selection of 250 facsimiles ranging from Greek literary and cursive papyri to medieval manuscripts of English vernacular book-hand and late medieval Latin official documents, reproduced from plates of the Palaeographical Society. Oxbow reprint.
For nearly 4,000 years Egyptians skilfully embalmed both human and animal bodies in accordance with beliefs about their destiny in the afterlife; many mummies are still so well preserved that we can extract evidence about ancient people's lives and even gaze on their faces. Presenting examples of the embalmer's art now in the British Museum, Taylor explains the mummification and burial processes and the techniques used to study mummies today.
An Illustrated Introduction to Ancient Egypt
Choosing to describe different aspects of how ancient Egyptian people lived rather than present a chronological account, Charlotte Booth begins with the environment in which Egyptian civilization arose and endured for 3,500 years; then goes on to deal with religion, village life, childhood, and disease, death and the afterlife.
Catiline: The Monster of Rome
An Ancient Case of Political Assassination
Because of his attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic in 63 BCE, the name of Catiline has become a byword for conspiracy, treachery and depravity, but was he really as monstrous as his enemies claimed? Economic historian Francis Galassi presents a defence of Catiline, reassessing his actions and arguing that he felt compelled to stand up for common Romans against the elite at a time when the growing disparity between poor and wealthy was threatening to destabilize society.
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
An undisputed masterpiece of historical writing, Gibbon's monumental six-volume work, published between 1776 and 1787, covers the Roman Empire from the late second century CE to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. This abridged edition - 'still Gibbon, but Gibbon for the 21st-century reader' - focuses on key characters and events while omitting much of Gibbon's extensive background detail. The editor, George Davidson, has added explanatory notes and the book is illustrated with 18th-century engravings of Rome by Piranesi.
The Oath of Plataea and the End of the Graeco-Persian Wars
The battle of Plataea (479 BCE) brought to an end the Persian attempt to conquer Greece - so why is it less famous than the earlier battles of Marathon and Thermopylae? Examining how the Greeks themselves remembered Plataea, Cartledge argues that the text of an oath supposedly sworn by leaders of Greek city-states before the battle actually emerged from Athenian self-justification after it, and that this text can help us understand the workings of cultural memory about politics of the past.
The Reinvention of History
Donald Kagan, renowned for his seminal four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War, here turns his attention from the war itself to its first historian: Thucydides. In a study that reflects on the practice of history and its value, Kagan explores the thought of Thucydides, his experience of the war and the 'spectacular leap into modernity' as he abandoned the will of gods or individual men as explaining historical events in favour of a general analysis of the behaviour of men in society. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
Understand Roman Civilization
Paula James introduces the study of ancient Rome by encouraging the reader to look critically at different types of evidence - great works of literature, art and architecture as well as more humble graffiti and inscriptions. Outlining the approaches used by modern scholars, she explains what this material reveals about aspects of Roman life, from the organization of individual households and private farms to the conquest and government of a vast empire.
Understand Greek Civilization
This introduction to ancient Greece focuses on key people, places and events in its cultural development from the Bronze Age world of the Mycenaeans, through the classical age of fifth-century Athens and Alexander the Great's conquests, to the Byzantine era which lasted until 1453. Purkis discusses excerpts from a range of ancient texts and identifies notable features of sites that can be visited today, such as the theatre at Epidaurus and the Athenian Acropolis.
In Bed with the Romans
Writers' lurid tales of their rulers' sex lives are a familiar part of our image of ancient Rome, but how reliable are these accounts and what can such stories tell us about Roman attitudes to sexual behaviour and morality? Drawing on twelve centuries of evidence from literature, inscriptions, graffiti, medical handbooks, legal texts, magic spells and frequently explicit visual arts, this wide-ranging account explores the Roman view of love, marriage, childbirth, homosexuality, prostitution and infidelity.
An Illustrated Introduction to Ancient Rome
This concise and accessible guide outlines the political and social history of ancient Rome, from the foundation myth of Romulus and Remus to the coming of Christianity and the end of the Western Roman Empire. With evidence drawn from the archaeological remains of the ancient city, it shows what we can learn about the lives and beliefs of ordinary citizens as well as the reigns of the greatest - and most infamous - emperors.
Lost Voices of the Nile
Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt
Much of our knowledge about ancient Egyptian daily life concerns the highest levels of society, but archaeological excavation of villages and analysis of mummies are now revealing valuable information about workers and their families, pets and houses. Booth examines this evidence together with tomb inscriptions and papyri ranging from laundry lists to legal documents, which introduce such intriguing characters as the violent drunkard Paneb, the workmen who staged a strike over delayed payment, and Naunakhte, who disinherited her neglectful children.
Harry Mount's Odyssey
Ancient Greece in the Footsteps of Odysseus
'Odysseus began his journey home to Ithaca on the windswept plain beneath the burning ramparts of Troy... I started my odyssey in the Pret a Manger at Terminal 5 in Heathrow Airport': travelling to Troy via Istanbul, Harry Mount set out on a 21st-century journey in the footsteps of the ancient Greek hero. This irresistible book is both Mount's commentary on Odysseus' epic journey and an account of his own travels in modern Greece and around Homer's Mediterranean.