Deadly Arena Sports of Ancient Rome
Gladiatorial spectacles were central to Roman society, fulfilling important roles beyond mere entertainment. Epplett describes their origins, the gladiators’ training and the arenas’ infrastructure, but also asks why these cruel events were so popular and why magistrates and emperors were keen to put on such expensive shows. He pays special attention to staged beast hunts (often neglected in discussions of the Roman arena) and the procurement of the countless wild animals that they required. Previously published as Gladiators and Beast Hunts.
Antiquity & Its Legacy
This concise overview of ancient Mediterranean religion describes the practices, institutions and ideas of a range of Hellenistic and Roman belief systems. Tracing their lineage into today’s monotheistic faiths, it brings out the connections and contradictions between ancient and modern outlooks on such topics as religious individualism, the functions of priests, divination and the relationship between religion and political identity. Ancients and Moderns series.
Inside the Neolithic Mind
Consciousness, Cosmos and the Realm of the Gods
During the Early Neolithic period (c.10,000–5,000 years ago) agriculture became a way of life and the first large settlements were established. In this sequel to The Mind in the Cave, the authors combine archaeological evidence, such as Near Eastern skull burials and the massive stone monuments of western Europe, with insights from research into the universal functioning of the human brain, to propose radical new theories about the role of mind, art and religion in ancient cosmology and society.
Panorama of the Classical World
Covering the millennium which separates the first and last Olympic Games, this introduction to classical antiquity reflects the cultural and ethnic diversity of the cosmopolitan Greco-Roman world. With nearly 600 illustrations and a collection of excerpts from the writings of ancient authors, it is organized around the ideas and values that underpinned ancient history, including hygiene and diet; the body in life and death; money and economic life; and the realms of politics, war and rebellion.
Hidden Treasures from the National Museum, Kabul
In 1978, in the Afghan highlands, an archaeologist unearthed the tomb of a Bactrian warrior. Sealed for 2,000 years, it contained more than 22,000 golden artefacts. Within months, the Soviet invasion sealed the country and the treasure disappeared. Produced in conjunction with a major touring exhibition, this magnificent catalogue illustrates hundreds of items of jewellery and sculpture, and tells the story of the courageous band of curators who risked their lives to save these treasures from the Taliban.
Animals and Roman Society
Ancient Romans often treated animals in ways that we consider cruel, but in many respects their attitudes were similar to our own. Ferris proposes ‘a way to understand Roman culture through analysing the society’s relationship with animals’. Using literary, visual and archaeological evidence, he shows how animals were kept for farm work and as household pets; how they were slaughtered for food, as sacrifices and as public entertainment; and how Romans presented animals in mythology and as attributes of deities.
Rome Seizes the Trident
The Defeat of Carthaginian Seapower & the Forging of the Roman Empire
In 264 BCE, when the Romans first went to war with Carthage, they had no navy, relying instead on ships from South Italian cities. However, when the Punic Wars ended more than a century later, Rome had developed a powerful fleet, which would prove vital for imperial expansion. DeSantis traces the growth of this naval supremacy and discusses the tactics that made it possible, such as the boarding-bridge by which the superior Roman infantry simply walked onto the enemy’s decks.
A Brief History of the Amazons
Women Warriors in Myth and History
Ancient Greek myth tells of ferocious female warriors called Amazons who lived near the Black Sea and slaughtered their male children. Could the story reflect a real matriarchal society, or perhaps a women-only religious cult? This book follows the author’s quest for the evidence, not only in ancient texts and artistic depictions but also in archaeological discoveries such as the graves of Iron-Age women buried with arrows, swords and armour.
The Invasion of Europe by the Barbarians
JB Bury (1861–1927) was Professor of Modern History, then of Greek, at Cambridge, but his most important contributions were to the study of Late Antiquity. This book brings together a series of lectures on the long period of migrations from the fourth to sixth centuries; with a focus on military matters, they examine how Germans, Visigoths, Gauls, Ostrogoths and Franks took control of Europe as the power and influence of the Roman Empire waned.
The Lod Mosaic
A Spectacular Roman Mosaic Floor
In 1996 construction of a road in the Israeli town of Lod unearthed a magnificent Roman mosaic floor. This volume reports on archaeologists’ first explorations at the site and subsequent excavations – including discovery of three more mosaics – in 2009 and 2014. The authors also trace the history of the ancient city, describe the Late Roman house where the mosaics were found, interpret the scenes they contain and present photographs of the fine depictions of a range of exotic animals.
The World of Philip and Alexander
A Symposium on Greek Life and Times
Alexander the Great conquered the known world in the fourth century BCE, but it was the achievements of his father, Philip II of Macedon, that laid the foundations of his success. This collection of essays, originally presented at a symposium at the University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in Philadelphia, explores aspects of this pivotal period in classical history from the rulers' interest in the Olympic Games to the modern reconstruction of Philip II's skull, discovered in 1977.
Egyptian Wall Painting
Francesco Tiradritti, the leader of the Italian archaeological mission to Luxor, presents an informed and lavishly illustrated study of Egyptian wall painting from two different perspectives: that of Western rational analysis and that of ancient Egyptian spirituality. After discussing figurative principles, colour and technique, he goes on to survey the artistic and spiritual significance of paintings over time, from the Old to the New Kingdom, 3500–1000 BCE.
Exploring Cross-Channel Relationships from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age
This volume comprises ten essays investigating archaeologically the links – material, social and cultural – between Britain and Ireland and continental Europe during later prehistory. The topics discussed include seafaring in prehistoric Atlantic Europe, the shifting character of Europe’s landscapes and seascapes, Neolithic funerary monuments, and narratives of Iron Age art in Britain and its relationship with the Continent.
Andrea Carandini, who supervised excavations in Rome for two decades, presents here the archaeological and textual evidence behind his provocative theory about the city's origins in the eighth century BCE. Arguing that Rome did not grow up gradually and anonymously, as scholars have usually believed, he suggests that the legend of Romulus reflects aspects of the truth – that the city was indeed inaugurated, by a king, in a one-day ceremony on the traditional date of 21 April.
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know about the Ancient Greeks
Peter Jones adds to his popular series of books on the classical world with this collection of fascinating nuggets from the history and literature of ancient Greece. Journeying through time from the Bronze Age to the coming of the Romans, he stops off at major events and significant historical figures to unearth trivia and tell stories that illustrate how much our Hellenic forebears influence our cultural, philosophical, political and scientific ideas. You will also learn that Archimedes actually said heureka!
The Madness of Alexander the Great
And the Myth of Military Genius
Alexander the Great spent virtually all his adult life at war and has often been acclaimed as one of history’s greatest military commanders. But he was also insecure and unstable, flying into uncontrollable rages and pursuing flawed strategy because of his obsession with personal glory. In this reappraisal of Alexander’s character, the author considers whether such alarming behaviour can be explained as a symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder which resulted from his extended exposure to violence and danger.
Persia and the West
An Archaeological Investigation of the Genesis of Achaemenid Art
In the 6th century BCE, with no local tradition to guide them, Cyrus the Great and Darius, kings of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, had to devise a new style of monumental architecture and sculpture with which to express their mastery of the known world. In time Darius created a style of Persian court art and architecture derived from the practices of his subject peoples: Ionian Greeks, Lydians, Mesopotamians and Egyptians. In this scholarly study, Boardman seeks to trace these sources.
The Megalithic Monuments of Britain and Ireland
This concise, richly illustrated book provides an authoritative introduction to the very wide range of British and Irish Neolithic monuments – from around 6,000 years ago to the beginning of the Bronze Age around 1,700 years later. The book is divided into chapters on Scotland, England and Wales, and Ireland, and another devoted to Avebury and Stonehenge; and it covers a tremendous range of structures, including stone circles, chambered tombs, burial mounds, earthworks, henges and cursus monuments.
Life at Court and on Campaign
In this authoritative and lavishly illustrated account, Garry Shaw begins by presenting both the mythological and the archaeological history of pharaonic kingship before examining what it was like to be a pharaoh. Covering ancient Egyptian culture from the Predynastic to the Ptolemaic period, the book describes the birth and upbringing of princes, royal accession, the life and duties of the pharaoh as judge, ruler and intermediary of the gods, his involvement in warfare, and the preparations for his death.
Greek Gems and Finger Rings
Early Bronze Age to Late Classical
The miniaturist art of gem engraving is the least familiar of the major arts of ancient Greece, yet we know it to have been practised by the greatest artists, and its masterpieces can challenge many better-known works of sculpture and painting. John Boardman presents a comprehensive, well-illustrated account of gem engraving in the Greek lands, examining the gems’ subject matter and iconography, the materials and technology used in creating them, and their relation to contemporary artistic works in other media. Slightly off-mint.
Poseidon and the Sea
Myth, Cult, and Daily Life
Although he is most familiar as the ancient Greek god of the sea, the trident-wielding Poseidon also ruled over horses and natural phenomena such as floods and earthquakes. This volume brings together 125 ancient works of art with essays examining mythical stories about the god, his Greek, Roman and Etruscan iconography, and the importance of the sea, shipbuilding, marine life and seafood to his ancient worshippers.
On 5 Deben A Day
You have travelled back to 1250 BCE, to the land of the pharaohs – but how will you know which sights to see and what to do? Based on contemporary sources, this entertaining guide offers an archaeologist's advice on the local customs, food and drink, religious festivals and the vibrant cities of Memphis and Thebes. It also teaches such useful phrases as 'Mer pay-ee aa' ('My donkey is ill').
On 5 Drachmas A Day
For the tourist in fifth-century-BCE Greece, this guide covers the journey from Thermopylae to Athens, and describes how best to explore that great city. The book is packed with historical and cultural information as well as practical matters such as where to stay and the price of fish, and it ends with a selection of useful phrases (‘Tauta pant’ esti moi barbara’ – ‘This is all Greek to me’).
The Complete Greek Temples
A leading authority on Greek archaeological sites, Professor Spawforth tells the story of Greek temples as a cultural phenomenon and follows their spread as far as Libya and Ukraine, stressing religion and politics as well as art and architecture, and later antiquity as well as classical Greece. This complete, fully illustrated survey traces the origins, rise and decline of collonaded temples, explains the practicalities of their construction, and presents an up-to-date gazetteer of Greek temple sites, arranged by region.
Lost Voices of the Nile
Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt
Much of our knowledge about ancient Egyptian daily life concerns the highest levels of society, but archaeological excavations are now revealing valuable information about workers and their families. Examining this evidence, together with tomb inscriptions and papyri ranging from laundry lists to legal documents, Booth introduces intriguing characters such as the violent drunkard Paneb, the workmen who staged a strike over delayed payment, and Naunakhte, who disinherited her neglectful children.
Search For Wisdom
Each of these ten engaging and accessible essays focuses on one ancient Greek author whose achievements in poetry, drama, history or philosophy have profoundly influenced Western culture. The essays set authors, from Homer to Aristotle, in historical context, delineate the themes of their work and show what we can learn today from the Greeks’ rigorous pursuit of logic, their timeless reflections on our place in the world and their practical advice about the best way to live our lives.
Alexander the Great
Themes and Issues
Recent scholarship has challenged Alexander’s epithet ‘Great’, judging his conquests destructive rather than, as earlier historians believed, a civilizing force. This study examines Alexander’s life and career through the major issues surrounding his reign and legacy. In chapters on his Macedonian background, the legacy of Philip II, deification, the administration of an empire, and Asia, Anson sets out the major academic positions, evaluates the historical evidence and brings a new clarity to the history of Alexander.
The Rise and Fall of the House of Caesar
In his acclaimed Rubicon, Tom Holland engagingly retold the fall of the Roman Republic; in this sequel he takes up the story from the aftermath of Julius Caesar’s murder. He shows how the subsequent civil wars made Romans welcome the stabilizing rule of a single man, then traces the fortunes of the first emperor Augustus’ Julio-Claudian descendants, among whom were some of the most notorious characters of antiquity – Caligula, Nero and Agrippina. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
An Illustrated Introduction to Ancient Rome
This concise and accessible guide outlines the political and social history of ancient Rome, from the foundation myth of Romulus and Remus to the coming of Christianity and the end of the Western Roman Empire. With evidence drawn from the archaeological remains of the ancient city, it shows what we can learn about the lives and beliefs of ordinary citizens as well as the reigns of the greatest – and most infamous – emperors.
Catiline: The Monster of Rome
An Ancient Case of Political Assassination
Because of his attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic in 63 BCE, the name of Catiline has become a byword for conspiracy, treachery and depravity, but was he really as monstrous as his enemies claimed? Economic historian Francis Galassi presents a defence of Catiline, reassessing his actions and arguing that he felt compelled to stand up for common Romans against the elite at a time when the growing disparity between poor and wealthy was threatening to destabilize society.
Warriors and Kings
The 1500-Year Battle for Celtic Britain
The charismatic leaders Boudicca, Caratacus, William Wallace, Owain Glyndwr and the legendary King Arthur all epitomize the resistance of British Celts to the fearsome military powers at whose hands they suffered oppression and injustice. This survey of British history focuses on the key moments when the Celts' determination to survive came to the fore, from the Roman invasion to the Act of Union passed by the Tudors, and considers the mythology and psychology that drove them.
Taken at the Flood
The Roman Conquest of Greece
In 146 BCE the Romans destroyed Corinth, bringing to a climax their long period of expansion in the east, which had begun in 229. Waterfield's history of these momentous decades combines a narrative of the clash of superpowers in the Punic, Illyrian and Macedonian Wars with analysis of Rome's eastern policy: he argues that the Romans were 'natural imperialists' whose belligerence, deceit and arrogance precluded successful negotiation during the long period of indirect rule.
A Brief History of Stonehenge: A Complete
History and Archaeology of the World's Most Enigmatic Stone Circle
Britain's leading expert on stone circles here offers a comprehensive introduction to our most enigmatic ancient site. He explains how the stones were transported and their relationship with the surrounding burial sites; he carefully examines the possible astronomical meanings of the stones' alignment; and also debunks many myths and inaccurate mystical notions. Each successive generation has developed its own reading of the stones; Burl offers the most up-to-date assessment.
The Art of the Pharaohs
Introduced by Zahi Hawass, from Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, and illustrated with magnificent photography by Araldo De Luca, this volume explores the significance, values and evolution of the art of the pharaohs chronologically, from Narmer (c.3100 BCE) to Cleopatra VII (51–30 BCE). The text sketches an historical and artistic profile for each of 34 rulers, including Khafre, Nefertiti and Tutankhamen, revealing how the art practice of ancient Egypt aspired to 'represent an immutable, sanctified reality'. Includes a complete chronology.
How to Decode the Sacred Language of the Ancient Egyptians
The hieroglyphic script found on ancient Egyptian tombs and temples is probably the world’s oldest writing system. As you work through this introductory guide by an expert Egyptologist, you will learn the basic principles of the script and the language’s common structures and formulas, before discovering how to unlock the meaning of 23 short texts taken from real artefacts.
Harry Mount's Odyssey
Ancient Greece in the Footsteps of Odysseus
'Odysseus began his journey home to Ithaca on the windswept plain beneath the burning ramparts of Troy... I started my odyssey in the Pret a Manger at Terminal 5 in Heathrow Airport': travelling to Troy via Istanbul, Harry Mount set out on a 21st-century journey in the footsteps of the ancient Greek hero. This irresistible book is both Mount's commentary on Odysseus' epic journey and an account of his own travels in modern Greece and around Homer's Mediterranean.
The Ark Before Noah
Decoding the Story of the Flood
Although a version of the Flood myth that pre-dates the Old Testament by a millennium was discovered in 1872, how the story came to be incorporated in Genesis remained shrouded in mystery until Irving Finkel encountered the 'Ark Tablet' in 2009. In this very engaging book, he describes the detective work that revealed a tablet of cuneiform writing giving instructions for building the Ark and he explains how the old story found its way into the Bible. American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Last Days of Pompeii
Decadence. Apocalypse. Resurrection
'The most famously dead of all ancient cities, yet the one that comes most vividly alive to us today', Pompeii has provided a metaphor for artists to explore the concerns of their own day ever since its rediscovery in the 18th century. This volume, which accompanied an exhibition at the J Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, explores the legacy of Pompeii in 92 works that range from 18th-century recreations of Roman murals to paintings by artists including Dali, Rothko and Warhol.
The Discovery of Middle Earth
Mapping the Lost World of the Celts
It was while planning a cycling expedition along the Via Heraklea, the legendary route of Hercules from the western tip of the Iberian Peninsula to the Alps, that Graham Robb discovered a precise pattern of towns and holy places based on astronomical and geometrical measurements: the three-dimensional 'Middle Earth' of the Celts. This volume describes his historical treasure hunt, revealing the lasting influence of the Druids, and looking afresh at the 'protohistory' of Europe.
In Bed With the Ancient Egyptians
Sex featured prominently in ancient Egyptian religion, mythology and art, while Cleopatra's love affairs with Mark Antony and Julius Caesar continue to fire the imagination. Drawing on the evidence of texts and pictures from inscriptions and papyri, Booth's wide-ranging survey explores the Egyptians' customs relating to love, marriage and childbirth; their attitudes to adultery, prostitution and homosexuality; the place of sex in beliefs about the afterlife; and their doctors' ideas about sexual health, fertility and aphrodisiacs.
The Rise and Fall of Ancient Rome
The first half of this accessible history highlights the people and political processes behind Rome's gradual growth from its origins as a small Iron Age settlement; the second focuses on the Roman army's training and organization, and the campaigns in which it responded to the series of military crises that eventually brought the empire to an end. More than 470 illustrations complement the text – maps and diagrams illustrating key battles, as well as photographs showing ancient artefacts and archaeological sites.
The War of the Three Gods
Romans, Persians and the Rise of Islam
Peter Crawford describes the eventful military history of the Near East during the 7th century CE, a pivotal period when the Eastern Roman Empire based in Constantinople was brought to the brink of extinction by Sassanid Persia, before Islam's adherents made spectacular advances and transformed the region. Using maps, plans and diagrams, Crawford analyses the strategies and tactics of these very different armies in the epic battles and sieges which 'brought about the end of the Ancient World'.
The Greatest Empire
A Life of Seneca
'The greatest kind of power is self-control,' wrote Seneca (c.4-65 CE), the enigmatic philosopher who was Nero's tutor and advisor. But, as this biography compellingly shows, his struggles for compromise at the heart of an absolutist tyranny placed him under enormous pressure. He found himself trapped between the Stoic ideal of tranquillity that he advocated and the unsettling realities of political, military and economic power, until he was accused of conspiring against his emperor and took his own life.
The Conquests of Alexander the Great
This 'intelligent introduction' to Alexander the Great emphasizes the military, political and administrative aspects of his short but extraordinarily successful career, leaving aside speculation about his psychological motivations. Heckel begins by outlining the Macedonian background, then uses maps and battle plans to describe in detail how Alexander won his reputation as one of history's greatest commanders. Appendices give the evidence for troop numbers at key moments and the names of Alexander's officers and administrators.
The Treasures of the Egyptian Museum
Opened in 1902, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an unmatched collection of antiquities charting the ancient civilization over a period of 4,000 years. This impressive volume presents, in hundreds of full-page images, many of the most important pieces, from simple decorated pots of the pre-dynastic period, through the great statuary and tomb treasure of the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms to paintings and artefacts of the period of Roman occupation up to around 300 CE.
Women in Ancient Egypt
In this study of women's place in the political and social history of ancient Egypt, Watterson brings to life the evidence of written records, monuments and sculpture, burial artefacts, wall-paintings and human remains. She first explores ancient Egyptian attitudes to women and in subsequent chapters describes the occupations open to them, love and marriage, health, childbirth, dress and domestic life. The book ends with a survey of the few women, among them Nefertiti, Hatshepsut and Cleopatra, who wielded political power.