The Biology of Temporary Waters
Temporary waters include intermittent streams and ponds, episodic rain puddles, seasonal limestone lakes, water-retaining structures of plants and man-made containers. This study focuses on the remarkable properties and adaptations of the obligate temporary-water species these habitats support.
Shetland and the Outside World 1469–1969
Originally written in 1969 and covering a range of topics, including Udal Law, Hanseatic trade, fisheries, and Shetland and Norway in the Second World War, these 14 essays illuminate Shetland’s history over the 500 years since Christian I of Denmark pawned the islands to Scotland in 1469.
The Black Prince of Florence
The Spectacular Life and Treacherous World of Alessandro de' Medici
The illegitimate son of Lorenzo II and a maidservant, Alessandro de’ Medici ruled Florence for six turbulent years until he was assassinated in 1537. This first complete account of his life charts the rise through the intrigue-ridden courts of Renaissance Italy of the model for Machiavelli’s Prince, assesses the qualities of a ruler branded a tyrant by his enemies after his death, and considers the possible ethnic origins of this ‘first European ruler of colour’.
Shadows of Revolution
Reflections on France, Past and Present
France has experimented with many different forms of government, becoming ‘the most intense political laboratory the world has ever known’. In these essays by renowned American historian and journalist David Bell, he reflects on the Revolution’s influence on 19th-century politics, the development of anti-Semitism and the Vichy regime. He concludes by exploring how the cultural patterns established in the Revolution continue to shape modern French identity, drawing parallels between them and the Arab Spring and the terrorist attacks of 2015.
Pursuing Social Holiness
The Band Meeting in Wesley's Thought and Popular Methodist Practice
One of Methodism’s earliest traditions was the ‘band meeting’, at which a small group of people came together and confessed their sins, in order to grow in holiness and to foster community. Drawing extensively on personal accounts by those who attended them, Watson explains why Wesley considered regular band meetings so important, shows how they grew from a synthesis of Anglican and Moravian concepts of piety and suggests why they declined during the 19th century.
A Russian Life in Science
Born to a family of priests in provincial Russia, Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936) made his home and professional life in imperial St Petersburg, suffered the destruction of his world during the Bolshevik Revolution, and successfully rebuilt his career in the 1930s. In this definitive biography, Todes reinterprets the physiologist's famous research on conditional reflexes and weaves his life, values and science into the tumultuous period of Russian history between the reigns of Tsar Nicholas I and Stalin.
The End of Glory
Illuminating the question of why Napoleon chose to gamble on total victory at the risk of utter defeat, this study focuses on the dramatic two years between the retreat from Moscow in 1812 and the Emperor's abdication in 1814. Price shifts away from the usual emphasis on Waterloo, to the conflicts of 1813; he examines the battle of Leipzig in particular; and explores the reasons why Napoleon rejected the offers of a compromise peace extended to him during that year.
Power and Terror in the Third Reich
The infamous Gestapo secret police were in fact anything but secret – their methods were publicized in the Nazi press from early on to make sure that opponents of the regime understood who they were dealing with. This study of the organization considers whether it was indeed the all-powerful, all-knowing instrument of terror of its reputation, tracing its origins and history, examining the crimes of the Third Reich and investigating the fate of former officers after the war.
The Profligate Son
Fashionable Vice and Financial Ruin in Regency Britain
William Jackson was a charming, popular public schoolboy with the world at his feet, until his attempts to keep up with his Regency dandy friends set him at odds with his family and led to his ruin. This account draws on papers that have lain in the archives for two centuries to reveal how an appalled father recorded his son's descent into a murky underworld of debt, disease, prostitution and crime, culminating in his transportation to Australia for fraud.
The Children of Henry VIII
Henry VIII fathered four living children, each by a different mother. The relationships between his daughter Mary, the illegitimate son Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond, Edward, who died at the age of 15, and Anne Boleyn's daughter Elizabeth were often scarred by jealously, mutual distrust and even hatred. In this study, John Guy draws on a wide range of sources to tell the stories of these four key figures in the dynastic history of England.
The Institutions of the Market
Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance
Approaching markets as dynamic institutional ensembles, which can be analysed as structured social systems, the 15 essays in this volume address themes of market agents, process and governance, including regulation and public policy.
Factory Production in Nineteenth-Century Britain
This anthology brings together writings that suggest the scope of responses – from wondrous celebration to apocalyptic horror – elicited by the advent and establishment of the factory system in 19th century Britain. Addressing complex questions about the possible effects of mass production on human life and labour, the collection includes important works by Adam Smith, Ruskin, Carlyle and Morris alongside extracts from lesser-known factory tourists' tales and inspectors' reports, a Luddite pamphlet and a cotton mill worker's autobiography.
Ancient Slavery and Abolition
From Hobbes to Hollywood
Focusing on Britain, North America, the Caribbean and South Africa from the 17th century, these 13 essays provide a groundbreaking study of the role played by the interpreters of ancient Greek and Roman texts in the debates over the abolition of slavery.
Mathematics for the Curious
For readers who are free of exams and the stress of having to get it right, Peter Higgins offers a chance ‘to wonder at the mathematical scenery’. Exploring questions such as ‘How many matches are played in a tennis tournament?’ and ‘What are your chances of winning the lottery?’ he gives an entertaining account of what mathematics can do.
Monetary and Financial Integration in East Asia
The Relevance of European Experience
East Asia’s recent economic integration is in many ways similar to that undergone in Western Europe following the Second World War. In an invaluable guide for anyone interested in the interface between Asian and European economics and finance, the authors analyse the Asian experience from both European and Asian perspectives and explore the parallels within the regions, but also the significant differences in politics, history and economics.
Codes, Tricks, Spies, Thieves and Symbols
Focusing on arcane and curious aspects of language, Blake's intriguing book 'explores the reasons for obscurity and secrecy, and touches on some of the fascinating beliefs that underlie the constraints on using language freely'. He begins with word games and the former uses of anagrams and palindromes, then discusses topics including riddles, ciphers and codes, secret language in the Bible, allusion, and the 'everyday oblique' such as euphemism and oxymora.
On the Dot
The Speck that Changed the World
Despite the humble origins of its name (Anglo-Saxon for 'the speck at the head of a boil'), the dot has been one of the most versatile players in the history of written communication, to the point where it has become virtually indispensable. In this book, the brothers Humez offer an erudite and entertaining account of this miniscule and much overlooked sign, examining its roles, not only in punctuation, but also in proof-reading, music, mathematics and money, Morse code and Braille, abbreviations and computing. Off-mint.
Modernism and Democracy
Literary Culture 1900-1930
The emergence of Anglo-American modernist literature coincided with that of the mass democratic state, yet writers such as Yeats, Eliot and Pound were notoriously hostile towards modern democracy. Focusing on poetry, Potter reassesses the relationship between modernism and democracy by analysing the reactions of a wide range by writers, including women such as Gertrude Stein, HD and Mina Loy, and argues that the widespread scepticism about mass democracy was central to the work of modernist women writers.
Volume 14. First published in 1936.
Covering the forty-four years from the outbreak of the Franco- Prussian war to the eve of the First World War, Ensor surveys a period which saw the 'conversion of English government into a democracy', great advances in education and literacy, the slump in agriculture, the first threat to manufacturing industry from foreign competition, and world-wide imperial expansion. First published in 1936. Book club reprint.
It's Been Said Before
A Guide to the Use and Abuse of Clichés
While most people agree that cliches are to be avoided, there is no general agreement on what is and what is not a cliche: for the lexicographer Orin Hargraves they are 'the sterile offspring of a mind that is not engaged in creativity'. By analysing hundreds of examples, he presents a thorough guide to identifying tired, overused phrases that prompts us to examine how we express our ideas and to construct our speech and writing thoughtfully.
Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary
You will need a fairly large pocket, because this is a substantial Italian/English, English/Italian dictionary, designed to meet the needs of students, tourists and anyone in need of quick and reliable translations, with the focus on everyday, idiomatic English and Italian. In addition to the main listings, this edition has an A–Z of Italian life and culture and notes on letter-writing, text messaging and online navigation in Italian.
The End of Discovery
The last few centuries have seen a huge expansion in our understanding of the world around us, but are we approaching the limits of what it is possible to discover? In this summary of the challenges facing modern science, Russell Stannard argues that there are questions, such as the nature of time, the size of the universe or what constitutes consciousness, which we may never be able to fully explain.