Every People Under Heaven
In Jerusalem, the cultural crossroads of the known world, the first centuries of the second millennium were a period of great artistic fertility. Almost 200 works of art are discussed in this volume, including maps and manuscripts, metalwork, textiles and Crusader sculpture. Essays set the objects within their social and religious contexts, covering subjects that range from patronage, trade and tourism to different faiths’ beliefs about the Holy City as the gateway to heaven.
Although Goya (1746–1828) received no portrait commissions until he was 37, such works make up nearly a third of his painted oeuvre. Produced to accompany an exhibition of more than 60 portraits, this volume reveals the range of Goya’s technical and stylistic achievements. In particular, it shows how the artist built on the model of earlier court painters, including Velázquez, while giving new psychological depth to depictions of the royalty, philosophers and military men of his own revolutionary times.
Dawn of Egyptian Art
The objects made during the Predynastic and Early Dynastic periods (ca. 4400–2649 BCE) provide the best means of examining how the ancient civilization in the Nile Valley gave rise to Pharaonic Egypt. Discussing 183 items, from a bowl inscribed for King Djet (ca. 3050 BCE) to the stela of King Raneb (ca 2880 BCE), this volume reflects on the early Egyptians’ representations of people, animals and the landscape, and their reasons for making these objects.
Ancient Egypt Transformed
The Middle Kingdom
Egypt’s Middle Kingdom (c.2030–1650 BCE) brought new developments in religious beliefs, political systems and artistic conventions. This volume comprises essays by an international team of scholars, covering such topics as the court and royal women, Egypt’s expanding relations with foreign lands and the themes of Middle Kingdom literature. Nearly 300 examples of the period’s art are featured; they demonstrate how artists were adapting older forms and iconography in work of great subtlety and originality.