Who Rules the World?
With his usual incisive analysis, Chomsky surveys the international situation and examines the way in which the United States, although diminished in power since its peak at the end of the Second World War, still sets the terms of global discourse. He asks not only ‘who rules the world?’ but explores how they are proceeding, where their efforts are leading, and how the people can overcome the power of business and nationalist ideology.
Lenin on the Train
When Tsar Nicholas II abdicated in March 1917, the exiled Lenin immediately began planning to return from Zurich to Petrograd. Sensing an opportunity to throw Russia into greater chaos, the German government allowed the Bolshevik leader to cross their country in a sealed railway carriage. Merridale tells the story of this world-changing journey and delves into the archives to uncover the underground conspiracy, illicit finance and wartime desperation that combined to make Lenin’s return possible.
The Medieval Origins of Anti-Jewish Iconography
Hebrew prophets and Israelites appeared in early Christian art but only after 1000 CE did the Jew emerge as a recognizable figure, soon to become a poisonous symbol. Sara Lipton argues that the visual stereotypes were neither an inevitable result of Christian theology nor simple reflections of prejudice. She traces complex relationships between medieval Christians’ religious ideas, social experience and changing artistic practices, and shows how representations of Jews transformed over time from benign figures of ancient wisdom to vicious caricatures.
The Empire of Necessity
Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World
Greg Grandin's study of slavery begins not on the west coast of Africa but in the South Pacific, off the coast of Chile, where in 1805 Captain Amasa Delano, an anti-slavery American, happened upon a slave rebellion on board the Tryal. The incident, recorded in Delano's memoirs, has inspired many literary works, notably Herman Melville's Benito Cereno; here, it leads to a new account of slavery across continents, and the deceptions inherent in the New World's 'Age of Freedom'.
A History 1891–1991
Orlando Figes gives a new perspective on revolutionary Russia, presenting the Revolution in a century-long cycle. Beginning with the 1891 famine and the crisis it provoked, Figes argues for three phases of revolution: the 'Old Bolsheviks', through 1917 and up to the 1920s; Stalin's 'revolution from above', Five Year Plans and collectivization, the latter 'a catastrophe from which the country never recovered'; and finally the years from Khrushchev to 1991, in which the leadership turned its back on Stalin, but not on Leninism.