An Illustrated History
After briefly surveying ancient constructions such as Maiden Castle and Gwalior Fort in India, Jeremy Black goes on to present a history of fortifications based on their depiction on maps and plans. From Norman castles – Pontefract is shown in a plan from 1561 – the book shows how buildings as bases for attack or defence changed as ever more powerful armaments were developed, up to the trenches and defences such as the Maginot and Siegfried Lines in the 20th century.
Crimea from Potemkin to Putin
Since it was founded in 1783, during the reign of Catherine the Great and Potemkin, Sevastopol has survived a long history of conflict, including two major sieges: the city’s commanding strategic advantage as a naval anchorage in the Black Sea has made it a city worth fighting for. In this study, Mungo Melvin traces the story of Sevastopol and its Crimean hinterland since prehistory, illuminating the historical background to the 2014 referendum vote to return to Russia.
The Hawker Hurricane was designed and built to counteract the growing aerial power of the Axis nations in the 1930s. With its stable firing platform and robust construction, it played a vital role in the RAF’s success. This illustrated guide details the technical history and combat performance of the aircraft, which chalked up more kills than the better-known Spitfire in the battles over Britain and France.
And Other Canadian Pacific Liners of the 1920s and 30s
With a pre-war fleet that included the Empress of Scotland, briefly the largest ship afloat; Empress of Japan, the ‘speed queen of the Pacific’; and the ‘super star’ Empress of Britain with its gleaming white hull and three huge, buff-coloured funnels, Canadian Pacific operated a worldwide network of passenger routes. This book, illustrated with over 140 photographs and reproductions of advertising posters, tells the stories of these great ocean liners, including their wartime service as troop ships.
Women in Ancient Greece
Seclusion, Exclusion, or Illusion?
Most histories of Ancient Greece focus on male protagonists, implying that women were a secluded, excluded part of society. Paul Chrystal questions this assumption, investigating the lives of Ancient Greek women writers, philosophers, artists and scientists, and their experiences of love, marriage, religion and death. Drawing on Homer, Hesiod and others, he demonstrates that women’s roles were far more nuanced and complex than previously portrayed.
William Beckford's Fonthill
Architecture, Landscape and the Arts
Accused of having an affair with a boy, William Beckford (1760–1844) retired to his estate at Fonthill, Wiltshire, where he constructed a faux-medieval abbey to house his art and antiquities. This book draws on contemporary records to detail his grandiose building plans, and to tell how, having spent his inherited wealth, he was forced to auction both his collection and the building itself, whose huge Gothic tower came crashing down soon after the sale.
When in Rome
Social Life in Ancient Rome
With hundreds of excerpts from contemporary sources, this survey of Roman social history features the words of elite male authors alongside evidence from correspondence, inscriptions, graffiti and curse tablets that record the voices of women, and those from lower classes. Organized thematically, the book covers topics including family life, food and medicine, but also deals with issues less often addressed in modern accounts of ancient Rome, such as domestic abuse, disability and female genital mutilation.
The Two Duchesses
Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, Elizabeth, Duchess of Devonshire
The Devonshire family stood at the pinnacle of Georgian society, and the two duchesses who bore that title were prolific correspondents. Drawing on unique access to family papers, Elizabeth’s grandson Vere Foster published these transcriptions of their letters in 1896. With correspondents including the Prince Regent, Charles James Fox, Richard Brinsley Sheridan and the Emperor of Russia, they provide a rare insight into the political and cultural life of the Napoleonic era.
The Life and Death of Germany's Last Great Battleship
Sister ship to the Bismarck, the Tirpitz spent most of the Second World War in the Norwegian fjords but remained a looming threat to the important Arctic convoy routes. This examination of Hitler’s mightiest ship describes how it came to be built, its wartime service and the repeated Allied efforts to destroy it, including the famous midget submarine raid and the successful ‘Tallboy’ bombing mission of 1944.
Stations and Lineside Views in and Around London
This collection of 250 photographs by the amateur photographer BWL Brooksbank depicts mainline and minor stations in the Greater London area from 1946–1962, spanning the final years of steam and the expansion of diesel and electrification. Along with images of freight trains, expresses and local trains there are pictures of staff engaged in their duties and dilapidated stations awaiting post-war renovation, with captions by prolific railway author Peter Tuffrey.
St George and the Dragons
The Making of English Identity
Michael Collins investigates how a Near Eastern martyr became England’s patron saint and an icon of English culture. He takes a wide-ranging look at the historical figure, along with legends about him, and considers his influence on English history, culture and institutions. Finally, Collins asks what the relevance and role of St George might be in the secular, multicultural England of both today and tomorrow.
Schneider Trophy Aircraft
Only 12 Schneider Trophy competitions were held, between 1912 and 1931, but they were highly significant in the development of aircraft technology and the winning Supermarine entries in the last years were critical to the genesis of the Spitfire. This illustrated review of the contests gives an account of the races themselves and analyses the aircraft that took part as well as some of the unrealized projects and prototypes.
Prime Ministerial Anecdotes
Roger Mason’s concise survey of Britain’s prime ministers gives a brief biography of each of their careers, followed by anecdotes and details that reveal their human side, such as Margaret Thatcher’s childhood nickname and examples of Clement Attlee’s talent for writing light verse. Illustrated with photos or portraits, and the occasional satirical cartoon, each chapter covers one of the 54 PMs, from Sir Robert Walpole to Theresa May.
Post-War on the Liners
From the late 1940s to the 1970s, traditional port-to-port, class-divided ocean travel continued operating on ships from big liners to small, rebuilt steamers. This book uses anecdotes and records, along with memorabilia such as adverts, menus and photographs, to explore the diverse passenger ship services of the era, including the famous Atlantic crossings, but also less known services that travelled between many global destinations.
Last Years of Steam in Shropshire
And The Severn Valley
This photographic portrait of the railways in Shropshire from the mid 1950s to the late 1960s focuses on the many now-vanished secondary routes and branch lines radiating from Shrewsbury and includes the Severn Valley Railway route from Kidderminster to Bridgnorth in pre-preservation days.
The Last Years of Steam Around the East Midlands
An area bounded by Nottingham, Birmingham, London and the East Coast Main Line is covered in this selection of railway photographs, mostly taken during the 1960s. In addition to the last of the steam-hauled traffic in service, the railway scene includes examples of the new diesel replacements and views of stations, sheds and lineside features. Contemporary railway tickets and other printed ephemera complement the photographs.
In and Out of Paddington
The Story of a Great Railway Station
Largely designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Paddington has been a crucial transport hub since the 1830s. This is a highly illustrated history of the main terminal of the Great Western Railway, and the people, planning, trains, rolling stock and architecture associated with it.
From War to Peace
A Photographer's View of British Aviation During the 1940s
As an aircraft inspector during the Second World War, Richard Riding's father, Eddie, could only take pictures of the planes surreptitiously, but from 1946 to his death in 1950 he amassed many more images and his collection showcases the British aviation scene of the period. Accompanied by detailed captions, the photographs include air-to-air shots of light aircraft, the new generation of passenger craft operating from Croydon and Heathrow and innovations on display at the Farnborough Airshow.
One of the mainstays of the Luftwaffe during the Second World War, the Focke-Wulf Fw190 was less effective at high altitude and its designer Kurt Tank worked on numerous developments that used turbojets, turboprops, ramjets and rocket engines to increase power. This analysis of these prototype aircraft contains detailed technical information and the author’s hand-drawn diagrams and sketches of each design.
A Flying Life
An Enthusiast's Photographic Record of British Aviation in the 1930s
EJ Riding was a well-known aviation enthusiast, engineer and aeromodeller who died in a flying accident in 1950. Compiled by his son, and with technical notes, humorous asides and even his views on the colour schemes, this collection of his photographs of aircraft includes standard shots as well as images of them stripped for maintenance and in crash situations.
Georgiana Duchess of Devonshire
The Face Without a Frown
The inspiration for the film The Duchess and an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales, Georgiana was famous for her charisma, love affairs, political connections, unusual marital arrangements and gambling debts. In her lifetime she became a fashion icon whose outfits and ostentatious accessories were widely imitated. This biography, which includes portraits of the main characters, draws on letters and contemporary accounts to paint a detailed picture of her scandalous life.
The East Coast Main Line
This study of one of Britain’s principal railways and the glamorous route of the Flying Scotsman and Mallard focuses on the transitional period from the last years of the LNER, through the challenges of wartime to the first decade of the nationalized network. Changes and developments during the period and assessments of passenger and freight services are enhanced by archive photographs and detailed appendices.
Early Tramways in Yorkshire
A Golden Age
From the earliest horse-drawn and steam trams to the age of electricity, tramways revolutionized transport within British towns and cities. Extensively illustrated with contemporary postcards and exclusive glass plate negatives showing street scenes and opening ceremonies, this book recounts the early years (1870s–1920s) of tramways in every corner of Yorkshire, including Sheffield, Hull, Doncaster and Keighley.
Cuba, Cars and Cigars
Classic 1950s American Automobiles
Most of the estimated 60,000 classic cars that contribute to Cuba’s unique atmosphere date to before Fidel Castro’s revolution of 1959, after which strict prohibitions on American imports were imposed. As well as decaying examples of Buicks, Chevrolets, Fords, Cadillacs, Packards, Plymouths and Chryslers from Detroit’s golden age, this collection of photographs also captures a selection of vintage European cars and glimpses of Havana street life.
Cock O' the North
Gresley's Bold Experiment
On 22 May 1934 the Cock o' the North, the largest steam passenger locomotive Britain has seen, entered service on the LNER. Designed by HN Gresley, it had numerous innovative features and was the first time the 2-8-2 ('Mikado') wheel arrangement had been used for express passenger traffic. Peter Tuffrey draws on his photographic archive and tells its story in the context of the engine designs of Gresley and his contemporaries.
Britain's Imperial Air Routes 1918–1939
The Story of Britain's Overseas Airlines
This reissue of a classic 1960 title looks at the development of British airlines between the wars, focusing on Imperial Airways (which became BOAC), and includes period photographs, an overview of the political background and a comparison with other countries' approaches to aviation.
Britain's Cold War Fighters
British aviation technology was at the cutting edge after the Second World War, the Gloster Meteor the first of many home-grown jets to be engineered before American and internationally developed aircraft took over from the 1970s. This study of the rapid improvement in fighters up to the 1990s examines all the designs deployed by the RAF and Royal Navy during the period including the Hunter, Javelin, Lightning, Phantom and Tornado.
Britain's Cold War Bombers
The introduction of jet propulsion was the first priority for the RAF after the Second World War, followed by aircraft that could deliver nuclear bombs. This history of British bomber development tells the story of the Canberra and the V class bombers (Valiant, Vulcan and Victor) as well as the doomed TSR2 project, cancelled by the government on the grounds of cost in 1965.
Blenheims Over Greece and Crete
To help Greece respond to Italian attacks from October 1940, the RAF sent three squadrons of Bristol Blenheims (30, 84 and 211 Squadron) to reinforce the Greek Air Force’s own complement of 12 Mark IV Blenheims. Drawing on first-hand accounts, this study describes the efforts of British and Greek airmen against superior forces (particularly after Germany invaded) up to the fall of Crete in May 1941.
Bismarck and Hood
The Battle of the Denmark Strait: A Technical Analysis for a New Perspective
HMS Hood was instantly destroyed by the Bismarck in May 1941, sinking rapidly after an explosion in its magazine. This detailed examination of the famous engagement is written by a gunnery expert and rear admiral of the Italian Navy who, through a ballistic analysis of Bismarck’s fire and assessment of the two commanders’ actions, questions some of the long-held assumptions about the battle.
From Horse Tram to Metro
This nostalgic, illustrated tour of Belfast's public transport from 1860 onwards encompasses the dawn of horse buses and trams, motor and trolleybuses, and the disappearance of the tramways. Through archive photographs and detailed captions it explores issues such as missed opportunities to create a light railway, the unlikely German hero of the buses, and the heavy toll paid by transport workers during the Troubles.
Axis Suicide Squads
German and Japanese Secret Projects of the Second World War
The need to gain some material advantage from the inevitable loss of men and machinery in aerial warfare led both the Japanese and German air forces to resort to ramming and suicide tactics during the Second World War. This study of these attacks features detailed technical drawings of the planes used, from the various Japanese kamikaze planes to the Messerschmitts of Germany’s suicide squadron, Rammkommando Elbe.
Aircraft Carrier Impero
The Axis Powers' V-1 Carrying Capital Ship
This revelation of the secret Italian navy scheme to equip their existing battleships as rocket launchers and troop carriers, and the air force's unhelpful interference in the project, includes unpublished documents and sketches from Axis and Russian sources.
99 Years of Coaching
The Story of Sheasby's South Dorset Coaches
Founded in the village of Corfe Castle in 1896, South Dorset Coaches’ first vehicles were horse drawn but motorized transport soon took over. This history of the company is illustrated with over 150 photographs of the motor coaches operated from the 1930s to the 21st century.
The First Battle of the Cold War
At the end of the Second World War, as Germany lay in ruins, the Western Allies looked with alarm towards a new adversary in the east: Stalin’s Russia. The Italian port of Trieste, occupied by Yugoslav troops, was a flashpoint. Like a Cold War thriller, this history charts the destinies of a British SOE officer, an Austrian SS general, an American spy and a teenage Italian female partisan in a true story of espionage, escape and revenge.
The Splintered Empires
The Eastern Front 1917–21
At the beginning of 1917, three warring empires were at breaking point. Russia was the first to collapse, triggering the Bolshevik Revolution; but by the end of 1918, both the German and Austro-Hungarian empires had also disintegrated. The fourth and final volume of Prit Buttar’s history of the Great War’s Eastern Front charts these momentous events and describes the ‘successor wars’ that followed the Armistice – the bitter struggles for national sovereignty that paved the way for the Second World War.
The Civil War Through Photography and its Photographers
The entrepreneurial spirit has often thrived during times of war, and the makeshift photography studios that sprung up in attic rooms, chemists’ shops, cabins and tents in the military encampments of 1861 America did a roaring trade. The result was an unparalleled photographic record of the American Civil War, capturing not only portraits of loved ones, politicians and generals, but battlefields, ordnance and the devastation of conflict, pictured here in this erudite illustrated study of Civil War photography. Slightly off-mint.
At War on the Gothic Line
Fighting in Italy 1944–45
If much of the attention in Summer 1944 was on Normandy and the progress of the Allies through France, another enormous multinational army was also fighting doggedly further south and facing the last formidable barrier of German defensive positions, the Gothic Line, stretching from the Adriatic to the Mediterranean across mountainous northern Italy. This analysis of a year of fighting on the front tells the story through the varied experiences of 13 men and women from seven different countries.
Steam in the North
Railways in the 1960s Across the North of England
Photographing the railways of the North East in the 1960s, Richard Gaunt strove to create more interesting scenes than the standard three-quarter 'wedge' train composition and many of the images in this portfolio display atmospheric and unusual views of platform, shed, siding and loco. Covering the Midland and West Coast Main Lines in Lancashire and Yorkshire and further north, the images are accompanied by the author's recollections of the period.
Sailing and Soaring
The Great Liners and the Great Skyscrapers
Beginning with New York’s Singer Building, which at 612 feet on completion in 1908 was the world’s tallest building, and Cunard’s Lusitania and Mauretania, both Blue Riband winners for their astonishing speed, this book compares nine of the most iconic Manhattan skyscrapers with many of the great transatlantic liners, including Queen Mary and Allure of the Seas, exploring the history of their construction, interior design, various uses and regrettable, though inevitable, demise.
Operation Big Ben
The Anti-V2 Spitfire Missions
To defend the home counties from the terrifying V2 rocket attacks, formations of Mark XVI Spitfires carrying 250 lb and 500 lb bombs divebombed launch sites in Holland between 1944 and 1945. Drawing on records declassified in 2004, this updated account of Whitehall’s covert operation not only covers the daring raids of five different Spitfire squadrons, but also the intelligence-gathering activities in Europe of special commando units, including Ian Fleming’s 30 Assault Unit.
A Biography by Curt Riess
Based mainly on first-hand information painstakingly gathered by Curt Reiss (1902–1993) and first published in 1949, this book remains a compelling biography of Goebbels, the Nazi Minister of Propaganda. This edition has a new introduction and 96 photographs.
The War Letters of Friedrich Reiner Niemann: A German Soldier on the Eastern Front
A soldier in the Germany infantry, Friedrich Reiner Niemann (1922–1945) served on the Eastern Front from 1941 until his disappearance during the Soviet Vistula-Oder Offensive. He wrote over 100 letters home; translated and introduced here by Denis Havel.
Durham, Darlington and County Durham
Images of the North East in the 1960s
The North East was in decline during the 1960s, with traditional heavy industry collapsing, housing and infrastructure crumbling and money scarce. This collection of black-and-white images portrays life in Darlington and Durham at the time, with extensive accompanying recollections by the author. The notably well-composed and poetic photographs offer a social history of people and places, work and leisure, and urban and industrial decay.
Conquest of the Atlantic
Cunard Liners of the 1950s and 1960s
In this celebratory book, William Miller’s passion for the romance of ocean liners looks to the Cunard Line and its fleet of iconic ships, including the two ‘Queens’, Mauretania, Caronia and Queen Elizabeth 2. Drawing on staff and passenger interviews, photographs and posters, the author traces the ships’ survival through the Second World War, when many liners were painted grey for military service, into passenger shipping’s grand and opulent finale before the advent of commercial aviation.
The Curious and Macabre Anecdotes
On 24 February 1933, Hitler’s ‘clairvoyant’ advisor, Eric Hanussen, held a séance in which he predicted that a large Berlin building would be burnt to the ground. Three days later the Reichstag was set on fire. Drawn from a wide range of sources, this collection of over 300 short anecdotes about the German dictator depicts the man, his shortcomings and his eccentricities in a strange and often lurid light.
Knights of the Round Table
Myths and Legends
Daniel Mersey retells ten Arthurian legends, including ‘The First Quest of the Round Table’, ‘Gawain and the Green Knight’ and ‘Tristan and Isolde’. Illustrated with artwork and photographs, the book places the stories in the context of the greater Arthurian tradition, and explains their impact on modern storytelling.
Jewish Commandos and the Raid on Tobruk
During the North African campaign in 1942, the British used a special force of German-speaking Jews recruited from displaced Germans in Palestine. This ‘Special Interrogation Group’ were given German military police uniforms and equipment and tasked with gathering crucial information from behind enemy lines. This book outlines the formation of the unit and describes its part in the raid on Tobruk in September 1942, which involved trekking across hundreds of miles of desert disguised as German soldiers transporting PoWs.
Letters From A Flying Officer
In this 1928 account of a pilot in the First World War, the letters and diaries of Flying Officer Michael John Enderby and the comments of Group Captain Merrivale are ostensibly fiction. They are in fact closely based on the experiences of the author and offer an insight into the workings of the Royal Flying Corps, with descriptions of real combat events and observations on the development of aviation technology and the tactics of aerial combat during the war.
Industry and the Coast
Images of the North East in the 1960s
Windswept coastlines, factories belching smoke into leaden skies and the shapes and deep shadows of industrial architecture are the subjects of this collection of black-and-white photographs of the North East in the 1960s. These images of the majestic cranes of the shipyards and the decaying industrial landscapes of Tyneside and Teesside are also a valuable social document, showing people at work and play in cities, factories, seaside resorts and the docks.
Thomas J Lipton's America's Cup Campaigns
The Saga of One Man's Three-Decade Obsession with Winning the America's Cup
Having built up his grocery empire and established his famous tea brand, Thomas Lipton used his wealth to enter a yacht for the America's Cup in 1899. This book tells the story of his subsequent obsession, challenging on five more occasions over the next three decades. Drawing on contemporary accounts and newspaper reports, the book includes a summary of the early years of the race and reviews the developments in yacht design up to and during the Lipton challenges.
Wartime Bombing Decoys in Wales
Pathfinder bombers in the Second World War dropped incendiary bombs so that the main force could target the resulting fires. This system led to a network of decoys being built across Britain, where fires were created in an unpopulated area to divert enemy bombs. Ivor Jones’s investigation into the once-secret sites across Wales includes details of how they were constructed, contemporary aerial images and modern photographs of what remains of 'Q' and 'starfish' decoys, as well as dummy airfields.
Images of Wales
From a Decade of Change: The 1970s
During the 1970s the coal and steel industries that provided much of the employment in Wales were shrinking, and – despite social progress and increasing prosperity – regeneration and improvement of the built environment was slow to come. This thoughtful and thought-provoking collection of black-and-white photographs includes images from all over Wales, and is notable for a sense of decline and neglect in studies of iconic national subjects such as coal mines, steam railways, seaside resorts, and Nonconformist churches and chapels.
German Night Fighter Force
Concentration on the offensive capabilities of the Luftwaffe in the late 1930s meant that German night defence fighters were not employed until the success of British bombing raids made it a necessity in 1940. Organizational problems and the Allies' superior radar technology continued to make air defence problematic thereafter. Originally published in German, this book assesses the development of the Luftwaffe's night fighter force and its considerable operational and technical achievements during the war.
Adolf's British Holiday Snaps
Luftwaffe Aerial Reconnaissance Photographs of England, Scotland and Wales
At the beginning of the Second World War, Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to take aerial photographs of Britain in preparation for an invasion. In 1945 British Intelligence discovered 16 tons of pictures in Bavaria, which were sent to Britain and classified top secret; but other Luftwaffe photographs were found and kept by ordinary servicemen. Here, Nigel Clarke presents approximately 200 such photographs, many with bomb runs marked, along with wartime images of the corresponding damage on the ground. Slightly off-mint.
The First Blitz
Bombing London in the First World War
The military potential of aviation was first exploited in the First World War, when London and other major cities were attacked by Zeppelins and, from 1917, Gotha and Staaken 'Giant' biplanes. This book examines the offensive and defensive strategies, the impact of each of the attacks and their legacy in defence planning. This is an updated, single volume version of London 1914–17: The Zeppelin Menace (2008) and London 1917–18: The Bomber Blitz (2010).
The British Shell Shortage
Of the First World War
The British shortage of munitions during the First World War was a case of gross mismanagement with disastrous consequences at the Front and political fall-out at home. This study examines shell manufacture in both political and military contexts in 1915. In particular, Harding looks at the fighting at Neuve Chapelle and the Aubers Ridge from the perspective of the Rifle Brigade, whose casualties, when reported in The Times, resulted in the formation of the coalition government and the Ministry of Munitions.
The War Diaries of Count Galeazzo Ciano
A day-by-day account of a remarkable period in Italian-German history, these are the diaries of Mussolini's son-in-law, who was Italy's foreign minister from 1936 to February 1943 and an opponent of the war. Ciano was executed, on Hitler's orders, in January 1944.
Celtic changed from vertical green stripes to the famous hoops in the early years of the 20th century, and the distinctive jersey has since been worn by many of the greatest names in Scottish football. This book collects the official team photos from the first season of 1888 to the 2006-7 season as well as player portraits of legends such as Jock Stein and Bobby Murdoch. Changing Faces series.
The Fourth Reich
and Operation Eclipse
Operation Eclipse was an Allied plan conceived to achieve strategic goals in the final phase of the Second World War in Europe and manage the immediate post-war period. From protecting Denmark from occupation by the Russians and dealing with Admiral Doenitz's short-lived government after Hitler's suicide (the 'Fourth Reich' of the title), the book goes on to examine the liberation of Holland and Norway, the release of PoWs and forced labour from German camps, and the War Crimes Trials.
The In and Out
A History of the Naval and Military Club
Originally conceived as a 'civilized place of association' for officers on leave from the Peninsular War, the then 'Military Club' was founded, not without controversy, in 1815. Lavishly illustrated with reproductions of Club portraits and photographs, this volume traces the eventful history of the Club, through two world wars and an IRA bomb, and through several London locations before landing in St James's Square – but still sporting the 'In' and 'Out' of its Piccadilly home. Foreword by Prince Philip, the Club's President.
Challenge of Battle
The Real Story of the British Army in 1914
The exhaustive official History of the Great War gives a largely positive account of the British Expeditionary Force's performance in 1914, but Adrian Gilbert's research reveals significant failings as well as strengths. Covering the seven infantry divisions and cavalry of the original BEF of 1914 and drawing on contemporary accounts of the battles, including Mons, Le Cateau, the Aisne and Ypres, this book re-examines the decisions of senior officers and their consequences for the men at the front.
A History of the Liverpool Waterfront 1850–1890
The Struggle for Organisation
In an age before steam had ousted the clippers and Liverpool’s quays were still a forest of masts, the city’s 18,000 dock workers – many of them of Irish descent – began to organize themselves into trades unions. Extensively illustrated with historic prints and photographs, this groundbreaking study charts the struggles of these workers to improve their conditions and build self-reliance in the face of increasing mechanization, and vividly recreates the hustle and bustle of the Victorian waterfront.
Politics and Decline of Britain's Post-War Air Force
Although Britain was in decline as a world power after the Second World War, advances in military technology made the RAF ever more important to its defences as increasingly sophisticated aircraft patrolled the front line of the Cold War. In this assessment of the RAF and its planes since 1945, Ian Watson charts a golden age for the service and decries the political wranglings and budget management of recent years that has led to calls for its abolition.