Animal Prints from the British Museum
A rampaging elephant, a giant fish, an amorous goat and a monstrous pig are some of the fabled creatures featured in this collection of British Museum prints from the 15th to the early 19th century. The prints, which include woodcuts, engravings and etchings by Lucas Cranach the Elder, Goya, Stubbs and Bewick, are accompanied by insightful commentary on the history and symbolism of the depicted beasts.
Used for 40,000 years, and prized for its beauty and versatility, ivory is a material that humans have been prepared to kill for. This comprehensive study begins by looking at conservation, and the range of animals – from mastodon to sperm whale – from which ivory has been derived. The author goes on to examine ivory as a material, describes techniques for identifying and caring for existing ivory pieces, and finally charts its world history, from prehistoric times to the present day.
A History of the English Language in 100 Places
In 100 Places
How did the Germanic dialect of a small island become a lingua franca spoken by two billion people across the globe? This compelling guide charts the history of the English language from the earliest texts to the age of Twitter. Attractively illustrated with colour photographs and maps, the book focuses on 100 places that played a key role in the development of the language, from Canterbury – where the Latin alphabet was adopted – to Kolkata, and from Salford to San Francisco.
For nearly 4,000 years Egyptians skilfully embalmed both human and animal bodies in accordance with beliefs about their destiny in the afterlife; many mummies are still so well preserved that we can extract evidence about ancient people's lives and even gaze on their faces. Presenting examples of the embalmer's art now in the British Museum, Taylor explains the mummification and burial processes and the techniques used to study mummies today.
Tyranny and The Lash
Prisoners and Punishment in British History
Medieval people gave little thought to prisoners or to the conditions in which they were kept, but by Victorian times troubling questions were being asked about the purpose and effectiveness of incarceration. Wade traces the evolving nature, use and management of British prisons over the centuries, asks whether changes in practices such as hard labour and solitary confinement have made the prison system more humane and investigates how social changes led to new definitions of criminality.
At the end of the 18th century, Cheshire, like other counties of England, boasted a wealthy and elegant elite whose lifestyle stood in stark contrast to estate and factory workers living in increasingly poor conditions. This history reviews the changing times in Cheshire for all strata of society as the Industrial Revolution gathered pace and rioters and reformers threatened the social order, canal and railway builders transformed the landscape and the Napoleonic wars threatened Britain's place in the world.
Art, Craft and Conservation
Stained glass combines form and function in a unique way, and practitioners such as Steve Clare have been creating beautiful work for centuries. This book follows the historical development of the art form, but it is also a technical manual, describing in great detail the tools and techniques involved in the design, production and conservation of stained glass. There are many illustrations of both work in progress and the greatest surviving historical examples.
Playing the Great Game
Britain, War and Politics in Afghanistan Since 1839
Edmund Yorke argues that many of the difficulties encountered during British military engagements in Afghanistan over the past 170 years have been caused by politicians' excessive interference in military operations, their failure to provide sufficient resources and their inability to understand the country's complex ethnicity. He also discusses previously unpublished source material that sheds new light on key events of the four Anglo-Afghan wars, and reveals the crucial but underestimated role played by Afghan allies and collaborators.
Fireballs, Skyquakes and Hums
Probing the Mysteries of Light and Sound
Weird and mysterious phenomena can often be observed in skies around the world, ranging from unusual sunsets, comets and St Elmo's fire to less easily explicable voices and humming sounds, phantom planes and UFOs. In this book Antony Milne analyses reports of such sightings, delves into defence files on UFOs and surveys some of the explanations that have been suggested by physicists, biologists, meteorologists and astronomers.
A Dictionary of Foreign Words and Phrases
For this short dictionary, Tuleja has selected foreign tems that are neither completely Anglicized nor merely pedantic. From Abendland (German: 'the West') to zolotaya seredina (Russian: 'the golden middle'), he a gives a translation, pronunciation and information on meaning and history; and there is much more - among the 'Special Categories' are classical phobias, a Sanskrit sampler, Italian musical terms and fearless leaders (caliph, czar, kaiser etc). Finally, there are indexes of words and phrases and subjects.