Why Can't a Woman be More Like a Man?
The Evolution of Sex and Gender
How significant are the differences between men and women, and to what extent are our abilities and behaviour determined by genetic or cultural factors? In this book an eminent developmental biologist provides answers to such controversial questions. Covering common claims about the two sexes' maths and language skills and their health, emotions and brains, it sorts the myths from the science and introduces the findings of modern research into the development of embryos and young children.
Women of the World
The Rise of the Female Diplomat
It was not until 1946, after decades of campaigning, that British women were allowed to represent their nation abroad. Helen McCarthy tells the story of the struggle to enter the diplomatic world, played out against a backdrop of war, superpower rivalry and global transformation. She explores the ways in which women influenced foreign affairs before 1946; tells the stories of women who subsequently made the diplomatic grade; and asks whether their presence has changed the way diplomacy is done.
Her Brilliant Career
Ten Extraordinary Women of the Fifties.
Rachel Cooke tells the story of ten extraordinary women whose pioneering professional lives - and complicated private lives - paved the way for future generations. Plucky and ambitious, women such as film director Muriel Box, plantswoman Margery Fish and architect Alison Smithson left the house and its images of 1950s domesticity. The other women include the writer Nancy Spain, magazine editor Joan Werner Laurie, rally driver Sheila van Damm, the archaeologist Jacquetta Hawkes and Rose Heilbron QC.
Sexuality in Western Art
Edward Lucie-Smith's study of the role of sexuality and sexual symbolism in Western art is in two sections: the first traces sexuality in art historically, from the prehistoric 'Venus' of Willendorf to Tom Wesselmann's Great American Nude (1967); part two looks at symbols and subject matter, including the female nude, the sexual act and deviations. First published in 1972.
The Three Graces
Snapshots of 20th-Century Women
Chosen for some distinctive element - an enigmatic pose or whimsical outfit - this collection of 135 snapshots dating from 1910 to the 1940s and reproduced in sepia tone, all depict three women posing together. Such snaps, displaced from personal albums, give only fragments of stories, but for Michal Raz-Russo, the photographs are 'transformed into cultural artefacts that collectively reveal a great deal about the evolving ritual of self-presentation before the camera'.
The Feminine Public Sphere
Middle-Class Women and Civic Life in Scotland, c 1870-1914
Focusing on temperance and suffrage movements in Scotland, this investigation of women's part in civic life includes reforming and philanthropic associations as well as local government. It provides a fresh approach to the 'public sphere', reveals women as agents of a middle-class identity and develops the notion of a 'feminine public sphere', or the web of associations, institutions and discourses used by disenfranchised middle-class women to express their citizenship.
Struggles and Feminism in Britain c.1770-1970
Part of the Documents in Modern History series, this volume traces the progress of women's rights through a collection of documents organized by seven themes: the law, marriage and motherhood, education, work, politics, health and sexuality. No jacket.
Early Modern Women's Manuscript Poetry
Drawing on recent research that emphasizes the importance of women's manuscript writing in a period when their access to print publication was restricted, this anthology presents generous selections of texts by 14 women poets writing between 1589 and 1706. It includes both neglected writers such as Hester Pulter and published authors such as Mary Sidney, Lucy Hutchinson and Katherine Philips, whose writing in manuscript appears in a fresh and very different perspective from their printed works.
A Centenary History
Formed during the First World War to improve the nation's food supply, the Women's Institute has been a pillar of British society for a century. This history describes how its founders aimed to raise the confidence of women, providing opportunities for public speaking and organization; how it responded to the challenges of the Second World War and a new wave of feminism in the 1960s; and how its fortunes were revived by the spectacular success of the Calendar Girls.
From Suffragette to Fascist
The Many Lives of Mary Sophia Allen
Mary Allen (1878-1964) was a redoubtable woman whose life embraced many of the key issues of the early 20th century. She was a suffragette, then a pioneer in creating Britain's first female police force. Her useful police work during the First World War was overshadowed by her later adoption of Fascism, her formation of a private women's army and her increasingly dogmatic and irascible behaviour, which set her at odds with the authorities.
A Journal of the Reformation Years, 1524-1528
Translated, with an introduction, notes and interpretive essay, this is the journal kept by Caritas Pirckheimer (1467-1532), Abbess of the Nurnberg cloister of St Clare, who defended her cloister and her faith during the period when the Reformation was formally accepted by Nurnberg. The Library of Medieval Women series. No jacket.
Queen and Country
Same-sex Desire in the British Armed Forces, 1939-45
Emma Vickers's detailed study of the intersection between same-sex desire and British military authority shows how men and women lived, loved and survived in an institution that was, at least publicly, hostile toward same-sex activity. No jacket.
The Higher Education of Women
Victorian idealization of women as 'ministering angels' had the practical result of limiting their education to 'accomplishments', providing little to occupy their minds. This work by Emily Davies, who went on to found Girton College, makes a forthright and vigorous case for the extension of professional and university education to women. First published in 1866 and reprinted, with an introduction by Janet Howarth, in 1988.
Fashion and Fetishism
Corsets, Tight-Lacing and Other Forms of Body Sculpture
In 1888, The Family Doctor reported that 'the compression of the female waist in Britain totals 134 miles'. With the corset's recent return to fashion, David Kunzle reflects on its subversive power, from ancient Crete to its 19th-century heyday and Jean-Paul Gaultier's creations. He challenges the image of the corset as a symbol of Victorian repression, drawing on medical literature, novels and magazines to reveal how it is bound up with sexual and social self-expression.
The Histories of Some of the Penitents in the Magdalen House
First published anonymously in 1759, this remarkable novel was written to promote the cause of the Magdalen House, a charity which sought to rehabilitate prostitutes by fitting them for a life of virtuous industry. More than a mere fund-raiser, however, the novel challenges long-standing prejudices against prostitutes by presenting them as victims of inadequate education, male libertinism and sexual double standards. With editors' introduction and notes. No jacket.
Filming Women in the Third Reich
In 1936, Goebbels stated that 'a government that controls art will remain for ever', and the German film industry became inextricably linked with National Socialist propaganda. This book is an historical evaluation of the role and image of women in the feature films of the Third Reich. Fox challenges current perceptions of the National Socialist position with regard to women and examines the creation of a female film culture, as well as the 'blurring' of gender distinctions as a result of the war.
Collective Biography of Women in Britain, 1550-1900
A Select Annotated Bibliography
Against the common feminist view that women have been hidden from history, Oldfield presents bibliographic proof of 'women's persistent presence in that often naive but always influential mode of history - the collective biographies of Western Europe.' Her chronologically ordered bibliography covers collective biographies of women, with details of their subjects, from William Bircher's The Nobylytte of Wymen (c.1559) to the 1901 Dictionary of National Biography Supplement. No jacket.
The Life and Times of the Penis
To possess a penis, Sophocles said, is to be 'chained to a madman'. This light-hearted but impressively researched book ranges across history, world cultures, literature, art, medicine and myth to examine man's relation to his characteristic member. It investigates the reasons why this unruly appendage all too often appears to have a mind of its own - and the joint relationship of man and his madman to the opposite sex.
The Rise and Fall of the Penis
A consultant urologist and sexologist, Mels van Driel presents an account of the male sexual organ from medical, psychological, cultural and anecdotal perspectives. With humour as well as expertise he traces the history of how people have thought about the penis and testicles from the phallus cult of ancient Greece to modern cyber sex, he exposes myths, and he explains the facts and hard science of topics such as the prostate gland, testosterone and 'spilling one's seed'.
The Politics of Housework
The debate on housework was central to the women's movement, and increasingly women strived for self-fulfilment. In this revised edition of Ellen Malos's economic and political history, she brings together writings about the domestic labour debate by leading figures from the 20th century. The book is brought up to date with a new chapter on how the debate has continued into the 1990s, revealing the continuing contradictions in the lives of women and work.
Joan of Arc
The Image of Female Heroism
In the brief life of Joan of Arc several of the essential mythopoeic characteristics that throughout history have defined the charismatic leader and saint are powerfully condensed. In this study, Marina Warner first analyses the symbolism of the Maid in her own time, then examines her rich afterlife in literature, politics, and on the stage and screen. The book was first published in 1981, and has been reissued with a substantial new introduction by the author.
Women in Ancient Rome
In this intriguing history we encounter 'admirable, exciting, evil, slatternly and dangerous women fighting to be heard and seen against insurmountable odds in a world run by men, for men'. Chrystal's account, written for the general reader as well as students of ancient history, covers aspects of Roman women's lives ranging from betrothal and marriage to education, religion and the dark arts.
The Suffragette Derby
The 1913 Derby is remembered for the pivotal intervention of the suffragette Emily Davison. But the race, one of the first to be captured on newsreel, was remarkable for other reasons. Also present was Charles Bower Ismay, scion of the shipbuilding family vilified for the Titanic disaster the previous year, and owner of the runner Craiganour. Michael Tanner's history unravels the chain of events that led to Davison's death under the king's horse Anmer, and Craiganour's controversial disqualification.
What the Suffragists Did Next
How the Fight for Women's Rights Went On
The suffragists of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) - as distinct from the suffragettes - did not disband in 1917 when the vote was given to some women. Although franchise had been their primary goal, they had other aims for women. This book looks at the lives of eight suffragists and how they continued the struggle for equality in various fields, among them Eleanor Lodge in higher education, Ellen Wilkinson in Socialist politics and Dr Isabel Emslie Hutton in medicine.
Lady Constance Lytton
Aristocrat, Suffragette, Martyr
Raised amid the grandeur of Knebworth House, Lady Constance Lytton was an unlikely radical. Drawing on unpublished family papers, this biography tells her story for the first time: how, witnessing the trial of Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, she became convinced that women must win the right to vote; and how, in jail, she discovered that her status afforded her preferential treatment, and on release disguised herself to discover the horrors that other suffragettes were forced to endure.