Why Can't a Woman be More Like a Man?
The Evolution of Sex and Gender
How significant are the differences between men and women, and to what extent are our abilities and behaviour determined by genetic or cultural factors? In this book an eminent developmental biologist provides answers to such controversial questions. Covering common claims about the two sexes' maths and language skills and their health, emotions and brains, it sorts the myths from the science and introduces the findings of modern research into the development of embryos and young children.
Women of the World
The Rise of the Female Diplomat
It was not until 1946, after decades of campaigning, that British women were allowed to represent their nation abroad. Helen McCarthy tells the story of the struggle to enter the diplomatic world, played out against a backdrop of war, superpower rivalry and global transformation. She explores the ways in which women influenced foreign affairs before 1946; tells the stories of women who subsequently made the diplomatic grade; and asks whether their presence has changed the way diplomacy is done.
Her Brilliant Career
Ten Extraordinary Women of the Fifties.
Rachel Cooke tells the story of ten extraordinary women whose pioneering professional lives - and complicated private lives - paved the way for future generations. Plucky and ambitious, women such as film director Muriel Box, plantswoman Margery Fish and architect Alison Smithson left the house and its images of 1950s domesticity. The other women include the writer Nancy Spain, magazine editor Joan Werner Laurie, rally driver Sheila van Damm, the archaeologist Jacquetta Hawkes and Rose Heilbron QC.
Sexuality in Western Art
Edward Lucie-Smith's study of the role of sexuality and sexual symbolism in Western art is in two sections: the first traces sexuality in art historically, from the prehistoric 'Venus' of Willendorf to Tom Wesselmann's Great American Nude (1967); part two looks at symbols and subject matter, including the female nude, the sexual act and deviations. First published in 1972.
The Three Graces
Snapshots of 20th-Century Women
Chosen for some distinctive element - an enigmatic pose or whimsical outfit - this collection of 135 snapshots dating from 1910 to the 1940s and reproduced in sepia tone, all depict three women posing together. Such snaps, displaced from personal albums, give only fragments of stories, but for Michal Raz-Russo, the photographs are 'transformed into cultural artefacts that collectively reveal a great deal about the evolving ritual of self-presentation before the camera'.
The Feminine Public Sphere
Middle-Class Women and Civic Life in Scotland, c 1870-1914
Focusing on temperance and suffrage movements in Scotland, this investigation of women's part in civic life includes reforming and philanthropic associations as well as local government. It provides a fresh approach to the 'public sphere', reveals women as agents of a middle-class identity and develops the notion of a 'feminine public sphere', or the web of associations, institutions and discourses used by disenfranchised middle-class women to express their citizenship.
Struggles and Feminism in Britain c.1770-1970
Part of the Documents in Modern History series, this volume traces the progress of women's rights through a collection of documents organized by seven themes: the law, marriage and motherhood, education, work, politics, health and sexuality. No jacket.
Early Modern Women's Manuscript Poetry
Drawing on recent research that emphasizes the importance of women's manuscript writing in a period when their access to print publication was restricted, this anthology presents generous selections of texts by 14 women poets writing between 1589 and 1706. It includes both neglected writers such as Hester Pulter and published authors such as Mary Sidney, Lucy Hutchinson and Katherine Philips, whose writing in manuscript appears in a fresh and very different perspective from their printed works.
A Centenary History
Formed during the First World War to improve the nation's food supply, the Women's Institute has been a pillar of British society for a century. This history describes how its founders aimed to raise the confidence of women, providing opportunities for public speaking and organization; how it responded to the challenges of the Second World War and a new wave of feminism in the 1960s; and how its fortunes were revived by the spectacular success of the Calendar Girls.
From Suffragette to Fascist
The Many Lives of Mary Sophia Allen
Mary Allen (1878-1964) was a redoubtable woman whose life embraced many of the key issues of the early 20th century. She was a suffragette, then a pioneer in creating Britain's first female police force. Her useful police work during the First World War was overshadowed by her later adoption of Fascism, her formation of a private women's army and her increasingly dogmatic and irascible behaviour, which set her at odds with the authorities.
A Journal of the Reformation Years, 1524-1528
Translated, with an introduction, notes and interpretive essay, this is the journal kept by Caritas Pirckheimer (1467-1532), Abbess of the Nurnberg cloister of St Clare, who defended her cloister and her faith during the period when the Reformation was formally accepted by Nurnberg. The Library of Medieval Women series. No jacket.
Queen and Country
Same-sex Desire in the British Armed Forces, 1939-45
Emma Vickers's detailed study of the intersection between same-sex desire and British military authority shows how men and women lived, loved and survived in an institution that was, at least publicly, hostile toward same-sex activity. No jacket.
The Higher Education of Women
Victorian idealization of women as 'ministering angels' had the practical result of limiting their education to 'accomplishments', providing little to occupy their minds. This work by Emily Davies, who went on to found Girton College, makes a forthright and vigorous case for the extension of professional and university education to women. First published in 1866 and reprinted, with an introduction by Janet Howarth, in 1988.
The Histories of Some of the Penitents in the Magdalen House
First published anonymously in 1759, this remarkable novel was written to promote the cause of the Magdalen House, a charity which sought to rehabilitate prostitutes by fitting them for a life of virtuous industry. More than a mere fund-raiser, however, the novel challenges long-standing prejudices against prostitutes by presenting them as victims of inadequate education, male libertinism and sexual double standards. With editors' introduction and notes. No jacket.
Filming Women in the Third Reich
In 1936, Goebbels stated that 'a government that controls art will remain for ever', and the German film industry became inextricably linked with National Socialist propaganda. This book is an historical evaluation of the role and image of women in the feature films of the Third Reich. Fox challenges current perceptions of the National Socialist position with regard to women and examines the creation of a female film culture, as well as the 'blurring' of gender distinctions as a result of the war.
Collective Biography of Women in Britain, 1550-1900
A Select Annotated Bibliography
Against the common feminist view that women have been hidden from history, Oldfield presents bibliographic proof of 'women's persistent presence in that often naive but always influential mode of history - the collective biographies of Western Europe.' Her chronologically ordered bibliography covers collective biographies of women, with details of their subjects, from William Bircher's The Nobylytte of Wymen (c.1559) to the 1901 Dictionary of National Biography Supplement. No jacket.
The Politics of Housework
The debate on housework was central to the women's movement, and increasingly women strived for self-fulfilment. In this revised edition of Ellen Malos's economic and political history, she brings together writings about the domestic labour debate by leading figures from the 20th century. The book is brought up to date with a new chapter on how the debate has continued into the 1990s, revealing the continuing contradictions in the lives of women and work.
Joan of Arc
The Image of Female Heroism
In the brief life of Joan of Arc several of the essential mythopoeic characteristics that throughout history have defined the charismatic leader and saint are powerfully condensed. In this study, Marina Warner first analyses the symbolism of the Maid in her own time, then examines her rich afterlife in literature, politics, and on the stage and screen. The book was first published in 1981, and has been reissued with a substantial new introduction by the author.
Women in Ancient Rome
In this intriguing history we encounter 'admirable, exciting, evil, slatternly and dangerous women fighting to be heard and seen against insurmountable odds in a world run by men, for men'. Chrystal's account, written for the general reader as well as students of ancient history, covers aspects of Roman women's lives ranging from betrothal and marriage to education, religion and the dark arts.
The Suffragette Derby
The 1913 Derby is remembered for the pivotal intervention of the suffragette Emily Davison. But the race, one of the first to be captured on newsreel, was remarkable for other reasons. Also present was Charles Bower Ismay, scion of the shipbuilding family vilified for the Titanic disaster the previous year, and owner of the runner Craiganour. Michael Tanner's history unravels the chain of events that led to Davison's death under the king's horse Anmer, and Craiganour's controversial disqualification.
What the Suffragists Did Next
How the Fight for Women's Rights Went On
The suffragists of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) - as distinct from the suffragettes - did not disband in 1917 when the vote was given to some women. Although franchise had been their primary goal, they had other aims for women. This book looks at the lives of eight suffragists and how they continued the struggle for equality in various fields, among them Eleanor Lodge in higher education, Ellen Wilkinson in Socialist politics and Dr Isabel Emslie Hutton in medicine.
The Justice Women
The Female Presence in the Criminal Justice System 1800-1970
Today we are accustomed to seeing female police officers, barristers and judges, but this only came about through more than a century of struggle. This absorbing book traces the history of the fight for equality and professional status through the lives of pioneering women in the legal system. They include Edith Smith, the first woman police officer to be sworn in, Lilian Wyles, the first female chief inspector, and the remarkable judge Rose Heilbron.
Vanishing for the Vote
Suffrage, Citizenship and the Battle for the Census
Tracking the increasingly hostile relationship between the Liberal government and the suffragettes, this book tells the story of census night, 2 April 1911, when the suffrage movements urged women – all still without the vote – to boycott the census.
Lady Constance Lytton
Aristocrat, Suffragette, Martyr
Raised amid the grandeur of Knebworth House, Lady Constance Lytton was an unlikely radical. Drawing on unpublished family papers, this biography tells her story for the first time: how, witnessing the trial of Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, she became convinced that women must win the right to vote; and how, in jail, she discovered that her status afforded her preferential treatment, and on release disguised herself to discover the horrors that other suffragettes were forced to endure.
The Farmer's Wife
The Life and Work of Women on the Land
Agriculture is widely perceived as a male endeavour, yet throughout history, farmers’ wives have been central to the running of many farms. In addition to their responsibilities for children and the home, women worked the land, milked the cows and took care of the business side. Illustrated with more than 250 historic photographs, this book records and celebrates the life and work of rural women from the Middle Ages until the coming of mechanization after the First World War.
Louder Than Words
Ways of Seeing Women Workers in Eighteenth-Century France
This study explores women at work during the 18th century using images from two major collections of engravings: plates from Diderot’s Encyclopedie (1762–72) and from the less well-known Descriptions de arts et metiers (1761–88) by the Academie Royale des Sciences. Beginning with traditional roles in agriculture, mining and fishing, Sheridan explores women’s work in crafts, textiles and manufacturing, and commercial activities from oyster-selling on the street to managing fashion houses.
The Beginning of Women's Ministry
The Revival of the Deaconess in the Nineteenth-Century Church of England
This volume on the revival of women’s ministry in the 19th-century Church of England presents documents from a variety of unpublished sources that show how the Deaconess Movement posed a threat to the gender order of Victorian society by creating new areas of activity and roles of authority outside the domestic sphere. Prominent among the institutions and individuals discussed are the North London Deaconess Institute and the first head deaconess, Elizabeth Ferard (1825–1883). No jacket.
Although denied the privileged status of men, medieval women had a great variety of roles and vocations, and their lives were shaped by many different geographical, political, legal and religious factors. This volume draws on the riches of the British Library’s manuscript collection to explore, through texts and miniatures, the diversity within medieval women’s experience. Whether aristocrats or servants, it looks at women in their roles as lovers, wives, mothers, intellectuals, women of God and patrons of literature.