Why Can't a Woman be More Like a Man?
The Evolution of Sex and Gender
How significant are the differences between men and women, and to what extent are our abilities and behaviour determined by genetic or cultural factors? In this book an eminent developmental biologist provides answers to such controversial questions. Covering common claims about the two sexes' maths and language skills and their health, emotions and brains, it sorts the myths from the science and introduces the findings of modern research into the development of embryos and young children.
Women of the World
The Rise of the Female Diplomat
It was not until 1946, after decades of campaigning, that British women were allowed to represent their nation abroad. Helen McCarthy tells the story of the struggle to enter the diplomatic world, played out against a backdrop of war, superpower rivalry and global transformation. She explores the ways in which women influenced foreign affairs before 1946; tells the stories of women who subsequently made the diplomatic grade; and asks whether their presence has changed the way diplomacy is done.
Sexuality in Western Art
Edward Lucie-Smith's study of the role of sexuality and sexual symbolism in Western art is in two sections: the first traces sexuality in art historically, from the prehistoric 'Venus' of Willendorf to Tom Wesselmann's Great American Nude (1967); part two looks at symbols and subject matter, including the female nude, the sexual act and deviations. First published in 1972.
The Three Graces
Snapshots of 20th-Century Women
Chosen for some distinctive element – an enigmatic pose or whimsical outfit – this collection of 135 snapshots dating from 1910 to the 1940s and reproduced in sepia tone, all depict three women posing together. Such snaps, displaced from personal albums, give only fragments of stories, but for Michal Raz-Russo, the photographs are 'transformed into cultural artefacts that collectively reveal a great deal about the evolving ritual of self-presentation before the camera'.
Struggles and Feminism in Britain c.1770-1970
Part of the Documents in Modern History series, this volume traces the progress of women's rights through a collection of documents organized by seven themes: the law, marriage and motherhood, education, work, politics, health and sexuality. No jacket.
A Centenary History
Formed during the First World War to improve the nation's food supply, the Women's Institute has been a pillar of British society for a century. This history describes how its founders aimed to raise the confidence of women, providing opportunities for public speaking and organization; how it responded to the challenges of the Second World War and a new wave of feminism in the 1960s; and how its fortunes were revived by the spectacular success of the Calendar Girls.
From Suffragette to Fascist
The Many Lives of Mary Sophia Allen
Mary Allen (1878–1964) was a redoubtable woman whose life embraced many of the key issues of the early 20th century. She was a suffragette, then a pioneer in creating Britain's first female police force. Her useful police work during the First World War was overshadowed by her later adoption of Fascism, her formation of a private women's army and her increasingly dogmatic and irascible behaviour, which set her at odds with the authorities.
Queen and Country
Same-sex Desire in the British Armed Forces, 1939-45
Emma Vickers's detailed study of the intersection between same-sex desire and British military authority shows how men and women lived, loved and survived in an institution that was, at least publicly, hostile toward same-sex activity. No jacket.
The Higher Education of Women
Victorian idealization of women as 'ministering angels' had the practical result of limiting their education to 'accomplishments', providing little to occupy their minds. This work by Emily Davies, who went on to found Girton College, makes a forthright and vigorous case for the extension of professional and university education to women. First published in 1866 and reprinted, with an introduction by Janet Howarth, in 1988.
Collective Biography of Women in Britain, 1550-1900
A Select Annotated Bibliography
Against the common feminist view that women have been hidden from history, Oldfield presents bibliographic proof of 'women's persistent presence in that often naive but always influential mode of history - the collective biographies of Western Europe.' Her chronologically ordered bibliography covers collective biographies of women, with details of their subjects, from William Bircher's The Nobylytte of Wymen (c.1559) to the 1901 Dictionary of National Biography Supplement. No jacket.
The Life and Times of the Penis
To possess a penis, Sophocles said, is to be 'chained to a madman'. This light-hearted but impressively researched book ranges across history, world cultures, literature, art, medicine and myth to examine man's relation to his characteristic member. It investigates the reasons why this unruly appendage all too often appears to have a mind of its own - and the joint relationship of man and his madman to the opposite sex.
Women in Ancient Rome
In this intriguing history we encounter 'admirable, exciting, evil, slatternly and dangerous women fighting to be heard and seen against insurmountable odds in a world run by men, for men'. Chrystal's account, written for the general reader as well as students of ancient history, covers aspects of Roman women's lives ranging from betrothal and marriage to education, religion and the dark arts.
The Suffragette Derby
The 1913 Derby is remembered for the pivotal intervention of the suffragette Emily Davison. But the race, one of the first to be captured on newsreel, was remarkable for other reasons. Also present was Charles Bower Ismay, scion of the shipbuilding family vilified for the Titanic disaster the previous year, and owner of the runner Craiganour. Michael Tanner's history unravels the chain of events that led to Davison's death under the king's horse Anmer, and Craiganour's controversial disqualification.
What the Suffragists Did Next
How the Fight for Women's Rights Went On
The suffragists of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) - as distinct from the suffragettes - did not disband in 1917 when the vote was given to some women. Although franchise had been their primary goal, they had other aims for women. This book looks at the lives of eight suffragists and how they continued the struggle for equality in various fields, among them Eleanor Lodge in higher education, Ellen Wilkinson in Socialist politics and Dr Isabel Emslie Hutton in medicine.
The Justice Women
The Female Presence in the Criminal Justice System 1800–1970
Today we are accustomed to seeing female police officers, barristers and judges, but this only came about through more than a century of struggle. This absorbing book traces the history of the fight for equality and professional status through the lives of pioneering women in the legal system. They include Edith Smith, the first woman police officer to be sworn in, Lilian Wyles, the first female chief inspector, and the remarkable judge Rose Heilbron.
Vanishing for the Vote
Suffrage, Citizenship and the Battle for the Census
Tracking the increasingly hostile relationship between the Liberal government and the suffragettes, this book tells the story of census night, 2 April 1911, when the suffrage movements urged women – all still without the vote – to boycott the census.
Lady Constance Lytton
Aristocrat, Suffragette, Martyr
Raised amid the grandeur of Knebworth House, Lady Constance Lytton was an unlikely radical. Drawing on unpublished family papers, this biography tells her story for the first time: how, witnessing the trial of Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, she became convinced that women must win the right to vote; and how, in jail, she discovered that her status afforded her preferential treatment, and on release disguised herself to discover the horrors that other suffragettes were forced to endure.
The Farmer's Wife
The Life and Work of Women on the Land
Agriculture is widely perceived as a male endeavour, yet throughout history, farmers’ wives have been central to the running of many farms. In addition to their responsibilities for children and the home, women worked the land, milked the cows and took care of the business side. Illustrated with more than 250 historic photographs, this book records and celebrates the life and work of rural women from the Middle Ages until the coming of mechanization after the First World War.
Louder Than Words
Ways of Seeing Women Workers in Eighteenth-Century France
This study explores women at work during the 18th century using images from two major collections of engravings: plates from Diderot’s Encyclopédie (1762–72) and from the less well-known Descriptions de arts et métiers (1761–88) by the Académie Royale des Sciences. Beginning with traditional roles in agriculture, mining and fishing, Sheridan explores women’s work in crafts, textiles and manufacturing, and commercial activities from oyster-selling on the street to managing fashion houses.
The Beginning of Women's Ministry
The Revival of the Deaconess in the Nineteenth-Century Church of England
This volume on the revival of women’s ministry in the 19th-century Church of England presents documents from a variety of unpublished sources that show how the Deaconess Movement posed a threat to the gender order of Victorian society by creating new areas of activity and roles of authority outside the domestic sphere. Prominent among the institutions and individuals discussed are the North London Deaconess Institute and the first head deaconess, Elizabeth Ferard (1825–1883). No jacket.
Although denied the privileged status of men, medieval women had a great variety of roles and vocations, and their lives were shaped by many different geographical, political, legal and religious factors. This volume draws on the riches of the British Library’s manuscript collection to explore, through texts and miniatures, the diversity within medieval women’s experience. Whether aristocrats or servants, it looks at women in their roles as lovers, wives, mothers, intellectuals, women of God and patrons of literature.
Attack of the 50 Ft Women
How Gender Equality Can Save the World!
Gender equality is good for everyone, so why are fewer than 10 per cent of the world’s leaders women? In this provocative, surprising and inspiring book, Catherine Mayer, who founded the Women’s Equality Party in 2015, combines the insights gained from hands-on political experience with wide-ranging interviews and in-depth research to tackle some of the biggest questions of our age. From business to politics, from the environmental crisis to global conflict, could women hold the key to the planet’s future?
Can Any Mother Help Me?
This book’s title was originally a plea from a lonely young mother in the 1930s, which sparked a flood of sympathetic responses, resulting in a private women’s magazine and many lifelong friendships. Fascinated by these remarkable ladies, the author has compiled some of their articles on children, work, love and politics; photographs; and contributors’ biographies, providing a unique social history of ordinary 20th-century women.
A Century in the Making
This history of the Women’s Institute in England and Wales begins with the foundation of the first branches in 1915, when, having won the right to vote, ex-Suffragists sought to give women new confidence and better education. Curtis describes the WI’s growth into a significant women’s movement and shows how it has continued to evolve since the worldwide success of the film Calendar Girls helped it shed the ‘jam and Jerusalem’ image. (Previously sold in Postscript as The WI: A Centenary History).
Scotland's Hidden Harlots & Heroines
Women's Role in Scottish Society from 1690–1969
Women have played a crucial role in the history of Scotland, yet their contribution has often been overlooked. This study reveals the harsh realities of life for witches, prostitutes, factory hands and bodysnatchers in a misogynist Presbyterian society where women had no personal possessions, no vote and few career options. The final section of the book charts the struggle for women’s rights in the 20th century, and celebrates its heroines.
A Woman Looking at Men Looking at Women
Essays on Art, Sex, and the Mind
Why are the sciences considered masculine and hard, the arts feminine and soft? And why is hard better than soft? In these groundbreaking essays, the award-winning novelist looks at artists including Picasso and Bourgeois to challenge such long-held assumptions.