Madness in Civilization
A Cultural History of Insanity from the Bible to Freud, from the Madhouse to Modern Medicine
The many different manifestations of mental illness are the subject of this panoramic work of social history. Its eminent author provocatively argues that we remain far from understanding the roots of madness and that modern psychiatry has much to learn from the responses of past societies. Scull explains how madness has been understood, through the lenses of medicine, pharmacology, religion and psychology, as a frightening challenge to the social fabric, and as a profound influence on the arts.
The Ancestor's Tale
A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life
In a pilgrimage back through four billion years of evolution, Dawkins and Wong follow the history of our genes in search of the microbial beginnings of life. As they encounter other species – from chimpanzees to fungi and bacteria – they listen to each evolutionary ‘tale’, shedding light on such topics as speciation and extinction, and reveal how intimately humans are connected with all life on Earth. This revised and expanded edition takes into account a decade of new research.
Writers & Artists Under English Skies
There can be no more English a topic of conversation than the weather, and the nation’s artists and writers have reflected on it – and under it – for centuries. Blending wide reading, acute personal observation and nature writing of rare beauty, this remarkable book charts the shifting cultural climate from the wintry world of the Anglo-Saxons to Turner’s fiery sunsets, via Chaucer’s ‘shoures soote’ and Shakespeare’s tempests. Illustrated with more than 60 historic images, many of them in colour.
Changing Local Cultures in the Northeast of India
The Naga tribes, long feared as headhunters by their neighbours, inhabit the south-eastern foothills of the Himalayas. This volume, comprising interviews, pictorial essays and chapters by Naga and Western authors, surveys the tribes’ society, their unique material culture (from architecture to bodily ornaments) and their oral traditions of story and song. Excerpts from 19th- and 20th-century anthropological research illustrate how Nagas’ identity has changed as a result of British colonial rule and the long struggle for autonomy following Indian independence.
The Written World
The Power of Stories to Shape People, History, Civilization
This survey examines the role of literature in the development of the world’s politics, philosophical ideas and spiritual beliefs. Discussing 16 key texts that span 4,000 years, Martin Puchner explores the ways in which the works have shaped social and cultural identity, from the Epic of Gilgamesh in c. 2100 BCE to the Harry Potter novels in the 2000s. Puchner concludes by reflecting on the future of the written word’s influence upon human civilization.
The End of History and the Last Man
With reference to Hegel, Marx and Nietzsche, this controversial thesis, originally published in 1992, puts forward the case that the battle for dominance between political ideologies will inevitably result in the universal adoption of liberal democracy as the natural form of government. Fukuyama also demonstrates that, with liberty and equality at its heart, liberal democracy can accommodate the human need for recognition.
The World Corrupted from Slavery to Obesity
How did a commodity that was once the prized monopoly of kings become an essential ingredient of everyday life and then the cause of a global health epidemic? James Walvin traces the history of how the demand for sweetness has been met, from early Mediterranean sugar plantations, to the immense human and environmental cost of the Caribbean plantations and the slave system, the industries that followed, and the dawning awareness of the obesity problem.
A Chronicle of a Tribe
The Goth scene began as a semi-political youth movement in 1970s Britain and has since developed into an influential musical/fashion-based subculture. This exploration of the genre considers its impact from a worldwide perspective and includes interviews with and photographs of influential figures.
A Complete Rock Music History of the Summer of Love
In January 1967 Dr Timothy Leary uttered the hippie mantra ‘turn on, tune in, drop out’, and by that summer the USA’s West Coast was undergoing a countercultural revolution. Using photographs and previously unpublished interviews with musicians, poets and artists, Harvey Kubernik chronicles the events of 1967, from seminal bands, such as Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead, to the high point of Monterey Pop Festival and the defining musical moments of the Summer of Love.
The Human Age
The World Shaped By Us
Diane Ackerman may rue the destruction of the natural world, yet she is thrilled by human ingenuity and here contemplates nascent technologies – including those for body heat recycling, 3D-printed human tissue and carbon capture – that may yet save our planet and our species. Slightly off-mint.
A Companion to Mexican Studies
With its unique fusion of the Aztec tradition, Christian iconography and modernism, Mexican art is powerful, distinctive and immediately recognizable. This scholarly but readable history traces its development from pre-Columbian times through the Spanish colonial period and revolution to the present day. Covering not only the visual arts but writing, theatre, music and dance, it takes in such great artists and writers as Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo and Octavio Paz. With colour plates, maps, a chronology and extensive bibliography.
Prophecy and Power in the Ancient World
The female prophets known as sibyls were renowned across the Greco-Roman world and their pronouncements were considered a source of authoritative wisdom. Guillermo focuses on the stories that were told about four prominent sibyls, at Erythrae, Cumae, Delphi and Tibur. He also reflects on the wider cultural associations between women and prophecy and asks how the ancient pagan tradition was later fused with Christianity so successfully that sibyls feature in Michelangelo’s decoration of the Sistine Chapel.
Back to the Garden
Nature and the Mediterranean World from Prehistory to the Present
In a deep ecological history of the Mediterranean cultural region since the Palaeolithic era, McGregor argues that the present environmental crisis has its origins in the late-18th-century abandonment of a harmonious working relationship with Nature. American cut pages.
Life and Culture in the West, 1918–1938
Europe emerged from the First World War broken and traumatized, its beliefs shattered by four years of carnage. This wide-ranging history charts the social, political and intellectual climate of the age, as citizens of the West turned their energies towards the hedonism of the Jazz Age while artists, scientists and philosophers grappled with the question of how to live without certainties, and sinister new ideologies emerged from the wreckage of the old order.
The Black Carib Wars
Freedom, Survival and the Making of the Garifuna
The Garifuna, who live along the Caribbean coast of Central America from Belize to Nicaragua, trace their origin to the union of Carib Indians and escaped slaves on the island of St Vincent. The product of extensive research in the region, this book charts their remarkable history of struggle against French and British colonists, celebrating their resilience and the survival of a culture and a language that pre-date the arrival of Columbus.
Voices of Indian America
'This land belongs to us, for the Great Spirit gave it to us when he put us here.' Sitting Bull's speech is among the treasures presented in this magnificent survey of Native American culture. Published to mark the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian, the book combines chapters by Native American scholars, poets and tribal leaders with illustrations of art and artefacts from across the Americas and across time, from ancient traditions to the 'new narrative' of today.
The Foucault Reader
An Introduction to Foucault's Thought
This selection of transcribed interviews and extracts from major works, including Discipline and Punish, The History of Sexuality and Madness and Civilization, introduces the key Foucauldian relationship between knowledge and power, and how it works to objectify and manipulate the individual. An authoritative introduction by editor Paul Rabinow tackles Foucault’s ‘three modes of objectification’: institutional isolation, scientific classification and self-objectification.
The Age of Genius
The Seventeenth Century and the Birth of the Modern Mind
In this survey of 17th-century Europe AC Grayling asks how 'the greatest ever change in the mental outlook of humanity' took place during a period of tumultuous wars, civil strife and post-Reformation religious agonies. He argues that the failure of authority and the breakdown of systems of control enabled a new focus on individual rights and the rise of reason over tradition. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge and American-cut pages.
Animal Bodies, Renaissance Culture
Discussing familiar animals – horses, sheep, dogs, cats, rats and moles – in the literary contexts of Renaissance works including Hamlet, Utopia and Romeo and Juliet, Karen Raber argues that ‘there is no such thing as human identity, history, culture, without the prior cooperation, collaboration, habitation, ideological appropriation, consumption of animals, without animals as the "always already" of both materiality and culture itself.’
Violent jealous reactions make newspaper headlines, but Peter Toohey explains how ‘jealousy’s daily life is much quieter’ and ‘surprisingly beneficial’. Dealing with all kinds of jealousy – including that of infants, animals, families and academics – he explains its biological and evolutionary basis, its relation to humans’ socialization and how it protects and strengthens relationships. As well as its place in our lives, the study discusses jealousy in artistic creativity and the psychological study of the emotion.
The First Book of Foundations
The first volume of philosopher Michel Serres’ Foundations Trilogy comprises a ‘continuous and free reading’ of the Roman historian Livy’s account of the origins of Rome. As Serres identifies the ancient author’s key themes – violence, murder, sacrifice, hospitality – he considers what the foundation of Rome reveals about the beginnings of society, knowledge and culture. Originally published in French in 1983, the book now appears in a new English translation by Randolph Burks.
Animals in Myth, Legend, and Literature
In this great survey of animals and their symbolism, Boria Sax has abandoned biological classification in favour of tradition, linking the animals not only to their natural habitat and habits, but also to human cultural values and practices. The resulting categories range from almost human (apes, monkeys, bears, beavers, porcupines and pigs), through tricksters, musicians, man’s best friends, beasts of burden and tough guys to divinities (owls, eagles, doves and, remarkably, the rhinoceros).