The Correspondence of John Wallis
Volume II: 1660-September 1668
The second volume of Wallis's correspondence covers a period which saw Charles II's accession to the throne and the emergence of the Royal Society, of which Wallis was an original – and very active – member. He writes regularly to the Society's secretary, Henry Oldenburg, on various scientific matters, and to Robert Boyle, with whom he discusses his attempts to teach a deaf-mute young man to speak distinctly. He also spends much of this period dealing with legal business for the University.
We Need to Talk about Kelvin
What Everyday Things Tell Us about the Universe
Taking a cue from William Blake, Marcus Chown, cosmology consultant for New Scientist, shows how we can 'see a world in a grain of sand'. In this book he chooses familiar features of the mundane world - your reflection in a window, the heat of the sun on your face, how a cause always precedes an effect - and draws on cutting-edge science to explain how they reveal profound truths about the ultimate nature of reality. Short-listed for the 2010 Royal Society Science Book Prize. Slightly off-mint.
or, How Nigh is the End?
People have been predicting the end of the world for thousands of years but celebrated astronomer Patrick Moore assures us that the Earth is not in immediate danger. Examining the history of doomsaying from the predictions of astrologers and priests to the more modern fear of asteroids or comets, he presents the scientific evidence for the most likely cause of the planet's ultimate demise.
Robert Hooke and the English Renaissance
Robert Hooke (1635–1703) has been described as 'an English Leonardo da Vinci', but although his name is immortalized in Hooke's Law of Elasticity, his ingenious inventiveness has been too long neglected. This volume comprises nine essays which help to redress the balance; they cover Hooke's achievements in a range of scientific endeavours, his influence on science and scientists in the centuries after his death and our modern world's debt to such inventions as the universal joint and the anchor escapement.
Guide to Urban Engineering
Infrastructure and Technology in the Modern Landscape
How does drinking water get to your tap, clean and under pressure? How does a pumpjack get oil out of the ground? What lies beneath a manhole cover? In sections on the six main areas of infrastructure – raw materials, water, power, transport (by road, rail, canal and air), communication and waste – this very accessible, illustrated guide provides an introduction to the technology that underpins modern life.
The Dangerous Allure of the Unseen
How would you achieve invisibility? If you could become invisible, what would you do? What challenges would you face? These are perennially fascinating questions, raising moral dilemmas and prompting scientific investigations as well as inspiring many myths and legends about magic rings and cloaks of invisibility. This wide-ranging cultural history of the concept of invisibility embraces Plato and HG Wells, medieval occultism and quantum theory, zebras' stripes and the optical camouflage used on military ships.
Making Machines with Wheels and Axles
Simple Machine Projects
This book is from the Simple Machine Projects series, which explains the physics behind simple machines using everyday examples, and gives children practical projects that demonstrate the science in action. This volume looks at how wheels and axles work together, the relation between friction and motion, and how gears work. Age 7–9
Fireballs, Skyquakes and Hums
Probing the Mysteries of Light and Sound
Weird and mysterious phenomena can often be observed in skies around the world, ranging from unusual sunsets, comets and St Elmo's fire to less easily explicable voices and humming sounds, phantom planes and UFOs. In this book Antony Milne analyses reports of such sightings, delves into defence files on UFOs and surveys some of the explanations that have been suggested by physicists, biologists, meteorologists and astronomers.
Wisdom of the Stars
Astrology and Spiritual Biography
People have been studying the effects of the stars on worldly events for thousands of years. This book traces the development of astrology and the use of personal horoscopes in different cultures throughout human history, and advocates the development of a new tool in astrology: a 'spirit birth chart' created in a person's later years that reflects the fruits of their life.
Robert Koch, Arthur Conan Doyle, and The Quest to Cure Tuberculosis
In August 1890, Robert Koch, Europe’s greatest scientist, was rumoured to have found a cure for tuberculosis; sufferers began to arrive in Berlin in their thousands. In November, when Koch was scheduled to make public his miraculous substance, physicians joined the pilgrimage – among them, the young Arthur Conan Doyle. In this study, Goetz explores the ‘historic if unwitting collaboration’ of Koch and Doyle; how both men’s lives were undone by tuberculosis; and the positive contribution of failed theories to medical progress.
Unlocking the Mysteries of Time Perception
Why does life speed up as we get older? Why does time seem to slow down when we fear we are about to die? Using research from psychology, neuroscience and biology, the presenter of BBC Radio 4's All In The Mind examines the idea that the experience of time is created by our minds. She also presents her own research into people's visualizations of time and suggests how we can use our brain's warping of it to our advantage.
Science in the Third Reich
This volume presents recent historical research into aspects of the complex relationship between the sciences and National Socialism, in many cases reaching back to the earlier years of the 20th century. Beginning with the editor's introductory essay and a study of Humboldt's concept of the university, the essays deal with disciplines including geography, eugenics, biochemistry and aeronautics; technologies such as bio-technology and area planning; and the careers of individual scientists.
The Telomerase Revolution
The Enzyme That Holds the Key to Human Aging... and Will Soon Lead to Longer, Healthier Lives
Why does growing old lead to so many forms of illness? Recent advances in the study of human cells have revealed that the key to answering this question lies in the telomeres – the tips of chromosomes – which shorten every time a cell reproduces. As he explains these insights, Fossel highlights the ability of the enzyme telomerase to re-lengthen the telomeres and discusses its potential as a means of treating age-related diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
A History Through Fact and Fiction
Working spacesuits were not required until the 1960s, but the technology used reaches back to pressurized suits developed for aviators in the 1930s and further to diving suits of the 19th century. This exploration of the spacesuit mixes the history of technical development with the predictions and hypotheses of science fiction. The book is illustrated with archive photographs and diagrams, and classic sci-fi artwork from comic books and pulp fiction.
Things That Are
Encounters with Plants, Stars and Animals
Amy Leach’s debut collection of creative non-fiction displays a remarkable fusion of enchanting poetic language, quirky humour and factual information relating to the natural world and our communion with it. From lilies and peas, frogs and beavers to the moon, constellations and exploding stars, each of these 26 short pieces is filled with what Olivia Laing has called a ‘tumultuous, incantatory rejoicing in the astonishing multiplicity of the Earth’.
The Birth of the Pill
How Four Pioneers Reinvented Sex and Launched a Revolution
In the winter of 1950, 71-year-old Margaret Sanger met the scientist Gregory Pincus in New York City. Their meeting would change the world. This gripping account tells how Pincus and Sanger, a lifelong campaigner for women’s right to control their fertility, developed the contraceptive pill, funded by the philanthropist Katharine McCormick and supported by a charismatic Catholic doctor, John Rock, who battled his own church to win public approval for the controversial new drug.
The Weather Experiment
The Pioneers Who Sought to See the Future
Modern weather forecasts owe their existence to the eclectic group of 19th-century mavericks who created meteorological science; they included such figures as Sir Francis Beaufort, who quantified winds, the pharmacist Luke Howard, who classified clouds, and Admiral Robert FitzRoy, who issued Britain’s first storm warning in 1861. This book describes how they developed their radical theories, devised new instruments and attempted to convince governments of the moral duty to give the public advance warning of storms.
The Hunt for Vulcan
And How Albert Einstein Destroyed a Planet, Discovered Relativity, and Deciphered the Universe
Thomas Levenson tells the all-but-forgotten story of Isaac Newton, Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier and the search for the planet Vulcan, and how Albert Einstein proved that it did not exist and went on to discover relativity.
World in the Balance
The Historic Quest for an Absolute System of Measurement
Every day we need reliable ways of measuring length, weight and time. For most of human history these were based on creatively improvised local standards, such as the ancient Chinese connection between length and musical pitch. This book, by the philosopher who writes a regular Physics World column, tells little-known stories behind the world’s diverse measures and shows how they were gradually consolidated into a universal system, and how scientists are creating the first absolute system based on physical constants.
The Universe in Your Hand
A Journey Through Space, Time and Beyond
As he sets off to conduct a journey through the universe, the astrophysicist Christophe Galfard aims to ‘not leave any readers behind’ and promises to use only one equation (E=mc²). In a widely acclaimed, non-scientists’ introduction to modern physics and cosmology, Galfard uses humour, storytelling and thought experiments to make concepts such as electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, general relativity and black holes intelligible to all of us.
Stories in the Stars
An Atlas of Constellations
‘Lying on our backs, we look up at the night sky. This is where stories began’ (John Berger). Drawing on folk and literary traditions of many cultures, this book retells some of the myriad myths and legends inspired by the stars. From Andromeda to Vulpecula (the ‘Little Fox’), each constellation’s story is accompanied by an illustration and a celestial map that shows adjacent constellations and the apparent magnitude of each star as seen from Earth. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
Help Your Kids with Science
A Unique Step-by-Step Visual Guide
With separate chapters for biology, chemistry and physics, here science is made approachable: each scientific method is explained through a series of interconnecting coloured boxes and demonstrated by following a specific question through hypothesis to conclusion.
How Do You Get an Egg into a Bottle?
Bizarre, Weird and Wonderful Puzzles with Science
The egg problem is one of the 60 weird and wonderful science puzzles in this set of question and answer cards. You can challenge yourself or friends to work out why boomerangs come back or how to drive on ice: the solution of each problem is explained on the reverse of the card.