The Physics of Everyday Things
The Extraordinary Science Behind an Ordinary Day
The physics professor James Kakalios reveals the complex science behind the basic things that keep our everyday lives running – from how refrigerators keep things cool to how aeroplanes stay in the air. Each explanation is coupled with a story that demonstrates the interplay of the invisible forces that surround us, demonstrating that while sophisticated scientific concepts may seem abstract, they are also eminently practical. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
A Guide to the Cosmos
Explaining how non-physicists can do science, this guide aims to show that questions about Earth, the solar system and the universe beyond can be answered by observing, measuring and thinking. Following the work of scientists such as Hubble and Einstein, and asking questions about the age and weight of things, what things are made of and how far away they are, the authors lead us from looking at the stars to thinking about the origin of the universe. Off-mint with a felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
1969 to 1979 (all modules) Owners' Workshop Manual
Developed from 1969, Skylab was launched in May 1973 and hosted three manned missions over the following year. With hundreds of diagrams and photographs, this analysis of the project gives a detailed breakdown of the design and construction of the space station as well as a report of the three periods of occupation, describing the challenges that the crews faced in repairing and maintaining Skylab and carrying out their research.
Einstein's Greatest Mistake
The Life of a Flawed Genius
David Bodanis, the bestselling author of E=mc², presents a life of the great physicist and reveals how much we owe Einstein today – and how much more he might have achieved without his all-too-human flaws. A former Sunday Times Science Book of the Year.
The Tangled Tree
A Radical New History of Life
Recent research has fundamentally challenged the view that genes are passed down vertically, from generation to generation, evolving slowly over time. This account describes the lives and discoveries of scientists including Carl Woese, Lynn Margulis and Tsutomu Watanabe, who have demonstrated that genes can move horizontally across species by viral infection, with significant implications for genetics, public health and our understanding of how the human race has evolved.
The Beginning and the End of Everything
From the Big Bang to the End of the Universe
In this overview of our current knowledge about the universe a theoretical cosmologist discusses questions that have puzzled thinkers throughout history and the ways in which modern scientists have tried to answer them. He explains how astronomical observations and remarkable deductions have allowed us not only to look back 13.8 billion years to the origins of the universe but also to develop competing theories about its ultimate fate, either in a calamitous ‘Big Crunch’ or a gentler ‘Heat Death’.
The Jazz of Physics
The Secret Link Between Music and the Structure of the Universe
Stephon Alexander deftly employs the analogy of music, particularly jazz and hip hop, to explain difficult concepts in modern physics and cosmology, including black hole event horizons, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and the nature of the universe itself. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
They Got it Wrong: Science
All the Facts that Turned Out to Be Science Fiction
Is the Earth hollow? Can lead be turned into gold? Could tobacco smoke resurrect the dead? Of course not – but some of history's greatest minds accepted these and many other scientific theories that have since been proven to be completely ridiculous. But we must not feel too superior: as well as showing why these ideas seemed so convincing, Donald also highlights other myths that persist today.
The Glass Universe
The Hidden History of the Women Who Took the Measure of the Stars
Before women could vote, Harvard Observatory was employing them to interpret astronomical observations. This book tells the stories of a Cambridge student, a young deaf woman, a pregnant Scottish housemaid and several others who between them helped to unravel the principles governing the universe.
How We Got to Now
Six Innovations That Made the Modern World
Published to accompany a US TV series, this history of human progress identifies six key inventions – refrigeration, clocks, lenses, water purification, sound recording and artificial light – and describes the development and far-reaching consequences of each breakthrough. Felt-tip mark on the lower trimmed edge.
Knowledge is Power
How Magic, the Government and an Apocalyptic Vision Helped Francis Bacon to Create Modern Science
John Henry assesses Francis Bacon’s ineluctable influence on the methodology, content and organization of science both in his own time and now, revealing how Bacon’s fascination with bureaucracy, magic and religion inspired his best-known works, including The New Organon.
An Astronaut's Unlikely Journey to Unlock the Secrets of the Universe
‘Nothing you do on this planet can ever truly prepare you for what it means to leave it.’ Mike Massimino has left it twice – aboard the space shuttles Columbia and Atlantis, on servicing missions to the Hubble Space Telescope. Massimino’s entertaining, warts-and-all account describes life as an astronaut, from the first week of training to seven-hour-long space walks.
The Birth of Modern Science in Medieval Europe
Histories of Western science often begin their narrative with Galileo’s battle to gain acceptance for Copernicus’ heliocentric model. But physicist John Freely sets out ‘to right this historical injustice’ by showing how a succession of European scholars as far back as the Dark Ages paved the way for the exciting discoveries of later centuries. Discussing the influential work of such figures as the Venerable Bede and Albertus Magnus, he identifies those ‘giants’ on whose shoulders Newton said he was standing.
Featuring over 100 specially produced star maps and recent space photography, this 'field guide to the night sky' charts the 88 constellations of the celestial sphere, the movement of the planets, and the changing aspect of the skies from month to month in both northern and southern hemispheres. The digitally produced maps are particularly clear, with stars precisely sized according to their brightness and symbols representing deep-sky objects such as nebulae and galaxies.
Out of the Shadow of a Giant
How Newton Stood on the Shoulders of Hooke and Halley
Arguing that British science would not have developed very differently without Newton, the authors demonstrate his indebtedness to the achievements of his contemporaries, in particular Hooke, from whom he ‘borrowed’ many ideas, and Halley, who encouraged and paid for the publication of the Principia.
The Moon Landings
One Giant Leap
The photographs that astronauts took during the Apollo missions provided a previously unseen picture of the moon but also transformed our perception of the Earth, viewed for the first time from space. This pictorial celebration, containing hundreds of photographs of the American space programme of the 60s and 70s, traces its success from its origins in the Cold War to the final triumph of Apollo 11, and considers its legacy to science and history.
Ask an Astronaut
What does it feel like to sit on top of a 300-tonne rocket? Does food taste different in space? How can I become an astronaut? When he returned from his 186-day mission on the International Space Station, Tim Peake was bombarded with questions. This book presents some of those questions and Tim’s careful, candid and detailed answers about astronaut training, the launch, life and work in space, space walking and returning to earth. Slightly off-mint with a Felt-tip mark on the upper trimmed edge.
When the Earth was Flat
All the Bits of Science We Got Wrong
Alchemists in search of gold; palaeontologists in search of a specious ‘missing link’ in the evolutionary chain; troops breaking step on bridges: Graeme Donald delves into the history of these and many other instances of scientific wrong-headedness, tracing the perpetrators and explaining how they got it wrong. He also debunks a plethora of popular beliefs, from opera singers breaking glass to suicidal lemmings.
Pigeon Guided Missiles
And 49 Other Ideas That Never Took Off
The pioneering behaviourist BF Skinner was able to demonstrate in the 1940s that conditioning pigeons, housed in the nose of a missile, to peck repeatedly at an image of a target, could be an effective weapons guidance system. As with all the apparently hare-brained schemes in this book, including Thomas Edison's concrete furniture, Wilhelm Reich's cloud-busting machine and British Rail's flying saucer, the system was never adopted.
The Secret Life of Space
Stonehenge was built to observe sunset on Midwinter’s Day, not sunrise on Midsummer’s Day; and Galileo did not invent the telescope. These are just two of the surprising facts discussed in this unconventional history of astronomy. Focusing on the stories of breakthroughs that overturned accepted wisdom, two leading science communicators celebrate the important work of maverick scientists, enthusiastic amateurs and those unsung heroes and heroines who helped to promote the ideas and discoveries of others.
How to Build a Universe
The numerous archival images, cartoons, quotes and programme excerpts in this companion book to the BBC Radio 4 series The Infinite Monkey Cage pay homage to the 1970s Look and Learn annuals, which thrilled children with their miscellany of science. Here, Cox and Ince inspire adult scientific wonder through jokes, jibes and nostalgic digressions, anchored by serious explorations of thermodynamics, particle physics, Big Bang theory, space travel, extra-terrestrial life and, of course, infinity.
How to Live in Space
Everything You Need to Know for the Not-So-Distant Future
The challenges of living in space are multiple: without the Earth’s atmosphere, gravity and rotation, essential activities including breathing, exercising and sleeping require technology. This illustrated ‘space travel manual’ describes all aspects of space travel, from blast-off to the future colonization of Mars, and explores how the development of new technology including graphene is paving the way for space tourism.
Blueprint for a Battlestar
Serious Scientific Explanations Behind Sci-Fi's Greatest Inventions
Modern digital technology has seen gadgets predicted by early science fiction – such as videophones – become reality, and a host of ideas proposed in more recent productions, such as the Star Trek series, offer intriguing possibilities for the future. From the Terminator to the Death Star, this book investigates some of the most celebrated concepts of recent science fiction and explores the potential technology behind them, revealing that some are closer to reality than we might think.