An Expedition to the Outer Limits of Mathematics
Beginning by attempting to explain what infinity is – and why it is ‘easy to think about but hard to pin down’ – this approachable guide uses carefully chosen analogies and classic thought experiments such as Hilbert's Hotel to help illuminate complex ideas. Eugenia Cheng presents mathematics as an exciting journey of discovery, and uses practical examples to help us understand the abstract concept of infinity in the context of our daily lives.
How it Shaped Our World
In this companion guide to the Science Museum’s Winton Gallery, curator David Rooney considers the everyday practical applications of mathematics, both past and present, including mathematics in design, economics, geography, medicine, travel and war. This generously illustrated volume features many of the objects and diagrams from the gallery’s collection, among them Charles Babbage’s Difference Engine and Le Corbusier’s Le Modulor infographic, while four essays by prominent academics include two on women’s place in the history of mathematics.
Maths in Bite-sized Chunks
Chris Waring’s accessible guide is designed for anyone who is keen to overcome a fear of mathematics. Employing numerous examples, common-sense explanations, fascinating asides and clear diagrams, this volume breaks down seemingly inscrutable mathematical concepts into easy-to-follow steps, explaining simple arithmetic and number, ratio and proportion, algebra, geometry, statistics and probability. Reassuringly, Waring emphasises real-world applications of mathematical principles, championing the great mathematicians of history in the process.
How Smart Are You?
Test Your Math IQ
How to improve your number skills: these 50 ten-question quizzes have an IQ-style scoring system that enables you to compare your performance with the average mark. The tests cover decimals and fractions, interest and percentages, means and medians and pose a range of algebraic word problems, interspersed with brief biographies of great mathematicians from Pythagoras to Andrew Wiles, who solved Fermat’s Last Theorem in 1994. American spelling and elastic closure.
Abbo of Fleury and Ramsey
Commentary on the Calculus of Victorius of Aquitaine
This didactic work by Abbo of Fleury (c.945–1004) is a philosophical Commentary on the mathematical tables produced by Victorius of Aquitaine (fl.457) to facilitate calculations using Roman numerals and fractions. Latin texts of both Victorius and Abbo. No jacket.
How Algorithms Solve All Our Problems... and Create More
Our world is increasingly ruled by algorithms, the complex sets of step-by-step instructions that enable computers to sort, filter and select information. But is this always a positive development, and how did we come to believe in the all-conquering power of numbers? Combining journalism and scholarship, Dormehl investigates the role of algorithms in our modern lives and shows how these formulas are shaping human relationships and creativity, notions of identity and even matters of law.
The Birth of Modern Science in Medieval Europe
Histories of Western science often begin their narrative with Galileo’s battle to gain acceptance for Copernicus’ heliocentric model. But physicist John Freely sets out ‘to right this historical injustice’ by showing how a succession of European scholars as far back as the Dark Ages paved the way for the exciting discoveries of later centuries. Discussing the influential work of such figures as the Venerable Bede and Albertus Magnus, he identifies those ‘giants’ on whose shoulders Newton said he was standing.
Build Your Own Time Machine
The Real Science of Time Travel
Although HG Wells’s Victorian time machine would not have worked, there is no law of physics that prevents travel through the fourth dimension. Brian Clegg combines his enthusiasm for science fiction with his insights as a writer on real science to explore ways in which time travel could theoretically be achieved. He also traces the development of our modern understanding of time, from Einstein’s first daydreams about the speed of light to neutrino experiments and the latest theories about wormholes.
The Origin of (Almost) Everything
In six parts, on the universe, Earth, life, civilization, knowledge and inventions, this book is a compilation of modern origin stories, giving science’s answers and explanations to questions such as "What is matter made of?" "How did eyes evolve?" and "Why do we need so much stuff?" The book is an engaging introduction to a vast range of topics – from the QWERTY keyboard to black holes – introduced by Stephen Hawking and his big question: ‘Existence: Where did we come from?’
The Weather Experiment
The Pioneers Who Sought to See the Future
Modern weather forecasts owe their existence to the eclectic group of 19th-century mavericks who created meteorological science; they included such figures as Sir Francis Beaufort, who quantified winds, the pharmacist Luke Howard, who classified clouds, and Admiral Robert FitzRoy, who issued Britain’s first storm warning in 1861. This book describes how they developed their radical theories, devised new instruments and attempted to convince governments of the moral duty to give the public advance warning of storms.
The Mice Who Sing For Sex
And Other Weird Tales From the World of Science
This humorous scientific miscellany is curated by the presenters of the podcast Geek Chic’s Weird Science and imparts the rationale behind all manner of inventions and phenomena, including solar-powered flight, self-lacing shoes, super-memory and addiction to healthy food (which can replace an addiction to fat and sugar). With frequent ‘chic fact’ boxes and cartoons, it also delves into outer space, wildlife and sex: are sound waves the new Viagra?
Dataclysm: Who We Are*
*When We Think No One's Looking
OkCupid founder Christian Rudder mines the big data of social media to reveal how age, beauty, gender, race and numerous other ‘tick-box’ signifiers influence our decision-making during the myriad of interactions that shape our lives online and beyond.
It All Adds Up
The Story of People and Mathematics
Just as non-musicians can love music, believes Launay, anyone can understand and marvel at the numbers and geometry that surround us every day. So in this book he guides the reader on a journey through the history of mathematics, revealing how curiosity and serendipity have led to new discoveries, from ancient Mesopotamian frieze designs and the earliest written number symbols to the Mandelbrot set, which can be drawn only with the help of computers.
The Tangled Tree
A Radical New History of Life
Recent research has fundamentally challenged the view that genes are passed down vertically, from generation to generation, evolving slowly over time. This account describes the lives and discoveries of scientists including Carl Woese, Lynn Margulis and Tsutomu Watanabe, who have demonstrated that genes can move horizontally across species by viral infection, with significant implications for genetics, public health and our understanding of how the human race has evolved.
Maths on the Go!
101 Fun Ways to Play with Maths
Dividing five biscuits between three of you, counting the wheels on lorries, multiplying on your fingers... Written for parents, this collection of simple games and activities introduces mathematical topics such as subtraction, fractions and multiplication – without mentioning the M word. Age 9+
How the World Became Obsessed with Time
‘Technology is making everything faster, and because we know that things will become faster in the future, it follows that nothing is fast enough now.’ Surveying how, over the last 250 years, time has come to dominate our lives, Simon Garfield considers its practical applications rather than theoretical physics: the subjects of his ‘illuminating stories’ include – definitely not in chronological order – football, Beethoven’s Ninth, railway timetables, Roger Bannister, Swiss watchmakers, The Clock (Christian Marclay’s film) and the British Museum.
The Beginning and the End of Everything
From the Big Bang to the End of the Universe
In this overview of our current knowledge about the universe a theoretical cosmologist discusses questions that have puzzled thinkers throughout history and the ways in which modern scientists have tried to answer them. He explains how astronomical observations and remarkable deductions have allowed us not only to look back 13.8 billion years to the origins of the universe but also to develop competing theories about its ultimate fate, either in a calamitous ‘Big Crunch’ or a gentler ‘Heat Death’.