Science & Nature
How it Shaped Our World
In this companion guide to the Science Museum’s Winton Gallery, curator David Rooney considers the everyday practical applications of mathematics, both past and present, including mathematics in design, economics, geography, medicine, travel and war. This generously illustrated volume features many of the objects and diagrams from the gallery’s collection, among them Charles Babbage’s Difference Engine and Le Corbusier’s Le Modulor infographic, while four essays by prominent academics include two on women’s place in the history of mathematics.
The Visible Spectrum and Beyond
The light penetrating our eyes, an incoming call on a mobile phone, or an X-ray at the dentist: all are different kinds of light, or electromagnetic radiation. This illustrated guide to the electromagnetic spectrum explores the nature of light wavelength by wavelength – radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays and gamma-rays – revealing the properties, characteristics and practical applications of each type of radiation with incisive explanations, diagrams and hundreds of full-colour photographs.
The Jazz of Physics
The Secret Link Between Music and the Structure of the Universe
Stephon Alexander deftly employs the analogy of music, particularly jazz and hip hop, to explain difficult concepts in modern physics and cosmology, including black hole event horizons, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and the nature of the universe itself. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Elements and the Architecture of Everything
This offbeat look at the innumerable chemical compounds constituting our world shuns the textbook format for a visual exploration of molecules and the array of materials they form, including sugars and soaps; oil and water; food additives and drugs; and perfumes and plastics. Photographs of everyday objects contrast with images of chemical powders and crystals to inspire, along with their explanatory captions, a real sense of chemistry in action.
Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain
This groundbreaking book by a leading neurologist concerns ‘the brain science of emotion’ and ‘its implications for decision-making in general and social behaviour in particular’. Published in 1994, it continues to attract the attention of neuro-scientists, philosophers and the general public with its proposal that reasoning evolved as an extension of the automatic emotional system, and emotion plays multiple roles in the reasoning process.
Earth from Space
Views from space can provide telling information about the Earth’s ecosystems and their health. Forest fires in Siberia, ice cracks in Antarctica and smog in Beijing are all visible from on high and are among the beautiful – and disconcerting – satellite images that fill this book. Images are grouped by topic, including deforestation, farming, pollution and urbanization, and discussed by environmental experts who also allude to the fascinating ways in which satellite imagery can be used to protect the planet.
The Universe in Your Hand
A Journey Through Space, Time and Beyond
From the Big Bang to the end of our world billions of years later, one of Stephen Hawking's former graduate students takes the reader on a journey through the cosmos as it is currently understood by scientists. With humour and imaginative storytelling he brings to life the beauty of the universe and explains such mysteries as quantum mechanics and black holes without equations or graphs, in the belief that 'we can all understand this stuff'.
Setting Up a Weather Station and Understanding the Weather
A Guide for the Amateur Meteorologist
This comprehensive beginner’s guide explains how and where to measure the weather – from rainfall and air pressure to sunshine and humidity – using instruments as simple as rain gauges and barometers, as well as the more sophisticated automatic weather station, which can log and store observations wirelessly. There is advice on how to observe phenomena including the wind, visibility and clouds without instruments, how to interpret data meteorologically, and how to share results with meteorological organizations.
Philip's Practical Astronomy Kit
The 3-in-1 Stargazing Pack
An ideal starter kit for star-gazers, this set comprises two booklets: The Night Sky, Sir Patrick Moore's classic, easy-to-follow guide for beginners, and John Woodruff and Wil Tirion's Month-by-Month Star Finder, with a map for each month showing the locations of stars and constellations; plus the essential Planisphere 51.5° North, a practical map that shows where stars and constellations are for every hour of every night of the year.
The Universe in Bite-Sized Chunks
Colin Stuart rejects mathematical jargon in favour of concise explanations of the cosmos’s most fascinating astronomical features. Beginning with early astronomers, including Ptolemy and Newton, this accessible guide moves from the Earth, Sun and Moon ever further from home, covering the Solar System, stars and galaxies, eventually reaching the mysteries at the edge of the universe – the Big Bang, inflation and dark energy.
Negley Farson (1890–1960) was an American author, adventurer, foreign correspondent (present at the Bolshevik Revolution) and a renowned fisherman. He also, allegedly, partied with F Scott Fitzgerald and out-drank Ernest Hemingway. This autobiography-cum-fishing book describes his experiences of river fishing while travelling in countries from Norway to southern Chile. First published in 1942. Illustrated by CF Tunnicliffe.
Another Day in the Death of America
Saturday, 23 November 2013: across the cities and suburbs of the USA, ten young people are killed by gunfire. None of these deaths made the national news – it was just an ordinary day. In ten moving chapters – one for each victim – this powerful book explores the lives they lived and lost, from an eleven-year-old boy shot dead by a friend at a rural sleepover to a teenage gang member murdered on Chicago’s South Side.
You Are Here
Around the World in 92 Minutes
During the 2,597 orbits he made on the International Space Station, astronaut Chis Hadfield took 45,000 photographs of the Earth. In this edited collection of images, Hadfield creates a single, ‘virtual orbit’ of our planet, capturing close-up detail of six continents. From the scorched-red ripples of the Australian outback to the pixelated farmland of California’s San Joaquin Valley, his work reveals visual patterns and abstractions created by climate, geological processes, farming, urbanization and, disturbingly, deforestation.
Fishing and Flying
A wartime pilot who flew in the Battle of Britain and with the Fleet Air Arm, Terence Horsley (d.1947) was also a dedicated angler. His memoir begins by extolling the joys of flying, then cuts to 1940 and a riverbank where he meets another off-duty pilot fishing, enjoying the river as it ‘anaesthetises the unquiet mind’. Illustrated by CF Tunnicliffe.
The Annotated Flatland
A Romance of Many Dimensions
In 1884 the celebrated English clergyman and teacher Edwin A Abbott published Flatland, a delightful satirical tale which introduced Victorian readers to the radical idea of a fourth dimension. Ian Stewart's extensively annotated edition of the book makes the text accessible to the modern reader, not only explaining the mathematics needed to understand A Square's sojourn in The Land of Three Dimensions but also giving information about references to Victorian culture and Abbott's intellectual circle.
A History of Paleontology Illustration
Jane P Davidson brings an art historian’s eye to the development of scientific illustration since the 15th century, focusing on the ways in which artists and paleontologists have collaborated to produce drawings of fossils and reconstructions of prehistoric plants and animals. The author considers how such work is influenced by the desire for detail and accuracy, and asks whether there is an artistic theory or aesthetics of style unique to this type of illustration.
The inhospitable atmosphere and violent climate on Mars have not prevented numerous space probes and orbiters from visiting the planet over the last 50 years, their data-gathering abilities growing ever more sophisticated. From the successful Mariner and Viking programs of the 1960s and 1970s, to human missions being planned today, Rod Pyle charts the history of Martian exploration, lists the key scientific discoveries made and presents striking images of the Red Planet from space and from the surface.
Britain's Game Fishes
Celebration and Conservation of Salmonids
Cleaning up British rivers has improved conditions for salmon and other game fish but there is still a long-term decline in numbers that is not fully understood. Assessing the pressures from pollution, land development and climate change, this study gives a detailed natural history of the native game species of salmon, brown or sea trout, Atlantic char, grayling and whitefishes as well as the widespread rainbow trout (introduced from American waters in the 19th century).