Science & Nature
Knowledge is Power
How Magic, the Government and an Apocalyptic Vision Helped Francis Bacon to Create Modern Science
John Henry assesses Francis Bacon’s ineluctable influence on the methodology, content and organization of science both in his own time and now, revealing how Bacon’s fascination with bureaucracy, magic and religion inspired his best-known works, including The New Organon.
Pigeon Guided Missiles
And 49 Other Ideas That Never Took Off
The pioneering behaviourist BF Skinner was able to demonstrate in the 1940s that conditioning pigeons, housed in the nose of a missile, to peck repeatedly at an image of a target, could be an effective weapons guidance system. As with all the apparently hare-brained schemes in this book, including Thomas Edison's concrete furniture, Wilhelm Reich's cloud-busting machine and British Rail's flying saucer, the system was never adopted.
Peterson's Egghead's Guide to Geometry
The ‘egghead’ cartoon character sets about the problems of angles and shapes in this guide for school and college level students. The course includes a revision of foundational geometry and chapters covering triangles, polygons, circles, cubes and cylinders. Each section offers examples, exercises and study tips and concludes with a review of the topic that shows how the concepts can be applied in the real world.
The Moon Landings
One Giant Leap
The photographs that astronauts took during the Apollo missions provided a previously unseen picture of the moon but also transformed our perception of the Earth, viewed for the first time from space. This pictorial celebration, containing hundreds of photographs of the American space programme of the 1960s and 1970s, traces its success from its origins in the Cold War to the final triumph of Apollo 11, and considers its legacy to science and history.
Professor Stewart's Casebook of Mathematical Mysteries
Ian Stewart introduces the adventures of a stalwart detective duo as they investigate a series of baffling mathematical conundrums. Soames and Watsup tackle mysteries including the above-average hansom cab drivers, the curious incident of the colliding dogs and a ‘pseudoku’ puzzle without any clues. Their cases are interspersed with shorter items introducing quirky curiosities, brainteasers and just a few maths jokes.
Michael Faraday and the Electrical Century
This unconventional biography of Michael Faraday, among whose numerous inventions was the electric motor, explores episodes in his career, including his discovery of electromagnetic induction, in order to understand why he flourished in a complex and hierarchical Victorian scientific community.
The Graphene Revolution
The Weird Science of the Ultrathin
The strongest substance ever discovered, a better conductor than any metal and able to act as a molecular sieve to purify water, graphene is set to revolutionize technology. This guide explores the properties and potential uses of this remarkable new material.
The Zoomable Universe
A Step-by-Step Tour Through Cosmic Scale, From the Infinite to the Infinitesimal
From the gargantuan distance of 1026 metres, the radius of the observable universe, down to the unimaginably small Planck scale of 10-35 metres, used for measurements inside a proton, this illustrated guide to the cosmos zooms in on matter one order of magnitude (power of ten) at a time, depicting and explaining a curated selection of entities, including galaxies, planets, the solar system, Earth, flora and fauna, cells, viruses, atoms and subatomic particles.
How to Build a Universe
The numerous archival images, cartoons, quotes and programme excerpts in this companion book to the BBC Radio 4 series The Infinite Monkey Cage pay homage to the 1970s Look and Learn annuals, which thrilled children with their miscellany of science. Here, Cox and Ince inspire adult scientific wonder through jokes, jibes and nostalgic digressions, anchored by serious explorations of thermodynamics, particle physics, Big Bang theory, space travel, extra-terrestrial life and, of course, infinity.
Philip's Essential Guide to Space
The Definitive Guide to Exploring and Understanding Our Solar System and The Universe Beyond
This highly illustrated guide focuses on space exploration – past, present and future – including the Apollo missions, the Space Shuttle years, the International Space Station and the future of commercial spaceflight. The book also explores the solar system, dedicating chapters to the Sun, the Moon, the planets and the asteroid belt, and concluding with a discussion of astronomy’s powerful telescopes, such as Hubble’s successor the James Webb Space Telescope, which facilitate a deeper understanding of the universe.
1997–2017 (Cassini orbiter, Huygens probe and future exploration concepts) Owners' Workshop Manual
The Cassini-Huygens mission was a remarkable 20-year journey to Saturn’s atmosphere, rings and moons. This illustrated Haynes manual explores the technology that made the space probe possible, as well as detailing plans for our future exploration of the outer solar system and beyond.
Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain
This groundbreaking book by a leading neurologist concerns ‘the brain science of emotion’ and ‘its implications for decision-making in general and social behaviour in particular’. Published in 1994, it continues to attract the attention of neuro-scientists, philosophers and the general public with its proposal that reasoning evolved as an extension of the automatic emotional system, and emotion plays multiple roles in the reasoning process.
Another Day in the Death of America
Saturday, 23 November 2013: across the cities and suburbs of the USA, ten young people are killed by gunfire. None of these deaths made the national news – it was just an ordinary day. In ten moving chapters – one for each victim – this powerful book explores the lives they lived and lost, from an eleven-year-old boy shot dead by a friend at a rural sleepover to a teenage gang member murdered on Chicago’s South Side.
You Are Here
Around the World in 92 Minutes
During the 2,597 orbits he made on the International Space Station, astronaut Chis Hadfield took 45,000 photographs of the Earth. In this edited collection of images, Hadfield creates a single, ‘virtual orbit’ of our planet, capturing close-up detail of six continents. From the scorched-red ripples of the Australian outback to the pixelated farmland of California’s San Joaquin Valley, his work reveals visual patterns and abstractions created by climate, geological processes, farming, urbanization and, disturbingly, deforestation.
Portrait of the Gulf Stream
In Praise of Currents
The prizewinning novelist Erik Orsenna grew up on an island off the coast of Brittany, giving thanks to the Atlantic current that brings warmth to the shores of Europe. In this remarkable book, he follows the Gulf Stream from Cape Hatteras to the legendary Norwegian Maelstrom, meeting scientists and scholars in an attempt to understand the phenomenon, its influence on culture and climate and whether global warming will stop its flow.
The inhospitable atmosphere and violent climate on Mars have not prevented numerous space probes and orbiters from visiting the planet over the last 50 years, their data-gathering abilities growing ever more sophisticated. From the successful Mariner and Viking programs of the 1960s and 1970s, to human missions being planned today, Rod Pyle charts the history of Martian exploration, lists the key scientific discoveries made and presents striking images of the Red Planet from space and from the surface.
The Periodic Table Book
A Visual Encyclopedia of the Elements
Everything in the universe is made up of just 118 chemical elements. This illustrated companion outlines the nature and properties of each of these basic building blocks of matter, as well as anecdotes about some of the most notable scientists involved in their discovery. Age 9+
The Skylark's beautiful song, delivered from its famous towering songflight, can be heard from Ireland to Japan and from the Arctic Circle to the North African deserts. This volume opens with an overview of all the world's larks and, as well as a thorough account of the species biology, migratory patterns, behaviour and habitats, Paul Donald discusses the Skylark's role in history and folklore. This book is from the Poyser Monographs series. Regarded as essential reading by many ornithologists, the Monographs provide an enormous amount of detail on individual species, covering evolution, biology and ecology, breeding and feeding, distribution, and conservation.
The Mandarin Duck
The Mandarin Duck is a small and (in the case of the males) spectacularly colourful species of waterfowl. Native to East Asia, Mandarins have been widely kept in aviaries in Europe and North America and birds have frequently escaped to form wild colonies. Lever gives a detailed account of this beautiful bird, with particular emphasis on the invasive populations in Britain and overseas. This book is from the Poyser Monographs series. Regarded as essential reading by many ornithologists, the Monographs provide an enormous amount of detail on individual species, covering evolution, biology and ecology, breeding and feeding, distribution, and conservation.
The Aurelian Legacy
British Butterflies and Their Collectors
After a history of butterfly collecting in Britain and a chapter on the methods of the early lepidopterists, this volume presents profiles of 101 collectors, from Thomas Moffet (1553–1604) to John Heath (1922–1987), each illustrated with a contemporary portrait. The ‘Aurelians’ are followed by a survey of some of the historically interesting species they collected, and a discussion of conservation and collecting. Finally, the book lists all British and Irish butterflies, with past and present common names.
Wonders of the Atmosphere from Dust Storms to Lightning Strikes
Selecting the most visually striking and unusual examples from around the world, this Met Office collection includes both satellite imagery and ground-based photography to show strange effects such as blood-red mammatus clouds in a post-cyclonic sunset; the concentric rings of a ‘glory’ on Golden Gate Bridge; horizontal lightning; or the awesome clouds of supercell thunder storms. Slightly off-mint.
The End of Discovery
The last few centuries have seen a huge expansion in our understanding of the world around us, but are we approaching the limits of what it is possible to discover? In this summary of the challenges facing modern science, Russell Stannard argues that there are questions, such as the nature of time, the size of the universe or what constitutes consciousness, which we may never be able to fully explain.
It's All About Treo
Life and War with the World's Bravest Dog
The world's most highly decorated dog, Treo, and his handler David Heyhoe did the most dangerous job on earth – sniffing out bombs in Afghanistan – and survived. Dave and Treo would be sent forward to detect the enemy's explosive devices ahead of soldiers on patrol and were so successful they became 'target number one for the Taliban'. Their exciting and heart-warming story shows how invaluable Arms Explosive Search dogs can be in modern warfare. Slightly off-mint.
Unlocking the Mysteries of Time Perception
Why does life speed up as we get older? Why does time seem to slow down when we fear we are about to die? Using research from psychology, neuroscience and biology, the presenter of BBC Radio 4's All In The Mind examines the idea that the experience of time is created by our minds. She also presents her own research into people's visualizations of time and suggests how we can use our brain's warping of it to our advantage.
Nine Strange Ways the World Could End
Scientists are actively searching for objects in space that pose a threat to Earth, but recently discovered 'dark asteroids' are worryingly difficult to spot; and the potential dangers of self- replicating nanoparticles and gamma ray blasts are an equally frightening prospect. Leaving aside the well-documented risks of climate change and global conflict, this entertainingly written investigation presents less familiar, but scientifically plausible, possibilities that could end or seriously damage life on Earth.
About Time: From Sun Dials to Quantum Clocks
How the Cosmos Shapes our Lives – and We Shape the Cosmos
Our understanding and experience of time have developed with new mythological or scientific cosmologies and increasingly accurate methods of measurement. About Time traces the human concept of time from the earliest evidence for our recording of lunar cycles in the palaeolithic age, through the Ptolemaic and Copernican models of the universe, to cutting-edge physics and the implications of quantum clocks, string theory and multiverses.
Uncovering our Earliest Ancestor
'Ida', the most complete primate fossil ever found, was unearthed in Germany in 1982 and has revolutionized our understanding of the human family tree. The Link tells the story of Ida's rediscovery and the detective-work of scientists who have studied her, using the evidence of the surviving 'skin shadow' and stomach contents to create an evocative reconstruction of her life in the Eocene epoch 47 million years ago.
Fireballs, Skyquakes and Hums
Probing the Mysteries of Light and Sound
Weird and mysterious phenomena can often be observed in skies around the world, ranging from unusual sunsets, comets and St Elmo's fire to less easily explicable voices and humming sounds, phantom planes and UFOs. In this book Antony Milne analyses reports of such sightings, delves into defence files on UFOs and surveys some of the explanations that have been suggested by physicists, biologists, meteorologists and astronomers.
Thomas Glass MD
Physician of Georgian Exeter
Born in Devon, Thomas Glass (1709-1786) trained in Leyden and moved to Exeter in 1740, then devoted the rest of his life to his work as a physician and to the people of Exeter. This biography provides a portrait of Glass as one of the pioneering doctors of his day.
Edison and the Rise of Innovation
Drawing on documents and photographs in the vast collections of the Thomas Edison National Historical Park, this book offers a richly illustrated study of the life and achievements of Thomas Edison (1847–1931), describing the groundbreaking innovations and inventions – particularly the phonograph and commercial electric light and power systems – that changed the world, but also focusing on his laboratories, his approach to business and how he revolutionized the way we develop new technologies. Foreword by Bill Gates.
Smithsonian Answer Book
There are many apocryphal tales associated with snakes, from cobras hypnotizing their prey to so-called 'hoop snakes' forming themselves into rings and rolling downhill to chase their quarry. This accessible question-and-answer book sorts out the facts from the fiction, introduces the many different species, their habitats, anatomy and physiology, and explores the specialized behaviours of snakes, such as shedding skin, spitting venom and killing by constriction.
Halsgrove Discover Series
With over 150 colour photographs, this journey from the sea to the summit of Scafell Pike explores the natural history of Lakeland through its various habitats - coastlands, meadows, woodlands, waters and fells. Varley also describes how the region has been shaped by human activities in the past and considers what the future holds as landscape, flora and fauna face climate change and rising sea levels. Foreword by Chris Bonington.
In Search of the Wild Otter
One of Britain's best-loved wild animals, the otter is making a comeback thanks to the efforts of conservationists. Otter Country follows Miriam Darlington's travels from her Devon home to the wilds of Scotland in pursuit of these charismatic beasts. Her writing evokes the beauty of the landscapes otters inhabit as she recounts meetings with ecologists, fishermen, hunters and poets and describes how the stillness required to track these elusive creatures brings its own wonders.
The Story of Surgery
An Historical Commentary
Although first published over 50 years ago, Richardson's 'broad outline of the evolution of modern surgery' remains an absorbing account of great surgeons and surgical breakthroughs, written for both professional and general readers. The book covers all the major types of surgery and ranges in date from the discovery of anaesthesia to the first heart transplants, on the verge of modern practice. This new edition includes a great deal of new material, and a much expanded bibliography. Slightly off-mint.
Inventors & Impostors
How History Forgot the True Heroes of Invention and Discovery
It is fairly well known that there are rival candidates to Alexander Graham Bell for the invention of the telephone, but attributing the idea of a moving assembly line to Henry Ford is not usually disputed. This book tells the story of 14 key inventions or discoveries, from Edison and the light bulb to Watson and Crick's research into DNA, and highlights the involvement of less famous pioneers whom history has overlooked.
The New Naturalist Library
Terns are small, graceful seabirds commonly seen around our shores in summer months. This guide to the five species breeding in Britain and Ireland draws on a wealth of new information to describe their features, behaviour, habitats, breeding patterns and migration, and the measures in place to protect their populations from coastal flooding, changes in land use and conflict with humans.
An A-Z of Exceptional Dogs
'Unable to love each other,' wrote writer JR Ackerley, 'the English turn naturally to dogs.' This compendium reveals that this trait is not restricted to the English, as it charts the lives of the pets of the famous, from the misanthropic philosopher Schopenhauer's poodle Atma to Catherine the Great's greyhound Zemire, via Picasso's dachshund Lump and Elizabeth Barrett Browning's spaniel Flush, whose biography was penned by Virginia Woolf. Previously published as The Great Grisby.
The Tree Climber's Guide
Adventures in the Urban Canopy
London has more parks and green spaces than any other capital of a comparable size, so a climbable tree is never far away. Extolling the virtues of lifting oneself out of the city bustle and finding new perspectives on the urban scene, this book records the exploits of a committed tree climber seeking out interesting specimens and unusual vantage points, from a tall sweetgum alongside the walls of St Paul's Cathedral to a scruffy willow on the Swiss Cottage roundabout.
Ever since our ancestors first contemplated the majesty of the heavens, people have felt a profound curiosity about realms beyond the Earth. This authoritative, fully illustrated book provides an accessible introduction to the science of the universe. Starting with our own planet, it explores our neighbours in the solar system, before moving out into the vastness of intergalactic space. It also charts the history of astronomy. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
As the climate continues to change, we need more than ever to understand how weather affects the world around us. This practical, user-friendly guide explains basic phenomena such as wind, clouds and precipitation, along with extreme events such as hurricanes and tornadoes. Packed with full-colour photographs and easy-to-follow diagrams, it also explains forecasting techniques – and their limitations – and examines global warming and our influence on the weather. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
John and George
The Dog Who Changed My Life
John Dolan used to be homeless but is now a critically acclaimed artist, and says that his Staffordshire bull terrier George is the reason why. As with A Street Cat Named Bob, it was Dolan's pet that brought him to people's attention, but it was his own skill at drawing that took him off the streets and gave him a second chance at life, as he explains in this bestselling memoir.
The Upright Thinkers
The Human Journey From Living in Trees to Understanding the Cosmos
Leonard Mlodinow, bestselling author (with Stephen Hawking) of The Grand Design, traces the human 'odyssey of discovery', from starting to walk upright to space travel. Emphasizing the unity of knowledge and the creative impulse, he deals first with the evolution of the human brain and the urge to understand; then describes the development of the hard sciences up to the early 20th century; and finally surveys the exponential progress of science and technology since the discovery of quantum physics.
Abbo of Fleury and Ramsey
Commentary on the Calculus of Victorius of Aquitaine
This didactic work by Abbo of Fleury (c.945–1004) is a philosophical Commentary on the mathematical tables produced by Victorius of Aquitaine (fl.457) to facilitate calculations using Roman numerals and fractions. Latin texts of both Victorius and Abbo. No jacket.
A Russian Life in Science
Born to a family of priests in provincial Russia, Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936) made his home and professional life in imperial St Petersburg, suffered the destruction of his world during the Bolshevik Revolution, and successfully rebuilt his career in the 1930s. In this definitive biography, Todes reinterprets the physiologist's famous research on conditional reflexes and weaves his life, values and science into the tumultuous period of Russian history between the reigns of Tsar Nicholas I and Stalin.
Cataloging the World
Paul Otlet and the Birth of the Information Age
Working in an era when 'the closest thing anyone had ever seen to a database was a drawer full of index cards', the visionary Belgian information theorist Paul Otlet (1868–1944) aimed to create a global information network, the 'Mundaneum'. He had amassed some 15 million entries in a 'Universal Bibliography' and over 70,000 boxes of documentary material by 1940, when it was destroyed by the Nazis. Alex Wright introduces this extraordinary figure, his achievements and the legacy that survived.
The Dangerous Allure of the Unseen
How would you achieve invisibility? If you could become invisible, what would you do? What challenges would you face? These are perennially fascinating questions, raising moral dilemmas and prompting scientific investigations as well as inspiring many myths and legends about magic rings and cloaks of invisibility. This wide-ranging cultural history of the concept of invisibility embraces Plato and HG Wells, medieval occultism and quantum theory, zebras' stripes and the optical camouflage used on military ships.
Atlas of Oceans
An Ecological Survey of Underwater Life
All life on Earth depends on the oceans and seas that cover two-thirds of the planet’s surface, and these are now under threat as never before. With maps, diagrams and photographs, this ecological survey explores the geology of the oceans, their tides and currents, their diverse habitats and the array of creatures that live in them. There is also information on environmental dangers such as pollution, over-fishing and climate change, and the ‘red list’ of endangered species.
Between Man and Beast
From the moment the explorer Paul du Chaillu had his first, fleeting glimpse of a gorilla, our understanding of this extraordinary animal - and of our own place in the universe - changed irrevocably. Part swashbuckling jungle adventure, part gas-lit Victorian thriller, this book recounts Du Chaillu's extraordinary story, restoring a forgotten hero to his rightful place and charting a controversy that embroiled many notable figures of the age, including Charles Darwin,Thomas Hardy and Abraham Lincoln. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge and American-cut pages (signed).
Entropy of Hidden Markov Processes and Connections to Dynamical Systems
Papers from the Banff International Research Station Workshop
The mathematics of hidden Markov processes (HMPs) can be applied to many kinds of noise-related technologies, from speech and optical character recognition to biomolecular sequence analysis. This collection of nine papers from a 2007 workshop at the Banff International Research Station covers the entropy rate problem, or measure of randomness, of HMPs, with reference to informational theory, dynamical systems, statistical mechanics and probability theory.
Science, Society and Power
Environmental Knowledge and Policy in West Africa and the Caribbean
Focusing on environment, forestry and conservation sciences, this study explores the transformation in global science and its contrasting effects in Guinea, one of the world’s poorest countries, and the more prosperous Trinidad.
Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer
Effective global response to climate change requires the development and transfer of environmentally sound technologies between countries. This special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change gives an overview of how to achieve and enhance that transfer.
An Introduction to the Analysis of Structured Data in Applications
Marlos AG Viana’s text combines notions of algebra and statistics and develops a systematic methodology to better explore many different data-analytic applications of symmetry. Cambridge Series in Statistical and Probabilistic Mathematics.