How Front-Line Reports from the Crimean War Brought Down the British Government
The British government sent an ill-prepared and poorly equipped army to the Crimea in 1854; John Delane, editor of The Times, sent the first war correspondent, William Howard Russell. This study shows how Russell's front-line reports and Delane's editorials brought down the government.
The Killing Fields of Scotland
AD83 to 1746
Beginning with the Roman occupation, Roy Pugh examines the battles that took place on Scottish soil between Mons Graupius in 83 CE and Culloden in 1746. As well as describing the engagements, with maps of the major battlefields, Pugh provides the political and cultural background to each period of conflict, among them the three phases of the Wars of Independence from 1296 to 1560; the Rough Wooing and Mary, Queen of Scots; the 'Killing Time' (1666–1688); and the Jacobite Rebellions.
The Persian Invasions of Greece
The massive invasion of Greece by Darius I in 490 BCE ended in failure at the battle of Marathon; when his successor, Xerxes, led a second expedition ten years later, the Persian force was again driven back following the battles of Thermopylae, Salamis and Plataea. Keaveney combines ancient sources and modern scholarship to explain the reasons for the enmity between the two civilizations and to analyse the events of these pivotal campaigns from both Greek and Persian perspectives.
The Battle that Brought Down Napoleon
In a concise reinterpretation of one of history's most argued-over battles, the eminent military historian Jeremy Black uses Waterloo and its aftermath to discuss the changing nature of warfare, the rise and fall of Napoleon's empire, and the effects of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars on Europe and on Britain's role in the world during the 19th century.
Naval 8/208 Squadron, RAF: A Centenary of Service from 1916 to 2016
208 Squadron, based at RAF Valley in Anglesey, was disbanded during its 100th year of operations in 2016. In this history marking the centenary, Air Commodore Graham Pitchfork, who formerly commanded the squadron, describes how it evolved, from its formation as Naval 8 on the Western Front during the First World War, through its activities in the Second World War and Gulf War to its modern-day role as an advanced flying training squadron.
Reporting Under Fire Since 1850
Powerful reports from war zones have resulted in some correspondents becoming forever associated with the conflicts they covered, such as Rageh Omaar in Iraq and Brian Hanrahan in the Falklands. Published in association with Imperial War Museums, this book tells the story of war reporting from the pioneers of the 19th century to the present, detailing the most famous dispatches and illuminating the journalists' experiences. Illustrations include the best of war art and the work of celebrated photojournalists.
The Buccaneer King
The Story of Captain Henry Morgan
Henry Morgan (1635–1688) was the most successful of all the pirates of the Caribbean, amassing a fortune by pillaging towns on the Spanish Main and eventually becoming governor of Jamaica. This lively biography charts his colourful career, unpicking fact from fiction and addressing questions that perplex historians to this day: to what extent were his activities sanctioned by the government, was he driven by patriotism or by greed, and was he responsible for the torture of Spanish prisoners?
The In and Out
A History of the Naval and Military Club
Originally conceived as a 'civilized place of association' for officers on leave from the Peninsular War, the then 'Military Club' was founded, not without controversy, in 1815. Lavishly illustrated with reproductions of Club portraits and photographs, this volume traces the eventful history of the Club, through two world wars and an IRA bomb, and through several London locations before landing in St James's Square – but still sporting the 'In' and 'Out' of its Piccadilly home. Foreword by Prince Philip, the Club's President.
Beginning with the horror of the battlefield where 50,000 men lay dead and injured as night fell on 18 June 1815, O'Keeffe's study covers the months between Wellington's victory and the confinement of Napoleon on St Helena. It describes how, once the dead and dying were gone, the site was visited by tourists; how the news of the battle was spread; the advance of the British and Prussian armies into France; and Napoleon's final weeks as surrender became inevitable.
A Detailed Illustrated History of the Vickers Wellington in Service, 1938–1953
Over 11,000 Wellingtons were produced between 1936 and 1945 and, until the Lancaster was introduced in 1942, it was the backbone of Bomber Command. This comprehensive analysis of the 'Wimpy', as it was nicknamed, draws on first-hand accounts to tell the story of the aircraft from design and construction and front-line deployment in the early years of the war, to later roles as a submarine hunter and long-range bomber in North Africa and the Far East.
The Atlas of Military History
An Around-the-World Survey of Warfare Through the Ages
From Ancient Egypt to the war in Afghanistan, and from the horse and chariot to nuclear weapons, this well-illustrated reference work charts the significant conflicts in world history and the major advances in military technology. It is arranged chronologically within each of seven sections: Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Central and Southern Asia, Northern and Eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific, and the Americas. Slightly off-mint.
Redcoats Against Napoleon
The 30th Regiment During the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
Giving a fresh perspective on key events between the Siege of Toulon in 1793 and Waterloo in 1815, Divall focuses not on commanders or elite units, but on the ordinary fighting men in the 30th Regiment of the Line.
A History of Courage, Sacrifice and Brotherhood
Written by a former officer, this searching examination of the experience of men at war draws on hundreds of narrative accounts written by soldiers themselves to produce a combatant's-eye view of battle from Sebastopol to Stalingrad, from Vietnam to Fallujah. It asks what it means to confront the reality of killing or being killed, investigates the complex relationship between love, sex and war, and reveals the 'trial by media' faced by the soldiers of today. Off-mint.
The Line Upon a Wind
The Great War at Sea, 1793–1815
Rockets, torpedoes and submarines were among the innovations in weapons technology first deployed during the 22 years of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. This narrative history ranges from the Mediterranean to the West Indies, Egypt to Scandinavia, following Napoleon's great struggle against Nelson and the other extraordinary characters who adapted their abilities to the strategic and tactical demands of a new age of naval warfare.
The Story of HMS Revenge
A Ship in Time
The first ship to bear the name Revenge was laid down at Deptford in 1575; it was a sleek ship, designed for attack and manoeuverability, and carried 42 guns. The last Revenge was a Polaris nuclear submarine that was paid off, after 56 patrols, in 1992. From the Armada to the Cold War, this book tells the stories of this famous line of ships and the campaigns and battles in which they fought, including the Four Days' Battle, Trafalgar, and Jutland.
Despite graduating from West Point last in his class, George Custer gained a reputation as a highly effective cavalry officer during the American Civil War. His famous 'last stand' came in 1876 when he was annihilated by a combined force of Indians at Little Bighorn. This colourfully illustrated introduction reviews Custer's career and examines how a humiliating defeat became one of the iconic moments in American history, not least because of its re-enactment in 'Buffalo Bill's Wild West' shows.
From the Tudors to the Cold War
By the end of the 15th century, following the introduction of gunpowder and the cannon, it was clear that fortresses would need to be built very differently to withstand the assault of artillery. This review of the evolution of fortifications in Britain charts developments from Henry VIII's castles to the pillboxes of the 1940s and the underground bunkers of the nuclear age.
A Woman's Life in the Italian Resistance
From the German entry into Turin in September 1943 to the city's liberation in April 1945, Ada Gobetti kept an almost daily record of events and people in the Italian Resistance. First published in Italy in 1956; now translated and edited by Jomarie Alano.
Chief of Staff
Volume One: Napoleonic Wars to World War I
This first volume examines the history, development and role of the position through 14 operational-level chiefs of staff, almost half of them German. Part One deals with the 19th century, from Napoleon's Berthier to Count von Moltke; Part Two covers nine First World War officers, from Erich Ludendorf, Hindenburg's chief of staff at Tannenburg, to the American James Guthrie Harbord, supporting General Pershing.
RAF at Home
The History of RAF Air Displays from 1920
Seeking to improve the public perception of the fledgling RAF, and even justify its existence as a separate service, the first Hendon Air Pageant was organized in 1920 and was soon established as a popular annual event. Examining the history of RAF displays from these beginnings, and the first Battle of Britain memorial 'at home' days, to the present day, this book includes archive photographs and detailed appendices cataloguing participating aircraft.
The Lower Deck of the Royal Navy 1850–1939
The change from sail to steam in the Royal Navy was underway by 1850 and in the following decades the work and life of ordinary seamen changed radically as new jobs, servicing the engines and operating the sophisticated gunnery and communications systems, replaced the traditional lot of the sailor. This well-researched history chronicles the increasing professionalization and specialization of the lower deck as the Navy rapidly evolved and introduced many of the roles and practices which are familiar today.
Wellington Against Junot
The First Invasion of Portugal 1807–1808
Before the great general had been granted his dukedom, Arthur Wellesley achieved success in Portugal defeating Napoleon's trusted general Jean-Andoche Junot at the battles of Roliça and Vimeiro. This detailed account of the campaign examines the personalities and tactics of the opposing commanders, charts the rise of popular resistance to the French in Iberia and the outbreak of guerrilla warfare, and examines the wider implications of these early engagements on the unfolding of the Peninsular War.
Caricature and the Navy 1756–1815
From the mid 18th century to the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Royal Navy was the nation's greatest expense and biggest employer. The ensuing public interest made household names of its commanders and established the 'Jack Tar' as an ideal of no-nonsense British pluck. This book explores the period through the lens of contemporary caricaturists such as Gillray, Rowlandson and Cruikshank; its selection of satirical and sometimes bawdy prints is drawn from the National Maritime Museum collection.
The British Soldiers of the Napoleonic Wars
If Wellington valued the rank and file of his army (despite calling them 'the scum of the earth') much of the civilian population had a low opinion of their qualities. This detailed survey of the ordinary soldiers in the British Army of the Napoleonic era draws on contemporary testimony and records to describe the men and their backgrounds, explain the military organization and harsh code of discipline that governed them, and explore their living conditions and place in society.
A Great and Glorious Adventure
A Military History of the Hundred Years War
In this new history of the Hundred Years War, a conflict that raged from 1337 to 1453, military historian Gordon Corrigan reveals the horrors of the battles and brings to life the personalities of the period – among them, Edward III, the Black Prince, Henry V and Joan of Arc. He shows how, despite their superior tactics and the great victories at Crécy, Poitiers and Agincourt, the English could not hope to hold forever the lands they conquered.
Letters from Ladysmith
Eyewitness Accounts from the South African War
The Siege of Ladysmith lasted 118 days, from November 1899 to February 1900, and had tremendous strategic and imperial significance. Military historian Edward Spiers presents, with commentary, 250 letters written by soldiers and civilians from the beleaguered town and originally published in British newspapers. They provide vivid accounts of the siege and the desperate and bloody attempts to relieve Ladysmith, but also illustrate contemporary perceptions of the war and the British underestimation of the Boer army.
A History of War in 100 Battles
From the earliest recorded battles in the ancient Near East to Desert Storm in 1991, Richard Overy describes 100 of the most significant battles in military history, dividing them by the themes that can influence the outcome of armed combat: leadership, overwhelming odds, technical innovation, deception, raw courage, and good fortune.
The Last Full Measure
How Soldiers Die in Battle
Although the Japanese samurai prioritized agility over protection in contrast to the heavily armoured European knight, both warriors were motivated by honour and status, seeking combat with opponents of a similar caste. This book investigates how warfare has changed throughout history, how different weapons and different tactics have sealed the fate of soldiers of all ranks, from pre-history to the present day, as well as the psychological and cultural factors that have convinced them to fight and die.
1813: Empire at Bay
The Sixth Coalition and the Downfall of Napoleon
1813 was a crucial year in the world war that ended with the downfall of Napoleon: in a series of major battles the converging armies of the Sixth Coalition drove the French forces back. Jonathon Riley's military history of this turning point covers the campaigns in central Europe and Spain, looking in particular at the operation of the Sixth Coalition - Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and the smaller German states.
Gladstone, Gordon and the Sudan Wars
The Battle over Imperial Intervention in the Victorian Age
General Gordon's death in Khartoum in January 1885 was a crucial episode in British history and one that has remained controversial. Gordon has been usually depicted as the hero of the story, while Gladstone is often portrayed as the villain, responsible for a 'policy of drift' in Sudan. Nicoll's radical reappraisal, based on previously unpublished materials, refutes the conventional image of both men and offers insight into British policy in Africa and the influence of the press and public opinion.
Surprise Attack in Ancient Greek Warfare
In the traditional view, ancient Greek warfare was dominated by the use of the hoplite phalanx in open, pitched battle – a 'Western' style of fighting which contrasted with a culturally distinct 'Eastern' preference for ambush, deceit and guerrilla-style tactics. But, as Col. Sheldon demonstrates, the Greeks themselves deployed a wide range of such 'irregular' stratagems, from intelligence-gathering by spies to surprise naval landings at night, using whatever means were necessary to achieve victory.
Battles of Ancient China
To illustrate the evolution of ancient and medieval Chinese warfare, Peers analyses ten decisive campaigns, from the Battle of Mu-Yueh in 1027 BCE to the Huan-Erh-Tsui campaign of 1211–1215 CE. Comparing Chinese ways of waging war with contemporary Western practice, he dispels myths about the supposedly inscrutable Chinese 'art of war', and assesses the contribution of weapons and tactics to the victories of commanders such as Sun Pin and Li Shih-Min.
War in Ancient Greece
Although the Athenian Thucydides was unsuccessful as a military commander, his monumental history of the Peloponnesian War, written as 'a possession for all time', is a remarkable record of the lengthy conflict between Athens and Sparta during the final decades of the fifth century BCE. This volume comprises the complete text of the work in English translation, with a brief editorial introduction and a selection of maps. The original eight-book structure is replaced by a division into 26 shorter chapters.
In the Name of Rome
The Men Who Won the Roman Empire
Rome's generals, who were appointed because of their political success, received no formal training for command. So how did men such as Caesar and Scipio win the victories that created and maintained the empire? From campaigns against Hannibal in the third century BCE to Belisarius' desperate efforts to regain the western empire in the sixth century CE, this history of Roman warfare focuses on the skills used by individual leaders to control their forces.
Small Wars, Faraway Places
The Genesis of the Modern World
The collapse of Western colonial empires after the Second World War led to a series of vicious struggles for power in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, whose consequences haunt us still. With insight and authority, this magisterial book takes the reader on a historical journey from Palestine to Pakistan, from Kenya to Cuba, from Algeria to Vietnam, to reveal the national aspirations, ideological conflicts and Cold War realpolitik that have shaped the world we live in today.
Hitler Was My Friend
As official 'court' photographer, Heinrich Hoffmann played a critical role in cultivating the Führer's public image; he was also a close personal friend of Hitler, with intimate access to his inner circle from 1923 to April 1945. First published in 1955, Hoffmann's memoirs, illustrated here with a selection of his informal photographs, offer a remarkable behind-the-scenes account of Hitler and the rise and fall of the Third Reich. With a new introduction by Roger Moorhouse. Translated by RH Stevens.
Yanks In The RAF
The Story of Maverick Pilots and American Volunteers Who Joined Britain's Fight in WWII
Before Pearl Harbor and the entry of the United States into the Second World War, American pilots seeking adventure, or with strong political motivations, volunteered for the RAF to fight the Germans. From cultural conflicts with their English hosts to action over France, particularly the Dieppe raid of August 1942, this book charts the experiences of the 270 airmen who flew in the three RAF 'Eagle' squadrons of American volunteers before being reassigned to the USAAF by late 1942.
A Brief History of Medieval Warfare
The Rise and Fall of English Supremacy at Arms: 1344–1485
For much of the 14th and 15th centuries, England was almost continuously at war with its neighbours, and enjoyed an unprecedented degree of military supremacy in the region. Peter Reid's exhaustive account is not simply a catalogue of battles, but interweaves analysis of strategy and weaponry with a dramatic telling of how and why the wars, from Bannockburn to the Wars of the Roses, came about, and how they were fought.