The World's Greatest War Cartoonists and Caricaturists
Intended as a companion to his pictorial histories of the Napoleonic, imperial and world wars, Mark Bryant's biographical dictionary covers political, editorial and joke cartoonists and caricaturists from the French Revolutionary Wars in 1792 to 1945. The entries, illustrated with reproductions of around 150 classic cartoons, describe the wartime careers of over 300 artists, arranged alphabetically from Crispim do Amaral (1858–1911) lampooning Queen Victoria during the Boer War, to the German First World War cartoonist Heinrich Zille (1858–1929).
The Scandalous Destruction of a British Army
Attempting to open up another front against Napoleon, Britain sent a force of 40,000 men and 600 ships to the Dutch coast at Walcheren in 1809. Although 4,000 men were lost in the debacle, few of them were casualties of any fighting but rather a mysterious disease that became known as Walcheren Fever. A Fellow of the Royal Colleges of Physicians and Pathologists, author Martin Howard applies medical as well as historical analysis to this account of the campaign.
Waterloo Voices 1815
The Battle at First Hand
'The enemy fired round shot, and shell – grape and canister – and new horse nails, tied up in bundles, nine bundles in a gun... unlawful carnage.' This report from 'a sergeant of the Guards' gives a vivid insight into the brutality of the pivotal battle that raged in a field near Brussels on 18 June 1815. This collection of eyewitness testimony includes letters, diaries and published accounts from participants on all sides, from ordinary soldiers to Wellington and Napoleon.
The Rise of Western Military Power
From the earliest accounts of human civilization and modern studies of the behaviour of surviving traditional societies, it is clear that warfare has always been an important facet of our existence. This broad survey examines the military development of the powers and nations within the great world cultures (China, India, the Asian Steppe, the Mediterranean lands and Europe) from the earliest times to the present, with a focus on how the West emerged as the dominant power in modern times.
Ready for Anything
The Royal Fleet Auxiliary 1905–1950
The civilian-manned Royal Fleet Auxiliary (its unofficial motto: 'Ready For Anything') provides worldwide support to the Royal Navy. This history discusses its rising importance, from inception in 1905, through two world wars, to 1950. The book features many little-known military operations, plus archive photographs and personal accounts of life in the auxiliary. Tables contain data on vessels that served in the fleet, while appendices include such information as colour schemes, battle honours and a detailed chronology.
Politics and Decline of Britain's Post-War Air Force
Although Britain was in decline as a world power after the Second World War, advances in military technology made the RAF ever more important to its defences as increasingly sophisticated aircraft patrolled the front line of the Cold War. In this assessment of the RAF and its planes since 1945, Ian Watson charts a golden age for the service and decries the political wranglings and budget management of recent years that has led to calls for its abolition.
Cromwell Hath the Honour but...
Major-General Lambert's Campaigns in the North, 1648
Oliver Cromwell's reputation tends to overshadow his 'lesser' generals, yet they each had an important role to play. Once such man was John Lambert. Tasked with commanding forces in the North in 1648- 9, he proved to be a popular and effective general who undertook the sieges at Pontefract and Scarborough and united his troops in resisting Royalist rebels and Scots invaders. This carefully researched account offers a detailed and balanced reappraisal of Lambert's achievements.
The 1066 Hastings Campaign
The English campaign of 1066 involved three critical battles – the Viking victory at Fulford, near York, and defeat five days later at Stamford Bridge, and William of Normandy's decisive victory at Hastings – with the defending King Harold Godwinson force marching his men up and down the country to repel the invaders. DVD. Running time 80 minutes.
Sailors in the Dock
Naval Courts Martial Down the Centuries
Some embarrassing cowardice displayed by the captains of several British ships at the Battle of Dungeness in 1652 led to the formulation of the 'Articles of War', establishing a strict code of conduct for the Navy and empowering officers to apply it. This collection of significant legal cases in the history of the Royal Navy ranges from a mutiny at the Battle of Cadiz in 1587 to a captain's decision to scuttle HMS Manchester in the Mediterranean in 1942.
Medieval Sieges and Siege Craft
With the proliferation of formalized cities, the medieval period became the 'golden age' of siege warfare, an age of trebuchets and mangonels, boiling oil and Greek fire. In this accessible study of medieval siegecraft, Hindley traces the development of strongpoints, castles and fortified towns, examines the problems of logistics and food supplies for both the besieged and besiegers and shows how some of the most famous sieges changed the course of history in Europe and the Holy Land.
To War with Wellington
From the Peninsula to Waterloo
Using first-hand accounts written by generals, cavalrymen and foot-soldiers of the Duke of Wellington's army, Peter Snow conjures up the horror of the early 19th century battlefield as he tells the story of how Wellington led 'one of the most successful military enterprises in British history' through seven years of struggle to victory and the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo.
The March on Paris
The Memoirs of Alexander von Kluck, 1914
Alexander von Kluck, commander of the First German Army, was blamed for the crucial failure of the German offensive in the West in August and September 1914, which led to years of trench warfare. Based on official records and his own Army Orders, Kluck's account of that momentous campaign presents events as seen from First Army headquarters and gives the General's explanations for his actions. First published in 1923; reissued with a new introduction by Mark Pottle.
Roberts and Kitchener in South Africa
After three military defeats in a week in South Africa in late 1900, two military heroes – Field Marshal Lord Roberts and Major General Lord Kitchener – were sent to replace the beleaguered General Sir Redvers Buller. This study of a spectacularly successful military partnership describes how, within weeks, Roberts and Kitchener had raised morale, reorganized their forces and transformed the war; but also how the relief of Kimberley and Ladysmith and the defeat of Boer forces sometimes involved less than heroic tactics.
The Real Hornblower
The Life and Times of Admiral Sir James Gordon GCB
It was while researching the Chesapeake Bay Campaign of 1814 that Bryan Perrett came across 'Captain Gordon RN' in CS Forester's Naval War of 1812 and began to see parallels between Gordon, who had commanded a diversionary force on the Potomac, and Forester's later fictional character, Horatio Hornblower. In this book, Perrett presents a full biography of Admiral Gordon and his long and extraordinarily distinguished career.
The British Army's Day of Destiny
More than 50,000 men were killed during the Battle of Waterloo, on a day that proved to be the culmination of more than 20 years of war and a decisive turning point in European history. This detailed analysis of the battle draws on hundreds of first-hand accounts by men of all ranks and from practically every British regiment and corps present, and examines the wider strategic picture before focusing on the tactical roles of individual British units.
Uniforms of the German Soldier
An Illustrated History from 1870 to the Present Day
The spiked leather helmet (or Pickelhaube) associated with the German army of the First World War had in fact been an established part of the Prussian uniform since the 1840s and was replaced by a much more effective steel helmet from 1916. This examination of German military uniforms presents nearly 800 photographs showing all ranks of soldier, from the first army of the new German Empire to the present day, and describes their uniform and insignia in detailed captions.
Warriors of the Queen
Fighting Generals of the Victorian Age
From the First Afghan War of 1839–1842 to the Boer War of 1899–1902, dozens of colonial wars were fought during the reign of Queen Victoria. Although commanders Gordon, Cardigan and Kitchener are remembered today, many of the great military names of the period are largely forgotten. From military geniuses to egoists, despots and fools, this book profiles 170 of the men who made their name advancing, maintaining or sometimes endangering the British Empire on the battlefield.
Wellington's Right Hand
Rowland, Viscount Hill
Rowland Hill succeeded the Duke of Wellington as Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in 1828 having successfully served under him throughout the Peninsular Wars and at Waterloo. This biography of the trusted and popular leader, written by a descendant, draws on a wide range of primary sources, including the Hill papers in the British Library which contain an extensive collection of letters to and from Wellington and other military figures as well as personal correspondence.
King's Cross Kid
A Childhood Between the Wars
Victor Gregg (b.1919) joined the army in 1937 and in Rifleman (2011) he told the story of his service in the Rifle Brigade in Palestine, Alamein and Arnhem. Here, he goes back to his childhood and teenage years on the 'mean streets' of King's Cross, Soho and Bloomsbury. Gregg's memoir evokes how, abandoned by his father and living in poverty, the family struggled and survived in the familiar, yet strange world of London between the wars. Slightly off-mint.
The Battle of Barrosa 1811
Forgotten Battle of the Peninsular War
In an attempt to break the siege of Cádiz in 1811, Spanish, Portuguese and British forces were sent south from the city by sea in order to approach the French lines from the rear. This book examines in detail the resulting battle at Barrosa, a tactical victory for the British commander Sir Thomas Graham that failed to achieve a decisive rout of the French but did prevent an absolute defeat of Spain and influenced the course of the war against Napoleon.
Eichmann Before Jerusalem
The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer
One of the principal facilitators of the Holocaust, Adolf Eichmann was captured by Mossad in Argentina in 1960 and brought to Jerusalem for trial. This analysis examines his post-war life up to that event, based on newly discovered documentation. The book is in part a response to Hannah Arendt's 1963 volume Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil, which assessed Eichmann's actions in the light of his court testimony and evidence available at the trial.
How Front-Line Reports from the Crimean War Brought Down the British Government
The British government sent an ill-prepared and poorly equipped army to the Crimea in 1854; John Delane, editor of The Times, sent the first war correspondent, William Howard Russell. This study shows how Russell's front-line reports and Delane's editorials brought down the government.
The Killing Fields of Scotland
AD83 to 1746
Beginning with the Roman occupation, Roy Pugh examines the battles that took place on Scottish soil between Mons Graupius in 83 CE and Culloden in 1746. As well as describing the engagements, with maps of the major battlefields, Pugh provides the political and cultural background to each period of conflict, among them the three phases of the Wars of Independence from 1296 to 1560; the Rough Wooing and Mary, Queen of Scots; the 'Killing Time' (1666–1688); and the Jacobite Rebellions.
The Persian Invasions of Greece
The massive invasion of Greece by Darius I in 490 BCE ended in failure at the battle of Marathon; when his successor, Xerxes, led a second expedition ten years later, the Persian force was again driven back following the battles of Thermopylae, Salamis and Plataea. Keaveney combines ancient sources and modern scholarship to explain the reasons for the enmity between the two civilizations and to analyse the events of these pivotal campaigns from both Greek and Persian perspectives.
The Life of Viscount Trenchard, Father of the Royal Air Force
Hugh Trenchard (1872–1956) had an unpromising start in life, failing the Army and Navy entrance exams, but found his métier when he joined the fledgling Royal Flying Corps in 1912. Nicknamed 'Boom' for his stentorian voice, he was obstinate and tactless, yet inspired unflagging loyalty in his men. And, as this fascinating biography makes clear, it was these very qualities that enabled him to create the Royal Air Force in the face of entrenched opposition from the older services.
The Battle that Brought Down Napoleon
In a concise reinterpretation of one of history's most argued-over battles, the eminent military historian Jeremy Black uses Waterloo and its aftermath to discuss the changing nature of warfare, the rise and fall of Napoleon's empire, and the effects of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars on Europe and on Britain's role in the world during the 19th century.
Naval 8/208 Squadron, RAF: A Centenary of Service from 1916 to 2016
208 Squadron, based at RAF Valley in Anglesey, was disbanded during its 100th year of operations in 2016. In this history marking the centenary, Air Commodore Graham Pitchfork, who formerly commanded the squadron, describes how it evolved, from its formation as Naval 8 on the Western Front during the First World War, through its activities in the Second World War and Gulf War to its modern-day role as an advanced flying training squadron.
Reporting Under Fire Since 1850
Powerful reports from war zones have resulted in some correspondents becoming forever associated with the conflicts they covered, such as Rageh Omaar in Iraq and Brian Hanrahan in the Falklands. Published in association with Imperial War Museums, this book tells the story of war reporting from the pioneers of the 19th century to the present, detailing the most famous dispatches and illuminating the journalists' experiences. Illustrations include the best of war art and the work of celebrated photojournalists.
The In and Out
A History of the Naval and Military Club
Originally conceived as a 'civilized place of association' for officers on leave from the Peninsular War, the then 'Military Club' was founded, not without controversy, in 1815. Lavishly illustrated with reproductions of Club portraits and photographs, this volume traces the eventful history of the Club, through two world wars and an IRA bomb, and through several London locations before landing in St James's Square – but still sporting the 'In' and 'Out' of its Piccadilly home. Foreword by Prince Philip, the Club's President.
Beginning with the horror of the battlefield where 50,000 men lay dead and injured as night fell on 18 June 1815, O'Keeffe's study covers the months between Wellington's victory and the confinement of Napoleon on St Helena. It describes how, once the dead and dying were gone, the site was visited by tourists; how the news of the battle was spread; the advance of the British and Prussian armies into France; and Napoleon's final weeks as surrender became inevitable.
A Detailed Illustrated History of the Vickers Wellington in Service, 1938–1953
Over 11,000 Wellingtons were produced between 1936 and 1945 and, until the Lancaster was introduced in 1942, it was the backbone of Bomber Command. This comprehensive analysis of the 'Wimpy', as it was nicknamed, draws on first-hand accounts to tell the story of the aircraft from design and construction and front-line deployment in the early years of the war, to later roles as a submarine hunter and long-range bomber in North Africa and the Far East.
The Atlas of Military History
An Around-the-World Survey of Warfare Through the Ages
From Ancient Egypt to the war in Afghanistan, and from the horse and chariot to nuclear weapons, this well-illustrated reference work charts the significant conflicts in world history and the major advances in military technology. It is arranged chronologically within each of seven sections: Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Central and Southern Asia, Northern and Eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific, and the Americas. Slightly off-mint.
Redcoats Against Napoleon
The 30th Regiment During the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
Giving a fresh perspective on key events between the Siege of Toulon in 1793 and Waterloo in 1815, Divall focuses not on commanders or elite units, but on the ordinary fighting men in the 30th Regiment of the Line.
Despite graduating from West Point last in his class, George Custer gained a reputation as a highly effective cavalry officer during the American Civil War. His famous 'last stand' came in 1876 when he was annihilated by a combined force of Indians at Little Bighorn. This colourfully illustrated introduction reviews Custer's career and examines how a humiliating defeat became one of the iconic moments in American history, not least because of its re-enactment in 'Buffalo Bill's Wild West' shows.
Wellington Against Junot
The First Invasion of Portugal 1807–1808
Before the great general had been granted his dukedom, Arthur Wellesley achieved success in Portugal defeating Napoleon's trusted general Jean-Andoche Junot at the battles of Roliça and Vimeiro. This detailed account of the campaign examines the personalities and tactics of the opposing commanders, charts the rise of popular resistance to the French in Iberia and the outbreak of guerrilla warfare, and examines the wider implications of these early engagements on the unfolding of the Peninsular War.
Caricature and the Navy 1756–1815
From the mid 18th century to the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Royal Navy was the nation's greatest expense and biggest employer. The ensuing public interest made household names of its commanders and established the 'Jack Tar' as an ideal of no-nonsense British pluck. This book explores the period through the lens of contemporary caricaturists such as Gillray, Rowlandson and Cruikshank; its selection of satirical and sometimes bawdy prints is drawn from the National Maritime Museum collection.
The British Soldiers of the Napoleonic Wars
If Wellington valued the rank and file of his army (despite calling them 'the scum of the earth') much of the civilian population had a low opinion of their qualities. This detailed survey of the ordinary soldiers in the British Army of the Napoleonic era draws on contemporary testimony and records to describe the men and their backgrounds, explain the military organization and harsh code of discipline that governed them, and explore their living conditions and place in society.
A Great and Glorious Adventure
A Military History of the Hundred Years War
In this new history of the Hundred Years War, a conflict that raged from 1337 to 1453, military historian Gordon Corrigan reveals the horrors of the battles and brings to life the personalities of the period – among them, Edward III, the Black Prince, Henry V and Joan of Arc. He shows how, despite their superior tactics and the great victories at Crécy, Poitiers and Agincourt, the English could not hope to hold forever the lands they conquered.