The Army of James II 1685–1688
The Birth of the British Army
Credit for creating the British army often goes to Charles II or William III, with James II’s role in the organization of a viable, expanded institution overlooked. Ede-Borrett addresses this with a thorough, illustrated account of its development, drawing on royal archives and contemporary documents to detail its regiments, troops, uniforms, equipment, flags and other paraphernalia.
The Peter The Great Humbled
The Russo-Ottoman War of 1711
Fresh from victory over Sweden, Peter the Great took on the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans, only to be defeated. This book examines the causes of the conflict, and the size, composition and tactics of the armies. Their uniforms are illustrated in specially commissioned artwork.
A Waste of Blood and Treasure
The 1799 Anglo-Russian Invasion of the Netherlands
In 1799 Britain and Russia joined forces – their first such joint venture – to send a 48,000 strong army to liberate the Netherlands from French occupation. This first study for a generation of an important but neglected campaign explains the diplomatic manoeuvring that preceded it, and the political fallout from its failure. Drawing on eyewitness reports from soldiers, sailors and politicians, and supported by six maps, it also offers descriptions of the major battles.
The Life of Henry Percy, Peninsular Soldier and French Prisoner of War
Before bringing news of victory at Waterloo to London, Henry Percy had fought in Sicily, Egypt, Spain and Portugal. Archive sources, including his own journal, inform this detailed account of his eventful career, including his time as a PoW, when a Frenchwoman bore him a child.
The Lie at the Heart of Waterloo
The Battle's Hidden Last Half Hour
The author of this revisionist history of the Battle of Waterloo presents a detailed account of how the 52nd Light Cavalry delivered the coup de grâce in the battle, thanks to the initiative of its commander John Colbourne. Using first-hand accounts to support the case, the analysis concludes that Wellington omitted to give the 52nd proper credit in his initial despatch and thereafter managed the story of the victory to his advantage.
Charts of War
The Maps and Charts That Have Informed and Illustrated War at Sea
Information is power, and sea charts, with their details of harbour approaches, coastal hazards, tides and currents, have often been closely guarded secrets. Handsomely illustrated with historic maps drawn from maritime archives around the world, this book explains how sea charts developed in response to changing military techniques and technology, and describes their role in planning, preventing, conducting and recording wars at sea, from the Battle of Lepanto to the D-Day landings.
Civil War London
A Military History of London Under Charles I and Oliver Cromwell
To defend itself from Royalist armies, London was extensively militarized during the 1640s, its greatest achievement being an 18km circuit of earthwork fortifications called the ‘Lines of Communication’. Flintham’s survey examines the military features of Civil War London, including its armies and arsenal, and contains an extensive gazetteer of nearly 200 Civil War military sites in the city.
Memoirs of a Cavalryman in the First World War
Having joined the 4th Dragoon Guards in 1913, at the age of only 15, Ben Clouting was among the first into France with the British Expeditionary Force and was present at most of the major engagements on the Western Front. This memoir is based on a series of interviews conducted in the 1980s and provides a detailed account of his experiences including the retreat from Mons, the second battle of Ypres and the occupation of Cologne in 1919.
The Battle of the Ardennes 22 August 1914
This analysis of the crucial 1914 encounters on the Western Front, collectively known as the Battle of Ardennes, encompasses both German and French viewpoints on moments of success and failure, and explores the underlying political, bureaucratic and military issues in the years before the war.
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
Owner's Workshop Manual 1916 Onwards (S.E.5a, S.E.5b &SE-5E)
From the design and construction of the first SE5s in 1916 to the maintenance of surviving examples today, this Owners’ Workshop Manual tells the story of the First World War ‘mount of aces’ designed by Henry Follard and built at the Royal Aircraft Factory at Farnborough. The manual is illustrated with nearly 300 design drawings and archive and new photographs.
McDonnell Douglas's F4 Phantom entered service with the US Navy in 1960 as an interceptor but its versatility saw it take on a host of other duties, from fighter-bomber to reconnaissance plane, and it also proved a highly successful international export. This book tells the story of its design, construction and active service for air forces around the world, up to the 1990s, and is illustrated with hundreds of photographs, diagrams and illustrations detailing different liveries and variants.
Reaching for the Sky
One Hundred Defining Moments from the Royal Air Force 1918–2018
Scott Addington uses infographics, fact boxes and photographs to present this concise overview of RAF history, which includes the first military balloon, the design of the roundel insignia, leading aces of the world wars and a list of pilots’ slang. Each entry has played its part in shaping the service, and the selection reflects the innovation, courage and heritage of the world’s first independent air force.
Letters From A Flying Officer
In this 1928 account of a pilot in the First World War, the letters and diaries of Flying Officer Michael John Enderby and the comments of Group Captain Merrivale are ostensibly fiction. They are in fact closely based on the experiences of the author and offer an insight into the workings of the Royal Flying Corps, with descriptions of real combat events and observations on the development of aviation technology and the tactics of aerial combat during the war.
The Illustrated Guide to Manned Reconnaissance and Surveillance Aircraft from World War I to Today
After a history of aerial spying, from the American Civil War to the recent Afghanistan conflict, this volume presents an illustrated guide to the manned reconnaissance and surveillance aircraft of Germany, Britain, USSR/Russia and the USA, with discussion of each plane’s design and operations, technical specifications, photographs and artworks.
Genghis Khan and the Mongol War Machine
In uniting the tribes of northeast Asia, Genghis Khan led an army whose ingenious and often brutal stratagems created a land-based empire stretching from the Black Sea in the west to Korea in the east. This study reassesses his achievements in the context of Mongol society, referring to sources including the 13th-century History of the World Conqueror and Secret History of the Mongols, and asking whether his legacy was the result of military genius, banditry, or fortuitous circumstance.
Nelson at Naples
Revolution and Retribution in 1799
One of the most inglorious events of Nelson’s career concerned the fate of the short-lived republic established in Naples by revolutionary France. Drawing on accounts by Nelson himself, Lady Hamilton and others, this book tells how, after being offered safe passage, the republicans were handed over to the besieging Royalists, from whom they received no mercy. It also investigates whether Nelson was personally guilty of this betrayal, or whether the orders came from London.
Through Spain with Wellington
The Letters of Lieutenant Peter Le Mesurier of the 'Fighting Ninth'
From 1808, when he joined the 9th Foot as an ensign, until the eve of his death in battle shortly before the end of the Peninsular War, Peter Le Mesurier kept up an extensive correspondence with his family, giving a wry officer’s-eye view of Moore and Wellington’s campaigns against Napoleon. These letters have been freshly transcribed and are now published for the first time, with a connecting narrative giving background information and commentary on the episodes described.
The 45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment on Campaign in South America and the Peninsula, 1805-14
After defeat at Buenos Aires in 1807, the 45th (Nottinghamshire) fought with Wellington throughout the war in Spain. This detailed regimental history charts its exploits, including the siege of Badajoz, where a lieutenant’s red jacket was raised over the citadel in place of the French flag.
The History of the Green Howards
Three Hundred Years of Service
The regiment serving under Colonel Charles Howard in 1743 was already more than 50 years old when it attained its distinctive name from the greenish facings of its uniforms. This history charts the Green Howards' engagements in Britain's major conflicts, including the French wars of the 18th century, Crimea and the two world wars, but also gives equal weight to deployments of more recent decades in Suez, Malaya, Northern Ireland and Afghanistan.
The Business of War
Medieval mercenaries were more than just well-armed, freebooting thugs; they were also noblemen, who took advantage of political chaos to further their own interests. From early Italian mercenaries to the private armies spawned during the Hundred Years War, this survey of Europe’s freelance fighters describes the many mercenary bands who killed, looted and ransomed their way across Europe’s heartlands, referencing the popular literature, including Machiavelli, Shakespeare, Conan Doyle and Mark Twain, that has guaranteed their place in the collective imagination.
War in the Crimea
An Illustrated History
Improved technology and communications allowed the Crimean War to be better reported than any previous conflict, not least through the work of photographic pioneer Roger Fenton, who produced over 300 portraits of soldiers and views of the peninsula in 1855. This history presents the conflict through these groundbreaking photographs and the lithographs of artist William Simpson as well as pictures from The Illustrated London News and paintings and illustrations from Russian periodicals of the day.
The Maginot Line
History and Guide
Built between the world wars to defend France from German attack, the Maginot Line was a state-of-the art fortification running from Belgium to the Mediterranean. Illustrated with photographs, maps and plans, this book explains its construction, technology, and the reasons for its failure to halt the Wehrmacht in 1940. It also provides a visitor’s guide to the surviving artillery posts, forts, bunkers and stretches of wall.
From Jet Provost to Strikemaster
A Definitive History of the Basic and Counter-Insurgent Aircraft at Home and Overseas
Over 700 Jet Provost and Strikemaster aircraft were produced in Britain between 1954 and 1983, the former responsible for training generations of RAF jet pilots, the latter an armed version of the Provost which saw action during the Dhofar War in Oman. This well-illustrated history of both aircraft charts their evolution, from initial production in 1954 to the final sales of three aircraft to Ecuador in 1988. A comprehensive appendix lists the complete production and technical histories of both jets.
Stay the Distance
The Life and Times of Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Michael Beetham
Sir Michael Beetham joined the RAF as a pilot in 1941 and stayed on after the war, serving as a commanding officer at a number of critical moments, from the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and Aden in 1964 to the Falklands War, and was appointed Marshal of the RAF in 1982. This biography traces his long, distinguished and very active career, from flying Lancasters in the Second World War to sending Vulcan bombers to the Falklands.
Eagles in the Dust
The Roman Defeat at Adrianople AD 378
In 376 CE, under attack by the Huns, the Goths took the radical step of crossing the Danube and, with Emperor Valens’ agreement, settling in Thrace, within the protection of Rome, their former enemy. The arrangement was short lived: in 378 CE, the Goths, led by Fritigern, inflicted a stinging defeat on the Roman army, with the emperor himself among the dead. Coombs-Hoar’s history describes in detail the events leading up to this crucial battle, the battle itself and its aftermath.
The Secret Expedition
The Anglo-Russian Invasion of Holland 1799
In 1799 an uneasy Anglo-Russian alliance, formed as part of the Second Coalition against France, landed troops in Holland to overthrow the Batavian Republic, a French satellite, and reinstate Willem V of Orange. Van Uythoven gives a comprehensive account of this ‘Secret Expedition’ and its background, from the creation of the Batavian Republic, through the invasion and the battles of Zijpe, Bergen, Alkmaar and Castricum, to the Armistice and the state of the armies at the end of the campaign.
1809: Thunder on the Danube
Napoleon's Defeat of the Habsburgs, Volume I
This first volume begins with the political and military decisions and manoeuvres that led to war and follows the opening engagements up to the first great battles at Abensberg on 20 April, Eggmühl two days later and the storming of Regensburg on 23 April.This volume is part of John Gill’s epic three-part history of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 and that watershed year in the military history of the Napoleonic Wars. Each volume includes a preface or prologue, extensive appendices containing the orders of battle and notes, and an index.
1809: Thunder on the Danube
Napoleon's Defeat of the Habsburgs, Volume II
Volume II takes up the story with the march on Vienna and, after the fall of the Habsburg city, goes on to Napoleon’s first repulse at the Battle of Aspern-Essling. It also looks across the Alps to events in Italy, and Eugene de Beauharnais’ counter-offensive.This volume is part of John Gill’s epic three-part history of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 and that watershed year in the military history of the Napoleonic Wars. Each volume includes a preface or prologue, extensive appendices containing the orders of battle and notes, and an index.
Dictionary of British Military History
Starting with the Danish invasion of the 9th century, this is a concise A-Z guide to milestones in the history of British land warfare and the development of the Army. Its 2,000 entries cover such topics as uniform and weapons; famous battles such as Bannockburn, Goose Green and Sebastopol; Army organisation, ranks and regiments; and important military figures from Oliver Cromwell to Orde Charles Wingate, leader of the Chindits.
Hougoumont & D'Erlon's Attack
The Waterloo Collection
Wellington’s success in holding the Hougoumont farmhouse at Waterloo was followed by a French assault to his centre, beginning the decisive phase of the day. This documentary brings the history to life with re-enactments shot at the site of the battle.
Waterloo is remembered as a defining British victory, but there were more Belgians, Germans and Dutch in the Allied army than British, and the arrival of the Prussians was the decisive intervention. This book assesses the battle and also examines how it was subsequently interpreted by the belligerent nations: less important to the Dutch and Germans, and a heroic last stand to the French that helped to reinforce the legend of Napoleon. Great Battles series.
The Siege of Tsingtau
The German-Japanese War 1914
With support from the Allies in the First World War, Japan took the opportunity to invade Germany’s Pacific colonies. Drawing on records from both sides, this book reveals the political background to a conflict that climaxed in the siege of the German base at Tsingtau, China.
Ace of the Black Cross
Above the trenches of the First World War, the battle in the air between the first primitive aircraft and the intrepid aviators who flew them was played out like a medieval knightly tournament. This deadly contest is brought to life in the memoir of Ernst Udet (1896–1941), the German ace whose reputation was second only to that of the Red Baron. Richard Overy introduces this new edition of this aviation classic.
100 Years War
The Battle of Crécy was the first major conflict in the 100 Years War. The Battlefield History TV team visit its location, and use source material, reconstructions and demonstrations of medieval military equipment to show how the battle established the effectiveness of the longbow in action.
100 Years War
In this BHTV DVD, the team tell the story of the crucial English victory at Agincourt, a famous encounter which would become the backdrop to Shakespeare's Henry V. They use re-enactment footage filmed on location and demonstrations of the weaponry to explore the battle’s significance.
From the Tudors to the Cold War
By the end of the 15th century, following the introduction of gunpowder and the cannon, it was clear that fortresses would need to be built very differently to withstand the assault of artillery. This review of the evolution of fortifications in Britain charts developments from Henry VIII's castles to the pillboxes of the 1940s and the underground bunkers of the nuclear age.
A Brief Guide To British Battlefields
Britain’s many battlefields bear witness to the dramatic turning points in the nation’s history. This readable guide describes more than 100 engagements from Roman times to 1746, when the last battle on British soil was fought at Culloden. Each self-contained entry charts the events leading up to the conflict, gives a dramatic account of the fighting, and assesses its consequences; and each has a map and practical information for visitors.
The Barbary Corsairs
Warfare in the Mediterranean 1480–1580
With chapters on the Barbarossa brothers, the Siege of Malta, the African lands and cities of the corsairs and slavery, Jacques Heers examines the maritime history of the Mediterranean in the period of the corsairs’ greatest success, when they were able to influence the balance of power in European politics. Translated by Jonathan North.
In Pursuit of the Essex
A Tale of Heroism and Hubris in the War of 1812
In the 1812 war between Britain and America, USS Essex destroyed a British whaling fleet. The ship’s pursuit by HMS Phoebe, and their deadly confrontation at Valparaiso, are explained here using official reports, newspaper articles, letters and a sailor’s newly discovered memoir.
Triumphs and Disasters
Eyewitness Accounts from the Netherlands Campaign, 1813–1814
While overshadowed by the fighting in France and Germany, the British campaign against Napoleon’s forces in Holland was an important precursor of Waterloo. This collection of official reports, letters and soldiers’ diaries offers eyewitness accounts of the main engagements, including the defeat at Bergen op Zoom.
The Charge of the Light Brigade
Voices from the Past
The story of the doomed cavalry charge is well known, but told here from the point of view of soldiers on both sides, using letters, diaries, memoirs and official reports. It is illustrated with photographs showing the terrain as it appeared to participants.
Soviet Cold War Weaponry
Aircraft, Warships, Missiles and Artillery
During the Cold War, Warsaw Pact countries prepared for a third world war by manufacturing thousands of weapons, including Badger and Backfire bombers, MiG fighters and nuclear submarines. This fully illustrated guide by a former Intelligence Officer and military expert focuses on aircraft, warships and missiles (a companion volume focuses on ground vehicles), some of which are still deployed by armies and militia groups today.
Memoirs of Baron Von Müffling
A Prussian Officer in the Napoleonic Wars
Baron Carl von Müffling was General Blücher’s liaison officer at Wellington’s headquarters during the Waterloo campaign and, as such, one of the architects of the final victory over Napoleon. His memoirs are a primary source for the Napoleonic Wars, spanning a distinguished career from the Battle of Jena in 1806 to his diplomatic role at the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1818. Introduction by Peter Hofschröer (1997).
Napoleon and the Destruction of the Third Coalition
Robert Goetz tells the story of ‘the beginning of the Napoleon of history and the Grande Armée of legend’ – the 1805 campaign that culminated in the Battle of Austerlitz. In a meticulously detailed account, Goetz traces events from the formation of Britain, Russia and Prussia’s coalition to Austerlitz and the aftermath of Napoleon’s victory. First published in 2005.
Napoleon and the Archduke Charles
A History of the Franco-Austrian Campaign in the Valley of the Danube 1809
First published in 1909 and still held in high esteem, Petre’s history gives a full account of the clash of Napoleon and his most formidable continental opponent, the Archduke Charles of Austria. The book follows the hard-fought Franco-Austrian Campaign in the valley of the Danube up to its culmination in the Battle of Wagram in 1809.
In the Peninsula with a French Hussar
Memoirs of the War of the French in Spain
A junior officer in Napoleon’s 2nd Regiment of Hussars, Albert Jean Michel de Rocca served in the Peninsular War from the march on Madrid, through the Battle of Medellin and various skirmishes, until he was wounded in a guerrilla ambush near Ronda in 1810. Introduced by Philip Haythornthwaite, de Rocca’s account describes the hostility in Spain and the fighting in uncompromising detail.
A Staffordshire Regiment in the Zulu and Sekukuni Campaigns
1878–1879 80th Regiment of Foot
Outlining the 80th Regiment of Foot’s involvement in the various actions of the Zulu War, this volume provides a detailed body of research about the personnel of the regiment and, in particular, the medals awarded. It also gives an overview of the wider campaign, culminating in the decisive victory at the Battle of Ulundi in 1879.
The Warship Anne
Launched in 1678, the Anne was one of the ‘Thirty Ships of War’ constructed to double the strength of Charles II’s Navy. Having been lost at the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690, it is now one of the most important wrecks on England’s south coast. In this volume the ship’s technical historian explains Anne’s construction and specifications, follows its 1687 mission to the Mediterranean and discusses efforts to survey and preserve the wreck.
The Battle of Actium 31 BC
War for the World
The naval battle at Actium, when the future emperor Augustus defeated the forces of Antony and Cleopatra, was perhaps the most significant military engagement in Roman history. Yet many details of exactly what happened on that September day continue to elude scholars. This study of the literary and historical sources offers a fresh examination of the evidence, with close analysis of hitherto unconsidered allusions to Actium in the description of an equestrian engagement in Book Eleven of Virgil’s Aeneid.
The War Chronicles from Chariots to Flintlocks
New Perspectives on the Two Thousand Years of Bloodshed that Shaped the Modern World
Beginning with the Greek victory over the Persians at Salamis and ending with the pivotal defeat of the British at Saratoga in the American War of Independence, this illustrated review of world conflicts explores the most important battles and revolutions between 500 BCE and 1783 CE. Alongside overviews of each event are timelines of key moments, profiles of the leading personalities, features on notable aspects of the wars and narrative accounts of the major battles.
Henry V's Navy
The Sea-Road to Agincourt and Conquest 1413–1422
Henry V’s fleet was remarkable in several ways: four of its ships were the biggest ever seen in English waters; its intense patrols dominated the English Channel; and its shipmasters were organized into an efficient, single body. This study of the navy’s role at a crucial stage in the Hundred Years War examines the evolution of the fleet, its crew, weaponry and military strategy, and includes lists of individual ships, shipmasters and on-board armaments.
Master and Madman
The Surprising Rise and Disastrous Fall of the Hon Anthony Lockwood RN
Although press-ganged into the Navy, and prone to bouts of lunacy, Lockwood (c.1775–1855) enjoyed a successful career and became Surveyor General of New Brunswick. Driven by a desire to instil democracy, he attempted to stage a coup, but his subsequent imprisonment and state of mind saw him ending his days in a London asylum.
The Battle of the River Plate
The First Naval Battle of the Second World War
The first encounter at sea of the Second World War took place along the South American coast when three British ships inflicted enough damage on the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee to corner it in Montevideo harbour. The captain, encouraged by British misinformation, chose to scuttle his ship rather than face destruction. This account of the famous episode was first published in 1956 and also contains the official despatch from the British commander.
Chieftain Main Battle Tank
Owners' Workshop Manual 1966 to Present
The British Army’s main battle tank from 1966 to 1986, the Chieftain included revolutionary features in its design and was upgraded throughout its career. In this ‘workshop manual’, Dick Taylor, a former British Army Chieftain and Challenger tank commander, gives a ‘warts-and-all’ account of the design, construction, operation and maintenance of Britain’s heavyweight Cold War warrior, illustrated with diagrams and archive and new photographs.
Rolls-Royce Armoured Car
Owner's Workshop Manual 1915–44 (All Models)
The Rolls-Royce armoured car first saw action in the First World War in Gallipoli, on the Western Front and with Lawrence of Arabia in the north African deserts, and it ended its active service in Libya in 1941. As well as the history of the vehicle, this Owners’ Workshop Manual covers its design, construction, operation and maintenance, with diagrams, wartime photographs and new photographs of the Tank Museum’s surviving example.
HMS Warrior Owners' Workshop Manual
1860 to Date
The Royal Navy's first ironclad warship, the steam-powered HMS Warrior was a turning point in naval architecture and the most powerful vessel afloat in 1860. This analysis of the frigate employs many photographs of the restored ship to explore its design, its fitting out and the living conditions of its crew, as well as outlining Warrior's service history and describing its restoration in the 1970s.
The Setting of the Rising Sun
Japanese Military Aviation 1877–1945
After importing British and European aircraft and designs in the 1910s and 1920s, the Japanese Army and Navy developed their own aviation capability between the wars. This study traces the development of the industry, culminating in the formidable fighters and bombers of the 1940s.
New Perspectives on the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 1915–16
The doomed Gallipoli campaign – the Allied military effort to force a passage through the Dardanelles Straits and knock Ottoman Turkey out of the war – has been controversial since the final evacuation of troops from the Peninsula in January 1916. Focusing on the MEF, this volume presents original research by more than 20 historians: Part I covers the structure of the battle; Part II discusses command and control; Part III deals with support and enablers, including British air power, nurses, chaplains and mining.
British Campaigns in the South Atlantic 1805–1807
Operations in the Cape and River Plate and their Consequences
Overshadowed by the events of the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, British military campaigns in the South Atlantic in 1805–7 nevertheless had a profound effect in shaping the destiny of the Cape Colony and Spanish possessions in South America. Describing the capture of Cape Town and the ultimately unsuccessful attacks on Buenos Aires and Montevideo, this analysis also assesses the longer-term repercussions in encouraging independence movements in South America and shaping the population and politics of South Africa.
The Untold Story of Britain's Highest Award for Bravery
The Victoria Cross is the most prestigious British military accolade and is rarely awarded. This investigation into the origins and bestowal of the medal reveals the political issues that have directed the selection of recipients since its inception. Gary Mead reviews the origins of the decoration; tells some of the heroic stories of qualifying candidates; and asks why some other acts of bravery have been inexplicably overlooked and why no women have ever been awarded the VC.
The Longest Afternoon
The 400 Men Who Decided the Battle of Waterloo
During the Battle of Waterloo, the heavily fortified farmhouse of La Haye Sainte commanded a crucial crossroads on the way to Brussels and was defended by 400 riflemen of the King’s German Legion. Drawing on eyewitness accounts, this book tells how they drove back wave after wave of French infantry, with terrible casualties on both sides, explains how their delaying tactics contributed to the outcome of the battle, and describes how close Napoleon came to victory.
British Battles of the Crimean Wars
These despatches from the Crimean War comprise the original battle reports, written by the field commanders themselves, including Lord Raglan and Admiral Lyons. The accounts and the actions they describe bear testament to the superior professionalism and effectiveness of the Senior Service at the time.
The Military History of China
This history of China’s military conflicts spans from Genghis Khan’s rule to today’s presidency of Xi Jinping, and includes the Sino-French war, the Boxer Rebellion, the occupation of Tibet and the Korean War. Descriptions of each conflict are written as concise short stories.
True Tales by Those Who Flew the 'Last All-British Bomber'
‘The spirit encountered amongst former Buccaneer aircrew appears to be stronger than that associated with any other aircraft type...’ Featuring the reminiscences of 27 airmen who flew the Blackburn Buccaneer, this volume traces the history of the strike bomber from its early Fleet Air Arm operations to its last active service in the Gulf War of 1991 and provides an insight into the exuberant lifestyle of a Buccaneer squadron.
The Physics of War
From Arrows to Atoms
Throughout history, military leaders have searched for a ‘wonder weapon’ to give them an advantage over enemies, and very often, it was science that supplied the new armament, from the ballista to the atom bomb. The science writer Barry Parker narrates the history of warfare and the contribution of physics, telling the story of battles from Megiddo to the Second World War, while discussing major breakthroughs in physics and topics such as gunpowder, submarines, and radar.
Great Walls and Linear Barriers
Hadrian’s Wall and the Great Wall of China are world famous, but they are not exceptional phenomena. This impressively researched volume shows how, throughout history and across the globe, societies have built such barriers to reinforce their control over territory. Illustrated with numerous photographs and specially commissioned maps, the book ranges from Mesopotamia to Kievan Rus to examine their construction and strategic function, and identifies a recurrent theme: the separation of nomadic peoples from areas of settled agriculture.
The Last Ironsides
The English Expedition to Portugal, 1662–1668
As part of the marriage contract between Charles II and the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza, Charles agreed to send three regiments, under the command of General Hermann von Schomberg, to support Portugal’s struggle for independence from Spain. Many of the troops were from Cromwell’s disbanded New Model Army. This history of the brigade and its expedition explores the politics surrounding the Portuguese Restoration War and recounts many of its battles, including Montes Claros.
From Corunna to Waterloo
The Letters and Journals of Two Napoleonic Hussars, 1801–1816
Major Edwin Griffith and his nephew Captain Frederick Philips served in the 15th (King's) Hussars during the Napoleonic Wars and both kept journals of their experiences and regularly wrote letters home. Often serving in separate wings of the regiment, their observations cover different actions, the contemporary accounts describing home service on policing duties as well as the campaign with Wellington through Portugal, Spain and southern France from 1813 up to Waterloo in 1815.
The Battle of Plassey 1757
The Victory That Won an Empire
When Clive of India and his tiny detachment of army officers and mercenaries defeated the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies in a mango grove near Plassey, he secured all of Bengal and, eventually, the whole of India for the East India Company. Drawing on an extraordinary collection of private papers, this study of the battle and the 13 months of campaigns leading up to it commemorates the men on both sides who fought and died in the conflict.
Camouflage at War
An Illustrated Guide from 1914 to the Present Day
The advantages of concealment and misdirection that camouflage can afford only became a significant military concern with the advent of longer-range weapons in the 20th century; the French notably having to quickly replace their 1914 red-and-blue infantry uniform with 'horizon blue'. This illustrated examination of the evolution of military camouflage explores different approaches and pattern styles used on ships, planes, tanks, and soldiers in the field from khaki and field grey to modern pixel-based digital designs.
Spanish Regiments and Uniforms from The Estado Militar of 1800
This book reproduces hand-coloured illustrations of Spanish military uniforms taken from a rare version (c. 1800) of the Spanish Army’s ‘order of battle’ or estados militares. Each drawing is captioned with full descriptions of regiments and uniform style.
The Battle Of Majuba Hill
The Transvaal Campaign, 1880–1881
Defeat of the British occupying forces by the rebellious Boers at the Battle of Majuba Hill was seen as a military disaster by the British public, the ‘uncivilized’ tactics of the Boers condemned as savage and despicable. This account of Majuba Hill begins with a detailed history of the annexation of Transvaal by the British in 1877, assesses preceding battles and skirmishes, including Bronkhorstspruit and Laing’s Nek, and features battlefield maps, photographs and illustrations.
British Battles of the Napoleonic Wars 1807–1815
Despatches from the Front
Engaged in various theatres around the world, Britain was expanding its influence in the early years of the 19th century, having achieved dominance at sea after the Battle of Trafalgar. This collection of the original despatches from commanders in the immediate aftermath of engagements includes several from Wellington during his campaigns in Portugal and Spain, and from Waterloo, as well as accounts of the attacks on Copenhagen, Spanish territories in South America, the Dardanelles and Mauritius.
The Key to Victory at Waterloo
During the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon launched repeated attempts to take the strategically important farmhouse of Hougoumont. At one point troops succeeded in entering the courtyard but Wellington responded with reinforcements and the enemy were repelled and the gates closed. This accessible illustrated study pieces together the fierce fighting that took place throughout the day, serving as an introduction to the battle and a field guide for the visitor.
An Alternate History of the Civil War
Could the South have won the American Civil War? Based on an intriguing series of ‘what ifs’, this alternative history examines a number of convincing scenarios. What if Jeb Stuart had linked with Lee at Gettysburg? What if General Johnston had survived at Shiloh? Using real battles, actions and characters as starting points, leading military historians show how this critical and bloody conflict could so easily have ended in a victory for the Confederates, changing the course of US history.
Eyewitness to the Peninsular War and the Battle of Waterloo
One of the distinguished Stanhopes of Chevening, James Stanhope’s military service took him to the Peninsular War where, between 1809 and 1813, he witnessed and recorded several battles, including Corunna and Barossa. At Waterloo he fought on the ridge while under attack from Napoleon’s cavalry. This collection of letters and journals, skilfully contextualized by editor Gareth Glover, offers fascinating insights and detailed descriptions of conversations, conditions and events during the Napoleonic Wars.
The Eagle's Last Triumph
Napoleon's Victory at Ligny, June 1815
On 16 June 1815, Napoleon defeated the Prussian army at the Battle of Ligny. However, the triumph was not decisive and the Prussian general, von Blücher, was able to regroup and tip the balance in Wellington's favour at Waterloo two days later. Including maps and diagrams, this detailed analysis of Napoleon's last victory assesses the background to the battle and the decisions of the commanders in the field, as well as including first-hand accounts of the bitter fighting.
The Battle of Barrosa, 1811
Forgotten Battle of the Peninsular War
With most of Spain overrun by Napoleon’s forces, the Spanish government remained free, but forced to find refuge in the fortress-port of Cádiz, assisted by British warships and troops under the command of Sir Thomas Graham. This study describes the ‘forgotten battle’ when, urged by the Spanish Junta, and with everything to lose, an Anglo-Spanish force met the besieging French army on the heights of Barossa.
and the Lusitanian Resistance to Rome 155–139 BC
Luis Silva presents a detailed study of the Lusitanian warrior chief Viriathus (c.179–139 BCE), who led resistance to Rome on the Iberian Peninsula using guerrilla tactics that not only inflicted humiliating reverses on the Romans but emboldened other native groups to rebel.
The Waterloo Archive
Histories of the Battle of Waterloo seldom mention that the majority of Wellington’s forces were in fact German, including troops from Nassau, Brunswick, Hanover and the King’s German Legion. Many of them left first-hand accounts of the engagement, more than 60 of which are translated here for the first time. These letters and reports greatly enlarge our understanding of this momentous battle, and offer dramatic accounts of the fighting from the perspective of both officers and private soldiers.
Theatre of War
In a preface to this magnificent collection of wartime photographs, Mark Holborn describes Cecil Beaton as 'able to realize the visual potential from the most mundane as well as the most dramatic circumstances'. Whether taken on the home front amid the London Blitz, in the Western Desert, in India, Burma, China or industrial Tyneside, Beaton's photographs for the Ministry of Information are unfailingly eloquent and a powerful record of the years 1939 to 1945. With commentary by Beaton and a detailed chronology.
The Tommies' Experience of the Third Battle of Ypres
The British offensive at Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was launched at 3.30am on 31 July 1917. Led by Sir Douglas Haig, this ‘big push’ was to achieve a breakthrough, but it became a four-month-long stalemate of constant shelling, torrential rain, mud and filth. Parker chronicles the operation, describes the conditions on the battlefield and the increasingly industrialized warfare of tanks, gas and mines that added to the carnage; and he questions the necessity of the sacrifice.
Aircraft Since 1939
The Russian MiG aircraft company was set up in 1939 and produced some of the world's most advanced and capable military planes during its heyday in the 1950s and 1960s, including the long-serving and widely exported MiG-21. This concise handbook provides descriptions of all MiG aircraft, including prototypes, up to the MiG-35 of 2011, with tables of key data and additional information about model variants.
The Monitor, the Merrimack, and the Sea Battle that Changed History
The first clash between ironclad battleships took place off the coast of Virginia during the American Civil War in 1862. The battle provided conclusive proof of the effectiveness of the new technology and proved a major turning point in naval design. This book examines the building of the Confederacy's armoured Merrimack and the Union's race to build a competitive vessel (the Monitor, in whose development Lincoln was personally involved), and assesses the profound legacy of their engagement.
Epitaphs of the Great War: The Somme
‘Of all the voices of the First World War there is one that has been consistently overlooked, the voice of the bereaved.’ This collection of 100 epitaphs for soldiers who died during the Somme campaign of 1916 lets the bereaved families and friends speak through the inscriptions on War Graves Commission headstones. The book provides information on the soldiers and explains any biblical or literary allusions used in the short (they were limited to 66 characters) and often cryptic epitaphs.
Success of a General
General French and the Relief of Kimberley
Though his reputation was later sullied as Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force in the First World War, John French became a national hero as a cavalry general during the Boer War, in particular for his part in the relief of Kimberley in 1900. This account of the siege and the events leading up to it also includes a review of the medals awarded to British soldiers for the campaign.
The Story of the Malakand Field Force
In 1897, the young Churchill was a war correspondent attached to the Malakand Field Force, fighting local tribes led by the ‘Mad Fakir’ on India’s north-west frontier, an area now part of Pakistan. Written in that year, Churchill’s book sets the scene for the conflict and, drawing on his letters to the Telegraph and official despatches, records the violent engagements of the war, including the relief of Chakdara, the march to Nawagai and fighting in the Mamund Valley.
Heroes and Landmarks of British Military Aviation
From Airships to the Jet Age
In a relatively short period of time, between the late 19th century and the middle of the 20th, the British aviation industry produced a profusion of groundbreaking and history-making inventions, establishing the names of aircraft designers and manufacturers such as de Havilland, Sopwith, Hawker and Handley Page. Each chapter in this review of the era looks at one of these key innovators, from airship pioneer Ernest Willows to Spitfire designer RJ Mitchell and the inventor of the jet engine, Frank Whittle.