Surveying the spiritual and intellectual upheaval experienced throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, this study forms the fifth volume of the Penguin History of Europe. Greengrass traces the eclipse of the older notion of 'Christendom' – the Western European community of belief held together by the Roman Catholic Church – by the divisive challenge to papal authority, by dynastic conflicts that changed the relationship between rulers and ruled, and by geographical and scientific discoveries that undermined the unity of medieval Christendom.
The Maid and the Queen
The Secret History of Joan of Arc and Yolande of Aragon
The story of Joan of Arc is well known: hearing voices at the age of 13, she was inspired to lead French resistance to English domination, and was then captured and subjected to trial by inquisition. But did Joan's strength and power derive only from the angels? Goldstone's revisionist account argues that the restoration of France's greatness came about through the intertwined lives of Joan and her forgotten mentor, Yolande of Aragon, 'perhaps the most astute politician of her age'.
How to be a Victorian
The historian and presenter of BBC2's Victorian Farm, Ruth Goodman offers an unusual history of Victorian everyday life. From the noise of a 'knocker-upper' first thing in the morning to the end of the day behind the bedroom door, she draws on diaries and letters, newspapers, adverts and advice manuals to illuminate topics such as health, personal grooming, food, work and school in the lives of ordinary people and reveal the intimate and physical aspects of 19th-century living.
The Sultan and the Queen
The Untold Story of Elizabeth and Islam
Excommunicated in 1570, Queen Elizabeth I found the key markets of Catholic Europe closed to English merchants; instead, she reached out to the Shah of Iran, the King of Morocco and the Ottoman Sultan. This gripping history reveals how English merchants, sailors and diplomats plied their trade with the Muslim world, creating a fashion for the Orient in London that was reflected in the plays of Marlowe and Shakespeare. Off-mint and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.