Castlereagh, Canning and Deadly Cabinet Rivalry
In 1809, at the height of the struggle against Napoleon, Britain's Secretary of State for War, Lord Castlereagh, challenged the Foreign Secretary, George Canning, to a duel. The two men met on Putney Heath, and Canning was wounded in the thigh. Drawing on previously overlooked private papers, this detailed history examines the poisonous rivalry that led two eminent statesmen to risk their lives in the midst of a national emergency, and traces the far-reaching consequences of this bizarre incident.
How the French Won Waterloo
(or Think They Did)
Most English historians see Waterloo as the Anglo-Prussian victory that ended Napoleon's political and military ambitions and changed the course of European history. In France, however, many people - historians included - share the opinion of the former Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin that 'this defeat shines with the aura of victory'. Stephen Clarke, author of 1000 Years of Annoying the French, investigates the complexities of French thinking about Waterloo and their enduring admiration for Napoleon.
Enlightenment and Reform in Eighteenth-Century Europe
This volume brings together Beales's essays, articles and lectures on 18th century Europe and, in particular, his research on Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor 1765-1790 and ruler of the Austrian Monarchy 1780-1790, and his 'revolution from above'. The book covers an area as wide as Joseph's rule and reforming influence, from the Austrian Netherlands in the West to Galicia and Transylvania in the East, and explores his ideas, aims and achievements through topics ranging from enlightened despotism to Mozart, and from the suppression of the Jesuits to Maria Theresa.