Surveying the spiritual and intellectual upheaval experienced throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, this study forms the fifth volume of the Penguin History of Europe. Greengrass traces the eclipse of the older notion of 'Christendom' – the Western European community of belief held together by the Roman Catholic Church – by the divisive challenge to papal authority, by dynastic conflicts that changed the relationship between rulers and ruled, and by geographical and scientific discoveries that undermined the unity of medieval Christendom.
World Without End
Spain, Philip II, and the First Global Empire
The vast Spanish empire of the 16th century changed the face of the globe forever, but the dramatic human story behind it has never been fully told. In this third volume of his epic history, Hugh Thomas chronicles the lives, loves and conflicts of the men and women who carved up the Americas: King Philip II, the ennobled descendants of the conquistadors, the wealthy landowners, the squabbling priests… and the terrible price paid for their ambition by the indigenous peoples. American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Savage Shore
Extraordinary Stories of Survival and Tragedy from the Early Voyages of Discovery
Several months after the Dutch yacht Gilt Dragon set sail for the East Indies, it foundered off the coast of ‘Southland’. The ship broke up, but 73 survivors made it ashore, a few of whom would sail 2,500 miles in a shuyt to fetch help. This was 1653, over a century before Cook’s ‘discovery’ of Australia. These maritime tales present many of the early and often fabled encounters with Australia, its perilous coastline and indigenous population.
Seventeenth Century Tokens of the British Isles and Their Values
First published in 1986 and recently reprinted, this catalogue lists all known major types of the 17th-century series of token coinage issued in the British Isles between 1648 and 1679. The tokens were round, or sometimes octagonal or heart shaped, and mostly struck in copper or brass in denominations of farthings and half pennies. They offer an insight into life and trade, personal circumstances and local history in the third quarter of the 17th century.
The Uncrowned Queen
Lady Arbella Stuart, cousin to both Elizabeth I and James VI of Scotland, was a woman whose parents' marriage had been orchestrated to provide an heir to the English throne. Raised by her grandmother, Bess of Hardwick, Arbella lived in the shadow and at the mercy of Elizabeth. This study focuses on her lineage, life and legacy, revealing a well-educated woman, desperate to control her own destiny, but ultimately powerless against the politics and intrigue of the Tudor court.
Life in the Georgian Court
When Queen Anne died in 1714, George, Elector of Hanover, acceded to the British throne. Organized in four main acts – Childhood, Marriage, Scandal and Death – rather than as a comprehensive history, this is a collection of true stories from the Georgian era. Romantic, tragic, eccentric and sometimes gory, the tales are engagingly told, revealing the real people beneath the wigs and pomp of the period, and complemented by a useful timeline and a section of black-and-white portraits.
Henry VIII, James IV and the Battle for Renaissance Britain
The decisive battle at Flodden Field in 1513 marked the climax of the personal and political tension between England’s Henry VIII and his brother-in-law James IV of Scotland. This book traces the origins and escalation of their rivalry, with analysis of the political and military manoeuvres leading up to Flodden. It ends with an account of the battle itself, which saw the first artillery exchange on a British battlefield, and an assessment of James’s level of responsibility for Scotland’s defeat.
A Journey in Search of Empire
William Paterson's dream to establish, along with a trading company in Scotland, a Scottish colony on the isthmus of Panama was enthusiastically embraced by the Scots. Caledonia was founded on the Caribbean coast, but the settlers fell foul of disease, poor leadership and their Spanish rivals: the Darien scheme was a disaster. McKendrick gives a detailed account of the whole venture, from the earlier travellers' tales that fired Paterson's imagination, to the Darien legacy in South Carolina, Georgia and Panama.
Mary Queen of Scots
‘No man saw her without love,’ wrote a contemporary French chronicler, ‘or will read her story without pity.’ More than four centuries after her death, Mary, Queen of Scots remains a compelling figure. This book recreates her dramatic life and the courtly, intrigue-ridden world in which she lived. Its 194 colour illustrations include portraits, sketches and colour photographs of the castles and palaces in England, Scotland and France where her tragic story was played out. Off-mint.
Paris, London and New York in the Age of Revolution
This history compares events in Paris, New York and London from 1765 to 1795, when the first two were convulsed by revolution, and the third came close. Drawing on archives, letters and travelogues, the book evokes a world in which aristocrats, lawyers, artisans and society hostesses passionately debated the issues of liberty, justice and the social order, and assesses how those momentous years have shaped the political and physical fabric of all three cities to this day.
Against the view of a liberal, commercial Anglo-American empire of the early 18th century, Stephen Saunders Webb argues that the American provinces, on a war footing, became capitalist, coercive and aggressive owing to their leaders: career army officers, trained and nominated to office by the captain general of the allied armies, the first Duke of Marlborough. His influence, according to Webb, prevailed throughout the 18th century in America.
On 25 August 1833, the chartered transport Amphitrite set sail from London, its 16 crew, 100 female prisoners and their children bound for an Australian convict colony. Days later, and before a crowd of helpless onlookers, the ship would break up off Boulogne, drowning all but three on board. This erudite account of the tragedy also examines the Admiralty’s investigation of the captain who, inexplicably, refused help offered from the shore.
Birth, Marriage, Death and Taxes
Lyme Regis Censuses 1695–1703
In 1695, the short-lived Marriage Duty Act imposed a tax on births, marriages and burials, as well as an annual charge on bachelors over the age of 25 and childless widowers. The tax assessment relied on censuses and seven of these documents have survived for Lyme Regis. Transcribed in this volume, with a substantial introduction, the censuses give a valuable insight into the life and social structure of the town between 1695 and 1703.
The Apache Wars
The Hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History
In 1861, twelve-year-old Felix Telles was kidnapped by an Apache raiding party from his family’s ranch in Arizona Territory, triggering some of the worst fighting in the Apache Wars. Raised as an Apache, Telles eventually became a US Army Apache Scout known as Mickey Free (‘half-Irish, half-Mexican, but all son-of-a-bitch’). Free’s story provides the theme for this history, which is peopled with formidable contemporaries including Kit Carson, George Crook, Geronimo and the Apache Kid. Off-mint, American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The King's Pearl
Henry VIII and His Daughter Mary
Against the traditional image of ‘Bloody Mary’ promoted by Protestant propaganda, and against the more recent portrayals of Mary Tudor as a pitiable and tragic figure, this study presents Mary as her father’s daughter, a strong-willed risk-taker. The book examines her life during the reign of Henry VIII and her complex and dramatic relationship with her father, and reveals England’s first queen regnant as a gambler who ‘staked everything – life, freedom, religion – in a bid for the throne, and won’.
The Consolation of Queen Elizabeth I
The Queen's Translation of Boethius's De Consolatione Philosophiae
In 1593, Elizabeth I became one of several leading figures who translated Boethius’ Consolation. Its themes, particularly predestination and free will, made it one of the most important and most popular philosophical works in the medieval and early modern periods. This diplomatic edition of the text is accompanied by Quan Manh Ha’s introduction discussing Elizabeth’s reading and translation of the Consolation, parallels between her life and that of the imprisoned Boethius, and the manuscript itself. No jacket.
The Spanish Armada
In a compelling, blow-by-blow narrative, Hutchinson follows the 125 ships sent by Philip II of Spain to invade Protestant England, and the response of Elizabeth I's navy. He describes the skirmishes in the Channel, actions at Calais and Gravelines, and the Armada's subsequent destruction on the Irish coast, but also explores less well-known aspects of the failed invasion – the lack of enthusiasm for the fight within England and the intense intelligence war. The appendices include orders of battle for both fleets.
'Good and Proper Men'
Lord Palmerston and the Bench of Bishops
Prior to Palmerston becoming Prime Minister in 1855, there were few bishops and they were rarely seen in their dioceses – most were occupied in London attending to business or Parliament. This changed significantly during Palmerston's ten years in office, during which he appointed 19 bishops who had both academic distinction and parochial experience. Nigel Scotland examines their wide-ranging reforms and innovations, including building churches and schools, promoting education and missions and raising standards among the clergy.
Charles II and His Court
The court of Charles II was the most hedonistic in the history of England. This book charts the king's dalliances from his youthful exile in France, and profiles his mistresses: Barbara Villiers, Louise de Kérouaille and, everyone's favourite, Nell Gwyn. Filled with promiscuous beauties and poxed swaggerers, and packed with intrigue, espionage, illicit liaisons and fierce duels, it draws on a wealth of contemporary letters, diaries, satires and lampoons to bring this decadent world to life.
Privateering, Piracy and British Policy in Spanish America
The privateers deployed by both colonists and Spain during the Spanish-American Wars of Independence, and the rise in unauthorized prize-taking amid the turbulence, posed a threat to neutral Britain’s commercial and political interests. McCarthy’s analysis of the British response to this problem makes a significant contribution to the study of privateering, the development of international law and the character of early 19th-century British imperialism.
Sex, Money & Personal Character in Eighteenth-Century British Politics
How and why did the Anglo-American world become so obsessed with the private lives and public character of its political leaders? Marilyn Morris finds answers in 18th-century Britain, when a long tradition of court intrigue and gossip spread into a broader and more public political arena with the growth of political parties, extra-parliamentary political activities and a partisan print culture. Her study highlights the contradictions, self-deceptions and inconsistencies inherent in personalized politics.
Great crowds attended public services and ceremonies following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on 15 April 1865; this study explores personal as opposed to public responses to the president’s death. Using letters, diaries and other contemporary records of people’s reactions and sentiments rather than memoirs written with hindsight, the book gives a human dimension to this crucial event in American history.
Henry VIII, Thomas Cromwell and the Pilgrimage of Grace
Autumn 1536: Henry VIII has broken with Rome and is eyeing the wealth of the monasteries. In the north of England, 30,000 men loyal to the Catholic Church take arms against him in the uprising known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Using the rebels' own testimony, this narrative history examines their motives and beliefs, charts the course of the ill-fated insurrection, and describes the rhetoric, rewards and retribution employed by Henry's minister Thomas Cromwell to thwart them.
Adultery, Heresy, Desire
‘A narrative that balances on the cusp of old and new, equally informed by both’, the story of Anne Boleyn – her courtship, marriage and eventual tragedy – is often told, yet remains something of a mystery. Amy Licence approaches Anne’s life from the long perspective of the ambitious Boleyn family; she examines how, as queen, Anne overreached contemporary ideas about both women and aristocrats, and how she developed the sophisticated tastes and expectations of Renaissance culture, patronage and queenship.
A Gentleman's Guide to Duelling
Vincentio Saviolo's 'Of Honour and Honourable Quarrels'
Annotated woodcuts of historical duels and methodical swordplay illustrate this classic guide to resolving a gentlemen’s disagreement in Elizabethan England. Honour, pride and shame were at the heart of most duels, and Italian fencing master Vincentio Saviolo’s prose, which has been subtly updated for the modern reader, suggests ways for both challenger and defender to navigate the labyrinth of etiquette without resort to the rapier, his favoured weapon of combat.
Censorship and Cultural Sensibility
The Regulation of Language in Tudor-Stuart England
Debora Shuger offers a new approach to the history of early modern English censorship. Attempting to recover the system of beliefs and values ‘that made the regulation of language, including state censorship, seem like a good idea’, the study deals with issues that remain relevant today: the rhetoric of ideological extremism, the use of defamation to ruin political opponents, and the grounding of law in theological ethics.
The Great Mirror of Folly
Finance, Culture, and the Crash of 1720
Inspired by the world’s first major stock-market crash, the South Sea and Mississippi Bubbles, Het groote tafereel der dwaasheid (‘The Great Mirror of Folly’) was published in Amsterdam in late 1720. The book was a compilation of written and visual documents that had circulated during the ‘bubble’. In the present volume, 16 illustrated essays discuss aspects of the Tafereel and the light it sheds on finance and human folly; while a section of plates reproduces 69 of its original pages.
Dorset Quarter Sessions Order Book 1625-1638
‘John Dackombe appeals against the decision that he is the reputed father of the bastard child of Joan Parker.’ These earliest surviving court records for Dorset offer a fascinating glimpse into the lives of the county’s inhabitants in the early 17th century. This first-ever modern edition translates the Latin sections into English and provides helpful explanatory notes, making this rich catalogue of crimes, misdemeanours and disputes accessible to both scholars and general readers.
A Socialist History of the French Revolution
An internationalist and an advocate for peace, Jean Jaurès, the leader of the Socialist Party in France, was assassinated in July 1914. He was also a leading exponent of Marxist historiography and his groundbreaking History of the French Revolution, published in four volumes in 1901–4, is both a great work of literature and a landmark in the study of the Revolution. The present edition has been abridged and translated by Mitchell Abidor, with an introduction by Henry Heller.
Strangers to That Land
British Perceptions of Ireland from the Reformation to the Famine
In two parts, covering the periods 1540–1660 and 1660–1850, this volume presents first-hand descriptions of Ireland by English, Scottish and Welsh writers who visited the country, and provides notes on the authors and the historical context of their writings. Among the great range of writers represented are Edmund Campion (visiting in 1570), John Wesley (c.1750), Thomas de Quincey (c.1800), Thomas Carlyle (1849) and Queen Victoria (1870).
The History of Four Days, Three Armies and Three Battles
Bernard Cornwell is renowned for his historical fiction, particularly the Sharpe series set in the Napoleonic Wars. In this book he combines those storytelling skills with a meticulously researched history of the days leading up to Waterloo and the battle itself. Cornwell's aim is to give an impression of what it was like to be on the field on 18 June 1815, and he agrees with Wellington's judgment: Waterloo – no matter how many accounts you read – 'is a cliffhanger'.
Governing the Sea in the Early Modern Era
Essays in Honor of Robert C Ritchie
The global expansion of the early modern European empires challenged their old, land-based systems of defending borders and trade. Now there were issues such as rights to fishing waters and smuggling. This volume of eleven essays sets out to examine how successfully early modern rulers dealt with problems of watery borders, rampant piracy, trade in far-flung colonies, and the slave trade.
How to Ruin a Queen: Marie Antoinette,the Stolen Diamonds
and the Scandal that Shook the French Throne
In September 1785 a trial began in Paris that would divide the country, captivate Europe and set the French monarchy on course for revolution and the tumbrils. The aristocratic Cardinal Louis de Rohan stood accused, not only of stealing a 2,800-carat diamond necklace, but claiming he was acting for the queen in purchasing the jewellery. Beckman reopens the case and examines how this murky, convoluted tale of greed and deceit fits into the narrative of French history.
Panorama of the Enlightenment
Between the late 17th century and the French Revolution, the age of the Enlightenment was one of rationalism and intellectual curiosity, the rejection of superstition and a growing reliance on observation and experiment to arrive at the truth. Dorinda Outram places Enlightenment ideas in their widest context and explores their impact across social, cultural and political life, using some 400 illustrations as an integral part of a discussion that ranges from Diderot's Encylopedie to science and medicine.
The Age of Secrecy
Jews, Christians, and the Economy of Secrets, 1400-1800
Descartes’ motto – ‘He who has lived well, has lived in secret’ – epitomizes early modern Europe’s fascination with secrecy, in contrast to our own obsession with openness and disclosure. Showing that people in this period relished secrets because true and important knowledge was considered secret by definition, Jutte examines how Jews and Christians interacted in the exchange of arcane knowledge from the natural sciences, alchemy, magic, the military and politics.
A Confederate Englishman
The Civil War Letters of Henry Wemyss Feilden
In 1860 Henry Wemyss Feilden (1838–1921) resigned his British army commission and travelled to America, where he joined the Confederate forces in Charleston; until the end of the Civil War he served as a staff officer, travelling widely and marrying a local woman. Feilden’s letters, an important source for our knowledge of military matters and civilian life in the southern states, appear here with annotations and reminiscences which he added in his final years.
Nine Centuries in the Heart of Burgundy
Burgundy is justifiably one of the most celebrated wine-growing regions in the world, and at its heart lies the Cellier aux Moines, established by Cistercian monks in the 12th century. Written by the vineyard’s present owner Philippe Pascal and Burgundian historian Gilles Platret, this lavishly illustrated book charts its story across nine centuries, describes the terroir, the grapes and the vintages, and records the recent restoration of the buildings and the revival of its rich heritage of artisanal wine-making.
Catherine of Aragon
An Intimate Life of Henry VIII's True Wife
Catherine of Aragon has been remembered as a tragic figure, the woman Henry VIII divorced for want of a male heir. Amy Licence takes issue with this portrayal: her study presents neither a victim nor a divorcée, but a highly educated Spanish princess and a great humanist queen who, in the early years of her marriage, was Henry's advisor and his warrior. A magnificent portrait of a 'complex, passionate, unbreakable woman', the biography also upholds Catherine's unwavering conviction that her 'divorce' was invalid.
Bringers of War
The Portuguese in Africa during the Age of Gunpowder and Sail
Long before steamships and machine-tooled artillery, the Portuguese established an empire in Africa, capturing trading towns, seizing slaves and plundering mineral riches. This impeccably researched history describes how, between the 15th and the late 18th centuries, they fought their ancient Muslim foes, overthrew African kingdoms and resisted Dutch, Omani and Ottoman rivals in a quest for wealth and power as ruthless as the Spanish conquests in the Americas.
An Empire on the Edge
How Britain Came to Fight America
From a British perspective, this book gives a fresh account of the Boston Tea Party and the origins of the American Revolution, showing how a lethal blend of politics, personalities and economics led to war. Focusing on the last three years of deepening anger on both sides before the outbreak of violent rebellion, Bunker sheds new light on the origins of the Tea Party, the roles of leading figures, and the failings of the government in London. Off-mint and American-cut pages.
Against War and Empire
Geneva, Britain, and France in the Eighteenth Century
As Britain and France became more powerful during the 18th century, small states such as Geneva could no longer stand militarily against these commercial monarchies; and Genevans were wary of being drawn into a corrupt world dominated by the unprincipled pursuit of wealth. Here, Professor Whatmore presents an intellectual history of republicans who engaged with the ideas of Rousseau, Voltaire and Bentham as they strove to keep Geneva at peace and independent.
Power, Politics & County Government in Wales
This study of public administration at the county level in Wales during the ‘long’ 19th century couples a detailed examination of what happened in one county – Anglesey – with overviews of events in other parts of Wales. Griffith explores the social and cultural contexts of county government in Wales, and assesses the shifts in the character and efficacy of local government, initially under a landed magistracy and later under a democratically elected council.
The Savage Storm
Britain on the Brink in the Age of Napoleon
David Andress chronicles the 'remarkably dogged, occasionally despairing, but at last overwhelmingly successful British fight against the continental power embodied in the 'Grand Empire' of Napoleon Bonaparte'. He describes the military conflict itself, but also examines how it affected both high politics and the very active social resistance of the time. As well as the international contest of ideologies, the study considers the bitterly divided society within Britain, even as it prevailed over Napoleon.
Gladstone, Gordon and the Sudan Wars
The Battle over Imperial Intervention in the Victorian Age
General Gordon's death in Khartoum in January 1885 was a crucial episode in British history and one that has remained controversial. Gordon has been usually depicted as the hero of the story, while Gladstone is often portrayed as the villain, responsible for a 'policy of drift' in Sudan. Nicoll's radical reappraisal, based on previously unpublished materials, refutes the conventional image of both men and offers insight into British policy in Africa and the influence of the press and public opinion.
The Entertainment of Charles II
In February 1661 the restored monarch Charles II made a progress through London, from the Tower to Whitehall and his coronation, passing through four triumphal arches constructed for the event. John Ogilby, Master of Revels, was commissioned to organize the spectacle for the procession. Published in 1662, his Entertainment contains texts of the poetry, notably translations of Virgil, descriptions and engravings of the four arches and details of the ceremonies. This facsimile edition has an introduction by Ronald Knowles. No jacket.
A Year in the Life of Stuart Britain
Among the momentous events described in the Stuart year are the Great Plague, the Great Fire of London, the Union of Scotland and England and the publication of Newton’s Principia; and the witnesses to this 17th-century Britain include Pepys, Evelyn, Defoe and John Bunyan.
Beginning with the horror of the battlefield where 50,000 men lay dead and injured as night fell on 18 June 1815, O'Keeffe's study covers the months between Wellington's victory and the confinement of Napoleon on St Helena. It describes how, once the dead and dying were gone, the site was visited by tourists; how the news of the battle was spread; the advance of the British and Prussian armies into France; and Napoleon's final weeks as surrender became inevitable.
Lives that Shaped the Modern Age
The Renaissance began in northern Italy around 1400 with a rediscovery of classical antiquity and a new interest in our place in the natural world. As it spread across Europe it took many forms; more a state of mind than a fixed programme, it brought vast political, religious and social change. This superbly illustrated book focuses on 94 individuals – from Leonardo to Luther, and Catherine de' Medici to Copernicus – each of whom embodied and spread a facet of Renaissance culture.