The Americas in the Age of Revolution
Lester D Langley presents a comparative history of three revolutions – the American Revolution in 1776, the slave revolt in the French colony of Saint Dominique (that became Haiti) and the long Spanish-American struggle for independence – and offers ‘a portrait of hemispherical political culture in an epoch spanning three wars in the Americas, each of which left a powerful legacy for the new states that took form in their aftermath’.
Surveying the spiritual and intellectual upheaval experienced throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, this study forms the fifth volume of the Penguin History of Europe. Greengrass traces the eclipse of the older notion of 'Christendom' – the Western European community of belief held together by the Roman Catholic Church – by the divisive challenge to papal authority, by dynastic conflicts that changed the relationship between rulers and ruled, and by geographical and scientific discoveries that undermined the unity of medieval Christendom.
World Without End
Spain, Philip II, and the First Global Empire
The vast Spanish empire of the 16th century changed the face of the globe forever, but the dramatic human story behind it has never been fully told. In this third volume of his epic history, Hugh Thomas chronicles the lives, loves and conflicts of the men and women who carved up the Americas: King Philip II, the ennobled descendants of the conquistadors, the wealthy landowners, the squabbling priests… and the terrible price paid for their ambition by the indigenous peoples. American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Savage Shore
Extraordinary Stories of Survival and Tragedy from the Early Voyages of Discovery
Several months after the Dutch yacht Gilt Dragon set sail for the East Indies, it foundered off the coast of ‘Southland’. The ship broke up, but 73 survivors made it ashore, a few of whom would sail 2,500 miles in a shuyt to fetch help. This was 1653, over a century before Cook’s ‘discovery’ of Australia. These maritime tales present many of the early and often fabled encounters with Australia, its perilous coastline and indigenous population.
The Seymours of Wolf Hall
A Tudor Family Story
Originating in France, the Seymour family accompanied William the Conqueror to England and served the crown for generations; but came to prominence in the Tudor era. Jane was Henry VIII's third queen and mother to Edward VI, and her brothers Edward and Thomas rose to high office, only to end their lives at the executioner's block. The two brothers are the main focus in Loades's study of the rise and fall of the family and their ancestral home at Wolfhall, Wiltshire. Slightly off-mint.
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Tudors
But Were Afraid to Ask
Terry Breverton's engrossing compendium of 'interesting facts' is in two parts: the first deals with the Tudor monarchs and their children, courtiers and advisors in an information-packed narrative following the dynasty from its origins to the death of Elizabeth I. Part Two deals with life in Tudor times, covering everything from farming to architecture in 20 chapters, and two final sections explode Tudor myths and list superlatives such as the biggest villain and the first ever stock-market flotation.
The Tragic Story of Henry VIII's Fifth Queen
Katherine Howard was little more than a child when she married Henry VIII, and just 18 when she was beheaded in the Tower of London. This sympathetic biography sheds new light on the life and death of a kind, intelligent young woman trapped in a web of sexual abuse, family ambition, religious conflict and political intrigue by those in positions of power.
Seventeenth Century Tokens of the British Isles and Their Values
First published in 1986 and recently reprinted, this catalogue lists all known major types of the 17th-century series of token coinage issued in the British Isles between 1648 and 1679. The tokens were round, or sometimes octagonal or heart shaped, and mostly struck in copper or brass in denominations of farthings and half pennies. They offer an insight into life and trade, personal circumstances and local history in the third quarter of the 17th century.
The Uncrowned Queen
Lady Arbella Stuart, cousin to both Elizabeth I and James VI of Scotland, was a woman whose parents' marriage had been orchestrated to provide an heir to the English throne. Raised by her grandmother, Bess of Hardwick, Arbella lived in the shadow and at the mercy of Elizabeth. This study focuses on her lineage, life and legacy, revealing a well-educated woman, desperate to control her own destiny, but ultimately powerless against the politics and intrigue of the Tudor court.
Life in the Georgian Court
When Queen Anne died in 1714, George, Elector of Hanover, acceded to the British throne. Organized in four main acts – Childhood, Marriage, Scandal and Death – rather than as a comprehensive history, this is a collection of true stories from the Georgian era. Romantic, tragic, eccentric and sometimes gory, the tales are engagingly told, revealing the real people beneath the wigs and pomp of the period, and complemented by a useful timeline and a section of black-and-white portraits.
Had the first-born son of Henry VII lived into adulthood, the crown would not have passed to his younger brother: Arthur Tudor, rather than Henry VIII, would have ruled and England’s subsequent history would have been quite different. This study of Arthur (1486–1502) describes the life of a prince royally matched to Catherine of Aragon, groomed and destined for the throne; and it shows how, when Arthur died, Henry inherited his brother’s wife, but not his careful preparation for kingship.
Henry VIII, James IV and the Battle for Renaissance Britain
The decisive battle at Flodden Field in 1513 marked the climax of the personal and political tension between England’s Henry VIII and his brother-in-law James IV of Scotland. This book traces the origins and escalation of their rivalry, with analysis of the political and military manoeuvres leading up to Flodden. It ends with an account of the battle itself, which saw the first artillery exchange on a British battlefield, and an assessment of James’s level of responsibility for Scotland’s defeat.
A Journey in Search of Empire
William Paterson's dream to establish, along with a trading company in Scotland, a Scottish colony on the isthmus of Panama was enthusiastically embraced by the Scots. Caledonia was founded on the Caribbean coast, but the settlers fell foul of disease, poor leadership and their Spanish rivals: the Darien scheme was a disaster. McKendrick gives a detailed account of the whole venture, from the earlier travellers' tales that fired Paterson's imagination, to the Darien legacy in South Carolina, Georgia and Panama.
A Collection of Ranter Writings
Spiritual Liberty and Sexual Freedom in the English Revolution
The Ranters were a group of religious libertarians who flourished shortly after the execution of Charles I during the English Civil War. Expressing their spiritual liberty, and their alleged commitment to free love, Ranter writings were remarkably candid and daring. This scholarly anthology brings together some of the most visionary texts by Abiezer Coppe, Laurence Clarkson, Joseph Salmon and Jacob Bauthumley. Second edition, with a new foreword by the author.
Mary Queen of Scots
‘No man saw her without love,’ wrote a contemporary French chronicler, ‘or will read her story without pity.’ More than four centuries after her death, Mary, Queen of Scots remains a compelling figure. This book recreates her dramatic life and the courtly, intrigue-ridden world in which she lived. Its 194 colour illustrations include portraits, sketches and colour photographs of the castles and palaces in England, Scotland and France where her tragic story was played out. Off-mint.
The Temptation of Elizabeth Tudor
Elizabeth I, Thomas Seymour, and the Making of a Virgin Queen
Combining scholarly research with engaging storytelling, and filled with evocative detail, Norton’s book investigates the personalities, politics and intrigues surrounding the young Elizabeth Tudor and Thomas Seymour, the new husband of Henry VIII’s widow, Catherine Parr. After Catherine’s death in 1548, Seymour’s motives came under suspicion, leading to his arrest and execution for treason. Norton’s book is a compelling exploration of the relation between the Seymour Scandal and Elizabeth’s future resolve to be the ‘virgin queen’.
Paris, London and New York in the Age of Revolution
This history compares events in Paris, New York and London from 1765 to 1795, when the first two were convulsed by revolution, and the third came close. Drawing on archives, letters and travelogues, the book evokes a world in which aristocrats, lawyers, artisans and society hostesses passionately debated the issues of liberty, justice and the social order, and assesses how those momentous years have shaped the political and physical fabric of all three cities to this day.
Against the view of a liberal, commercial Anglo-American empire of the early 18th century, Stephen Saunders Webb argues that the American provinces, on a war footing, became capitalist, coercive and aggressive owing to their leaders: career army officers, trained and nominated to office by the captain general of the allied armies, the first Duke of Marlborough. His influence, according to Webb, prevailed throughout the 18th century in America.
On 25 August 1833, the chartered transport Amphitrite set sail from London, its 16 crew, 100 female prisoners and their children bound for an Australian convict colony. Days later, and before a crowd of helpless onlookers, the ship would break up off Boulogne, drowning all but three on board. This erudite account of the tragedy also examines the Admiralty’s investigation of the captain who, inexplicably, refused help offered from the shore.
Birth, Marriage, Death and Taxes
Lyme Regis Censuses 1695–1703
In 1695, the short-lived Marriage Duty Act imposed a tax on births, marriages and burials, as well as an annual charge on bachelors over the age of 25 and childless widowers. The tax assessment relied on censuses and seven of these documents have survived for Lyme Regis. Transcribed in this volume, with a substantial introduction, the censuses give a valuable insight into the life and social structure of the town between 1695 and 1703.
The Apache Wars
The Hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History
In 1861, twelve-year-old Felix Telles was kidnapped by an Apache raiding party from his family’s ranch in Arizona Territory, triggering some of the worst fighting in the Apache Wars. Raised as an Apache, Telles eventually became a US Army Apache Scout known as Mickey Free (‘half-Irish, half-Mexican, but all son-of-a-bitch’). Free’s story provides the theme for this history, which is peopled with formidable contemporaries including Kit Carson, George Crook, Geronimo and the Apache Kid. Off-mint, American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The King's Pearl
Henry VIII and His Daughter Mary
Against the traditional image of ‘Bloody Mary’ promoted by Protestant propaganda, and against the more recent portrayals of Mary Tudor as a pitiable and tragic figure, this study presents Mary as her father’s daughter, a strong-willed risk-taker. The book examines her life during the reign of Henry VIII and her complex and dramatic relationship with her father, and reveals England’s first queen regnant as a gambler who ‘staked everything – life, freedom, religion – in a bid for the throne, and won’.
A Brief History of Henry VIII
Reformer and Tyrant
Described by Derek Wilson as 'a magnificent piece of propaganda', Holbein's portrait of Henry VIII depicts a proud, belligerent and powerful monarch. Wilson argues that a realistic understanding of Henry requires 'the rejection of this forceful icon' and, drawing on a lifetime's work on this period, his study provides a fresh assessment of the king's character and his response to the bewildering changes of the Renaissance and Reformation era.
Tudors Versus Stewarts
The Fatal Inheritance of Mary, Queen of Scots
The rivalry between the Stewarts and the Tudors began when two usurpers, Henry VII and James IV, seized the thrones of their respective countries. This compelling history evokes a world of glittering courts, blood feuds, battles and murders, showing how James's marriage to Margaret Tudor gave the Stewarts a claim to the English throne, a legacy that would lead to the fatal struggle between Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots. Previously published as Crown of Thistles.
The Spanish Armada
In a compelling, blow-by-blow narrative, Hutchinson follows the 125 ships sent by Philip II of Spain to invade Protestant England, and the response of Elizabeth I's navy. He describes the skirmishes in the Channel, actions at Calais and Gravelines, and the Armada's subsequent destruction on the Irish coast, but also explores less well-known aspects of the failed invasion – the lack of enthusiasm for the fight within England and the intense intelligence war. The appendices include orders of battle for both fleets.
The King's Bed
Sex, Power and the Court of Charles II
Charles II was obsessed by women, and his conquests ranged across the classes, from the actress Nell Gwyn to the aristocrat Barbara Villiers. For the first time, this revealing book places the king’s compulsive philandering at the centre of an account of his reign. Taking us behind the scenes, it introduces a colourful cast of court favourites, politicians and a parade of mistresses fighting for influence over a king ruled – and ruined – by his passions.
'Good and Proper Men'
Lord Palmerston and the Bench of Bishops
Prior to Palmerston becoming Prime Minister in 1855, there were few bishops and they were rarely seen in their dioceses – most were occupied in London attending to business or Parliament. This changed significantly during Palmerston's ten years in office, during which he appointed 19 bishops who had both academic distinction and parochial experience. Nigel Scotland examines their wide-ranging reforms and innovations, including building churches and schools, promoting education and missions and raising standards among the clergy.
Charles II and His Court
The court of Charles II was the most hedonistic in the history of England. This book charts the king's dalliances from his youthful exile in France, and profiles his mistresses: Barbara Villiers, Louise de Kérouaille and, everyone's favourite, Nell Gwyn. Filled with promiscuous beauties and poxed swaggerers, and packed with intrigue, espionage, illicit liaisons and fierce duels, it draws on a wealth of contemporary letters, diaries, satires and lampoons to bring this decadent world to life.
Glendale and the Revolution in Skye
In the 1830s and 1840s, the district of Glendale on Skye was swamped with immigrants cleared from other estates in north Skye. The overcrowding and overuse of land caused simmering discontent, not against the newcomers, but against the landowners. This book gives a full account of what happened when violence erupted and full-scale land war ensued. At its heart is the story of rebel leader John MacPherson, 'the Glendale Martyr', and his final success.
Privateering, Piracy and British Policy in Spanish America
The privateers deployed by both colonists and Spain during the Spanish-American Wars of Independence, and the rise in unauthorized prize-taking amid the turbulence, posed a threat to neutral Britain’s commercial and political interests. McCarthy’s analysis of the British response to this problem makes a significant contribution to the study of privateering, the development of international law and the character of early 19th-century British imperialism.
Sex, Money & Personal Character in Eighteenth-Century British Politics
How and why did the Anglo-American world become so obsessed with the private lives and public character of its political leaders? Marilyn Morris finds answers in 18th-century Britain, when a long tradition of court intrigue and gossip spread into a broader and more public political arena with the growth of political parties, extra-parliamentary political activities and a partisan print culture. Her study highlights the contradictions, self-deceptions and inconsistencies inherent in personalized politics.
Great crowds attended public services and ceremonies following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on 15 April 1865; this study explores personal as opposed to public responses to the president’s death. Using letters, diaries and other contemporary records of people’s reactions and sentiments rather than memoirs written with hindsight, the book gives a human dimension to this crucial event in American history.
Henry VIII, Thomas Cromwell and the Pilgrimage of Grace
Autumn 1536: Henry VIII has broken with Rome and is eyeing the wealth of the monasteries. In the north of England, 30,000 men loyal to the Catholic Church take arms against him in the uprising known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Using the rebels' own testimony, this narrative history examines their motives and beliefs, charts the course of the ill-fated insurrection, and describes the rhetoric, rewards and retribution employed by Henry's minister Thomas Cromwell to thwart them.
Adultery, Heresy, Desire
‘A narrative that balances on the cusp of old and new, equally informed by both’, the story of Anne Boleyn – her courtship, marriage and eventual tragedy – is often told, yet remains something of a mystery. Amy Licence approaches Anne’s life from the long perspective of the ambitious Boleyn family; she examines how, as queen, Anne overreached contemporary ideas about both women and aristocrats, and how she developed the sophisticated tastes and expectations of Renaissance culture, patronage and queenship.
A Brief History of the Great Moghuls
India's Most Flamboyant Rulers
Bamber Gascoigne's classic book tells of the most fascinating period of Indian history, the 16th and 17th centuries, when the country was ruled by an extraordinarily talented dynasty of emperors. Masters of almost limitless power and incomparable wealth, the 'Great Moghuls', as they were known to European travellers, were passionate about art, science and religion, but also sophisticated administrators who stabilized much of India. First published as The Great Moghuls in 1971.
Superstition and Science
Mystics, Sceptics, Truth-Seekers and Charlatans
The period between the European Renaissance and Enlightenment brought monumental scientific discoveries about gravity, the structure of the solar system and the circulation of the blood, but these coexisted with an almost universal belief in horoscopes and magic. In this book a Tudor historian explores how the great thinkers of the age responded to the entanglement of superstition and science, and shows how their work contributed to debate about the relationship between belief and knowledge.
A Gentleman's Guide to Duelling
Vincentio Saviolo's 'Of Honour and Honourable Quarrels'
Annotated woodcuts of historical duels and methodical swordplay illustrate this classic guide to resolving a gentlemen’s disagreement in Elizabethan England. Honour, pride and shame were at the heart of most duels, and Italian fencing master Vincentio Saviolo’s prose, which has been subtly updated for the modern reader, suggests ways for both challenger and defender to navigate the labyrinth of etiquette without resort to the rapier, his favoured weapon of combat.
The Camisard Uprising
War and Religion in the Cévennes
A century of religious tolerance in France came to an end with the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. French Protestants, or Huguenots, were relentlessly persecuted, and many fled to England. In the remote Cévennes, however, villagers clung to their faith. This groundbreaking history charts the little-known conflict of 1702–4, when shepherds and farmers went into combat singing psalms, holding the armed might of the French state at bay for two years before their eventual defeat.
Censorship and Cultural Sensibility
The Regulation of Language in Tudor-Stuart England
Debora Shuger offers a new approach to the history of early modern English censorship. Attempting to recover the system of beliefs and values ‘that made the regulation of language, including state censorship, seem like a good idea’, the study deals with issues that remain relevant today: the rhetoric of ideological extremism, the use of defamation to ruin political opponents, and the grounding of law in theological ethics.
An Illustrated Introduction to the Regency
The Regency, which lasted from 1811 to 1820, was more than a political period – it was a style, a fashion, a state of mind. Illustrated in colour, this compact introduction charts the era’s extraordinary outpouring of creativity: the writing of Austen, Byron and Shelley, the paintings of Turner and Constable, the architecture of Nash and Soane, and the sartorial elegance of Beau Brummell.
Foreign Citizens in the Old Regime and After
Although the numbers of immigrants seeking naturalization in pre-revolutionary France were insignificant, the process of becoming ‘naturalized foreigners’ – they never attained the full legal status of French ‘naturals’ – offers a unique perspective on the policies and practices of citizenship and nationality. Sahlins’ social, political and legal history of early immigration explores these processes of naturalization before and after the 1789 Revolution.
A Brief History of the Tudor Age
Beginning with the victory of Henry Tudor in 1485 and ending with the death of Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, this is a vivid account of a contradictory age of great cultural achievement and terrible violence. Opulent life at court, voyages of discovery, scholarship and the flowering of English drama are juxtaposed with poverty, the narrow lives of peasants, harsh justice and war. First published as The Tudor Age.
A Documentary Collection to 1700
In March 1500, a fleet of 13 ships set sail from Lisbon, beginning a process of conquest, colonization and settlement that would create the modern nation of Brazil. This selection of original letters, reports and instructions, many published for the first time in English, and some for the first time in any language, charts the interactions of indigenous peoples, Portuguese colonists, Jesuit priests and African slaves to reveal the early political, economic, social and religious life of the colony.
The Great Mirror of Folly
Finance, Culture, and the Crash of 1720
Inspired by the world’s first major stock-market crash, the South Sea and Mississippi Bubbles, Het groote tafereel der dwaasheid (‘The Great Mirror of Folly’) was published in Amsterdam in late 1720. The book was a compilation of written and visual documents that had circulated during the ‘bubble’. In the present volume, 16 illustrated essays discuss aspects of the Tafereel and the light it sheds on finance and human folly; while a section of plates reproduces 69 of its original pages.