Ecology and Enclosure
The Effect of Enclosure on Society, Farming and the Environment in South Cambridgeshire, 1798–1850
South Cambridgeshire has some of the richest arable land in England and has been cultivated for millennia. By 1800, industrialization and massive population growth had resulted in an enormous increase in the demand for food, which in turn led to enclosure. This book presents a study of social and agricultural life in South Cambridgeshire before enclosure, then describes the process of enclosure and its effects on society, farming and the environment in the region between 1798 and 1850.
Emerson was an unknown schoolteacher of 30 when he first visited England in 1833, but managed to secure introductions to Wordsworth, Coleridge and Carlyle, who became a lifelong friend. When he returned in 1847, he was a celebrated writer. These two visits form the basis of English Traits, a witty, affectionate portrait of a culture he admired profoundly but from which, as an American, he knew he must break free.