The Tragic Story of Henry VIII's Fifth Queen
Katherine Howard was little more than a child when she married Henry VIII, and just 18 when she was beheaded in the Tower of London. This meticulous, sympathetic and absorbing biography sheds fascinating new light on the life and death of this kind, intelligent young woman trapped in a web of sexual abuse, family ambition, religious conflict and political intrigue by those in positions of power.
A Socialist History of the French Revolution
An internationalist and an advocate for peace, Jean Jaurès, the leader of the Socialist Party in France, was assassinated in July 1914. He was also a leading exponent of Marxist historiography and his groundbreaking History of the French Revolution, published in four volumes in 1901–4, is both a great work of literature and a landmark in the study of the Revolution. The present edition has been abridged and translated by Mitchell Abidor, with an introduction by Henry Heller.
Birth, Marriage, Death and Taxes
Lyme Regis Censuses 1695–1703
In 1695, the short-lived Marriage Duty Act imposed a tax on births, marriages and burials, as well as an annual charge on bachelors over the age of 25 and childless widowers. The tax assessment relied on censuses and seven of these documents have survived for Lyme Regis. Transcribed in this volume, with a substantial introduction, the censuses give a valuable insight into the life and social structure of the town between 1695 and 1703.
Strangers to That Land
British Perceptions of Ireland from the Reformation to the Famine
In two parts, covering the periods 1540–1660 and 1660–1850, this volume presents first-hand descriptions of Ireland by English, Scottish and Welsh writers who visited the country, and provides notes on the authors and the historical context of their writings. Among the great range of writers represented are Edmund Campion (visiting in 1570), John Wesley (c.1750), Thomas de Quincey (c.1800), Thomas Carlyle (1849) and Queen Victoria (1870).
The History of Four Days, Three Armies and Three Battles
Bernard Cornwell is renowned for his historical fiction, particularly the Sharpe series set in the Napoleonic Wars. In this book he combines those storytelling skills with a meticulously researched history of the days leading up to Waterloo and the battle itself. Cornwell's aim is to give an impression of what it was like to be on the field on 18 June 1815, and he agrees with Wellington's judgment: Waterloo – no matter how many accounts you read – 'is a cliffhanger'.
The Great Mirror of Folly
Finance, Culture, and the Crash of 1720
Inspired by the world’s first major stock-market crash, the South Sea and Mississippi Bubbles, Het groote tafereel der dwaasheid (‘The Great Mirror of Folly’) was published in Amsterdam in late 1720. The book was a compilation of written and visual documents that had circulated during the ‘bubble’. In the present volume, 16 illustrated essays discuss aspects of the Tafereel and the light it sheds on finance and human folly; while a section of plates reproduces 69 of its original pages.
The World in Motion
The year 1616 brought such notable events as the arrival of a samurai in the Vatican, the Inquisition’s investigation of Galileo, the deaths of Shakespeare and Cervantes, the visit of Matoaka (‘Pocahontas’) to London, and the first stage appearance of Father Christmas. In this illustrated history of the year Christensen interweaves stories from around the world, highlighting themes relating to the global economy, international travel, women’s emerging roles and developments in art and science as the modern age was being born.
Governing the Sea in the Early Modern Era
Essays in Honor of Robert C Ritchie
The global expansion of the early modern European empires challenged their old, land-based systems of defending borders and trade. Now there were issues such as rights to fishing waters and smuggling. This volume of eleven essays sets out to examine how successfully early modern rulers dealt with problems of watery borders, rampant piracy, trade in far-flung colonies, and the slave trade.
An Intimate History of the Queen's Court
Much has been written about Queen Elizabeth I, but few histories have drawn on the first-hand accounts of those who knew her most intimately: the ladies in waiting who shared her heavily curtained bedchamber, and sometimes even her bed. Telling the queen's story through the eyes of her closest confidants, this compulsively readable book navigates a web of gossip, intrigue, conspiracy and scandal to reveal the private face of the monarch in all her power and pathos.
The Life and Rule of England's Nero
In this compelling study of Henry VIII, the Tudor historian John Matusiak takes a fresh approach to the king’s reign, concentrating on Henry’s qualities – or lack of – as a ruler, rather than the usual business of his six wives, to paint a colourful and unforgiving portrait of a man wholly unfit for power.
The Countess in the Tower
Of all the executions ordered by Henry VIII, perhaps the most horrifying was that of Margaret Pole, the 67-year-old Countess of Salisbury, butchered by a blundering headsman in 1541. This gripping biography charts a life scarred by violence since her father, the Duke of Clarence, was executed by his brother Edward IV. Margaret fell from favour after Henry divorced her friend Catherine of Aragon, and when her son Reginald organized a Catholic rebellion, disfavour turned to imprisonment and death.
The History of England. Volume III
The 17th century was one of the most turbulent England had seen; at its centre stands the Civil War, the execution of Charles I and the despotic rule of Oliver Cromwell. This third volume of Peter Ackroyd's magisterial national history charts that era of revolution and religious conflict from the accession of James I to the exile of his grandson James II, and from the literary riches of Shakespeare and Milton to the often insecure lives of ordinary men and women. Slightly off-mint.
Great Civil War Heroes and Their Battles
The nation-forming struggle between the Union and the Confederate States in America threw up heroes on both sides and the famous events and characters were widely celebrated in contemporary publications. This commemorative volume is based on the biographies of 50 famous leaders, first published in the late 19th century, which are accompanied by portraits and illustrations of 70 battles and authentic drawings examining weaponry, uniforms and insignia.
Superstition and Science
Mystics, Sceptics, Truth-Seekers and Charlatans
The period between the European Renaissance and Enlightenment brought monumental scientific discoveries about gravity, the structure of the solar system and the circulation of the blood, but these coexisted with an almost universal belief in horoscopes and magic. In this book a Tudor historian explores how the great thinkers of the age responded to the entanglement of superstition and science, and shows how their work contributed to debate about the relationship between belief and knowledge.
Mythical Indies and Columbus's Apocalyptic Letter
Imagining the Americas in the Late Middle Ages
Columbus’s 1493 letter to the Spanish court announcing that he had reached the ‘islands of the Indies’ – in fact, the Caribbean – caused a sensation, and has been the subject of controversy ever since. This critical edition contains the authentic text, supported by facsimiles of the three original printed and manuscript versions, with an annotated English translation. An extensive introduction and notes discuss its cultural and historical significance, and the volume includes a glossary and guide to abbreviations.
Napoleon and Russia
Many books on Napoleon and Russia focus on the ill-fated 1812 invasion, but Adams describes a full quarter-century of Franco- Russian relations from the time of the French revolution to the end of the Napoleonic period. He therefore sets the events of 1812 in a wider context of peace as well as war, and of friendship and alliance as well as enmity, which leads him to question many of the English- speaking world's assumptions about the era.
When Britain Burned the White House
The 1814 Invasion of Washington
In August 1814, British troops defeated the US Army outside Washington and, as President James Madison fled, set fire to the White House. In this meticulously researched, even-handed history of the conflict, veteran broadcaster Peter Snow provides a gripping account of the fast-changing fortunes of this little-known war, and describes the colourful characters on both sides: the fiery British Admiral George Cockburn, the cautious but popular Major General Robert Ross, and the American heroes Joshua Barney and Sam Smith.
The King's Bed
Sex, Power and the Court of Charles II
Charles II was obsessed by women, and his conquests ranged across the classes, from the actress Nell Gwyn to the aristocrat Barbara Villiers. For the first time, this revealing book places the king’s compulsive philandering at the centre of an account of his reign. Taking us behind the scenes, it introduces a colourful cast of court favourites, politicians and a parade of mistresses fighting for influence over a king ruled – and ruined – by his passions.
In the Footsteps of the Six Wives of Henry VIII
This book sheds fresh light on the wives of Henry VIII by exploring the manors, castles and palaces where their lives – and deaths – were played out. Lavishly illustrated with maps, plans and 36 pages of colour plates, it takes the reader from the Alhambra in Spain, childhood home of Katherine of Aragon, to Acton Court, where Henry dined with Anne Boleyn; from Düsseldorf, birthplace of Anne of Cleves, to Hampton Court, scene of Jane Seymour’s triumph and tragedy.
The King's Revenge
Charles II and the Greatest Manhunt in British History
After the beheading of his father Charles I in 1649, the 19-year-old Prince of Wales vowed to seek revenge and, from exile, instigated the biggest manhunt in British history. The search lasted over 30 years, with show trials and assassination squads scouring the country for the men who dared to sit in judgement of King Charles. Following the hunt in this fast-paced historical narrative, the authors tell an engrossing tale of intrigue, espionage, ambition and betrayal.
Sex, Money & Personal Character in Eighteenth-Century British Politics
How and why did the Anglo-American world become so obsessed with the private lives and public character of its political leaders? Marilyn Morris finds answers in 18th-century Britain, when a long tradition of court intrigue and gossip spread into a broader and more public political arena with the growth of political parties, extra-parliamentary political activities and a partisan print culture. Her study highlights the contradictions, self-deceptions and inconsistencies inherent in personalized politics.
How to Ruin a Queen: Marie Antoinette,the Stolen Diamonds
and the Scandal that Shook the French Throne
In September 1785 a trial began in Paris that would divide the country, captivate Europe and set the French monarchy on course for revolution and the tumbrils. The aristocratic Cardinal Louis de Rohan stood accused, not only of stealing a 2,800-carat diamond necklace, but claiming he was acting for the queen in purchasing the jewellery. Beckman reopens the case and examines how this murky, convoluted tale of greed and deceit fits into the narrative of French history.
The English Civil Wars
A Beginner's Guide
As well as the political disputes, religious conflicts and military battles, this Beginner's Guide examines how everyday life was shaped – or torn apart – by the English Civil Wars. The book is in two parts: the first is a narrative of events from 1642 to the Royalist defeat at Worcester in 1651; part two is a thematic study of the military, religious, political and social aspects of the period.
Panorama of the Enlightenment
Between the late 17th century and the French Revolution, the age of the Enlightenment was one of rationalism and intellectual curiosity, the rejection of superstition and a growing reliance on observation and experiment to arrive at the truth. Dorinda Outram places Enlightenment ideas in their widest context and explores their impact across social, cultural and political life, using some 400 illustrations as an integral part of a discussion that ranges from Diderot's Encylopedie to science and medicine.
Citizens and Cannibals: The French Revolution,
The Struggle for Modernity, and the Origins of Ideological Terror
Why did the French Revolution, informed by the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, end in the Terror? This thought-provoking study explores the way in which fundamental political transitions generate both promise and anxiety, and how France's failed evolution into a modern state introduced a new scourge: the ideological terror that Hitler, Stalin and a host of other dictators would unleash on an even greater scale. This sobering analysis reminds us of the dangers we must still guard against today.
A Documentary Collection to 1700
In March 1500, a fleet of 13 ships set sail from Lisbon, beginning a process of conquest, colonization and settlement that would create the modern nation of Brazil. This selection of original letters, reports and instructions, many published for the first time in English, and some for the first time in any language, charts the interactions of indigenous peoples, Portuguese colonists, Jesuit priests and African slaves to reveal the early political, economic, social and religious life of the colony.
The Age of Secrecy
Jews, Christians, and the Economy of Secrets, 1400-1800
Descartes’ motto – ‘He who has lived well, has lived in secret’ – epitomizes early modern Europe’s fascination with secrecy, in contrast to our own obsession with openness and disclosure. Showing that people in this period relished secrets because true and important knowledge was considered secret by definition, Jutte examines how Jews and Christians interacted in the exchange of arcane knowledge from the natural sciences, alchemy, magic, the military and politics.
A Confederate Englishman
The Civil War Letters of Henry Wemyss Feilden
In 1860 Henry Wemyss Feilden (1838–1921) resigned his British army commission and travelled to America, where he joined the Confederate forces in Charleston; until the end of the Civil War he served as a staff officer, travelling widely and marrying a local woman. Feilden’s letters, an important source for our knowledge of military matters and civilian life in the southern states, appear here with annotations and reminiscences which he added in his final years.
Nine Centuries in the Heart of Burgundy
Burgundy is justifiably one of the most celebrated wine-growing regions in the world, and at its heart lies the Cellier aux Moines, established by Cistercian monks in the 12th century. Written by the vineyard’s present owner Philippe Pascal and Burgundian historian Gilles Platret, this lavishly illustrated book charts its story across nine centuries, describes the terroir, the grapes and the vintages, and records the recent restoration of the buildings and the revival of its rich heritage of artisanal wine-making.
A Path in the Mighty Waters
Shipboard Life and Atlantic Crossings to the New World
In October 1735 two merchant ships and a naval vessel left London, beginning a five-month transatlantic voyage to the new British colony of Georgia. Berry uses logs, letters and diaries from this expedition to describe the passengers’ experience of sea travel and their hopes and fears about a new life in America. He also examines how such voyages shaped American Protestantism, as shipboard life gave a foretaste of the New World’s denominational and ethnic diversity.
English and Catholic
The Lords Baltimore in the Seventeenth Century
In the 16th and 17th centuries, to be English and Catholic was to face persecution, financial penalties and even death. Yet some English Catholics prospered and this study looks at the career and legacy of one of the most prominent: George Calvert, Baron of Baltimore in Ireland. A talented and ambitious man, Calvert successfully navigated the politics of court to become secretary of state under James I, and later embarked on colonial enterprises that culminated in the founding of Maryland.
Catherine of Aragon
An Intimate Life of Henry VIII's True Wife
Catherine of Aragon has been remembered as a tragic figure, the woman Henry VIII divorced for want of a male heir. Amy Licence takes issue with this portrayal: her study presents neither a victim nor a divorcée, but a highly educated Spanish princess and a great humanist queen who, in the early years of her marriage, was Henry's advisor and his warrior. A magnificent portrait of a 'complex, passionate, unbreakable woman', the biography also upholds Catherine's unwavering conviction that her 'divorce' was invalid.
Bringers of War
The Portuguese in Africa during the Age of Gunpowder and Sail
Long before steamships and machine-tooled artillery, the Portuguese established an empire in Africa, capturing trading towns, seizing slaves and plundering mineral riches. This impeccably researched history describes how, between the 15th and the late 18th centuries, they fought their ancient Muslim foes, overthrew African kingdoms and resisted Dutch, Omani and Ottoman rivals in a quest for wealth and power as ruthless as the Spanish conquests in the Americas.
A Journey in Search of Empire
William Paterson's dream to establish, along with a trading company in Scotland, a Scottish colony on the isthmus of Panama was enthusiastically embraced by the Scots. Caledonia was founded on the Caribbean coast, but the settlers fell foul of disease, poor leadership and their Spanish rivals: the Darien scheme was a disaster. McKendrick gives a detailed account of the whole venture, from the earlier travellers' tales that fired Paterson's imagination, to the Darien legacy in South Carolina, Georgia and Panama.
An Empire on the Edge
How Britain Came to Fight America
From a British perspective, this book gives a fresh account of the Boston Tea Party and the origins of the American Revolution, showing how a lethal blend of politics, personalities and economics led to war. Focusing on the last three years of deepening anger on both sides before the outbreak of violent rebellion, Bunker sheds new light on the origins of the Tea Party, the roles of leading figures, and the failings of the government in London. American-cut pages and off-mint.
Against War and Empire
Geneva, Britain, and France in the Eighteenth Century
As Britain and France became more powerful during the 18th century, small states such as Geneva could no longer stand militarily against these commercial monarchies; and Genevans were wary of being drawn into a corrupt world dominated by the unprincipled pursuit of wealth. Here, Professor Whatmore presents an intellectual history of republicans who engaged with the ideas of Rousseau, Voltaire and Bentham as they strove to keep Geneva at peace and independent.
The Six Wives & Many Mistresses of Henry VIII
The Women's Stories
While Henry VIII is a common thread running through this 'collective biography', the focus is on the lives of the women who shared his bed. Tudor historian Amy Licence tells the stories of how these wives and mistresses were wooed by Henry; she explores their relationships with the king in the context of the sexual and cultural mores of 16th-century England; and she looks at how their lives were changed - and sometimes ended - as a result of their liaisons.
Power, Politics & County Government in Wales
This study of public administration at the county level in Wales during the ‘long’ 19th century couples a detailed examination of what happened in one county – Anglesey – with overviews of events in other parts of Wales. Griffith explores the social and cultural contexts of county government in Wales, and assesses the shifts in the character and efficacy of local government, initially under a landed magistracy and later under a democratically elected council.
The Savage Storm
Britain on the Brink in the Age of Napoleon
David Andress chronicles the 'remarkably dogged, occasionally despairing, but at last overwhelmingly successful British fight against the continental power embodied in the 'Grand Empire' of Napoleon Bonaparte'. He describes the military conflict itself, but also examines how it affected both high politics and the very active social resistance of the time. As well as the international contest of ideologies, the study considers the bitterly divided society within Britain, even as it prevailed over Napoleon.
Gladstone, Gordon and the Sudan Wars
The Battle over Imperial Intervention in the Victorian Age
General Gordon's death in Khartoum in January 1885 was a crucial episode in British history and one that has remained controversial. Gordon has been usually depicted as the hero of the story, while Gladstone is often portrayed as the villain, responsible for a 'policy of drift' in Sudan. Nicoll's radical reappraisal, based on previously unpublished materials, refutes the conventional image of both men and offers insight into British policy in Africa and the influence of the press and public opinion.
The Entertainment of Charles II
In February 1661 the restored monarch Charles II made a progress through London, from the Tower to Whitehall and his coronation, passing through four triumphal arches constructed for the event. John Ogilby, Master of Revels, was commissioned to organize the spectacle for the procession. Published in 1662, his Entertainment contains texts of the poetry, notably translations of Virgil, descriptions and engravings of the four arches and details of the ceremonies. This facsimile edition has an introduction by Ronald Knowles. No jacket.
Duke and King of Scots, 1633–1701
In this scholarly biography the Duke of Albany, later James VII and II, is 'discussed from birth to death as a prince of Scotland'. That Scottish perspective allows Mann to re-evaluate traditional views of the king as a Catholic extremist and absolutist who failed through incompetence; to reassess his personality and motives; and to give a full account of James as a member of the royal house of Scotland, as a commander, as king and, finally, as exile.
A Year in the Life of Victorian Britain
Along with evocations of British life from writers such as Dickens, George Eliot and Robert Louis Stevenson, many of the excerpts in this Year illustrate the spread and conflict of empire – Florence Nightingale writing from Scutari, Lady Sarah Wilson reporting the Jameson Raid, and Emily Eden, travelling with the army in India.
A Year in the Life of Stuart Britain
Among the momentous events described in the Stuart year are the Great Plague, the Great Fire of London, the Union of Scotland and England and the publication of Newton’s Principia; and the witnesses to this 17th-century Britain include Pepys, Evelyn, Defoe and John Bunyan.
Beginning with the horror of the battlefield where 50,000 men lay dead and injured as night fell on 18 June 1815, O'Keeffe's study covers the months between Wellington's victory and the confinement of Napoleon on St Helena. It describes how, once the dead and dying were gone, the site was visited by tourists; how the news of the battle was spread; the advance of the British and Prussian armies into France; and Napoleon's final weeks as surrender became inevitable.
Surveying the spiritual and intellectual upheaval experienced throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, this study forms Volume V of The Penguin History of Europe. Greengrass traces the eclipse of the older notion of 'Christendom' – the Western European community of belief held together by the Roman Catholic Church – by the divisive challenge to papal authority, by dynastic conflicts that changed the relationship between rulers and ruled, and by geographical and scientific discoveries that undermined the unity of medieval Christendom.
The Practice of Politics in Safavid Iran
Power, Religion and Rhetoric
From the 16th to the 18th centuries Iran was ruled by the Safavid dynasty, which reached the peak of its power and prosperity under the autocratic Shah Abbas who reigned from 1588 to 1629. This study charts the dynasty's origins as an apocalyptic mystical movement in Azerbaijan, and the evolution of its ideology to cement a vast, cosmopolitan Islamic empire stretching from Baghdad to Herat. It also explores the roles of state-sponsored rhetoric, Persian bureaucracy and Shi'a theology in the Safavid state.