The Countess in the Tower
Of all the executions ordered by Henry VIII, perhaps the most horrifying was that of Margaret Pole, the 67-year-old Countess of Salisbury, butchered by a blundering headsman in 1541. This gripping biography charts a life scarred by violence since her father, the Duke of Clarence, was executed by his brother Edward IV. Margaret fell from favour after Henry divorced her friend Catherine of Aragon, and when her son Reginald organized a Catholic rebellion, disfavour turned to imprisonment and death.
The History of England. Volume III
The 17th century was one of the most turbulent England had seen; at its centre stands the Civil War, the execution of Charles I and the despotic rule of Oliver Cromwell. This third volume of Peter Ackroyd's magisterial national history charts that era of revolution and religious conflict from the accession of James I to the exile of his grandson James II, and from the literary riches of Shakespeare and Milton to the often insecure lives of ordinary men and women. Slightly off-mint.
Great Civil War Heroes and Their Battles
The nation-forming struggle between the Union and the Confederate States in America threw up heroes on both sides and the famous events and characters were widely celebrated in contemporary publications. This commemorative volume is based on the biographies of 50 famous leaders, first published in the late 19th century, which are accompanied by portraits and illustrations of 70 battles and authentic drawings examining weaponry, uniforms and insignia.
Superstition and Science
Mystics, Sceptics, Truth-Seekers and Charlatans
The period between the European Renaissance and Enlightenment brought monumental scientific discoveries about gravity, the structure of the solar system and the circulation of the blood, but these coexisted with an almost universal belief in horoscopes and magic. In this book a Tudor historian explores how the great thinkers of the age responded to the entanglement of superstition and science, and shows how their work contributed to debate about the relationship between belief and knowledge.
Mythical Indies and Columbus's Apocalyptic Letter
Imagining the Americas in the Late Middle Ages
Columbus’s 1493 letter to the Spanish court announcing that he had reached the ‘islands of the Indies’ – in fact, the Caribbean – caused a sensation, and has been the subject of controversy ever since. This critical edition contains the authentic text, supported by facsimiles of the three original printed and manuscript versions, with an annotated English translation. An extensive introduction and notes discuss its cultural and historical significance, and the volume includes a glossary and guide to abbreviations.
The Lucky Queen
The Eight Assassination Attempts on Queen Victoria
Between 1840, when a pot boy fired two guns at her, and the Fenians’ Jubilee Plot of 1887, Queen Victoria survived eight assassination attempts. Barrie Charles describes each attack in detail, with profiles of the would-be assassins, and vivid accounts of their motives, their arrests and trials, and their subsequent fates.
Napoleon and Russia
Many books on Napoleon and Russia focus on the ill-fated 1812 invasion, but Adams describes a full quarter-century of Franco- Russian relations from the time of the French revolution to the end of the Napoleonic period. He therefore sets the events of 1812 in a wider context of peace as well as war, and of friendship and alliance as well as enmity, which leads him to question many of the English- speaking world's assumptions about the era.
When Britain Burned the White House
The 1814 Invasion of Washington
In August 1814, British troops defeated the US Army outside Washington and, as President James Madison fled, set fire to the White House. In this meticulously researched, even-handed history of the conflict, veteran broadcaster Peter Snow provides a gripping account of the fast-changing fortunes of this little-known war, and describes the colourful characters on both sides: the fiery British Admiral George Cockburn, the cautious but popular Major General Robert Ross, and the American heroes Joshua Barney and Sam Smith.
The King's Bed
Sex, Power and the Court of Charles II
Charles II was obsessed by women, and his conquests ranged across the classes, from the actress Nell Gwyn to the aristocrat Barbara Villiers. For the first time, this revealing book places the king’s compulsive philandering at the centre of an account of his reign. Taking us behind the scenes, it introduces a colourful cast of court favourites, politicians and a parade of mistresses fighting for influence over a king ruled – and ruined – by his passions.
In the Footsteps of the Six Wives of Henry VIII
This book sheds fresh light on the wives of Henry VIII by exploring the manors, castles and palaces where their lives – and deaths – were played out. Lavishly illustrated with maps, plans and 36 pages of colour plates, it takes the reader from the Alhambra in Spain, childhood home of Katherine of Aragon, to Acton Court, where Henry dined with Anne Boleyn; from Düsseldorf, birthplace of Anne of Cleves, to Hampton Court, scene of Jane Seymour’s triumph and tragedy.
The King's Revenge
Charles II and the Greatest Manhunt in British History
After the beheading of his father Charles I in 1649, the 19-year-old Prince of Wales vowed to seek revenge and, from exile, instigated the biggest manhunt in British history. The search lasted over 30 years, with show trials and assassination squads scouring the country for the men who dared to sit in judgement of King Charles. Following the hunt in this fast-paced historical narrative, the authors tell an engrossing tale of intrigue, espionage, ambition and betrayal.
Sex, Money & Personal Character in Eighteenth-Century British Politics
How and why did the Anglo-American world become so obsessed with the private lives and public character of its political leaders? Marilyn Morris finds answers in 18th-century Britain, when a long tradition of court intrigue and gossip spread into a broader and more public political arena with the growth of political parties, extra-parliamentary political activities and a partisan print culture. Her study highlights the contradictions, self-deceptions and inconsistencies inherent in personalized politics.
How to Ruin a Queen: Marie Antoinette,the Stolen Diamonds
and the Scandal that Shook the French Throne
In September 1785 a trial began in Paris that would divide the country, captivate Europe and set the French monarchy on course for revolution and the tumbrils. The aristocratic Cardinal Louis de Rohan stood accused, not only of stealing a 2,800-carat diamond necklace, but claiming he was acting for the queen in purchasing the jewellery. Beckman reopens the case and examines how this murky, convoluted tale of greed and deceit fits into the narrative of French history.
The English Civil Wars
A Beginner's Guide
As well as the political disputes, religious conflicts and military battles, this Beginner's Guide examines how everyday life was shaped - or torn apart - by the English Civil Wars. The book is in two parts: the first is a narrative of events from 1642 to the Royalist defeat at Worcester in 1651; part two is a thematic study of the military, religious, political and social aspects of the period.
Panorama of the Enlightenment
Between the late 17th century and the French Revolution, the age of the Enlightenment was one of rationalism and intellectual curiosity, the rejection of superstition and a growing reliance on observation and experiment to arrive at the truth. Dorinda Outram places Enlightenment ideas in their widest context and explores their impact across social, cultural and political life, using some 400 illustrations as an integral part of a discussion that ranges from Diderot's Encylopedie to science and medicine.
Citizens and Cannibals: The French Revolution,
The Struggle for Modernity, and the Origins of Ideological Terror
Why did the French Revolution, informed by the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, end in the Terror? This thought-provoking study explores the way in which fundamental political transitions generate both promise and anxiety, and how France's failed evolution into a modern state introduced a new scourge: the ideological terror that Hitler, Stalin and a host of other dictators would unleash on an even greater scale. This sobering analysis reminds us of the dangers we must still guard against today.
A Documentary Collection to 1700
In March 1500, a fleet of 13 ships set sail from Lisbon, beginning a process of conquest, colonization and settlement that would create the modern nation of Brazil. This selection of original letters, reports and instructions, many published for the first time in English, and some for the first time in any language, charts the interactions of indigenous peoples, Portuguese colonists, Jesuit priests and African slaves to reveal the early political, economic, social and religious life of the colony.
The Age of Secrecy
Jews, Christians, and the Economy of Secrets, 1400-1800
Descartes’ motto – ‘He who has lived well, has lived in secret’ – epitomizes early modern Europe’s fascination with secrecy, in contrast to our own obsession with openness and disclosure. Showing that people in this period relished secrets because true and important knowledge was considered secret by definition, Jutte examines how Jews and Christians interacted in the exchange of arcane knowledge from the natural sciences, alchemy, magic, the military and politics.
Visions of the First Americans
In 1900, American photographic pioneer Edward Curtis photographed a gathering of Blackfoot, Blood and Piegan people at their Sun Dance festival in Montana, igniting a passion to record American Indians and their culture before it was too late. His ensuing work was published over 20 volumes between 1907 and 1930; this volume includes over 300 of the best of these studies and ranges across America from the Inuit of the far north to the Hopi Indians of the south west.
A Confederate Englishman
The Civil War Letters of Henry Wemyss Feilden
In 1860 Henry Wemyss Feilden (1838-1921) resigned his British army commission and travelled to America, where he joined the Confederate forces in Charleston; until the end of the Civil War he served as a staff officer, travelling widely and marrying a local woman. Feilden’s letters, an important source for our knowledge of military matters and civilian life in the southern states, appear here with annotations and reminiscences which he added in his final years.
Nine Centuries in the Heart of Burgundy
Burgundy is justifiably one of the most celebrated wine-growing regions in the world, and at its heart lies the Cellier aux Moines, established by Cistercian monks in the 12th century. Written by the vineyard’s present owner Philippe Pascal and Burgundian historian Gilles Platret, this lavishly illustrated book charts its story across nine centuries, describes the terroir, the grapes and the vintages, and records the recent restoration of the buildings and the revival of its rich heritage of artisanal wine-making.
A Path in the Mighty Waters
Shipboard Life and Atlantic Crossings to the New World
In October 1735 two merchant ships and a naval vessel left London, beginning a five-month transatlantic voyage to the new British colony of Georgia. Berry uses logs, letters and diaries from this expedition to describe the passengers’ experience of sea travel and their hopes and fears about a new life in America. He also examines how such voyages shaped American Protestantism, as shipboard life gave a foretaste of the New World’s denominational and ethnic diversity.
English and Catholic
The Lords Baltimore in the Seventeenth Century
In the 16th and 17th centuries, to be English and Catholic was to face persecution, financial penalties and even death. Yet some English Catholics prospered and this study looks at the career and legacy of one of the most prominent: George Calvert, Baron of Baltimore in Ireland. A talented and ambitious man, Calvert successfully navigated the politics of court to become secretary of state under James I, and later embarked on colonial enterprises that culminated in the founding of Maryland.
Catherine of Aragon
An Intimate Life of Henry VIII's True Wife
Catherine of Aragon has been remembered as a tragic figure, the woman Henry VIII divorced for want of a male heir. Amy Licence takes issue with this portrayal: her study presents neither a victim nor a divorcee, but a highly educated Spanish princess and a great humanist queen who, in the early years of her marriage, was Henry's advisor and his warrior. A magnificent portrait of a 'complex, passionate, unbreakable woman', the biography also upholds Catherine's unwavering conviction that her 'divorce' was invalid.
Bringers of War
The Portuguese in Africa during the Age of Gunpowder and Sail
Long before steamships and machine-tooled artillery, the Portuguese established an empire in Africa, capturing trading towns, seizing slaves and plundering mineral riches. This impeccably researched history describes how, between the 15th and the late 18th centuries, they fought their ancient Muslim foes, overthrew African kingdoms and resisted Dutch, Omani and Ottoman rivals in a quest for wealth and power as ruthless as the Spanish conquests in the Americas.
A Journey in Search of Empire
William Paterson's dream to establish, along with a trading company in Scotland, a Scottish colony on the isthmus of Panama was enthusiastically embraced by the Scots. Caledonia was founded on the Caribbean coast, but the settlers fell foul of disease, poor leadership and their Spanish rivals: the Darien scheme was a disaster. McKendrick gives a detailed account of the whole venture, from the earlier travellers' tales that fired Paterson's imagination, to the Darien legacy in South Carolina, Georgia and Panama.
An Empire on the Edge
How Britain Came to Fight America
From a British perspective, this book gives a fresh account of the Boston Tea Party and the origins of the American Revolution, showing how a lethal blend of politics, personalities and economics led to war. Focusing on the last three years of deepening anger on both sides before the outbreak of violent rebellion, Bunker sheds new light on the origins of the Tea Party, the roles of leading figures, and the failings of the government in London. American-cut pages and off-mint.
Against War and Empire
Geneva, Britain, and France in the Eighteenth Century
As Britain and France became more powerful during the 18th century, small states such as Geneva could no longer stand militarily against these commercial monarchies; and Genevans were wary of being drawn into a corrupt world dominated by the unprincipled pursuit of wealth. Here, Professor Whatmore presents an intellectual history of republicans who engaged with the ideas of Rousseau, Voltaire and Bentham as they strove to keep Geneva at peace and independent.
The Six Wives & Many Mistresses of Henry VIII
The Women's Stories
While Henry VIII is a common thread running through this 'collective biography', the focus is on the lives of the women who shared his bed. Tudor historian Amy Licence tells the stories of how these wives and mistresses were wooed by Henry; she explores their relationships with the king in the context of the sexual and cultural mores of 16th-century England; and she looks at how their lives were changed - and sometimes ended - as a result of their liaisons.
Power, Politics & County Government in Wales
This study of public administration at the county level in Wales during the ‘long’ 19th century couples a detailed examination of what happened in one county - Anglesey - with overviews of events in other parts of Wales. Griffith explores the social and cultural contexts of county government in Wales, and assesses the shifts in the character and efficacy of local government, initially under a landed magistracy and later under a democratically elected council.
The Savage Storm
Britain on the Brink in the Age of Napoleon
David Andress chronicles the 'remarkably dogged, occasionally despairing, but at last overwhelmingly successful British fight against the continental power embodied in the 'Grand Empire' of Napoleon Bonaparte'. He describes the military conflict itself, but also examines how it affected both high politics and the very active social resistance of the time. As well as the international contest of ideologies, the study considers the bitterly divided society within Britain, even as it prevailed over Napoleon.
Gladstone, Gordon and the Sudan Wars
The Battle over Imperial Intervention in the Victorian Age
General Gordon's death in Khartoum in January 1885 was a crucial episode in British history and one that has remained controversial. Gordon has been usually depicted as the hero of the story, while Gladstone is often portrayed as the villain, responsible for a 'policy of drift' in Sudan. Nicoll's radical reappraisal, based on previously unpublished materials, refutes the conventional image of both men and offers insight into British policy in Africa and the influence of the press and public opinion.
The Entertainment of Charles II
In February 1661 the restored monarch Charles II made a progress through London, from the Tower to Whitehall and his coronation, passing through four triumphal arches constructed for the event. John Ogilby, Master of Revels, was commissioned to organize the spectacle for the procession. Published in 1662, his Entertainment contains texts of the poetry, notably translations of Virgil, descriptions and engravings of the four arches and details of the ceremonies. This facsimile edition has an introduction by Ronald Knowles. No jacket.
Duke and King of Scots
In this scholarly biography the Duke of Albany, later James VII and II, is 'discussed from birth to death as a prince of Scotland'. That Scottish perspective allows Mann to re-evaluate traditional views of the king as a Catholic extremist and absolutist who failed through incompetence; to reassess his personality and motives; and to give a full account of James as a member of the royal house of Scotland, as a commander, as king and, finally, as exile.
A Year in the Life of Victorian Britain
Along with evocations of British life from writers such as Dickens, George Eliot and Robert Louis Stevenson, many of the excerpts in this Year illustrate the spread and conflict of empire - Florence Nightingale writing from Scutari, Lady Sarah Wilson reporting the Jameson Raid, and Emily Eden, travelling with the army in India.
A Year in the Life of Stuart Britain
Among the momentous events described in the Stuart year are the Great Plague, the Great Fire of London, the Union of Scotland and England and the publication of Newton’s Principia; and the witnesses to this 17th-century Britain include Pepys, Evelyn, Defoe and John Bunyan.
Beginning with the horror of the battlefield where 50,000 men lay dead and injured as night fell on 18 June 1815, O'Keeffe's study covers the months between Wellington's victory and the confinement of Napoleon on St Helena. It describes how, once the dead and dying were gone, the site was visited by tourists; how the news of the battle was spread; the advance of the British and Prussian armies into France; and Napoleon's final weeks as surrender became inevitable.
Surveying the spiritual and intellectual upheaval experienced throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, this study forms Volume V of The Penguin History of Europe. Greengrass traces the eclipse of the older notion of 'Christendom' - the Western European community of belief held together by the Roman Catholic Church - by the divisive challenge to papal authority, by dynastic conflicts that changed the relationship between rulers and ruled, and by geographical and scientific discoveries that undermined the unity of medieval Christendom.
The Practice of Politics in Safavid Iran
Power, Religion and Rhetoric
From the 16th to the 18th centuries Iran was ruled by the Safavid dynasty, which reached the peak of its power and prosperity under the autocratic Shah Abbas who reigned from 1588 to 1629. This study charts the dynasty's origins as an apocalyptic mystical movement in Azerbaijan, and the evolution of its ideology to cement a vast, cosmopolitan Islamic empire stretching from Baghdad to Herat. It also explores the roles of state-sponsored rhetoric, Persian bureaucracy and Shi'a theology in the Safavid state.
Lives that Shaped the Modern Age
The Renaissance began in northern Italy around 1400 with a rediscovery of classical antiquity and a new interest in our place in the natural world. As it spread across Europe it took many forms; more a state of mind than a fixed programme, it brought vast political, religious and social change. This superbly illustrated book focuses on 94 individuals - from Leonardo to Luther, and Catherine de' Medici to Copernicus - each of whom embodied and spread a facet of Renaissance culture.
A Royal Experiment
The Private Life of King George III
Our view of George III is coloured by the madness that afflicted him in later life. Yet as this sympathetic biography makes clear, the prince who acceded to the throne at the age of 22 had eminently sane but novel ambitions. He would be a new kind of king, whose authority rested on consent rather than power; and a new kind of man, with a stable, affectionate marriage rather than a string of royal mistresses. (Also published as The Strangest Family.) Slightly off-mint.
The Story of America's First Spy Ring
The military engagements that freed the USA from British rule have been abundantly documented, but until now little was known of the shadowy war of espionage that was fought behind the scenes. Drawing on original research, this book exposes a rogues' gallery of barflies, misfits and smugglers using cyphers and invisible ink to transmit vital information about troop movements to the revolutionaries, controlled by a consummate spymaster: George Washington himself.
Pirates of Barbary
Corsairs, Conquests and Captivity in the 17th Century
Mediterranean piracy reached its zenith in the 17th century, an age of economically important trade between Europe and the Ottoman Empire, when the pirates of the Barbary Coast attacked and plundered ships, enslaved their crews and enraged European governments. Tinniswood's vivid history of these increasingly intense clashes sheds light on the origins of today's religious and moral battles in the resulting manoeuvrings between Muslim empires of the East and Christian Europe in the West.
Blood of Kings
The Stuarts, the Ruthvens and the 'Gowrie Conspiracy'
In 1600, at their house in Perth, the Earl of Gowrie and his brother were stabbed to death by the attendants of James VI, who alleged they were attempting to kill the king. The brothers' decomposing corpses were later propped up in a courtroom and tried for treason. In this gripping work of historical detection Davies probes the gruesome mystery to establish why James, who would ascend the English throne less than three years later, should wish to exterminate this noble family.
The King's Revenge
Charles II and the Greatest Manhunt in British History
After the beheading of his father Charles I in 1649, the 19-year-old Prince of Wales vowed to seek revenge and, from exile, instigated the biggest manhunt in British history. The search lasted over 30 years, with show trials and assassination squads scouring the country for the men who dared to sit in judgement on King Charles. Following the hunt in this fast-paced historical narrative, the authors tell an engrossing tale of intrigue, espionage, ambition and betrayal.