Social & Industrial History
Masters and Servants in Tudor England
Life in Tudor England was ordered in a very strict social hierarchy, and the divisions between the classes were firmly maintained: it was understood that everyone, apart from the monarch, served someone, and service was valued rather than denigrated. Drawing on a wealth of contemporary sources, Tudor expert Alison Sim investigates the role of service at every level of society, and provides an informative and entertaining account of the lives of the people who kept the wheels of daily life turning.
Historical Tales and National Identity
An Introduction to Narrative Social Psychology
Drawing on social, political, cognitive and psychodynamic areas of psychology, László outlines a theory and methodology which provide tools for a better understanding of the relation between the present psychological condition of a society and representations of its past.
The British Under Attack
With the onslaught on Britain's major cities which began in September 1940, the Nazis aimed to break morale and to destroy the country's capacity to wage war. Using evidence from a range of public and private documents, Juliet Gardiner shows how the attacks instead engendered a stubborn resolve in the British populace and prompted them to develop innovative survival strategies. But her history does not ignore the darker underside of the Blitz, from official incompetence and mismanagement to outright profiteering and crime.
Deer and People
Despite deer being central to human cultures throughout time, from hunter-gatherers to post-medieval deer hunting, this is the first multi-disciplinary volume dedicated to research into human–cervid relationships. Covering Europe, North America and Asia, the 24 essays range from the archaezoology of deer to the image of the courtly huntress, and include studies of dispersal patterns, exploitation, symbolic significance, and effects on landscape and land management.
Witchcraft and Witch Hunting in the West
Why were witch hunts so prevalent in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, apparently a period of increasing confidence and rationality? This study explores the motivations – social, personal and political – behind accusations of witchcraft; contemporary beliefs about ‘assaults of Satan’; and connections between witch trials and the medieval persecution of heretics. The author also describes more recent responses to fears of satanic influence and identifies the lessons we can still learn about the need to re-examine our preconceived ideas.
Voices from the Second World War
Witnesses Share Their Stories with the Children of Today
The recollections in this book cover a wide range of wartime experiences from fleeing Nazi Germany and surviving the Blitz to working for the resistance in occupied Europe, parachuting into France as part of the D-Day invasion, and being the navigator on the Enola Gay when it dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Many of the accounts were collected by children as part of a project organized by the children's newspaper First News. Age 9+
Historic Views of London
Photographs from the Collection of BEC Howarth-Loomes
The collector BEC Howarth-Loomes assembled an extraordinary library of prints of London in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The hundreds of images reproduced in this book depict not only landmarks such as St Paul's, Westminster Abbey and the Houses of Parliament, but the commercial life of the city, its bridges thronged with horse- drawn traffic and its expanding suburbs. Richly evocative of a vanished age, they are full of interest for lovers of old London and social historians alike.
The Punch Brotherhood
Table Talk and Print Culture in Mid-Victorian London
Based on research among unpublished letters, diaries, minute books and business records, this study of Punch takes the reader inside the most successful and influential of comic magazines and brings to life the table-talk, jokes and gossip of its close-knit community of writers, artists and proprietors. Leary emphasizes the role of this talk in the understanding of 19th century print culture, shedding new light on the careers of Dickens, Thackeray and many other writers and journalists.
Lady Almina and the Real Downton Abbey
The Lost Legacy of Highclere Castle
Almina Wombwell married the 5th Earl of Carnarvon in 1895. She brought with her a large dowry, as the daughter of banking tycoon Alfred de Rothschild. This is the story of her life at Highclere Castle, where Downton Abbey was filmed, and especially the ways in which the First World War affected the fates of the family and staff alike. The author, the current countess, draws on the extensive family archive to write this engaging and personal history.
Life and Culture in the West, 1918–1938
Europe emerged from the First World War broken and traumatized, its beliefs shattered by four years of carnage. This wide-ranging history charts the social, political and intellectual climate of the age, as citizens of the West turned their energies towards the hedonism of the Jazz Age while artists, scientists and philosophers grappled with the question of how to live without certainties, and sinister new ideologies emerged from the wreckage of the old order.
Outlaws of the Atlantic
Sailors, Pirates, and Motley Crews in the Age of Sail
Rather than the masters and commanders, Marcus Rediker's history takes a bottom-up approach, looking at the maritime history of the Atlantic from the viewpoint of sailors, slaves, indentured servants, pirates, smugglers and rebels. In the 'age of wooden ships and iron men' he shows how Jack Tar, as sailors were commonly known, influenced the wider histories of political thought, literature and commerce, and how revolutionary ideas were generated among the motley (or multi-ethnic) crews of the Atlantic.
Hold on Tight
London Transport and the Unions
Playing a crucial role in building one of the world's best transport systems, London's bus, tram, rail and Underground workers have fought hard to improve working conditions over the years. This book studies workforce and management relations from the late 19th to the 21st century.
The Ultimate Guide to The Building Blocks of Our Universe
From hydrogen to ununoctium, this accessible guide explores the properties of each element in the periodic table, explaining their chemical behaviours – how their atoms interact with atoms of other elements – and their worldly uses, from light bulbs and mobile phones to dental fillings and space suits. The introduction explains the chemistry and physics of nuclei, electrons and chemical bonds and provides the groundwork for understanding the entries and their data.
The Five Giants
A Biography of the Welfare State
Five giants loomed over the reconstruction of postwar Britain: want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. The battle against them was fought by five great programmes at the core of the Welfare State: social security, health, education, housing and full employment. Meticulously researched and vividly written, this award-winning history charts the epic struggle to forge a fair and decent society from the ashes of war, and chronicles the highs and lows of the decades that followed.
Everyday Lives in Medieval England
Beginning with the Wife of Bath and what she can tell us of the wool trade and matrimony, each of Chaucer’s 23 pilgrims on the road to Canterbury illuminates several aspects of 14th-century life in this unusual social history. From close readings of the Ploughman, the Miller, the Reeve and the Franklin the practicalities of rural life are revealed; while other pilgrims, from ‘Mine Host’ to the Shipman, provide the detail and inspire discussion of city, religious and military life.
The Debs of Bletchley Park
Bletchley Park may be famous for the exploits of Alan Turing and the team operating his first 'computer', but at the peak of its operations Station X employed as many as 12,000 people, two-thirds of whom were women. From language students to society debutantes and even a former ballerina, this book explores the extraordinary secret life of these women during the Second World War and the significant contribution they made to the Allied victory. Slightly off-mint.
Informal Justice in England and Wales, 1760–1914
The Courts of Popular Opinion
Examining ‘unofficial justice as visited upon malefactors by the collective actions of private citizens’, Stephen Banks gives a scholarly account of public shaming rituals, or ‘rough music’, and the punishments imposed for crimes such as wife-beating or informing.
A New History of the Bubonic Plagues of London
From its onset in the 6th century AD, bubonic plague has excited fear and revulsion like no other disease, so hideous are its symptoms and so small the chance of survival. Crowded, insanitary London was badly hit in 1347 and 1665, and plague pits are still being uncovered, for example during Crossrail construction works. This readable history combines documentary sources with the latest scientific evidence to convey the full horror of the plague and the conditions in which it thrived.
Digging in the Dark
A History of the Yorkshire Resurrectionists
‘It is nature that teaches us to use the bodies of the dead to preserve the bodies of the living,’ argued a solicitor’s clerk found guilty of body snatching in 1831. He is just one of the Yorkshire grave-robbers, from many walks of life, who appear in this compendium of grim tales. Johnson vividly describes the resurrectionists’ macabre methods, the violent public protests against their activities and the private anguish of their victims’ families.
All Quiet on the Home Front
An Oral History of Life in Britain during the First World War
First published in 2003, this oral history used interviews with 100 people then in their late nineties, who had lived through the First World War, not as combatants, but as children and young adults on the home front. Their words, along with letters, diary entries and the authors’ linking narrative, offer an unusual view of the war, from fears of the Kaiser’s ambition in the years before its outbreak, to the jubilation, readjustment and mourning following the Armistice.
The Husband Hunters
Social Climbing in London and New York
Between 1874, when Jennie Jerome married Randolph Churchill, and 1914, 100 American heiresses married British peers. Drawing on letters, diaries and memoirs, Anne de Courcy explores the motives of these ‘Dollar Princesses’, their ambitious mothers, and the titled husbands they sought, setting the craving of ‘new money’ for social status against the needs of a landed aristocracy impoverished by agricultural depression.
Discovering Friendly and Fraternal Societies
Their Badges and Regalia
The most successful of the many friendly and fraternal societies that sprung up in Britain from the 18th century was the Freemasons. At one time millions of people belonged to similar clubs such as the Oddfellows and the Ancient Order of Foresters but social changes and the welfare state reduced participation drastically in the 20th century. This illustrated guide uncovers the history of these orders and explores their elaborate regalia. Off-mint.
The Poor Man's Picture Gallery
Stereoscopy Versus Paintings in the Victorian Era
Popular Victorian paintings were often reproduced as engravings, but photographers also recreated the scenes with actors, to produce stereoscopic cards for commercial sale. Originally published to accompany the exhibition at the Tate Gallery, this slipcased volume explores the relationship between paintings, popular illustrations and cartoons (such as those published in Punch), and 3D stereo photographs. It also includes a stereoscope to view the examples, which are mainly drawn from the collection of Queen guitarist Brian May.
The Acid Bath Murders
The Trials and Liquidations of John George Haigh
John Haigh did not deny the murders of which he was accused during his trial in 1949 but claimed insanity, citing a history of disturbing dreams and claiming that he had drunk the blood of his victims before dissolving their bodies in sulphuric acid. This new analysis of the famous case draws on unpublished archive material, including letters that Haigh wrote from prison while awaiting execution.
From Smithfield to Portobello Road
This concise guide takes the reader on a tour of London’s many markets, both covered and on the streets. From Camden to Petticoat Lane, it charts the history of each, describes the commodities – meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, or money – traded, and recounts tales of the famous and infamous Londoners who have populated them. A final chapter visits the sites of markets that have disappeared.
The workforce of 423 employed by Swindon Works in 1843 grew to 14,000 by the early 20th century and the centre earned an enviable reputation by developing its own methods and inspiring a sense of community. This history of the GWR institution features the first-hand accounts of former employees, and provides detailed facts and figures including lists of locomotives and pay grades, and a lexicon of specialist language.
All Roads Lead to France
Bath and the Great War
From rumours of war in July 1914 to its aftermath in 1919, this well-researched and illustrated study explores the impact of the First World War on the city of Bath and surrounding area. Combining letters from the front lines with stories from the home front, and covering topics such as rounding up ‘aliens’, the War Hospital and food shortages, the author builds up a vivid picture of wartime Bath. The book ends with lists of the city’s military and naval casualties.
An Italian Immigrant's Search for Respectability in Victorian Bath
Colin Fisher tells the story of Stefan Vallerio Pieroni (1819–1900), a seller of plaster figurines who came to England from Tuscany in 1837. Eventually, he settled in Bath, where he became prominent in the city’s social, cultural and political life.
The People's History of Native Americans
Discovered after the death of the distinguished American historian Page Smith (1917–1995), and published posthumously, this volume was intended as the final part of Smith's People's History of America. The narrative traces the Native American story from the first encounter with Europeans to the end of the Indian Wars at Wounded Knee in 1890, but rather than a comprehensive history, Smith aims to explore the nature of the interchange between white settlers and the indigenous peoples of North America.
Illustrated with photographs drawn from the Archive of Historic England, as well as newly commissioned aerial images, this volume charts the development of the British seafront over the past 300 years. Historian Allan Brodie blends a chronological, geographic and architectural account with a photographic record of seaside experiences, from ice creams and donkey rides to deckchairs and Punch-and-Judy shows, and chronicles how, with the growth of tourism, the natural coastline has evolved into a man-made world of piers, promenades and fun palaces.
Yesterday and Today
Contrasting historic black-and-white photographs with modern colour views, this book captures the changes that have transformed Britain over the past 150 years. London's Bankside Power Station is seen beside its present incarnation as Tate Modern, as are great British institutions such as the Derby, Henley Regatta, seaside holidays, fish and chips, and the pub. The accompanying commentary examines the social, political, technological and economic developments that have shaped the way we live now.
A Passion for Gardening
How the British Became a Nation of Gardeners
From medieval physic gardens to the revival of allotment gardening in the wake of the 2008 credit crunch, the garden historian Twigs Way surveys the progress of Britain’s love affair with its gardens. Illustrated with photographs and reproductions of prints and advertisements from the collections of the Garden Museum, the book explores topics including gardening for children; women in the garden; wartime digging for victory and the gnome phenomenon of 1950s and 1960s suburbia.
A Complete Rock Music History of the Summer of Love
In January 1967, Dr Timothy Leary uttered the hippie mantra – ‘turn on, tune in, drop out’ – and by that summer, the USA’s West Coast was undergoing a countercultural revolution. Using photographs and previously unpublished interviews with musicians, poets and artists, Harvey Kubernik chronicles the events of 1967, from seminal bands, such as Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead, to the high point of Monterey Pop Festival and the defining musical moments of the Summer of Love.
Tales of the Flesh in the Age of Decorum
Lady Flora Hastings’s belly, Charles Darwin’s beard, George Eliot’s hand, Fanny Cornforth’s mouth and Sweet Fanny Adams: though close studies of these five famous or controversial body parts Hughes aims to understand ‘what it meant to be a human animal in the 19th century’.