Social & Industrial History
When British Holidays Were Fun
Recalling the Heyday of Holidays at Home
Looking back at holidaying in the British Isles, Tom Tyler explores topics such as holiday-makers' means of transport, the seaside, happy camping at Butlin's and Pontin's, hunting and fishing, walking holidays and messing about in boats. Illustrated with around 280 vintage photographs, and drawing on Tyler's own holiday highs and lows, the book is an informal, nostalgic and often tongue-in-cheek history of holiday-making before cheap flights brought the continental beaches - and weather - within reach.
The Workers' War
British Industry and the First World War
Despite early optimism that the First World War would be swiftly concluded and cause little disruption to British life, the long struggle in fact turned British industry on its head, encouraging technological and organizational advances and a rethinking of traditional gender roles as women took the place of men in the factories. This book examines how different industries coped with the demands of the war and the heroic efforts made by ordinary men and women to keep industry moving.
Wiltshire in the Age of Steam
A History and Archaeology of Wiltshire Industry, c.1750-1950
The pioneers of the industrial revolution left indelible marks on Wiltshire through important feats of engineering such as the Box Tunnel on Brunel's Great Western Railway and the Caen Hill flight of locks on the Kennet and Avon Canal. Examining the county's industrial history and archaeological remains from the steam age, this book explores a variety of industries such as quarrying in the Bath area; carpet-making at Wilton; textiles at Trowbridge; paper, leather and rubber manufacture; and milling and brewing.
Industry and the Coast
Images of the North East in the 1960s
Windswept coastlines, factories belching smoke into leaden skies and the shapes and deep shadows of industrial architecture are the subjects of this collection of black-and-white photographs of the North East in the 1960s. These images of the majestic cranes of the shipyards and the decaying industrial landscapes of Tyneside and Teesside are also a valuable social document, showing people at work and play in cities, factories, seaside resorts and the docks.
Britain and Oil in the Twentieth Century
Until the discovery of North Sea oil in the early 1970s, Britain had virtually no known oil of its own. Yet by 1914, British or part-British companies were producing oil in Persia, Russia, Romania, Mexico, Peru, Burma, Borneo and the USA. This history explains how that happened and how the two main companies, BP and Shell, remained world leaders in the oil industry, and examines how the industry has evolved and its role in the Second World War and crises such as Suez and the Arab-Israeli wars.
Factory Production in Nineteenth-Century Britain
This anthology brings together writings that suggest the scope of responses – from wondrous celebration to apocalyptic horror – elicited by the advent and establishment of the factory system in 19th century Britain. Addressing complex questions about the possible effects of mass production on human life and labour, the collection includes important works by Adam Smith, Ruskin, Carlyle and Morris alongside extracts from lesser-known factory tourists' tales and inspectors' reports, a Luddite pamphlet and a cotton mill worker's autobiography.
A Brief History of the Age of Steam
The Power that Drove the Industrial Revolution
For over two centuries from its first development in 1710, steam technology was behind a revolution which swept the world. Exploring the contribution of such figures as Stephenson and Brunel, this book traces the development of steam locomotion from the first Mississippi steamboats to the Titanic, and from the first London terminus at Euston to the Trans-Siberian Railway.
London's Great Plague
With extracts from his diary, this book traces the course of the Great Plague in London as experienced by Samuel Pepys: from October 1663 when he first mentions that there is news of plague in Amsterdam; through the summer of 1665 when over 6,000 people were dying every week; to the Great Fire that destroyed both London and the disease in the city in September 1666.
North East England 1945–2000
Natasha Vall considers how new post-war cultural institutions, such as the regional arts boards and local broadcasting, presented challenges to the hegemony of vernacular traditions in north-eastern England, which metropolitan officials considered a 'cultural desert'. She also discusses the part played by new galleries, music venues and theatres in urban riversides' renewal, focusing on Gateshead, which was long overshadowed by Newcastle but by the end of the millennium was widely acknowledged as a successful culture-led regeneration.
Scandal of Colonial Rule
Power and Subversion in the British Atlantic During the Age of Revolution
James Epstein’s study examines the colonial drama that unfolded in 1806, when General Thomas Picton, Britain’s first governor of Trinidad, was tried in England, accused of torturing (by ‘piquet’) a mulatto girl named Louisa Calderon.
Caravans and Wedding Bands
Memories of a Romany Life
One of the last true Romany gypsies, Eva Petulengro (b.1939) recalled the happiness of her early life and its vanishing traditions in the bestselling The Girl in the Painted Caravan. In this sequel, written with her daughter, she remembers her eventful first years of marriage to a 'gorger' – non-Romany – in 1960s Brighton, including the birth of their four children, her booming career in astrology and the adventures of her wider family.
England's Shipwreck Heritage
From Logboats to U-boats
From the remains of primitive boats of uncertain date to 18th-century trading ships and vessels of the Second World War, there are hundreds of wrecks around England's coast bearing testament to the importance of shipping in the nation's history. This illustrated study assesses the factors that have led to maritime disasters over the centuries and provides an insight into naval archaeology and the role of English Heritage in the protection of historic wreck sites.
The Carriage and Wagon Works of the GWR at Swindon
The GWR Swindon Works produced some of the iconic locomotives of the steam era, but its rolling stock - the all-important freight wagons and passenger cars - have received less attention from steam enthusiasts and historians. This study tells the story of the other half of the GWR Works, traces the development of carriage and wagon design and, with the help of archive photographs, explains how carriages and wagons were built at Swindon in its heyday.
A Surprising History
This book seeks to show that throughout history royal prayers have had a place at the heart of a nation's life, and that monarchs continue to play a pivotal role in protecting the interests of their people today. Chapters discuss royal prayers at times of national tragedy or emergency, prayers to launch ships, prayers of remembrance, of patronage, and of support for endeavours of science or exploration. An appendix contains the Collects of each branch of the Armed Forces.
At the end of the 18th century, Cheshire, like other counties of England, boasted a wealthy and elegant elite whose lifestyle stood in stark contrast to estate and factory workers living in increasingly poor conditions. This history reviews the changing times in Cheshire for all strata of society as the Industrial Revolution gathered pace and rioters and reformers threatened the social order, canal and railway builders transformed the landscape and the Napoleonic wars threatened Britain's place in the world.
Ethinic Minorities and the City 1000–2001
Over the past thousand years, Bristol, as one of England’s most important ports, has been a magnet for migrants, from medieval Jews to 21st-century asylum seekers. This pioneering study examines in depth the activities of the various ethnic groups who have settled in the city. Investigating how they survived economically, how they dealt with social dislocation and discrimination, and how they constructed identities for their communities, it offers insights into the wider history of the city and the nation.
South African Pioneer, Poet and Abolitionist
The remarkable career of Thomas Pringle (1789–1834) began in Enlightenment Edinburgh, where he established himself as a poet and founding editor of Blackwood’s Magazine. This lively, authoritative biography tells how, in 1820, he led a party of settlers to South Africa, where he co-edited the Cape’s first independent newspaper and became a staunch champion of the rights of both settlers and dispossessed indigenous people, before returning to Britain to become Secretary of the Anti-Slavery Society.
How Britain Kept Calm and Carried On
Real-Life Stories from the Home Front
The 'Keep Calm and Carry On' poster was never used during the Second World War; people in Britain had kept calm and carried on without being told. Anton Rippon first started collecting these first-hand accounts of life on the home front in 1978, when memories of the war were relatively fresh. Above all, their strange, sad or downright funny stories illustrate the indomitable spirit and humour of the British people during the war years.
A Short History of Private Life
Bill Bryson's room-by-room journey of discovery around his home, an old rectory in Norfolk, was a bestseller on first publication. This handsome new edition of his chronicle of domestic history is illustrated with over 300 photographs, reproductions and advertisements. Delving into topics such as electricity, food preservation, crinolines and toilets, Bryson reveals that there is a huge amount of history and interest – and even a little danger – in every home.
What Every Woman Should Know
Lifestyle Lessons from the 1930s
In the 1930s women had the vote, they had independence and increasingly they had money to spend. The Daily Mail was one of the first newspapers to recognize this and it led the way in women's lifestyle features. This selection of facsimile pages from 1930s editions of the Mail, with their beauty and fashion advice, cookery tips and household hints, give a revealing and entertaining insight into the preoccupations of the new consumer age.
Mrs Miles's Diary
The Wartime Journal of a Housewife on the Home Front
In August 1939 a Surrey housewife began a war journal in which she recorded daily life on the home front. She tells of bombers overhead day and night, ration queues and the influx of evacuees. In 1947, she sent the diary to the Imperial War Museum with a letter describing herself as a housewife and a professional journalist; she was a naturally gifted writer whose diary gives a compelling account of wartime Britain.
Spangles, Tiddlywinks and the Clitheroe Kid
Childhood in the 1950s was very different from what it is today. With no video games, few televisions and no ready meals, children played conkers, climbed trees, constructed go-karts and built dens on bomb sites. This book recaptures that lost era, bringing to life the experiences of home and school, childhood illnesses, simple toys, sweets, comics, films and music of the period, along with games such as 'It' and 'Knock Down Ginger'.
What the Suffragists Did Next
How the Fight for Women's Rights Went On
The suffragists of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) - as distinct from the suffragettes - did not disband in 1917 when the vote was given to some women. Although franchise had been their primary goal, they had other aims for women. This book looks at the lives of eight suffragists and how they continued the struggle for equality in various fields, among them Eleanor Lodge in higher education, Ellen Wilkinson in Socialist politics and Dr Isabel Emslie Hutton in medicine.
Why Did the Chicken Cross the World?
The Epic Saga of the Bird That Powers Civilization
There are currently more than 20 billion chickens on the planet, constituting humanity’s most important source of protein. But how did a humble fowl rise from the thickets of South Asian jungles to a position of such global supremacy? Reframing how we think about all domesticated animals, this history of our relationship with chickens ranges over four continents to trace their vital role in human cultures and the spread of civilization, from ancient Egyptian processions to the latest flu vaccines.
In this second, updated edition of a pioneering work in the social history of Britain and the Welfare State, Welshman explores the idea that an underclass has been successively reinvented since 1880, in Britain and the US. After discussing general ideas such as the undeserving poor and the lumpenproletariat, the study examines the continuities and differences in concepts ranging from the ‘social residuum’ of the 1880s, through the ‘problem family’ of the 1950s to today’s ‘troubled families’.
Life in the Georgian Court
When Queen Anne died in 1714, George, Elector of Hanover, acceded to the British throne. Organized in four main acts – Childhood, Marriage, Scandal and Death – rather than as a comprehensive history, this is a collection of true stories from the Georgian era. Romantic, tragic, eccentric and sometimes gory, the tales are engagingly told, revealing the real people beneath the wigs and pomp of the period, and complemented by a useful timeline and a section of black-and-white portraits.
None Dare Oppose
The Laird, The Beast and the People of Lewis
In 1844, James Matheson, having made his fortune selling opium in China, bought the Isle of Lewis, but left the island in the charge of his 'chamberlain', an unscrupulous lawyer named Donald Munro. This book reveals how Munro seized civic, legal and industrial power in the community, which he ruled with monstrous brutality – and how the islanders rose up and brought about his downfall.
Guide to Britain's Working Past
The impact of the industrial revolution on Britain is unmistakable in the form of bridges, factories, railways and canals, but evidence of industry goes back further to mills, mines and forges of the medieval period. This regional guide to key industrial sites around Britain includes the most significant transport and industrial museums as well as factories, potteries, mills and mines. Entries include information on location, admission prices and opening hours.
Peacock or Enigma?
Philosopher or poseur, aristocrat or democrat, austere classicist or flamboyant eccentric? More than 200 years after Beau Brummell dazzled London with his elegance, the dandy remains an enigma. This entertaining, richly anecdotal history charts the evolution of dandyism from London to Paris, St Petersburg to Hollywood. Along the way, we meet a long line of men – Byron, Disraeli, Oscar Wilde, F Scott Fitzgerald, and Noël Coward among them – who dedicated their lives to making a stand against drab conformity.
The Caribbean and the World
From the moment Columbus gazed on the land he mistook for India, the islands of the Caribbean have been the subject of daydreams and fantasy. This absorbing book, the result of ten years’ travel, strips away the myths to reveal the real Caribbean, a region that has produced some of the world’s most influential artists, activists, writers, musicians and sportsmen, as its people speak for themselves about their home and its place in the world.
Charleston Business on the Eve of the American Revolution
American Maritime History
This study of Charleston (‘the metropolis of the lower South’) offers a detailed description of how business was conducted in an American port before the American Revolution dealt a serious blow to government regulation by Britain and the mercantile system. Originally published in 1934. Slightly off-mint, musty smell due to long storage and no jacket.
Masters and Servants in Tudor England
Life in Tudor England was ordered in a very strict social hierarchy, and the divisions between the classes were firmly maintained: it was understood that everyone, apart from the monarch, served someone, and service was valued rather than denigrated. Drawing on a wealth of contemporary sources, Tudor expert Alison Sim investigates the role of service at every level of society, and provides an informative and entertaining account of the lives of the people who kept the wheels of daily life turning.
Historical Tales and National Identity
An Introduction to Narrative Social Psychology
Drawing on social, political, cognitive and psychodynamic areas of psychology, László outlines a theory and methodology which provide tools for a better understanding of the relation between the present psychological condition of a society and representations of its past.
The British Under Attack
With the onslaught on Britain's major cities which began in September 1940, the Nazis aimed to break morale and to destroy the country's capacity to wage war. Using evidence from a range of public and private documents, Juliet Gardiner shows how the attacks instead engendered a stubborn resolve in the British populace and prompted them to develop innovative survival strategies. But her history does not ignore the darker underside of the Blitz, from official incompetence and mismanagement to outright profiteering and crime.
Deer and People
Despite deer being central to human cultures throughout time, from hunter-gatherers to post-medieval deer hunting, this is the first multi-disciplinary volume dedicated to research into human–cervid relationships. Covering Europe, North America and Asia, the 24 essays range from the archaezoology of deer to the image of the courtly huntress, and include studies of dispersal patterns, exploitation, symbolic significance, and effects on landscape and land management.