All Roads Lead to France
Bath and the Great War
From rumours of war in July 1914 to its aftermath in 1919, this well-researched and illustrated study explores the impact of the First World War on the city of Bath and surrounding area. Combining letters from the front lines with stories from the home front, and covering topics such as rounding up ‘aliens’, the War Hospital and food shortages, the author builds up a vivid picture of wartime Bath. The book ends with lists of the city’s military and naval casualties.
Informal Justice in England and Wales, 1760–1914
The Courts of Popular Opinion
Examining ‘unofficial justice as visited upon malefactors by the collective actions of private citizens’, Stephen Banks gives a scholarly account of public shaming rituals, or ‘rough music’, and the punishments imposed for crimes such as wife-beating or informing.
Behind Closed Doors
At Home in Georgian England
Georgian houses are admired for their elegance, but less attention has been given to what it was like to live in them. In a ‘nosy, gossipy, and utterly engaging’ study of English homes, Vickery examines a wide range of accommodation and types of household, using sources ranging from personal diaries to court records. She investigates not only how homes were furnished and decorated but also how social and cultural changes revolutionized the use of domestic space. Slightly off-mint.
Life in the Victorian Kitchen
Culinary Secrets and Servants' Stories
Eating seasonal and locally produced food was a necessity for most people in Britain in the 19th century but the railways increasingly allowed fresh produce and even exotic foods to be available further afield. This social history looks at food preparation and domestic culinary arrangements during the period, from simple country cottages to the great kitchens of the aristocracy, and includes recipes, tips and first-hand accounts.
Secret Histories of Britain's Rebels and Revolutionaries
In the wake of the French Revolution, the British establishment of the late 18th century and early 19th century were fearful of a similar uprising. Flashpoints such as the Irish Rebellion, the Luddite riots and the Peterloo Massacre only increased their worry. This review of the period focuses on the government’s network of spies and their clandestine operations to identify potential rebels and agitators.
The Baby Boomer Generation
A Lifetime of Memories
This blend of memoir and social history explores the experiences of the generation born in the aftermath of the Second World War. Decade by decade, from rationing to the internet, it notes not only events of national and international importance, such as the Cuban missile crisis, but changes to the fabric of everyday life: pop music, ready meals, shell suits and reality TV.
A Revolution of Feeling
The Decade that Forged the Modern Mind
In the 1790s Britain experienced what Edmund Burke called ‘a revolution in sentiments’: Hewitt shows how the French Revolution inspired British radicals to incorporate raw emotion into reformist ideals concerning sex, education, commerce and medicine. However, while this had enduring political effects, the aspirations of Enlightenment figures including Samuel Coleridge, William Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft and Thomas Wedgwood went unfulfilled as the ensuing Terror led to political crackdowns in Britain.
An English Odyssey
The Pendleburys of Lancashire and London: Nine Generations of a Working Family
The Pendleburys were an English family of alehouse keepers, cotton workers, parish clerks, soldiers, washerwomen and warehousemen, whose genealogical records can be traced back to the 1600s. This history, written by a descendant of the family, follows their fortunes from the social and religious turmoil of the 17th century through the cotton boom of 18th-century Lancashire to the unforgiving streets of Victorian London.
Holding the Home Front
The Women's Land Army in the First World War
Within days of the start of the First World War there were calls for women to come to the fields, but it would be almost three years before the Women’s Land Army was formally established. Using previously unpublished accounts and photographs, this social history looks at how the movement impacted agriculture at a time of national crisis and examines the rhetoric surrounding it, the political purpose that shaped it and the experiences of those who worked for it.
Waiting for War
Against the backdrop of the blitzkrieg on Poland and the disastrous Norway campaign, Britain waited tensely for an invasion that never came. Drawing on unpublished letters, this narrative history presents the stories of ordinary people as the lights went out, theatres closed, food and petrol were rationed and thousands of women and children were evacuated. While the hard-hitting measures caused morale to plunge, there was still humour to be found in the absurdities of the ‘Phoney War’.
Digging up the Untold Stories of Britain's Resurrection Men
From the mid-1700s onwards, as the number of people entering the medical profession in England and Scotland increased, so too did the demand for cadavers to examine as part of their training. This led to a rise in ‘bodysnatching’ – a macabre profession that is investigated here through the examination of contemporary documents and newspaper reports, revealing the stories of some of the trade’s lesser-known figures.
Britain's Best-Known Brand
As Britain’s longest-reigning monarch, the Queen is seen by many as a calm, reassuring presence in an era of restless change. This book looks at the institute she represents, explaining the machinery that sustains the monarchy: its constitutional role, its leadership of the Church of England and its finances, and speculates on its future, and the pressures that will face an heir to the throne. Slightly off-mint.
The Corner Shop
Shopkeepers, the Sharmas and the Making of Modern Britain
Growing up in a Reading corner shop, the BBC television newsreader Babita Sharma was witness to a changing world and its impact on customers’ lives and opinions as well as the products they bought. In this volume, she links her recollections of shop life with the last fifty years of British history, reflecting on an institution that, despite the creep of supermarkets, online shopping and home delivery, has found a way to evolve and survive.
Rebuilding Post-War Britain
Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian Refugees in Britain, 1946–1951
After the Second World War, 25,000 Latvians, Lithuanians and Estonians, displaced by conflict and invasion, were recruited to fill labour shortages in Britain. Drawing on interviews and documentary sources, Emily Gilbert brings this little-known episode to life, and explains the refugees’ contribution to British society.
St George and the Dragons
The Making of English Identity
Michael Collins investigates how a Near Eastern martyr became England’s patron saint and an icon of English culture. He takes a wide-ranging look at the historical figure, along with legends about him, and considers his influence on English history, culture and institutions. Finally, Collins asks what the relevance and role of St George might be in the secular, multicultural England of both today and tomorrow.
Your Country Needs You
The Secret History of the Propaganda Poster
Alfred Leete’s iconic image of Lord Kitchener pointing over the slogan ‘Your Country Needs You’ is a design classic which was widely imitated, for instance in the American designer James Montgomery Flagg’s Uncle Sam poster. James Taylor explores its influence on the propaganda posters of Allied countries in the First World War and beyond, while arguing that, since it originated as a magazine cover and postcard, its direct effect on enlistment was smaller than is commonly believed.
White Boots and Miniskirts
A True Story of Life in the Swinging Sixties
From the author of Bombsites and Lollipops, this is a memoir of the Swinging Sixties, recounting how Jacky grew up as a free-spirited, hedonistic girl in search of adventure and independence. The decade’s music, fashion and culture has become iconic, but this is a more personal look at a world of souped-up Minis, conmen, typewriters, bed-hopping, tragic romances, flat-sharing, Soviet spies and the smoke-filled pubs of Fleet Street. Slightly off-mint.
A New History of the Bubonic Plagues of London
From its onset in the 6th century AD, bubonic plague has excited fear and revulsion like no other disease, so hideous are its symptoms and so small the chance of survival. Crowded, insanitary London was badly hit in 1347 and 1665, and plague pits are still being uncovered, for example during Crossrail construction works. This readable history combines documentary sources with the latest scientific evidence to convey the full horror of the plague and the conditions in which it thrived.
In Bed with the Georgians
Sex, Scandal and Satire in the 18th Century
The sex trade flourished openly and profitably in Georgian England, particularly in the area around London’s Covent Garden. This illustrated history considers how the ‘oldest profession’ permeated all classes – from the courtesans who plied their trade within the very highest echelons of society right down to the common prostitutes who walked the streets – and examines how the scene was portrayed by the letter writers, journalists, satirists and caricaturists of the time.
The Country House at War
Fighting the Great War at Home and in the Trenches
Simon Greaves explores the experiences of the men and women who, during the First World War, lived and worked at properties that are now part of the National Trust. Drawing on unpublished letters, diaries and memoirs, and illustrated with period images, the book records how stately homes became military hospitals and training camps, and follows the fate of those who left them to fight in the trenches.
School Songs and Gymslips
Grammar Schools in the 1950s and 1960s
With tales from the days of indoor sandals and navy knickers, Latin verbs and transistor radios, semolina pudding and O Levels, this light-hearted social history is based on the experiences of pupils from 18 schools around the country and describes how things were for grammar school girls – at school and at home – between about 1955 and 1965.
How to Behave Badly in Renaissance Britain
From curses to strategically timed bows that could signal disdain rather than deference, and outright violence exhibited across the social classes, Ruth Goodman explores the language and actions considered rude in the 15th and 16th centuries. Using anecdotes and examples from contemporary manuals, court cases and sermons, she demonstrates how unconventional behaviour can reveal as much about society as its norms, whether a subtle faux pas born of ignorance or a defiant snubbing of etiquette.
The Conquest of Death
Violence and the Birth of the Modern English State
‘By the seventeenth century the detection, conviction, and punishment of illegitimate lethal violence were firmly and irrevocably tied to the central government.’ Matthew Lockwood’s study shows how definitions of legitimate and illegitimate violence were negotiated in coroners’ courts from the late 15th century and gradually gave government the power to enforce a monopoly of violence – a basic prerequisite of a modern state.
The Middle Ages in Modern England
Michael Alexander’s study traces the evolution and course of the Medieval Revival, from the literature of the 1760s through to the writings of Waugh, Auden and the Inklings in the mid-20th century. He considers its influence beyond literature, looking at architecture, art and religion.
Images of the Past: The British Seaside
Drawing on the archives of the Mary Evans Picture Library, this collection of photographs, cartoons, illustrations and ephemera tells the story of the British seaside, looking at how the purpose, traditions and character of coastal resorts have developed since the first sea bathing cure destinations opened in the late 18th century. Each image is captioned and accompanied by explanatory text.
The workforce of 423 employed by Swindon Works in 1843 grew to 14,000 by the early 20th century and the centre earned an enviable reputation by developing its own methods and inspiring a sense of community. This history of the GWR institution features the first-hand accounts of former employees, and provides detailed facts and figures including lists of locomotives and pay grades, and a lexicon of specialist language.
A Brief History of the Age of Steam
The Power that Drove the Industrial Revolution
For over two centuries from its first development in 1710, steam technology was behind a revolution which swept the world. Exploring the contribution of such figures as Stephenson and Brunel, this book traces the development of steam locomotion from the first Mississippi steamboats to the Titanic, and from the first London terminus at Euston to the Trans-Siberian Railway.
Witchcraft and Witch Hunting in the West
Why were witch hunts so prevalent in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, apparently a period of increasing confidence and rationality? This study explores the motivations – social, personal and political – behind accusations of witchcraft; contemporary beliefs about ‘assaults of Satan’; and connections between witch trials and the medieval persecution of heretics. The author also describes more recent responses to fears of satanic influence and identifies the lessons we can still learn about the need to re-examine our preconceived ideas.
Mrs Miles's Diary
The Wartime Journal of a Housewife on the Home Front
In August 1939 a Surrey housewife began a war journal in which she recorded daily life on the home front. She tells of bombers overhead day and night, ration queues and the influx of evacuees. In 1947 she sent the diary to the Imperial War Museum with a letter describing herself as a housewife and a professional journalist; she was a naturally gifted writer whose diary gives a compelling account of wartime Britain. Slightly off-mint.
A Powerful True Story
Returning to Ireland after 50 years, Gordon Lewis began to investigate the secrets of his childhood, only to be told not to go ‘digging up that old stuff’. Brought up in the 1950s in a secretive Catholic hostel for unmarried women, he had little idea of the hardships his mother had suffered, or her determination to keep her child, in defiance of an intolerant society.
Out of Time
1966 and the End of Old-Fashioned Britain
Peter Chapman was 18 years old in 1966, the year of Harold Wilson, the seamen’s strike, London ‘swinging’ to a soundtrack of Beatles and Rolling Stones, and England’s victory in the World Cup. Chapman, whose hopes of being a professional footballer had been dashed, but who would become an outstanding football journalist, gives a vivid picture of the lost world of Britain in the Sixties from the perspective of his world in Islington, north London.
Breach of Promise to Marry
A History of How Jilted Brides Settled Scores
Hiding from daylight in her mouldering wedding dress, Dickens’s Miss Havisham is the classic literary image of the jilted bride. But thanks to the 18th-century law of breach of promise, many women had more attractive options. This entertaining social history uncovers more than a thousand cases in which wronged fiancées employed no win no fee lawyers to gain substantial financial redress for their disappointment – and adventuresses extracted money from men ‘they cannot possibly want as husbands’.
Britain's Secret Army: The Munitions Women of World War II
With the outbreak of war in 1939, many factories were turned over to the war effort, while new ones were quickly built to manufacture munitions. Millions of women worked arduous shifts, day and night, dealing with dangerous materials, often after being forced to leave home and live in uncomfortable and unfamiliar surroundings. Based on extensive interviews, this book recounts the experiences of nine 'bomb girls', revealing the hardships that they endured and their often-unrecognized contribution to the Allied victory.
A Downstairs View of Twentieth-Century Britain
From the quintessential liveried servant of 1900 and the 10,000 'maids-of-all-work' invited to tea by Queen Alexandra to celebrate the King's coronation in 1902, to modern au pairs and domestics, this authoritative social history gathers the 'voices, heard and unheard, published and unpublished, of domestic servants' to offer an engrossing account of the social changes that have taken place in the British home over the last century.
Early Victorian Railway Excursions
The Million Go Forth
The first railway entrepreneurs considered that their real business would be in freight, the tremendous demand for passenger travel coming as something of a surprise. This well-researched history challenges the traditional notion of rail travel as a middle-class activity in the first decades of steam, exploring the cheap excursions that were promoted to the working classes by enterprising tour operators and railway companies, and revealing the appalling conditions, often in open carriages, that the day trippers had to endure.
Beside the Sea
Britain's Lost Seaside Heritage
The building of the railways made seaside holidays a possibility for workers in Britain's industrial cities and transformed a host of small coastal towns into glamorous entertainment centres. Using archive photographs and ephemera and the memories of people who worked and holidayed in places such as Margate, Scarborough and Blackpool, this nostalgic history recalls the culture of donkey rides, lidos and variety shows that was the pleasure of millions until air travel drew people away from the traditional resorts.
Through the Keyhole
Sex, Scandal and the Secret Life of the Country House
From around 1760 to the 1830s, stories about the sex lives of the rich and powerful were guaranteed to increase the readership of popular printed literature. Papers were so packed with salacious tales of secret sex that there seemed to be an epidemic of adultery among the aristocracy. This study explores the personal stories of men and women involved in adulterous affairs and compares their accounts of infidelity and its sometimes tragic consequences with the stereotypes of dissolute aristocrats in the popular press.
Peace and War:
Britain in 1914
This discerning cultural history presents a portrait of a nation on the eve of war. While it details the social and political issues of the day, including the Ulster crisis, suffragettes, labour disputes and the anxiety of approaching war, it also highlights the nascent modernism of contemporary artists and poets, including Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis, who anticipated the end of the Edwardian era and the ‘cosy certainties’ that belied the social conflicts of a troubled Britain.
Britain Yesterday & Today
Like their modern counterparts, Britons of the 19th century visited the seaside, ate fish and chips, attended football matches and cheered royal processions, but today these activities look rather different and other aspects of British life have changed beyond recognition. This collection of photographs compares images of similar scenes, a century or more apart, to present a nostalgic look at the changing times and the unchanging traditions of British life.
The Thames Ironworks
A History of East London Industrial and Sporting Heritage
Located in the heart of London’s Docklands, the Thames Iron Works pioneered metal-hulled ships in the mid 19th century, providing employment for much of the East End. Although it closed in 1912, its spirit lives on through the company's football team, which became West Ham United.
The True Story of Life Behind the Counter
In the 1960s over a million women worked in shops, nearly a fifth of the female workforce. The number had grown steadily from the early 19th century as industrialization had drawn people to the cities and created a demand for, and supply of, consumer goods. Originally published to accompany the BBC TV series, this book explores the life of the shopgirl from the strict propriety of Victorian department stores to the boutiques of the 1960s.
Britain's Greatest Generation
How Our Parents & Grandparents Made the Twentieth Century
A depression, wars and unprecedented new technology created challenging conditions for Britons in the first half of the 20th century. Drawing on the first-hand accounts of people born into the devastated world of the 1920s, this book analyses the experiences of the generation that lived through the Second World War and built a new society after it, from a Jewish refugee coming to Britain in 1939 to Jimmy Perry, who served in the Home Guard and later created Dad's Army.
The Wartime Battle for Britain's Health
At the beginning of the Second World War experts feared that rationing, a shortage of medical resources, the spread of disease via evacuation and air-raid shelters, and the psychological impact of bombardment would wreck the nation's health. This account tells how, through a combination of planning and improvization, medical staff, scientists, Boy Scouts and tea ladies ensured that Britain ended the war in better health than ever before, and paved the way for the NHS and the welfare state.
Women's Factory Work in World War One
The appointment of two influential women from the Women's Factory Inspectorate to the Women's War Work Subcommittee during the First World War led to a commission to create a photographic documentary archive of women working in factories across Britain. GR Griffiths examines that project and presents a selection from the thousands of images that covered 19 industries and recorded the working conditions of the women and the industrial processes in which they were engaged.
Stars in Battledress
A Light-Hearted Look at Service Entertainment in the Second World War
Many of the stars of post-war British entertainment cut their teeth in Army entertainment; established artistes as part of ENSA and, braving the front lines, Stars in Battledress using talent drawn from the serving ranks. This book recounts the stories of such members as Charlie Chester and Spike Milligan as well as tales of the post-war Combined Service Entertainment in which Frankie Howerd and Stanley Baxter learned their trade.
The Servants' Story
Managing a Great Country House
This recreation of what it was like to live and work as a servant in a grand household during the mid 19th century is based on the Sutherland Collection, the papers of the Leveson-Gowers family, once the largest private landlords in the United Kingdom. While Trentham, their house in Staffordshire, stands in ruins, the family archive is extraordinarily intact, affording a detailed picture of the social structure, administration and working conditions within the highly complex community of Trentham.
We'll Meet Again
Britain at War
With advances in camera technology, photojournalists were able to record everyday life during the Second World War with much more flexibility than ever before and the home front provided them with unforgettable visual material. From bomb destruction and ration queues to evacuees and women working in heavy industry, this collection of 350 photographs from the Daily Mail archive contains many arresting images and portrays a remarkable sense of cheerfulness in the face of adversity.
A Cultural History of Dustmen, 1780–1870
In this first study of the cultural representation of the dust trade during the 19th century, Brian Maidment shows the ways in which London dustmen were associated with ideas of contamination, dirt, noise and violence. He uses literary, dramatic and graphic evidence to explain how the image of the dustman emerged from late 18th-century assumptions about his work and habits, and discusses Dusty Bob's appearance in the work of Victorian caricaturists, social analysts and writers, notably Mayhew and Dickens.
Life in Shakespeare's London
The career of England's greatest playwright is inextricably linked with the history of its capital. Drawing on Shakespeare's works and other contemporary sources, Globe paints a vivid picture of Elizabethan London. It tells how James Burbage carried the timbers of his Shoreditch theatre across the river to build the Globe among the brothels of Bankside, how it burned down during a performance of Henry VIII, and how it rose again 300 years later.
When Daddy Came Home
How War Changed Family Life Forever
In the summer of 1945 servicemen were coming home, and life was expected to return to normal. Drawing on many interviews, this social history shows that in reality many families found it hard to adjust. Couples who had been apart for years were confused by their changed roles; children were reunited with fathers they hardly knew; and some men, traumatized by experiences they could not bring themselves to speak of, were angry and distant.
The Debs of Bletchley Park
and Other Stories
Bletchley Park may be famous for the exploits of Alan Turing and the team operating his first 'computer', but at the peak of its operations Station X employed as many as 12,000 people, two-thirds of whom were women. From language students to society debutantes and even a former ballerina, this book explores the extraordinary secret life of these women during the Second World War and the significant contribution they made to the Allied victory.
Everyday Life in Tudor London
Stephen Porter describes the practicalities and personalities of Tudor London; from 1485, when the victorious Henry Tudor arrived after Bosworth with an army so unruly, the Mayor proclaimed a curfew, to 1600, by which time overcrowding and congestion in the city streets had led to parking restrictions. With a wealth of detail, Porter evokes a bustling trading city, the hub of England's political and cultural life, and home to royalty, rogues, churchmen, tradespeople and, by all accounts, beautiful women.
The Great Plague
The Story of London's Most Deadly Year
Between the death of Goodwoman Phillips in Saint Giles-in-the-Fields on Christmas Eve 1664 and January 1666, the Great Plague killed almost 100,000 people in and around London. In this engrossing study, historian A Lloyd Moote and microbiologist Dorothy C Moote describe the progress of the epidemic and investigate how people lived through the catastrophe, how they decided whether to leave or stay in the city, and what resources they drew on to survive amid so much death and disorder.
The Unconventional King
Edward II, who ruled from 1307 until 1327, when he was forced to abdicate, was undeniably a failure as a king and as a war leader. Kathryn Warner's biography accepts Edward's many failings, but seeks to provide a fuller portrait than the usual portrayal of the wayward and ineffectual ruler. She explores Edward's personality and contemporary perceptions of him, demolishes the myths, and reveals an erratic person, who was born into an hereditary monarchy and had no choice but to be king.
The Trampled Wife
The Scandalous Life of Mary Eleanor Bowes
Mary Eleanor Bowes (1749-1800), direct ancestor of the Queen, was heiress to 'all the wealth of the north', but her life was anything but smooth and sweet. After an unhappy marriage to the 9th Earl of Strathmore, she fell into the cruel hands of an adventurer who resorted to extreme behaviour to get his hands on her money. Derek Parker tells an extraordinary true story of greed, blackmail, duelling, kidnapping and adultery that is more gripping than an historical novel.
The Great Silence
Britain from the Shadow of the First World War to the Dawn of the Jazz Age
From the moment the guns fell silent on 11 November 1918 to the burial of the Unknown Soldier two years later, Britain struggled to come to terms with its bitter victory. Millions were bereaved, thousands physically or psychologically maimed, and soldiers returned to face unemployment and social unrest. Through the day-to-day experience of figures ranging from the King and Queen to ex-servicemen, this sensitive account evokes the uneasy silence that reigned between the Great War and the Roaring Twenties.
When British Holidays Were Fun
Recalling the Heyday of Holidays at Home
Looking back at holidaying in the British Isles, Tom Tyler explores topics such as holiday-makers' means of transport, the seaside, happy camping at Butlin's and Pontin's, hunting and fishing, walking holidays and messing about in boats. Illustrated with around 280 vintage photographs, and drawing on Tyler's own holiday highs and lows, the book is an informal, nostalgic and often tongue-in-cheek history of holiday-making before cheap flights brought the continental beaches - and weather - within reach.
The Workers' War
British Industry and the First World War
Despite early optimism that the First World War would be swiftly concluded and cause little disruption to British life, the long struggle in fact turned British industry on its head, encouraging technological and organizational advances and a rethinking of traditional gender roles as women took the place of men in the factories. This book examines how different industries coped with the demands of the war and the heroic efforts made by ordinary men and women to keep industry moving.
The Carriage and Wagon Works of the GWR at Swindon
The GWR Swindon Works produced some of the iconic locomotives of the steam era, but its rolling stock - the all-important freight wagons and passenger cars - have received less attention from steam enthusiasts and historians. This study tells the story of the other half of the GWR Works, traces the development of carriage and wagon design and, with the help of archive photographs, explains how carriages and wagons were built at Swindon in its heyday.
How Britain Kept Calm and Carried On
Real-Life Stories from the Home Front
The 'Keep Calm and Carry On' poster was never used during the Second World War; people in Britain had kept calm and carried on without being told. Anton Rippon first started collecting these first-hand accounts of life on the home front in 1978, when memories of the war were relatively fresh. Above all, their strange, sad or downright funny stories illustrate the indomitable spirit and humour of the British people during the war years.
Ditherington Mill and the Industrial Revolution
Ditherington Mill in Shrewsbury is one of the great monuments to the British Industrial Revolution. Built in 1796-1800, the Spinning Mill is recognized as the world's first iron-framed fireproof building. This study, illustrated with photographs, plans and reproductions, tells the story of the Mill through its life as a linen factory, then as a maltings, and shows how it was linked to the developments in engineering, the textile industry and business practices that were driving the nation's economy forward.
What the Suffragists Did Next
How the Fight for Women's Rights Went On
The suffragists of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) - as distinct from the suffragettes - did not disband in 1917 when the vote was given to some women. Although franchise had been their primary goal, they had other aims for women. This book looks at the lives of eight suffragists and how they continued the struggle for equality in various fields, among them Eleanor Lodge in higher education, Ellen Wilkinson in Socialist politics and Dr Isabel Emslie Hutton in medicine.
In this second, updated edition of a pioneering work in the social history of Britain and the Welfare State, Welshman explores the idea that an underclass has been successively reinvented since 1880, in Britain and the US. After discussing general ideas such as the undeserving poor and the lumpenproletariat, the study examines the continuities and differences in concepts ranging from the ‘social residuum’ of the 1880s, through the ‘problem family’ of the 1950s to today’s ‘troubled families’.
Guide to Britain's Working Past
The impact of the industrial revolution on Britain is unmistakable in the form of bridges, factories, railways and canals, but evidence of industry goes back further to mills, mines and forges of the medieval period. This regional guide to key industrial sites around Britain includes the most significant transport and industrial museums as well as factories, potteries, mills and mines. Entries include information on location, admission prices and opening hours.
Hold on Tight
London Transport and the Unions
Playing a crucial role in building one of the world's best transport systems, London's bus, tram, rail and Underground workers have fought hard to improve working conditions over the years. This book studies workforce and management relations from the late 19th to the 21st century.
The Debs of Bletchley Park
Bletchley Park may be famous for the exploits of Alan Turing and the team operating his first 'computer', but at the peak of its operations Station X employed as many as 12,000 people, two-thirds of whom were women. From language students to society debutantes and even a former ballerina, this book explores the extraordinary secret life of these women during the Second World War and the significant contribution they made to the Allied victory. Slightly off-mint.
Yesterday and Today
Like their modern counterparts, Britons of the 19th century visited the seaside, ate fish and chips, attended football matches and cheered royal processions, but today these activities look rather different and other aspects of British life have altered beyond recognition. This collection of photographs compares images of similar scenes, a century or more apart, to present a nostalgic look at the changing times and the unchanging traditions of British life.
Tales of the Flesh in the Age of Decorum
Lady Flora Hastings’s belly, Charles Darwin’s beard, George Eliot’s hand, Fanny Cornforth’s mouth and Sweet Fanny Adams: though close studies of these five famous or controversial body parts Hughes aims to understand ‘what it meant to be a human animal in the 19th century’.
From Downing Street to the Trenches
First-Hand Accounts from the Great War, 1914–1916
This collection adds some of the most eloquent voices of the age to the body of eyewitness evidence of the First World War. Drawn from the manuscript collection of the Bodleian Library in Oxford and covering the first two years of the conflict, from the front line to the Cabinet Office, the correspondents and diarists include Margot Asquith, Lewis Harcourt, TE Lawrence, WB Yeats and a young Harold Macmillan.
The Summer Walkers
Travelling People and Pearl-Fishers in the Highlands of Scotland
Known to the Highlands crofters as ‘the Summer Walkers’, the travelling tinsmiths, hawkers, horse-dealers and pearl-fishers are indigenous, Gaelic-speaking Scots who go from village to village, buying, selling and entertaining. First published in 1996 this book documents a way of life vanishing even then: the work, songs and stories of the Travelling People – mainly of Sutherland and Ross-shire – are described in their own words and with their photographs. Finally, there are notes on Traveller origins, ‘cover tongue’, routes and campsites.
Not a Plack the Richer
Argyll's Mining Story
After explaining the geology of the Argyll region and why mining minerals there proved so frustrating for the landowners and prospectors who complained that they never made a plack (a four-penny piece) from the mines, Marian Pallister’s history of Argyll mining for coal, lead, copper, zinc, silver, nickel and gold, silica and strontium, looks at the working conditions and the lives of the miners and their families, the decline of the mines and their legacy to the region.
Life Below Stairs in their Own Words, 1800–1950
Focusing on the stories of ordinary men and women who worked as servants in the homes of the middle classes, this book gives a ‘warts and all’ history of domestic service. In each of four periods, Michelle Higgs first surveys the work, conditions and social issues of the day before introducing the servants and their testimony, from Mary Ann Ashford, general servant, housemaid and cook in 1800, to Amy Jones, a 14-year-old general servant and nursemaid in 1945.
Bombers, Rioters and Police Killers
Violent Crime and Disorder in Victorian Britain
Simon Webb examines a dark aspect of life in Victorian Britain which is less well-known than the poisoners and serial killers: rioting and disorder, mob violence and terrorism. Among the topics covered are the Clerkenwell Outrage, when explosives detonated in the street killed 15 people and injured 120; the West End riots on Black Monday and Bloody Sunday; and the Aldersgate Underground bombing in 1897.
Churnet Valley Iron
The Mills & The Mines
Herbert Chester first published this history of iron-working as The Iron Valley in 1979. Since then, Churnet Valley has become popular with walkers and steam train enthusiasts and the book, now re-issued with additional maps and photographs, provides a detailed account of the area’s largely forgotten industrial heritage.
Edwardian Railways in Postcards
Photographer, photographic historian and incurable steam enthusiast, John Hannavy uses his own collection of postcards to explore the rolling stock, stations and operation of the railways in the period from 1902 up to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. As well as trains in the land- and cityscape, the 290 postcards reproduced include views of the Travelling Post Office, the Snowdon Railway, trackside buildings and railway disasters.
Marcel Krueger’s grandmother, Cäcilie Barabasch was from a farming family in what is now Poland but was then East Prussia. In the severe cold of January 1945, aged around 20, Cäcilie was ‘mobilized’ and taken by the Red Army to the Soviet labour camps in the Urals, where she remained for five years before returning to Germany. Marcel Krueger tells her story and his own, as he retraces her journey by road and rail across today’s Poland and Russia.
Empire of Guns
The Violent Making of the Industrial Revolution
Challenging the conventional narratives of cotton mills and inspired innovators, Priya Satia argues that the constant state of war and Britain’s thriving gun trade were driving forces in the Industrial Revolution. Discussing the economic impact of war on political and industrial progress, she scrutinizes the claims by Samuel Galton Jnr, the leading gun manufacturer, that his industry was no worse than any other as everyone was participating in war manufacturing, and that guns were instruments of civilization, essential for preserving property. Slightly off-mint.
Struggle or Starve
Working-Class Unity in Belfast's 1932 Outdoor Relief Riots
Northern Ireland’s economy was decimated in the late 1920s, with unemployment rising to 40 per cent and those out of work forced to sign on for Outdoor Relief, a pittance given in return for manual labour. Mitchell gives a complete account of ‘relief’ programmes in the North, the reaction of the unemployed in the Outdoor Relief Strike and the ensuing riots – a show of working-class unity in a city usually associated with sectarian violence.
1900–1914 Before the Lights Went Out
In Devon before the First World War the established social order, with aristocrats in their great country estates at the centre of the local community and economy, was under threat. This illustrated history surveys the attitudes and experiences of Devonians of all social levels at this pivotal period as perspectives on class, representative democracy, opportunities for women, and the role of Empire were changing.
Police Courts in Nineteenth-Century Scotland
Volume 1: Magistrates, Media and the Masses
Sometimes referred to as magistrates’ courts, police courts in 19th-century Scotland dealt with around 85 percent of all civic and criminal offences and they were where urban dwellers were most likely to experience and interact with the law. This volume provides an institutional, social and cultural history of the courts’ establishment, development and functioning. .
The Dandy at Dusk
Taste and Melancholy in the Twentieth Century
Dandyism is often thought to be about extravagance of dress. Combining biography, social history and men’s fashion, this study reveals it to be something different: an austere, almost religious dedication to style. Through profiles of six 20th-century dandies – the Duke of Windsor, the architect Adolf Loos, Bunny Roger, Quentin Crisp, Jean-Philippe Melville and the film director Rainer Werner Fassbinder – it probes issues of identity, nostalgia and the self-created persona.