20th Century History
The History of America's Undeclared Wars
Alongside ‘hot’ wars in Korea, Vietnam and the Middle East, every US administration since 1945 has waged covert, deniable operations against regimes it has regarded as hostile. This wide-ranging, meticulously researched book surveys the history of such operations from Indo-China through Cuba to the ‘War on Terror’, charts the development of their secret infrastructure, explores the personalities and careers of the most noted ‘shadow warriors’, and assesses their successes, failures, collateral damage and geopolitical consequences.
Churchill's Cold War
How the Iron Curtain Speech Shaped the Post War World
On VE Day, 8 May 1945, Winston Churchill was the victorious leader who had led Britain through five years of war. By VJ Day in August, he had been ejected from office and his great ally Franklin Roosevelt was dead. This absorbing history provides a month-by-month account of how Churchill, increasingly fearful of Stalin’s ambitions in Europe, became a voice in the wilderness once again, warning of the danger of Communism as he had warned against Nazism in the 1930s.
The Lives and Legacies of The Founding Fathers of the Irish Republic
On Easter Sunday, 1916, seven members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood’s military council put their names to the Proclamation of the Irish Republic, knowing they were signing their own death warrants. In this provocative, meticulously researched and compelling account, one of Ireland’s foremost historians explores how these men – of starkly contrasting backgrounds and personalities – came together to launch an armed rebellion against British rule, examines their aims and objectives, and assesses their legacy in Ireland today.
A History of Israel and the Occupied Territories
Written with unprecedented access to high-level sources and secret memos, Cursed Victory chronicles the long and troubled aftermath of the 1967 Six Day War, in which Israel captured the West Bank, Golan Heights, Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula. It focuses on critical moments in the military occupation and peace process, showing how early opportunities to conclude a deal were missed and how decisions about the fate of the territories have affected the daily lives of millions.
Landscapes of the Metropolis of Death
Reflections on Memory and Imagination
After a lifetime of academic writing on the Holocaust, Otto Dov Kulka turns to his own experiences as a child in Auschwitz in this bleakly poetic memoir. Blending personal recollection and historical research, he vividly recreates the grim absurdity of this ‘metropolis of death’, and reveals why the Nazis set up and then liquidated a model ‘family camp’ there.
Ministers At War
Winston Churchill and His Cabinet
In this study of Winston Churchill and the small group of men - the 'team of rivals' - that he chose to help him guide Britain through the grave crisis it faced in May 1940, Schneer examines Churchill's leadership and the relations between the War Cabinet ministers - among them Eden, Beaverbrook, Bevin, Attlee, Morrison and Stafford Cripps. He also looks beyond the war to the Cabinet's response to public expectations after six years of hardship - domestic issues which demanded a new kind of leadership.
Hell and Good Company
The Spanish Civil War and the World it Made
The Spanish Civil War inspired and haunted artists and authors including Picasso, Miro, Hemingway and Orwell. It was also the testbed for military and medical technology that would come to the fore in the Second World War. This book tells its story through the eyes of the writers, reporters, doctors and nurses who experienced it first-hand, few of whom were in any doubt that they were witnessing the shape of things to come. Felt-tip mark on upper trimmed edge.
Great Britain, Germany and The Soviet Union
Rapallo and After, 1922-1934
The treaty of Rapallo was concluded by Germany and the Soviet Union in 1922, and was to have significant consequences for Britain, France and newly created small states in east central Europe. This study focuses on the impact of the treaty and ‘the myth of Rapallo’ – the fear of a secret Russo-German alliance – on British foreign policy between 1922 and 1934, the year which signalled the end of the Rapallo relationship as Germany signed a non-aggression pact with Poland.
From Enlightenment to the Present
Few small provincial towns have held such significance in the politics and culture of a nation as Weimar has done in Germany. The home of Goethe and Schiller and the birthplace of the Bauhaus, it also gave its name to the country’s first, short-lived democracy. This richly detailed volume offers the first modern history of this emblematic city, from its role in the 18th-century Enlightenment and the 19th-century Romantic movement, through the Nazi and Soviet eras to the present day.
The Literary Churchill
Author, Reader, Actor
Although he is usually studied as a political figure, Churchill was a prolific author who won the 1953 Nobel Prize for Literature. The Literary Churchill offers detailed analysis of his writings and demonstrates the impact of reading and theatre-going on his political goals and methods. In particular, it reveals how the Prime Minister’s rhetoric and critical decisions during the Second World War were influenced by his appreciation of the power of theatrical metaphors and plot devices.
The Makers of the Modern Middle East
TG Fraser approaches the development of the Middle East in the immediate aftermath of the First World War from three distinct perspectives: the emerging claims of Arab nationalism, Turkish nationalism and Zionism. He examines the key figures in these three movements - respectively the Hashemite Prince Feisal, the Turkish soldier Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) and Dr Chaim Weizmann - and the events that set a pattern for the ongoing conflict in the region today.
The Assassination Plot that Avenged the Armenian Genocide
The genocide of more than a million Armenians in Turkey during the First World War was one of the great crimes of the 20th century. What is less well known is that it did not go unavenged. Drawing on years of research and newly uncovered evidence, this book tells for the first time the story of how a small group of Armenian professional men hunted down and assassinated six Turkish leaders across the world, before mysteriously disappearing. Slightly off-mint.
Sarajeva 1914-Versailles 1919, The War and Peace that Made the Modern World
Approaching the First World War from a global perspective, this collection of 28 essays seeks to explain how each of the participating countries that signed the first Versailles peace treaty on 28 June 1919 came to be there, or, in the case of Russia and China, why they were absent. Starting with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, chapters describe how the major states reacted to events in Sarajevo and how countries such as Greece, Portugal and Brazil entered the war.
Keeping the Jewel in the Crown
The British Betrayal of India
When India achieved independence in 1947, Britain portrayed the transfer of power as the fulfilment of a historic obligation after decades of responsible planning. This book shatters the myth. Drawing on letters, diaries and state papers, it exposes a shameful catalogue of secret attempts by British politicians and Whitehall mandarins to arrest the development of Indian political institutions, and the tragic consequences of these bungled intrigues in the appalling loss of life that accompanied Partition.
The Spy Who Changed the World
Despite being German and a former member of the Communist Party, Klaus Fuchs was granted British citizenship at the height of the Second World War and invited to contribute to research on the atomic bomb. The physicist moved to America in 1943 to work on the Manhattan Project, all the time passing vital information to the Russians. This biography assesses Fuchs's value as a scientist and as a spy as he traded the greatest secrets of the age.
The Cause of Hitler's Germany
A Canadian-American philosopher and close associate of Ayn Rand, Leonard Peikoff (b.1933) was a foremost exponent of Rand's Objectivist philosophy; his Ominous Parallels (1982) was an Objectivist analysis of the ideals that led to the Third Reich, and a warning of the threat of totalitarianism in America. The present volume, published in 2013, is about two-thirds of that earlier work, leaving aside the warning in favour of the explanation of the rise of Nazism.
A Nation and Not a Rabble
The Irish Revolution 1913-1923
Between 1913 and 1923 Ireland saw the emergence of the Ulster Volunteer Force resisting Irish home rule and, in response, the Irish Volunteers (later the IRA); then the First World War, the rise of Sinn Fein, intense Ulster Unionism and conflict with Britain culminated in the Irish War of Independence. Drawing on recently released archives, witness statements and the testimony of ordinary people, Ferriter's study reveals the gulf between reality and the rhetoric surrounding the politics and violence of that revolutionary period.
Stalin's Secret Weapon
Formed to mop up Nazi spy rings at the end of the Second World War, SMERSH got its name from a combination of the Russian words for 'Death to Spies'. Successive Communist governments suppressed traces of Stalin's political hit squad; but in this award-winning book, Vadim Birstein reveals the surgical brutality with which SMERSH exerted its influence as part of the paranoid Stalinist regime, both within the Soviet Union and in the wider world.
The Assassination of the Archduke
Sarajevo 1914 and the Murder that Changed the World
On 28 June 1914 a shot rang out that changed the world; four years later, tens of millions were dead and four great empires lay in ruins. This compelling and sympathetic history sets the lives and deaths of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his beloved wife Sophie against the glittering imperial splendour of the Austrian court; it exposes the startling intrigue and incompetence behind their assassination; and follows the lives of their children, doomed to exile and loss.
When Lions Roar
The Churchills and the Kennedys
Giant historical figures such as Churchill and JFK appear to stand alone, but few reach such eminence without the support of a network of public and private relationships, starting with their families. This biographical study begins at Chartwell in the 1930s, with a secret business deal between Churchill and Joseph Kennedy, before exploring the complex links between the two dynasties, shedding new light on a transatlantic alliance that would shape world history. American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Raj at War
A People's History of India's Second World War
The Second World War was not fought by Britain alone. India produced a volunteer army of two million - the largest in world history. This account reveals the hidden history of the country during the conflict. Through the voices of ordinary people - soldiers, nurses, peasants, labourers and prostitutes - it shows how mobilization introduced seismic economic, social and cultural change that shaped the war, hastened the unravelling of the British Empire and set the course of India's future.
The Roar of the Lion
The Untold Story of Churchill's World War II Speeches
The oratory with which Winston Churchill rallied the nation during the Second World War has become legendary, yet beyond a few phrases - 'blood, toil, tears and sweat', 'we shall fight on the beaches', 'their finest hour' - its substance remains little known. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive analysis of his wartime rhetoric, setting each speech in context and examining what it was intended to convey to - and conceal from - listeners at home and abroad.
The Anti-Communist Manifestos
Four Books that Shaped the Cold War
In four substantial essays, Fleming discusses four books that had a significant influence on public opinion on Communism in post-war America and, to a lesser extent, France. The essays cover both the books' arguments and the remarkable - if not always admirable - careers of their authors: they are Arthur Koestler's Darkness at Noon (1940); Out of the Night (1941) by Richard Krebs aka Jan Valtin; Victor Kravchenko's I Chose Freedom (1946); and Witness (1952) by Whittaker Chambers.
Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom
Sikkim, a tiny Buddhist kingdom sandwiched between India and China, survived the withdrawal of the British Empire and the Chinese invasion of Tibet. Then, in 1975, it was quietly annexed by India, bringing its 300-year-old dynasty to an end. Drawing on interviews and archive material, and retracing a 1922 journey by the author's grandfather, this book tells the remarkable story of this forgotten Shangri-La, its last king and his American wife, and the global power struggles that spelled its doom.
North Korea Caught in Time
Images of War and Reconstruction
Recent events have propelled the secretive Communist state of North Korea into the news, but for six decades it has remained a mystery to outsiders. This interesting book includes 150 rare photos, many of them never seen before in the West, that chart the devastation of the war that gave it birth, and the determined reconstruction that followed. The accompanying essay by Balazs Szalontai recounts the untold story of how ordinary Koreans endured the conflict, and the totalitarian system that emerged from it.
TE Lawrence and the Arab Revolt
Reclaiming TE Lawrence from hype and legend, this is a startling re-examination of his critical role in shaping the modern Middle East. With insights into Lawrence's views on discipline, his fear of failure and his lasting influence on military leadership, the study explores how an obscure British junior intelligence officer, unschooled in the art of war, became 'Lawrence of Arabia' and inspired the desert tribes to band together in an all-or-nothing insurgency against their Ottoman overlords. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Atlantic and its Enemies
A Personal History of the Cold War
Assessing the years between 1945 and the collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Norman Stone shows how, for every success of the Atlantic powers, there seemed to be a dozen triumphs for the USSR and the Communist Bloc. He looks in depth at the confrontation of the Communist and capitalist worlds, investigating how, when even in the late 1970s the initiative still seemed to lie with the Soviets, suddenly, against all the odds, the Atlantic won economically, ideologically and militarily.
The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-56
The phrase 'Iron Curtain' was coined by Winston Churchill in a speech at Fulton, Missouri in 1946. But was it? This elegant, original and wide-ranging history traces the origins of the metaphor in a device to contain theatre fires, through its use to describe the blockade of the fledgling Soviet Union after the First World War, to its transformation into a brutal reality after the Second, and asks whether the curtain really came down with the Berlin Wall.
The Catonsville Nine
A Story of Faith and Resistance in the Vietnam Era
In May 1968, a group of activists burst into a draft board in a suburb of Baltimore, stole hundreds of Selective Service records and burned them with home-made napalm. Peters tells the story of the Nine's protest, their trials and their fates.
Events at the Periphery of the Holocaust
A grainy photograph that appeared in a Polish newspaper in 2008 caused national soul searching. It showed a group of peasants atop a mountain of ashes at Treblinka, searching for gold that had escaped the Nazis' attention - after the war had ended. In lucid prose, this moving book unsparingly recounts how the Holocaust was accompanied by the systematic theft of Jewish property, not only by their persecutors but also by their former neighbours and friends.
The Brilliant Disaster: JFK, Castro,
and America's Doomed Invasion of Cuba's Bay of Pigs
'It could have been worse,' an adviser told JF Kennedy after the failure of the disastrous US-backed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro. 'How?' asked the President. 'It could have succeeded.' With clarity and narrative verve, Rasenberger reveals the behind-the-scenes machinations of the CIA, draws compelling portraits of the key players, traces what Kennedy knew, thought and felt as events unfolded, and charts the political fallout of one of the worst blunders in American history.
Battling for Communism in War and Cold war
When Stalin died in 1953 he had established the 'Red Empire' which defined the Cold War world until the fall of the Berlin Wall. What were the motives behind Stalin's ruthless and spectacular power grab? Was he intent upon imperialist expansion for its own sake? Was he simply a psychopathic killer? Using previously unavailable sources Gellately argues that Stalin is better understood as a life-long Leninist revolutionary who saw the Second World War as a chance to further the Communist mission.
Spanish Culture and Memory Since 1936
The Spanish Civil War is largely known through the accounts of outsiders such as Orwell and Hemingway, with the long years of Franco's dictatorship seen as an era of silence and suppression. This compelling investigation dispels this myth, demonstrating how the memory of these events was kept alive in novels, films, paintings and sculpture. Interviewing the descendants of those killed by the regime, it examines how, in recent years, the country has begun to come to terms with its past.
Britain and the World in the Twentieth Century
British history in the 20th century is too often seen as a long, slow decline. This concise, accessible book offers a refreshing alternative. Drawing on speeches, diaries, correspondence, newspapers and other primary sources, it focuses instead on the nation's capacity to adapt and reinvent itself in changing circumstances, through two world wars, the dismantling of empire, defence and diplomacy in Asia, the Middle East and Europe, the Cold War, and membership of the European Union.
Borders and Conflict in South Asia: The Radcliffe Boundary
Commission and the Partition of Punjab
This full-length study of the drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab in 1947 paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the impact of the Radcliffe line on Punjab. Studies in Imperialism series.
Britain's Cold War
The Dangerous Decades
Although now consigned to history, the Cold War remains a vivid memory for many, and the events of the period between the 1940s and 1991 are still echoed in conflicts around the world today. Using nearly 150 photographs and reproductions, each accompanied by a detailed caption, this book depicts both the high-level political and military stand-off and what the Cold War meant for ordinary men and women during the 'delicate balance of terror' years.
A Short History of the 20th Century
Combining narrative verve with meticulous scholarship, this brilliant chronicle charts the vicissitudes of a tempestuous century. Starting at the dawn of an era ripe with promise, it shows how empires fell, leaving wars, revolutions, economic depressions and totalitarian regimes in their wake. It also examines the details of everyday life - how children were raised, why cities expanded, and the effects of technology and mass media - before concluding with the fall of the Soviet Union and the resurgence of Islam.