20th Century History
Fighting Churchill, Appeasing Hitler
How a British Civil Servant Helped Cause the Second World War
The 1930s policy of appeasement has sometimes been defended as a necessary evil which allowed the military more time to expand its capacity. Phillips argues against this justification, describing in detail how Neville Chamberlain and his advisor Horace Wilson were determined to avoid ‘provoking’ Hitler, and suggesting that by manipulating the media and politicians into supporting appeasement they hampered preparations for the coming war.
All Behind You, Winston
Churchill's Great Coalition 1940–45
Beginning with the dramatic events of 10 May 1940 and the beginning of the coalition government with Winston Churchill as Prime Minister, Roger Hermiston provides a meticulously researched account of the men and women of Churchill’s war ministry, among them Clement Attlee, Ernest Bevin, Herbert Morrison, Anthony Eden, Lord Beaverbrook and Ellen Wilkinson: ‘the government that would win the war’.
The State vs. Nelson Mandela
The Trial that Changed South Africa
Nelson Mandela stood trial in 1963 alongside ten other defendants accused of plotting to violently overthrown the South African government. Revealing the entrenched bigotry and discrimination faced by the defendants, this account of the case, written by one of the defence lawyers, describes the trial in detail with close observations of all the principal characters. Slightly off-mint.
The True Story of the World's Most Stubborn Micronation
In 1967 Major Paddy Bates proclaimed himself ruler of an abandoned Second World War fort in the North Sea. Incorporating many rare photographs and interviews with surviving members of Sealand’s royal family, this book tells the story of how this island nation fought off the British government and armed mercenaries for half a century, preserving its independence to this day.
Churchill and Smuts
From Enemies to Lifelong Friends
This dual biography explores the relationship between the aristocrat Winston Churchill and the ascetic South African farm boy Jan Smuts. It tells how the two men, antagonists during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902, became friends after Smuts risked unpopularity at home by supporting Britain in the First World War, and assesses their role during the establishment of apartheid.
When Europe Was a Prison Camp
Father and Son Memoirs 1940–1941
Otto Schrag and his son Peter fled Nazi-occupied Belgium in 1940, yet both have very different stories to tell. Otto fled to the South of France where, as a Jew, he was interned in a French concentration camp at Saint-Cyprien; ten-year-old Peter, meanwhile, escaped to Boulogne with his mother and grandmother, sheltering in a cellar while the city was bombed. This book combines Otto’s novel-like recollections, written in 1941, with Peter’s thoughtful memoir compiled 40 years later.
The Russian Revolution
A Beginner's Guide
From the formation of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party in 1898, Abraham Ascher traces the course of the Russian Revolution, going beyond 1917, through Stalin’s ruthless dictatorship, to the end of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the Soviet legacy that remained.
1916: A Global History
The pivotal year of the First World War was marked by a series of events with far-reaching repercussions, from the Battle of the Somme and the Easter Rising to the assassination of Rasputin and the election of President Woodrow Wilson. Drawing on military, social and cultural sources, this history goes beyond the Western Front to explore crucial developments in the war at sea, in the intelligence war, and in the Balkans, East Africa and Asia.
How Churchill Brought Us Back from the Brink
When Churchill became Prime Minister in May 1940, he faced a hostile party and a sceptical public. This day-to-day account reveals the struggles and doubts, in which he even contemplated peace with Germany, that he overcame to unite the country. Off-mint.
Burning the Sky
Operation Argus and the Untold Story of the Cold War Nuclear Tests in Outer Space
As the Cold War intensified in the late 1950s, an eccentric Greek-American physicist developed a startling idea: to detonate nuclear explosions in space to create a radiation belt that would destroy incoming Soviet missiles. Drawing on newly declassified sources, this book describes the plans for Operation Argus, the New York Times exposé of the project, and the 1963 Test Ban Treaty that prevented high-altitude explosions.
Caught in the Revolution
Petrograd, Russia, 1917 – A World on the Edge
Between the February and October revolutions of 1917, a disparate group of foreigners were trapped amid the violent turmoil in St Petersburg. Among them were the British ambassador Sir George Buchanan and his wife Georgina, Emmeline Pankhurst, Isaiah Berlin, the American journalist Bessie Beatty, and Philip Jordan, the black valet of the US ambassador. Drawing on their largely unpublished letters and diaries, this book presents a first-hand, day-by-day account of a society in the process of transformation.
Hell and Good Company
The Spanish Civil War and the World it Made
The Spanish Civil War inspired and haunted artists and authors including Picasso, Miró, Hemingway and Orwell. It was also the testbed for military and medical technology that would come to the fore in the Second World War. This book tells its story through the eyes of the writers, reporters, doctors and nurses who experienced it first-hand, few of whom were in any doubt that they were witnessing the shape of things to come.
Spain in Our Hearts
Americans in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939
Many Americans fought in the Spanish Civil War – on both sides. This book tells the stories not only of famous names like Hemingway, but also of a 19-year-old Kentucky woman, a Pennsylvania student, and the Texas oilman who fuelled Franco’s army.
Photographs of Civil Rights Activists and Black Lives Matter Protests
In this photographic project, Sheila Pree Bright pairs her series of portraits of civil rights activists from the 1960s, including Roslyn Pope and Lonnie King, with figures from the contemporary Black Lives Matter movement and her series of documentary images of BLM protests in American cities in 2015 and 2016.
Where the American Century Began
After the Second World War, the initiative to divide Korea at the 38th Parallel was put forward by America. The war that followed resulted in the death of around three million civilians. This critique of America’s involvement in the Korean War of 1950–53 examines the origins of the conflict, America’s response to China’s involvement, including the chemical weapon bombing campaign, and the legacy of militarism and bitterness that remains in North Korea.
Darkness Over Germany
A Warning from History
As a young Christian teacher, Amy Buller made several visits to Germany in the 1930s to foster dialogue and international understanding. First published in 1943, this book recounts her conversations with Nazis and anti-Nazis, Catholics, Protestants and Jews. It offers a chilling insight into how an authoritarian regime can establish itself, and how the general population can be persuaded to support it.
The Good Assassin
Mossad's Hunt for the Butcher of Latvia
Before the Second World War, Herbert Cukurs was a world-famous aviator and a hero in his native Latvia; then he joined the SS and contributed to the genocide of 30,000 Latvian Jews. The Good Assassin uncovers this little-known episode of the Holocaust, before moving forward to the 1960s, when the Israeli secret agent Yaakov Meidad found Cukurs living under an alias in Brazil, and set about bringing him to justice.
A True Story of Blood, Betrayal and Deceit
Covering the years between the early 1930s and the end of the Second World War, Josh Ireland tells the stories of four men who threw in their lot with the Nazis, betrayed their country and suffered the consequences of their treachery: John Amery, Harold Cole, William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) and Eric Pleasants were traitors who ‘led untidy existences that were fat with accident and mess, but that were shaped by the epoch they inhabited’.
Death of a Translator
Ed Gorman has spent 25 years as a foreign correspondent covering conflicts in Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, the Balkans and the Gulf, but it is his experiences as a young reporter in Afghanistan in particular that haunt him. He recounts his time with the mujaheddin launching hit-and-run attacks on Soviet troops, and offers a frank account of the PTSD that resulted.
The Last Winter of the Weimar Republic
The autumn of 1932 found the German economy in ruins, with Nazis and Communists fighting in the streets of Berlin. This day-by-day account reveals the behind-the-scenes machinations of industrialists, bankers, and the rival Chancellors Franz von Papen and Kurt von Schleicher, who each sought to co-opt the National Socialists while reining in their more extreme elements – a dangerous game that would bring Hitler to power the following January.
Churchill and Fisher
Titans at the Admiralty
The legendary Admiral Jacky Fisher and the energetic Winston Churchill were a formidable pair as the political and professional heads of the Royal Navy in the lead up to the First World War but their partnership ended in acrimony over the Gallipoli campaign. This detailed study of the two leaders’ term at the Admiralty draws on an extensive new analysis of the Churchill and Fisher papers held at Churchill College, Cambridge.
The Darksome Bounds of a Failing World
The Sinking of the Titanic and the End of the Edwardian Era
A symbol of Anglo-American success when it was built and launched, the Titanic replicated the hierarchy of Edwardian society for those on board. Drawing on letters, newspapers and eyewitness reports, Gareth Russell describes the liner’s construction and maiden voyage and, through the lives and fates of six first-class passengers, offers an insight into the conventions and morality of the era.
Reporting on Hitler
Rothay Reynolds and the British Press in Nazi Germany
The Daily Mail’s Berlin correspondent Rothay Reynolds was one of the first journalists to interview Hitler and, it was said, the only man capable of holding the Führer’s gaze. As his paper became increasingly vocal in its support for the Nazis, he struggled to report accurately on life in Germany. This account tells the story of Reynolds and other foreign correspondents such as Norman Ebutt and Hugh Carleton Greene who attempted to reveal the truth about the regime, often at great personal risk.
Our History of the 20th Century
As Told in Diaries, Journals and Letters
From Queen Victoria’s journal entry for 1 January 1900 (‘full of anxiety & fear of what may be before us!’), to MP Oona King’s lament at spending the end of the millennium in a queue, Elborough’s compilation presents personal, contemporary and candid responses to world history as it happened. The book features over 100 diarists and provides one or more writers’ reaction to every major event or trend, whether a world war, the 1975 Europe Referendum or the latest Star Wars movie.
A History of the English-Speaking Peoples since 1900
Andrew Roberts follows Britain’s relations with the United States and the Commonwealth over the last 120 years. He examines the Western Alliance’s response to the challenges of two world wars and the Cold War, arguing that the unity of the English-speaking peoples is a bastion of liberty, and warning that the ‘wasted breathing space’ between 1991 and 2011 left us ill-prepared to meet the rise of Islamic fundamentalism.
The Plots Against Hitler
Danny Orbach explores the perennial question of what could have been done to stop Hitler in this exploration of the Third Reich’s anti-Nazi underground. Disparate small groups based on academic, political, personal and religious affiliations tried repeatedly to end the Führer’s genocidal reign. This is their story of the sometimes ingenious but always doomed efforts, looking at the assassination plans and ethical conflicts surrounding the attempts.
The Spy Who Changed History
The Untold Story of How the Soviet Union Won the Race for America's Top Secrets
In the 1930s Stalin was obsessed with closing the technology gap between the Soviet Union and the West and recruited Stanislav Shumovsky to join his fledgling espionage and infiltration efforts. ‘Agent Blériot’ enrolled at MIT in 1931 and subsequently stole many of their crucial aviation secrets, allowing Russia to transform its military capacity. Based on documents from the Churchill Archives, and including numerous photographs and maps, this book shows the key role Shumovsky played in establishing the Russian spy network.
The Wild East
Gunfights, Massacres and Race Riots Far from the American Frontier
A civil war, the end of slavery and mass immigration in the late 19th and early 20th century caused far-reaching social unrest in America, with race riots, gang violence and organized crime in the eastern cities to rival and exceed the lawlessness of the wild frontier. This study analyses a number of flashpoints including pitched street battles between rival immigrant gangs, the activities of the early mafia and industrial disputes such as the Blair Mountain coal miners' uprising.
The Solitary Spy
A Political Prisoner in Cold War Berlin
A graduate of Britain’s top-secret Joint Services School for Linguistics, Douglas Boyd was posted to an RAF airbase in Berlin in 1958 to spy on the armed forces of Warsaw Pact countries. He was subsequently arrested and imprisoned in solitary confinement in Potsdam, where he was interrogated by the KGB. In this memoir, Boyd describes his work as a signals interceptor in Berlin, where he listened in on pilots flying over East Germany, and his encounters with key security personnel.
The Inside History
For viewers of The Crown who wonder how far Peter Morgan’s drama mirrors reality, the historian Robert Lacey presents an account of Queen Elizabeth’s reign in the years covered by the first series; from her marriage to Philip Mountbatten in 1947, to Princess Margaret’s decision to part from Peter Townsend in 1955. The history is richly illustrated with formal and informal photographs of the royal family and photographs of the actors who portrayed them in The Crown.
Conspiracy, Cover-Up, and the Deceitful Case for the Atom Bomb
For those involved, the Manhattan Project was justified by the belief that Nazi Germany was close to developing its own atom bomb. Drawing on recently declassified documents in Britain, the USA, Russia and Germany, this book reveals that British intelligence knew this was untrue, but did not tell the Americans; and suggests that Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed not to defeat Japan but to threaten Russia.
To Free the Romanovs
Royal Kinship and Betrayal in Europe 1917–1919
When Russia erupted in revolution, some members of the imperial family managed to flee abroad, but for the tsar, the tsarina and their children, months of imprisonment ended in brutal death. This history examines the responses of their royal cousins in Britain, Germany, Norway and Denmark and asks why, when they were so closely related to all the ruling houses of Europe, the Romanovs were not helped to escape.
All the Kremlin's Men
Inside the Court of Vladimir Putin
Drawing on hundreds of interviews with Vladimir Putin’s inner circle, the Russian journalist Mikhail Zygar presents a portrait of Putin, the ‘man who accidentally became king’ and the machinations of his court. Described as ‘a milestone’ by the Financial Times, the book covers the years 1999 to 2015, revealing the inner workings of the Kremlin and the power struggles of oligarchs and officials as it traces Putin’s metamorphosis from ‘Vlad the Lionheart’ to ‘Vlad the Terrible’.
Twentieth Century in Pictures
Since the beginning of passenger air travel, photographers have recorded the rich and famous as they arrive at their destination. These 300 images from the Press Association's archives form a gallery of 20th-century celebrity, from Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall to Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie.
A Handful of Bullets
How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces the Peace
The assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in June 1914, this study argues, brought about far more than the outbreak of the First World War; it sowed the seeds of global insecurity in the 21st century, creating four new ‘horsemen of the apocalypse’: weakened states, economic insecurity, religious and political extremism, and environmental crisis. The remedies it proposes lie in fundamental political and economic reform, and a realignment of US strategic priorities.
The Dead Hand
Reagan, Gorbachev and the Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race
This investigative history of Reagan, Gorbachev and the Cold War’s final decade draws on many previously unpublished sources, including classified Kremlin documents and interviews with political leaders, scientists, military officials and diplomats. As well as cataloguing the Russian automatic nuclear-control system called the ‘Dead Hand’, the book shows how the regime persisted in their paranoid belief that the US was planning a first strike strategy.
Lions and Lambs
Conflict in Weimar and the Creation of Post-Nazi Germany
Against the more usual interpretation of post-war Germany’s ‘economic miracle’ as the result of American-led reconstruction, this study turns to the social and political groupings within Germany itself and the ideas and decisions of the Germans who created the country’s post-Nazi liberal democracy. The study is, in Strote’s words, ‘a history of how former enemies partnered together and how a region with a tradition of internal strife became pacified’.
Fawzi Al-Qawuqji and the Fight for Arab Independence 1914–1948
From the First World War, when he fought in the Ottoman Army, to the 1948 war for Palestine, the military leader Fawzi Al-Qawuqji was highly influential in the Arab nationalist struggle. Drawing on published memoirs and private papers, this biography unravels the complexities of this controversial figure.
The Reichstag Fire
The Case Against the Nazi Conspiracy
By thoroughly re-examining all available evidence, this investigation into the arson attack on the German parliament building in 1933, four weeks after Hitler’s appointment as Reich chancellor, seeks to resolve the controversy over who started the Reichstag fire. It debunks claims that it was the Nazis themselves, and concludes that Marinus van der Lubbe, a communist sympathiser, was the lone perpetrator of a crime that arguably led to the worst atrocities of the 20th century.
1919: Britain's Year of Revolution
Simon Webb describes the extraordinary yet almost-forgotten events of the year when many feared that Britain was in the grip of a ‘Bolshevik uprising’, with tanks deployed on the streets, police officers on strike and rebellious soldiers marching on the Houses of Parliament.
Between the Wars
The importance of milestone events such as the discovery of penicillin and the Wall Street crash are considered in this historical review as well as political developments including the Japanese invasion of China and the rise of Fascism in Europe. Writing across 21 topics Philip Ziegler gives a broad overview of the period in a bid to explain how one world war led to another.
Who Betrayed the Jews?
The Realities of Nazi Persecution in the Holocaust
In The Other Schindlers Agnes Grunwald-Spier wrote of the many unsung individuals who helped the Jews during the Nazi persecution; in this study she uncovers the individuals and groups who betrayed them. Quoting extensively from survivors' accounts, and in sometimes shocking detail, she examines betrayals made for ideology or greed, but also the 'commercial betrayals' by the railway companies who transported Jews and the industries that used forced labour, and the betrayals made in fear and desperation.
From Hope to Hatred
Voices of the Falls Curfew
The 36-hour curfew imposed by the British Army on the Catholic Falls Road area from 3–5 July 1970 was a turning point in the Northern Ireland conflict. Drawing on interviews with those on both sides, this history tells how a weapons search escalated into rioting and a gun battle that left four dead and 75 injured, charts the background to the curfew, discusses its legality, and assesses its consequences.
The Great War for Peace
While the First World War is generally seen as the seminal catastrophe of the 20th century, William Mulligan looks anew at the aspirations of the statesmen, soldiers, intellectuals and civilians who were involved in the war and at the new ideas about peace that emerged. Beginning with the collapse of ‘great power peace’ between 1911 and 1914, he shows how the experience of the war expanded the understanding of peace, focusing political attention on building a better world order.
The Colonel Who Would Not Repent
The Bangladesh War and Its Unquiet Legacy
Muslim and Bengali-speaking Bangladesh was once East Pakistan, created when India achieved independence in 1947. The country gained its own independence from Pakistan in 1971 after a war in which many hundreds of thousands died. More conflict was to follow, exacerbated by natural disaster, famine and corruption. Salil Tripathi, an Indian journalist and Bengali-speaker, presents the first in-depth account of Bangladesh’s struggle for independence and the troubled aftermath.
The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee
Native America from 1890 to the Present
Blending history, reportage and memoir, the Ojibwe sociologist Treuer challenges the idea that Native American culture ended with the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee. By recording the ways that depredations have been resisted over the past century, he demonstrates how land seizures sharpened legal skills; forced assimilation of children was met by a unifying indigenous identity; and most recently, digital technology has become a tool of organized resistance.
Defending the Rock
How Gibraltar Defeated Hitler
Gibraltar has been an indispensable naval fortress since 1704, yet in July 1940 it was threatened on four sides: by Vichy France, Nazi Germany, and fascist Italy and Spain. This history of the Rock’s strategic importance during the war also explores the pre-war imperial incursions in the Mediterranean region, which would threaten Gibraltar as a wartime escape route and key link in the ‘steel chain of sea power’. Slightly off-mint.
The Mantle of Command
FDR At War 1941–1942
This opening volume of Hamilton’s trilogy, which asserts that Roosevelt’s role during the Second World War has been underestimated, ranges from his meeting with Churchill in Placentia Bay on 9 August 1941 to the landing of US troops in North Africa in late 1942. During this period the president rejected calls to delegate decisions to military leaders, overcame an attempted ‘mutiny’, and demonstrated his talent for strategic thinking by devising a global plan to defeat Hitler.
Commander in Chief
FDR's Battle with Churchill, 1943
Hamilton’s reappraisal of Roosevelt’s wartime leadership continues with this second volume in his trilogy, assessing the clashes between FDR and Churchill throughout 1943. As battle escalated in North Africa and Italy, a strategic difference between the two men emerged, with the president challenging Churchill’s decision to widen the war in the Mediterranean and overruling his attempts to abandon the D-Day landings.
The End of Tsarist Russia
The March to World War I & Revolution
The First World War ‘was first and foremost an eastern European conflict’, argues the author of this study of Russian history in the lead up to the revolution of October 1917. Based on original research in Russian and other foreign archives, the analysis examines the nature of the Tsarist regime and its handling of the war, and discusses the far-reaching consequences of its collapse. Slightly off-mint and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
Death and Intrigue in the Promised Land
In February 1942, in a Tel Aviv flat, Assistant Superintendent Geoffrey Morton shot Avraham Stern dead. This first biography tells of Stern’s comfortable upbringing as a dentist’s son in small-town Poland, his emigration to Palestine and his commitment to the Zionist cause. It describes the terrorist attacks he organized against British targets, and his subsequent elevation as a martyr to the cause of Israel.
Commandant of Auschwitz
The Autobiography of Rudolf Hoess
Rudolf Hoess was Commandant of Auschwitz from its construction in 1940 until late 1943, and supervised the murder of over three million Jews as part of the Nazis’ ‘final solution’. He was an expert in the administration of concentration camps and mass exterminations. Hoess wrote this autobiography in 1947 while in prison in Poland. He was tried, sentenced and hanged later that year. The autobiography and other documents are translated here by Constantine Fitzgibbon, with an introduction by Primo Levi.
Lenin on the Train
When Tsar Nicholas II abdicated in March 1917, the exiled Lenin immediately began planning to return from Zurich to Petrograd. Sensing an opportunity to throw Russia into greater chaos, the German government allowed the Bolshevik leader to cross their country in a sealed railway carriage. Merridale tells the story of this world-changing journey and delves into the archives to uncover the underground conspiracy, illicit finance and wartime desperation that combined to make Lenin’s return possible.
The Windsors, the Nazis and the Cover-Up
Edward Windsor, the former king, and Wallis Simpson were already an embarrassment to the establishment, and their connections to leading Nazis during the 1930s were too damaging to the crown to be allowed to surface after the war. This investigative report reveals their links to Nazi sympathizers and examines Hitler's plan to install Edward as a puppet king. The title refers to flowers apparently sent by German diplomat von Ribbentrop to Simpson to commemorate their love affair.
The Illustrated History of Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal House of Windsor
With personal access to world leaders over a period of nearly 70 years, the Queen has witnessed profound political changes as well as experiencing crises in her own family, such as the assassination of Louis Mountbatten and the death of Princess Diana. With historical notes and profiles of leading figures, this photographic biography explores the pageantry and the intrigues of the House of Windsor from the abdication crisis to the Diamond Jubilee.
The Last of the Tsars
Nicholas II and the Russian Revolution
The distinguished historian of revolutionary Russia, Robert Service brings a profound understanding of the period and a forensic examination of official and personal records to this study of Nicholas II’s life and thought in the 16 months after the February 1917 Revolution and his abdication. The book examines the political environments of the Tsar’s places of detention, Irkutsk, Tobolsk and Ekaterinberg; his thinking on Russia and his own role; and the circumstances of the Romanov family’s execution in July 1918.
A Brief History of 1917
Russia's Year of Revolution
Lenin, Trotsky and Karensky were the ideological driving force behind the Russian Revolution, but were they, as one of Roy Bainton's sources describes them, 'totally evil men'? Or was Lenin, as a Red Army veteran insisted, 'a good man who ran the country on a worker's wages'? Bainton's brief history approaches the revolution from the standpoint of the ordinary mass of Russians, describing both the bravado of the revolutionaries and a people punished repeatedly by circumstance.
The Darkest Days
The Truth Behind Britain's Rush to War, 1914
Contrary to recent historical consensus, which argues that Britain’s entry into the First World War was unavoidable, this well-researched, forensic examination of political events in Britain during the 13 days leading up to outbreak, reveals that key politicians and organizations, including cabinet members, Keir Hardie and Liberal Party ‘Radicals’, offered a path to neutrality, and proposes that political blunders and misguided allegiances to France and Russia resulted in a catastrophic conflict that was far from inevitable.
The Man Who Broke Enigmas
Brilliant classical scholar Alfred Dillwyn Knox was recruited by the Admiralty as a codebreaker in 1915 and by the outbreak of the Second World War was a leading cryptographer for the Government Code and Cypher School, breaking the Abwehr Enigma at Bletchley Park in 1941. This biography of the eccentric genius is written by one of 'Dilly's girls' - his codebreaking assistants at Bletchley - and describes his life and work, including detailed explanations of his decryption methods.
The Church of England and the Home Front 1914–1918
Civilians, Soldiers and Religion in Wartime Colchester
An historian and parish priest, Dr Robert Beaken gives a detailed account of the impact of the First World War on life in the ancient garrison town of Colchester, focusing on the parish churches and their response to the challenges of wartime.
A Cruel and Shocking Act
The Secret History of the Kennedy Assassination
Philip Shenon's book pieces together the compelling story of the most important, and most misunderstood, homicide investigation in 20th-century America: the Warren Commission inquiry and its conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone to assassinate the President. Drawing on unprecedented access to surviving Commission staff and other key witnesses, Shenon reveals how much of the truth about the Kennedy assassination has not been told and how much evidence was 'shredded, incinerated or erased' before it reached the Commission. Off-mint.
Ministers at War
Winston Churchill and His War Cabinet
In this study of Winston Churchill and the small group of men, the 'team of rivals', that he chose to help him guide Britain through the grave crisis it faced in May 1940, Schneer examines Churchill's leadership and the relations between the War Cabinet ministers, among them Eden, Beaverbrook, Bevin, Attlee, Morrison and Stafford Cripps. He also looks beyond the war to the Cabinet's response to public expectations after six years of hardship – domestic issues which demanded a new kind of leadership.
Viva la Revolucion
On Latin America
Fidel Castro’s 1959 triumph in Cuba sparked Eric Hobsbawm’s interest in Latin America, ‘a continent apparently bubbling with the lava of social revolutions’. The 31 essays and articles collected here represent his sustained fascination with the area and its politics. They cover topics including revolutionaries (not least Che Guevara), the Chilean road to socialism, the region’s peasant movements and its agrarian structures.
The Spies of Winter
The GCHQ Codebreakers Who Fought the Cold War
At the end of the Second World War, many of the Bletchley Park codebreakers were moved on to the newly formed GCHQ to keep tabs on Britain's new foe, the Soviet Union. This book explores their work in the early period of the Cold War as Western and Eastern blocs were established and cryptanalysts attempted to uncover the secrets behind flashpoints such as the Berlin Blockade, the Cambridge spy ring and the revolution in China.
The Race to Stop Hitler's Atomic Bomb
When a Cambridge professor found wiring beneath the floor of his house, he had little idea of the building’s astonishing past. In April 1945 Farm Hall was used to house ten of Germany’s top nuclear scientists captured during the collapse of the Reich. This gripping narrative probes a murky world of espionage to tell how their conversations, bugged by MI6, revealed the extent of the Nazis’ nuclear ambitions, and investigates whether they were kidnapped to thwart not Hitler, but Stalin.
The Man Who Created the Middle East
A Story of Empire, Conflict and the Sykes-Picot Agreement
In 1916, the British and French diplomats, Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, signed an agreement to partition the Ottoman Empire after the First World War in the event of an Allied victory. It was one of the most controversial and divisive treaties of the 20th century. In this biography of Sir Mark Sykes (1879–1919) his grandson uses family correspondence to reappraise the diplomat’s life and work and his largely misunderstood role in the Middle East.
Iran's Constitutional Revolution of 1906
Narratives of the Enlightenment
In ten essays, this volume explores aspects of Iran’s Constitutional Revolution, including the writings of Mirza Fatali Akhundzade, Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani’s political thought, the use of photography, and the influence of Iranian contacts with the West and modernity.
A Documentary History of Communism in Russia
From Lenin to Gorbachev
Updated in 1993 to cover the collapse of Russian Communism, Professor Daniels’s compilation of almost 200 documents, with accompanying introductions and commentaries, sets in context texts that begin with Lenin arguing against the Populists in 1894, trace the progress of the Bolshevik Revolution and the course of Soviet Communism up to the era of perestroika, and end with Gorbachev’s speech of resignation on 8 December 1991.
Fighting with Allies
America and Britain in Peace and War
In this 2016 edition of his 1996 study, the former British Ambassador to Washington explores the ‘special relationship’ between Britain and the United States since 1940. Drawing on his own experience as well as official documents, diaries and memoirs, Robin Renwick examines the perspectives of each side during moments of crisis, including the Second World War, Suez, the Falklands, Bosnia, Iraq and Afghanistan. With Britain’s role in the world about to be transformed by Brexit, the book assesses the prospects for Anglo-American co-operation.
A Very Dangerous Woman
The Lives, Loves and Lies of Russia's Most Seductive Spy
Adventurer, seductress and spy, the Russian baroness Moura Budberg embarked on a passionate affair in 1918 with Robert Bruce Lockhart, a British agent plotting Lenin’s downfall. Based on previously unexamined letters, diaries and documents, and narrated with the pace of a thriller, this first-ever biography tells the incredible story of a woman whose lovers included Maxim Gorky and HG Wells, and who became embroiled in the web of scandal surrounding the Cambridge Five.
Our view of the Holocaust is shaped by the industrialized death camps of Auschwitz and Treblinka, but the reality was more complex. Drawing on survivors’ testimonies, this revelatory study moves the focus from the forests of Eastern Europe to the transient networks of the Reich’s railways, to reveal how the location and the methods of genocide altered in the course of the war – and how our perceptions of it have shifted over subsequent decades.
Spy of the Century
Alfred Redl and the Betrayal of Austro-Hungary
When, in 1907, Alfred Redl became head of the Austro-Hungarian Intelligence Bureau, he also began working as a secret agent for the Russian Imperial Army. This biography, the first in English, examines possible motivations behind Redl’s treachery, which is often blamed for Austria’s defeat in the First World War and the break-up of its empire. Was Redl an evil, reckless man or the tragic victim of Russian blackmail that threatened to expose his homosexuality?
The Pope and Mussolini
The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe
Rome, 1922: two men assume power in their respective spheres, the sacred and the secular. Superficially, Pope Pius XI and Benito Mussolini could not have been less alike, yet they shared a social conservatism and hatred of democracy. Combining meticulous research in the Vatican archives with narrative drive, this groundbreaking history reveals the controversial truth of their unholy alliance, and how, as Il Duce grew closer to Hitler, the ailing pontiff began to sense that something had gone terribly wrong… American-cut pages.
Witnessing the Robbing of the Jews
A Photographic Album, Paris, 1940–1944
When the Germans occupied Paris in 1940, it was not only the city’s art treasures that aroused their greed, but the belongings of ordinary people, especially Jews. A photograph album discovered in German archives systematically recorded the pillage. Reproduced here with an informative commentary, it offers a chilling insight into the relation between greed and mass destruction, as furniture, toys, saucepans and bedlinen are loaded into crates and trucks by Nazi officers, French collaborators and prisoners from the camps.
Escapes Under the Berlin Wall and the Historical Films the JFK White House Tried to Kill
In 1962, a year after the Berlin Wall went up, a group of young West Germans risked imprisonment, torture and death to liberate friends, lovers and even strangers from the East. Based on interviews with the participants, and previously unavailable Stasi and CIA files, this history tells how two US TV networks financed their tunnel-building in return for the rights to screen the escapes, and how JF Kennedy’s White House, fearful of confrontation with Russia, tried to suppress the results.
The Man with the Poison Gun
A Cold War Spy Story
In August 1961, on the day before his baby son’s funeral, KGB agent Bohdan Stashynsky boarded an S-Bahn train into West Berlin. By nightfall he had defected into the hands of the American military, confessing to murdering two Ukrainian dissidents using a cyanide-loaded poison gun. Drawing on recently declassified material from CIA and KGB archives, Plokhy’s thrilling story charts Stashynsky’s rise as a willing assassin, his nail-biting escape and its impact on Cold War politics.
The Russian Revolution
First published in 1958 and reissued in 2017 to mark the centenary of the Russian Revolution, Moorehead’s much-acclaimed book provides the general reader with a concise and straightforward account of the Revolution and events leading up to it, and explores the German connections with the Bolsheviks. Alan Moorehead (1910–1983) was a renowned war correspondent, essayist and historian; his book remains a very readable narrative of 1917, but also sheds light on Western attitudes to the USSR during the Cold War.
Sarajevo 1914–Versailles 1919: The War and Peace that Made the Modern World
Approaching the First World War from a global perspective, this collection of 28 essays seeks to explain how each of the participating countries that signed the first Versailles peace treaty on 28 June 1919 came to be there, or, in the case of Russia and China, why they were absent. Starting with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, chapters describe how the major states reacted to events in Sarajevo and how countries such as Greece, Portugal and Brazil entered the war.
The Birth of the U.S. Chemical Warfare Service and the Race for the World's Deadliest Weapons
Although German gas attacks on the battlefields of the First World War were greeted with horror, the Allies responded by developing their own chemical weapons. In America, laboratories began engaging in chemical weapon research, eventually amalgamating into the Chemical Warfare Service. This history of the organization brings together the key scientists, politicians and military personnel involved in its establishment, and describes the numerous logistical and ethical challenges they faced in deploying gas against the Germans. Off-mint with felt-tip mark on upper trimmed edge.
An Iron Wind
Europe Under Hitler
As one country after another fell to Hitler's armies, war reached deep into the lives of ordinary men and women. This book shows how no two occupations were the same, from the state collaboration of France to the dismemberment of Poland. Drawing on letters, diaries and first-hand accounts, it examines how civilians struggled to understand their predicament, to decide whether to collaborate or resist, and how they justified their choices. Off-mint with a felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
Churchill's Cold War
How the Iron Curtain Speech Shaped the Post War World
On VE Day, 8 May 1945, Winston Churchill was the victorious leader who had steered Britain through five years of war. By VJ Day in August, he had been ejected from office and his great ally Franklin Roosevelt was dead. This history provides a month-by-month account of how Churchill, increasingly fearful of Stalin’s ambitions in Europe, became a voice in the wilderness once again, warning of the danger of Communism as he had warned against Nazism in the 1930s.
Empire of Secrets
British Intelligence, the Cold War, and the Twilight of Empire
Against the backdrop of the Cold War, Britain viewed the nationalist insurgencies shaking its dwindling colonial possessions as Soviet-backed subversion. Drawing on a wealth of top-secret documents and previously overlooked personal papers, this history charts the crucial but unseen role of MI5 in the campaigns waged by British troops in the jungles of Malaya and Kenya and on the streets of Aden, Cyprus and Palestine, uncovering some of the dark secrets of the dying empire. Off-mint.
Farewell the Trumpets
An Imperial Retreat
Volume three of Morris’s Pax Britannica trilogy, but complete within itself, Farewell the Trumpets charts the decline and dissolution of the British Empire. Beginning with Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in 1897 and detecting the first signs of decay in the Boer Wars, the book follows the diminishing empire through world wars, the loss of India and the death of Winston Churchill in 1955 to ‘a somewhat tattered conclusion’ in the 1960s. Slightly off-mint.
To Hell and Back
Despite its prosperity and security Europe plunged itself not once, but twice in a generation, into wars of unprecedented savagery and destructive power. In this eighth volume in the Penguin History of Europe series, one of Britain’s most acclaimed historians provides a narrative of events and profiles the key decision-makers, offering a clear analysis of the underlying forces that drove them. Off-mint and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
Enemy to Lifelong Friend
In many ways Winston Churchill and South African statesman Jan Smuts were opposites: one a privileged Englishman with expensive tastes, the other a temperate philosopher of far humbler origins. Yet in matters of state their politics, military judgment and vision of Empire intersected, making possible a friendship which not only endured for almost half a century, but which influenced the outcome of two world wars and the transition from Empire to Commonwealth, as this account of their relationship attests.
The Spy Who Saved 10,000 Jews
During the 1920s and 1930s, Frank Foley worked as Chief Passport Control Officer for the British Embassy in Berlin, a cover for his role as MI6 Head of Station there. As the Nazi administration increased its stranglehold over the country, Foley used his position to issue visas to countless Jews, allowing them to escape to Britain ‘legally’. This biography also recounts many of the escapes that Foley enabled.
The Long Shadow
The Great War and the Twentieth Century
‘In Britain…1914–18 has become a literary war, detached from its moorings in historical events.’ In this study, David Reynolds seeks to redress the balance and broaden our vision by demonstrating how the First World War shaped the 20th century at home and abroad, through the widening of the democratic franchise, the creation of states in Europe and the Middle East, and the establishment of an ‘international order’; and how it paved the way for another, greater conflict.
The Year that Made Hitler
Following the failure of the Munich Beer Hall putsch in early November 1923, Adolf Hitler spent the rest of that year and most of 1924 in Landsberg Prison. During that time, he transformed himself from disgraced rabble-rouser to self-assured politician, on a trajectory to the chancellery. Beginning with the Bavarian political scene in 1923 and the putsch itself, this book focuses on Hitler’s trial for treason and his year in prison, writing Mein Kampf and hardening his Nazi ideology.
St George and the Chinese Dragon
Written by Colonel Vaughan of the 7th Rajputs, this is a colourful account of the expedition to relieve the International Legations – 900 soldiers, marines and citizens of eleven foreign powers, including Britain – besieged in Peking for 55 days during the Boxer Uprising. The book covers Vaughan’s perilous march from the coast to Peking, the capture of the Legations Quarter and the subsequent occupation of Peking. An extensive foreword is complemented by maps, photographs and watercolours by the author.
Adolf's British Holiday Snaps
Luftwaffe Aerial Reconnaissance Photographs of England, Scotland and Wales
At the beginning of the Second World War, Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to take aerial photographs of Britain in preparation for an invasion. In 1945 British Intelligence discovered 16 tons of pictures in Bavaria, which were sent to Britain and classified top secret; but other Luftwaffe photographs were found and kept by ordinary servicemen. Here, Nigel Clarke presents approximately 200 such photographs, many with bomb runs marked, along with wartime images of the corresponding damage on the ground. Slightly off-mint.
The Back Parts of War
The YMCA Memoirs and Letters of Barclay Baron, 1915–1919
Deemed unfit for army service when he tried to enlist in 1914, Barclay Baron (1884–1964) served instead with the Young Men’s Christian Association, or ‘Red Triangle’, in France, Belgium and occupied Germany, from 1915 to 1919. His memoirs and letters give a vivid account of the often overlooked war work of the YMCA in supporting British troops on the Western Front. The memoirs are accompanied by substantial chapters on Baron himself and the wartime YMCA.
Great Britain, Germany and The Soviet Union
Rapallo and After, 1922–1934
The treaty of Rapallo was concluded by Germany and the Soviet Union in 1922, and was to have significant consequences for Britain, France and newly created small states in east central Europe. This study focuses on the impact of the treaty and ‘the myth of Rapallo’ – the fear of a secret Russo-German alliance – on British foreign policy between 1922 and 1934, the year which signalled the end of the Rapallo relationship as Germany signed a non-aggression pact with Poland.
The Literary Churchill
Author, Reader, Actor
Although he is usually studied as a political figure, Churchill was a prolific author who won the 1953 Nobel Prize for Literature. The Literary Churchill offers detailed analysis of his writings and demonstrates the impact of reading and theatre-going on his political goals and methods. In particular, it reveals how the Prime Minister’s rhetoric and critical decisions during the Second World War were influenced by his appreciation of the power of theatrical metaphors and plot devices.
The Spy Who Changed the World
Despite being German and a former member of the Communist Party, Klaus Fuchs was granted British citizenship at the height of the Second World War and invited to contribute to research on the atomic bomb. The physicist moved to America in 1943 to work on the Manhattan Project, all the time passing vital information to the Russians. This biography assesses Fuchs's value as a scientist and as a spy as he traded the greatest secrets of the age.
North Korea Caught in Time
Images of War and Reconstruction
Recent events have propelled the secretive Communist state of North Korea into the news, but for six decades it has remained a mystery to outsiders. This book includes 150 rare photos, many of them never seen before in the West, that chart the devastation of the war that gave it birth, and the determined reconstruction that followed. The accompanying essay by Balazs Szalontai recounts the untold story of how ordinary Koreans endured the conflict, and the totalitarian system that emerged from it.