20th Century History
The Makers of the Modern Middle East
TG Fraser approaches the development of the Middle East in the immediate aftermath of the First World War from three distinct perspectives: the emerging claims of Arab nationalism, Turkish nationalism and Zionism. He examines the key figures in these three movements - respectively the Hashemite Prince Feisal, the Turkish soldier Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) and Dr Chaim Weizmann - and the events that set a pattern for the ongoing conflict in the region today.
The Assassination Plot that Avenged the Armenian Genocide
The genocide of more than a million Armenians in Turkey during the First World War was one of the great crimes of the 20th century. What is less well known is that it did not go unavenged. Drawing on years of research and newly uncovered evidence, this book tells for the first time the story of how a small group of Armenian professional men hunted down and assassinated six Turkish leaders across the world, before mysteriously disappearing.
Sarajeva 1914-Versailles 1919, The War and Peace that Made the Modern World
Approaching the First World War from a global perspective, this collection of 28 essays seeks to explain how each of the participating countries that signed the first Versailles peace treaty on 28 June 1919 came to be there, or, in the case of Russia and China, why they were absent. Starting with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, chapters describe how the major states reacted to events in Sarajevo and how countries such as Greece, Portugal and Brazil entered the war.
Keeping the Jewel in the Crown
The British Betrayal of India
When India achieved independence in 1947, Britain portrayed the transfer of power as the fulfilment of a historic obligation after decades of responsible planning. This book shatters the myth. Drawing on letters, diaries and state papers, it exposes a shameful catalogue of secret attempts by British politicians and Whitehall mandarins to arrest the development of Indian political institutions, and the tragic consequences of these bungled intrigues in the appalling loss of life that accompanied Partition.
The Spy Who Changed the World
Despite being German and a former member of the Communist Party, Klaus Fuchs was granted British citizenship at the height of the Second World War and invited to contribute to research on the atomic bomb. The physicist moved to America in 1943 to work on the Manhattan Project, all the time passing vital information to the Russians. This biography assesses Fuchs's value as a scientist and as a spy as he traded the greatest secrets of the age.
The Cause of Hitler's Germany
A Canadian-American philosopher and close associate of Ayn Rand, Leonard Peikoff (b.1933) was a foremost exponent of Rand's Objectivist philosophy; his Ominous Parallels (1982) was an Objectivist analysis of the ideals that led to the Third Reich, and a warning of the threat of totalitarianism in America. The present volume, published in 2013, is about two-thirds of that earlier work, leaving aside the warning in favour of the explanation of the rise of Nazism.
A Nation and Not a Rabble
The Irish Revolution 1913-1923
Between 1913 and 1923 Ireland saw the emergence of the Ulster Volunteer Force resisting Irish home rule and, in response, the Irish Volunteers (later the IRA); then the First World War, the rise of Sinn Fein, intense Ulster Unionism and conflict with Britain culminated in the Irish War of Independence. Drawing on recently released archives, witness statements and the testimony of ordinary people, Ferriter's study reveals the gulf between reality and the rhetoric surrounding the politics and violence of that revolutionary period.
Stalin's Secret Weapon
Formed to mop up Nazi spy rings at the end of the Second World War, SMERSH got its name from a combination of the Russian words for 'Death to Spies'. Successive Communist governments suppressed traces of Stalin's political hit squad; but in this award-winning book, Vadim Birstein reveals the surgical brutality with which SMERSH exerted its influence as part of the paranoid Stalinist regime, both within the Soviet Union and in the wider world.
The Assassination of the Archduke
Sarajevo 1914 and the Murder that Changed the World
On 28 June 1914 a shot rang out that changed the world; four years later, tens of millions were dead and four great empires lay in ruins. This compelling and sympathetic history sets the lives and deaths of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his beloved wife Sophie against the glittering imperial splendour of the Austrian court; it exposes the startling intrigue and incompetence behind their assassination; and follows the lives of their children, doomed to exile and loss.
Churchill and Stalin's Secret Agents
Operation Pickaxe at RAF Tempsford
After Hitler invaded Russia, Churchill secretly agreed to infiltrate Soviet agents into occupied Europe. Transported by convoy across the Arctic Ocean to Scotland, the 'Pickaxes' were given clothes, radio sets and fake documents before being flown from RAF Tempsford, an airfield in Bedfordshire, and parachuted behind enemy lines. Drawing on declassified records, this book exposes the distrust on both sides of the collaboration, and charts the human stories of the agents: their motives, loyalties and, for many, their demise.
The Wiesenthal File
Simon Wiesenthal (1908-2005) spent years in concentration camps during the Second World War, and all his immediate family were killed apart from his wife. As soon as he was liberated he helped the Americans investigate and arrest former camp guards, beginning a lifetime of chasing Nazi war criminals. This account by Alan Levy (1932-2004), first published in the UK in 1993, includes Wiesenthal's hunting-down of Adolf Eichmann in Argentina and his pursuit of the Auschwitz doctor Josef Mengele.
When Lions Roar
The Churchills and the Kennedys
Giant historical figures such as Churchill and JFK appear to stand alone, but few reach such eminence without the support of a network of public and private relationships, starting with their families. This biographical study begins at Chartwell in the 1930s, with a secret business deal between Churchill and Joseph Kennedy, before exploring the complex links between the two dynasties, shedding new light on a transatlantic alliance that would shape world history. American-cut pages and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Raj at War
A People's History of India's Second World War
The Second World War was not fought by Britain alone. India produced a volunteer army of two million - the largest in world history. This account reveals the hidden history of the country during the conflict. Through the voices of ordinary people - soldiers, nurses, peasants, labourers and prostitutes - it shows how mobilization introduced seismic economic, social and cultural change that shaped the war, hastened the unravelling of the British Empire and set the course of India's future.
The Roar of the Lion
The Untold Story of Churchill's World War II Speeches
The oratory with which Winston Churchill rallied the nation during the Second World War has become legendary, yet beyond a few phrases - 'blood, toil, tears and sweat', 'we shall fight on the beaches', 'their finest hour' - its substance remains little known. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive analysis of his wartime rhetoric, setting each speech in context and examining what it was intended to convey to - and conceal from - listeners at home and abroad.
The Anti-Communist Manifestos
Four Books that Shaped the Cold War
In four substantial essays, Fleming discusses four books that had a significant influence on public opinion on Communism in post-war America and, to a lesser extent, France. The essays cover both the books' arguments and the remarkable - if not always admirable - careers of their authors: they are Arthur Koestler's Darkness at Noon (1940); Out of the Night (1941) by Richard Krebs aka Jan Valtin; Victor Kravchenko's I Chose Freedom (1946); and Witness (1952) by Whittaker Chambers.
Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom
Sikkim, a tiny Buddhist kingdom sandwiched between India and China, survived the withdrawal of the British Empire and the Chinese invasion of Tibet. Then, in 1975, it was quietly annexed by India, bringing its 300-year-old dynasty to an end. Drawing on interviews and archive material, and retracing a 1922 journey by the author's grandfather, this book tells the remarkable story of this forgotten Shangri-La, its last king and his American wife, and the global power struggles that spelled its doom.
North Korea Caught in Time
Images of War and Reconstruction
Recent events have propelled the secretive Communist state of North Korea into the news, but for six decades it has remained a mystery to outsiders. This interesting book includes 150 rare photos, many of them never seen before in the West, that chart the devastation of the war that gave it birth, and the determined reconstruction that followed. The accompanying essay by Balazs Szalontai recounts the untold story of how ordinary Koreans endured the conflict, and the totalitarian system that emerged from it.
TE Lawrence and the Arab Revolt
Reclaiming TE Lawrence from hype and legend, this is a startling re-examination of his critical role in shaping the modern Middle East. With insights into Lawrence's views on discipline, his fear of failure and his lasting influence on military leadership, the study explores how an obscure British junior intelligence officer, unschooled in the art of war, became 'Lawrence of Arabia' and inspired the desert tribes to band together in an all-or-nothing insurgency against their Ottoman overlords. Felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
The Atlantic and its Enemies
A Personal History of the Cold War
Assessing the years between 1945 and the collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Norman Stone shows how, for every success of the Atlantic powers, there seemed to be a dozen triumphs for the USSR and the Communist Bloc. He looks in depth at the confrontation of the Communist and capitalist worlds, investigating how, when even in the late 1970s the initiative still seemed to lie with the Soviets, suddenly, against all the odds, the Atlantic won economically, ideologically and militarily.
The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-56
The phrase 'Iron Curtain' was coined by Winston Churchill in a speech at Fulton, Missouri in 1946. But was it? This elegant, original and wide-ranging history traces the origins of the metaphor in a device to contain theatre fires, through its use to describe the blockade of the fledgling Soviet Union after the First World War, to its transformation into a brutal reality after the Second, and asks whether the curtain really came down with the Berlin Wall.
The Catonsville Nine
A Story of Faith and Resistance in the Vietnam Era
In May 1968, a group of activists burst into a draft board in a suburb of Baltimore, stole hundreds of Selective Service records and burned them with home-made napalm. Peters tells the story of the Nine's protest, their trials and their fates.
Events at the Periphery of the Holocaust
A grainy photograph that appeared in a Polish newspaper in 2008 caused national soul searching. It showed a group of peasants atop a mountain of ashes at Treblinka, searching for gold that had escaped the Nazis' attention - after the war had ended. In lucid prose, this moving book unsparingly recounts how the Holocaust was accompanied by the systematic theft of Jewish property, not only by their persecutors but also by their former neighbours and friends.
The Brilliant Disaster: JFK, Castro,
and America's Doomed Invasion of Cuba's Bay of Pigs
'It could have been worse,' an adviser told JF Kennedy after the failure of the disastrous US-backed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro. 'How?' asked the President. 'It could have succeeded.' With clarity and narrative verve, Rasenberger reveals the behind-the-scenes machinations of the CIA, draws compelling portraits of the key players, traces what Kennedy knew, thought and felt as events unfolded, and charts the political fallout of one of the worst blunders in American history.
Battling for Communism in War and Cold war
When Stalin died in 1953 he had established the 'Red Empire' which defined the Cold War world until the fall of the Berlin Wall. What were the motives behind Stalin's ruthless and spectacular power grab? Was he intent upon imperialist expansion for its own sake? Was he simply a psychopathic killer? Using previously unavailable sources Gellately argues that Stalin is better understood as a life-long Leninist revolutionary who saw the Second World War as a chance to further the Communist mission.
Spanish Culture and Memory Since 1936
The Spanish Civil War is largely known through the accounts of outsiders such as Orwell and Hemingway, with the long years of Franco's dictatorship seen as an era of silence and suppression. This compelling investigation dispels this myth, demonstrating how the memory of these events was kept alive in novels, films, paintings and sculpture. Interviewing the descendants of those killed by the regime, it examines how, in recent years, the country has begun to come to terms with its past.
Britain and the World in the Twentieth Century
British history in the 20th century is too often seen as a long, slow decline. This concise, accessible book offers a refreshing alternative. Drawing on speeches, diaries, correspondence, newspapers and other primary sources, it focuses instead on the nation's capacity to adapt and reinvent itself in changing circumstances, through two world wars, the dismantling of empire, defence and diplomacy in Asia, the Middle East and Europe, the Cold War, and membership of the European Union.
Borders and Conflict in South Asia: The Radcliffe Boundary
Commission and the Partition of Punjab
This full-length study of the drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab in 1947 paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the impact of the Radcliffe line on Punjab. Studies in Imperialism series.
Britain's Cold War
The Dangerous Decades
Although now consigned to history, the Cold War remains a vivid memory for many, and the events of the period between the 1940s and 1991 are still echoed in conflicts around the world today. Using nearly 150 photographs and reproductions, each accompanied by a detailed caption, this book depicts both the high-level political and military stand-off and what the Cold War meant for ordinary men and women during the 'delicate balance of terror' years.
A Short History of the 20th Century
Combining narrative verve with meticulous scholarship, this brilliant chronicle charts the vicissitudes of a tempestuous century. Starting at the dawn of an era ripe with promise, it shows how empires fell, leaving wars, revolutions, economic depressions and totalitarian regimes in their wake. It also examines the details of everyday life - how children were raised, why cities expanded, and the effects of technology and mass media - before concluding with the fall of the Soviet Union and the resurgence of Islam.
Bayonets to Lhasa
The British Invasion of Tibet
In 1904, 3,000 British soldiers, aided by 7,000 sherpas and led by the explorer Francis Younghusband, marched on the Tibetan capital Lhasa during the power struggle with Russia known as the Great Game. The invasion came to an ignominious end, defeated by poorly armed Tibetans and the distant machinations of London and Peking. First published in 1961, this classic history brings vividly to life a forgotten episode of British imperial history.
A Portrait of its People at War
The American experience of the Vietnam War is widely known, but the Vietnamese people's own story of that brutal and drawn-out conflict is rarely told. This classic work of oral history, first published in 1986, brings together the accounts of ordinary people from both North and South Vietnam - soldiers, guerrillas, monks, opposition leaders, propaganda chiefs and village secretaries - to reveal the profound trauma and remarkable resilience of a nation in the grip of war and revolution.
Refugees and Relief Workers in an Era of Total War 1936-48
In chapters on Spanish republican refugees in France, French people fleeing German invasion, Polish Displaced Persons and post-Holocaust Jews seeking to travel to Israel in 1945-1948, this study explores the deep alienation to the nation state experienced by people forced to struggle to survive or flee in wartime Europe. The authors draw on eyewitness writings to examine the transformative journey of the refugee and its effects on individuals and on the societies through which they travelled.
People on the Move
Modern Europe has been shaped by 'ethnic cleansing' - the state-ordered expulsion of populations on the grounds of national identity. This important study brings together historians from across the continent to demonstrate how millions were brutally displaced from their homelands, first during the expansion of the Third Reich and then, after its defeat, by the new states that emerged from its ashes. It reveals a complex and troubling pattern of expulsion and exile that reverberates to this day.