An Archaeological Study of Human Decapitation Burials
When a number of Roman graves with decapitated skeletons were discovered near York, the popular explanation was that heads were ritually removed after death to prevent ghosts returning to haunt the living. Katie Tucker, the human remains archaeologist at the site, analysed the burials and found no evidence to support that theory. Her in-depth study of the archaeological and osteological aspects of human decapitation burials, particularly the evidence for trauma in the skeletal remains, argues that decapitation was the cause of death.
Exploring Cross-Channel Relationships from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age
This volume comprises ten essays investigating archaeologically the links – material, social and cultural – between Britain and Ireland and continental Europe during later prehistory. The topics discussed include seafaring in prehistoric Atlantic Europe, the shifting character of Europe’s landscapes and seascapes, Neolithic funerary monuments, and narratives of Iron Age art in Britain and its relationship with the Continent.
A Test of Time and A Test of Time Revisited
The Volcano of Thera and the Chronology and History of the Aegean and East Mediterranean in the Mid-Second Millennium BC
The exact date of the eruption of the volcano of Thera (Santorini) in the Aegean in the mid second millennium BCE has been the subject of intense controversy. Critically reviewing archaeological and scientific data, this study proposes a date for Thera and a new ‘early’ chronology for the Aegean c.1700–1400 BCE.
Archaeoastronomy and the Maya
Beginning with an overview of archaeoastronomical research relating to ancient Mesoamerica, this book brings together nine contributors who present the latest advances, notably those involving modern planetarium software, in the study of Mayan astronomical records. These scholars’ diverse approaches shed light on the Maya’s concepts of time and space, the architectural alignments of their cities, the meanings encoded in their religious art and the use of cycles of Venus as an oracular device.
The World of Mummies
From Ötzi to Lenin
Mummies are found not only in ancient Egyptian tombs but all around the world, in locations as varied as the mountains of South America, European churches and the ice of Greenland. This introduction to the subject, by a distinguished mummy-researcher, explains the natural and artificial processes by which human remains are preserved. The book features colour photographs of several mummies, together with case studies that reveal what scientific analysis of their bodies can teach us about these people’s lives, deaths and diseases.
Glass, Alcohol and Power in Roman Iron Age Scotland
Roman glass from sites in Scotland north of Hadrian’s Wall is a key material for studying the impact of Rome on Iron Age Scotland. Although only fragments remain – the complete conical jug from Turriff is a rare find – they are evidence of prestigious objects, symbolic of an elite’s privileged lifestyle, wealth and power. This volume presents a scholarly, meticulously detailed study of all such glass found on indigenous sites and dating from 1 to 400 CE.
Illustrating the Past
Artists' Interpretations of Ancient Places
Once an archaeological dig has been completed, artists’ imaginative reconstructions play an important role in the process of developing a coherent picture of the site and communicating this interpretation to experts, students and the general public. Through an exploration of seven illustrators’ approaches to the task, including analysis of their working sketches, Dobie reveals the extent to which such artistic visualizations can complement scientific data and encourage new and vivid ways of seeing and understanding the world of our ancestors.
How Compassion Made Us Human
The Evolutionary Origins of Tenderness, Trust and Morality
This groundbreaking survey of the ways in which material evidence, such as the earliest human art, sheds light on the emotions of our Stone Age ancestors argues that altruism and compassion played a key role in our evolution and the success of our species.
Warfare in Northern Europe Before the Romans
Evidence from Archaeology
Roman propaganda helped to create the common perception of Northern Europe’s early warriors as disorganized, uncultured savages. However, as this book shows, there is abundant evidence for the use of innovative technologies and sophisticated strategic thinking in societies across the region. To shed light on the centuries before written records, Wileman analyses such monuments as the Bronze Age hillforts at Maiden Castle in Dorset and Alesia in France together with archaeological finds, from ancient weapons to rock art depicting scenes of battle.
Images of Change
An Archaeology of England's Contemporary Landscape
‘An exploration, through words and images, of both the evolution of the later 20th century landscape and the material expression of events and processes of the time’, this English Heritage book challenges the orthodoxy of the heritage industry and asks us to consider the megastores, motorways and housing developments of our present landscape. In chapters on People, Politics, Profit and Pleasure, it opens a discussion of the archaeology, history, memory and experience of landscape. With a foreword by Antony Gormley.
Rediscovering the Great Wartime Battles
In the Dig WW2 TV series, Dan Snow undertook a number of archaeological investigations on Second World War battle sites, including diving the wreck of a cargo ship laden with Sherman tanks and unearthing a downed Spitfire. With photographs from the excavations, as well as archive images, this accompanying book delves further into the digs, and the human stories they reveal, and places the finds in the context of the war as a whole.
Vast and awe-inspiring, the Pyramids of Giza stand in the desert outside Cairo, guarded by the enigmatic Sphinx. Already a wonder of the world in ancient times, they have puzzled travellers for millennia, and even modern archaeology has left many questions unanswered. This book explores the mystery of all the Egyptian pyramids, describing the pharaohs who created them, the techniques used to build them and the mystical beliefs that inspired them. Off-mint.
Paths Towards a New World
Covering around 6,500 years, from the beginning of the Late Mesolithic to the transition to the Bronze Age, Larsson guides the reader on a journey through the development of Swedish prehistoric society and culture set against the backdrop of landscape and climate change. Using examples from archaeological sites, he explores a series of themes including how the relationship between land and water influenced people’s lives, and long-distance cultural and exchange networks.
Letter and Report on the Discoveries at Herculaneum
In his 1762 Letter (Sendschreiben) and 1764 Report (Nachrichten), the great art historian Winckelmann gave vivid eyewitness accounts of the early excavations at Roman sites on the Bay of Naples that were buried by the eruption of Vesuvius. This volume presents new translations of both texts, alongside contemporary illustrations depicting the finds that Winckelmann discusses. In her extensive introduction and annotations, Carol Mattusch places these letters in the political, cultural and intellectual contexts of modern archaeology’s formative years.
Quaternary History, Palaeolithic Archaeology in the Axe Valley at Broom, South West England
This investigation of the Lower Palaeolithic site at Broom in South West England aims to explain the distinctive character of its Acheulean archaeology, the environmental conditions in which the hominin occupants of the Axe valley flourished, and for how long.
The Crown of Arsinoe II
The Creation of an Imagery of Authority
Based on a meticulous examination of reliefs, this study of the unique crown of the Ptolemaic Egyptian Queen Arsinoë II identifies the symbolism embedded in each pictorial detail and indicates that Arsinoë was proclaimed female pharaoh during her lifetime.
Archaeology in the 'Land of Tells and Ruins'
A History of Excavations in the Holy Land Inspired by the Photographs and Accounts of Leo Boer
Inspired by Leo Boer’s recently discovered 1953–4 travel account and photographs of archaeological sites in what are now Israel and the Palestinian Territories, these essays revisit nine of Boer’s original sites and report on their archaeological excavation.
The Archaeology of Hill Farming on Exmoor
In three sections, on the royal forest, the commons and farmland, and covering the period from the 12th to 19th centuries, this book explores how hill farmers have battled to reclaim and make productive the ‘soft upland’ wastes of Exmoor. The authors draw on systematic fieldwork to present the first study of hill farming on Exmoor told through archaeological evidence and the detailed analysis of thousands of aerial photographs.
Two Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries at Beckford, Hereford and Worcester
The evidence gleaned from two Anglo-Saxon cemeteries discovered during gravel digging near Beckford in 1958 reflect an isolated, inbred community with very limited contacts beyond their vicinity. This volume is a full archaeological report of the cemeteries, with details of each inhumation (24 graves in Cemetery A; 106 in Cemetery B) and descriptions of all the artefacts found, along with plans, diagrams, tables and photographs.
An Examination of Prehistoric Stone Bracers from Britain
Bracers are thin, usually rectangular, pieces of pierced fine stone that occur primarily in inhumation graves of Beaker date, mainly the second half of the third millennium BCE. These objects are usually considered to be archers’ bracers or wrist-guards. This volume presents a detailed, illustrated study of all significant bracers known in England, Wales and Scotland, analysing their materials, manufacture and use. Includes a catalogue on CD.
The Obelisk and the Englishman
The Pioneering Discoveries of Egyptologist William Bankes
An amateur Egyptologist, daring explorer and talented artist, William John Bankes (1786–1855) was responsible for discovering and documenting many archaeological treasures in Egypt and Syria. He also remodelled the family estate at Kingston Lacy, to which he brought the obelisk from Philae which still stands on its lawn. This biography highlights his valuable researches but also tells how, having fallen foul of Regency social mores, he was threatened with imprisonment and execution for his homosexuality.
The Stonehenge Landscape
Analysing the Stonehenge World Heritage Site
Stonehenge is one of the greatest prehistoric monuments in Western Europe, but the World Heritage Site had not been surveyed to modern archaeological standards until a project conducted by English Heritage between 2009 and 2012. This record of the researchers' work and findings includes an outline of their methodology and a detailed chronological discussion of the landscape from early prehistory to the present illustrated by maps, photos both archive and new, plans and reconstruction drawings.