East West Street
On the Origins of 'Genocide' and 'Crimes Against Humanity'
The concepts of ‘genocide’ and ‘crimes against humanity’ were originated by Rafael Lemkin and Hersch Lauterpacht, legal experts involved in the Nuremberg Tribunal. International lawyer Philippe Sands tells the stories of these very private men, showing how they developed their world-changing ideas in response to unprecedented atrocities. He also describes the trial which brought them together with defendant Hans Frank, who oversaw the ghetto in Lemberg, the Polish city where both lawyers studied and where Sands’ grandfather was born. Off-mint with felt-tip mark on the lower trimmed edge and American-cut pages.
The Foundation of Freedom 1215–2015
Described by Lord Denning as ‘the greatest constitutional document of all times’, Magna Carta is widely seen as a guarantor of individual rights and freedom from tyranny. But how is a charter forced on a medieval king by his barons relevant today? This comprehensive, accessible and richly illustrated volume explains its origins, how it has been interpreted through the centuries, and the inspiration it provides to those wishing to build democratic societies across the world.
Richard Cumberland and Natural Law
Secularisation of Thought in Seventeenth-Century England
Linda Kirk examines the life and work of Richard Cumberland, the Bishop of Peterborough and author of De Legibus Naturae (1672), who devoted his philosophical work to establishing a cosmology that would refute Hobbes.
Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms
In this illustrated study, the authors explore the evolving relationship between courts and democracy through the iconography of Justice, in both the figure of a blindfolded woman holding scales and a sword and the architecture of courthouses, from antiquity to the present. The book discusses how democracy has changed processes of adjudication; the emergence of rights to equal justice; and how the move from public to private arbitration and mediation poses a problem for democracies.
Law, Liberty, Legacy
Granted by King John as a practical solution to a political crisis in 1215, Magna Carta has become a globally important document, as a resonant symbol of liberty and the rule of law. This volume accompanied the British Library's 2015 exhibition marking the 800th anniversary - the largest ever devoted to Magna Carta. Two original copies of the charter are featured alongside a host of documents and artefacts illustrating its legacy, from the 1534 English translation to modern political cartoons.
Sex and Punishment
Four Thousand Years of Judging Desire
Sex is one of the most powerful human drives, and societies have sought to regulate it since the dawn of history. Meticulous, scholarly, yet laced with spicy anecdote, this chronological survey ranges from the brutal impalement of an adulteress in Mesopotamia to the trials of Oscar Wilde. Peopled with transvestites, rent boys, royal mistresses and gay charioteers, it demonstrates how what is 'normal' in one age is forbidden in another, exposing the futility of such attempts to constrain human sexuality.
Sailors in the Dock
Naval Courts Martial Down the Centuries
Some embarrassing cowardice displayed by the captains of several British ships at the Battle of Dungeness in 1652 led to the formulation of the 'Articles of War', establishing a strict code of conduct for the Navy and empowering officers to apply it. This collection of significant legal cases in the history of the Royal Navy ranges from a mutiny at the Battle of Cadiz in 1587 to a captain's decision to scuttle HMS Manchester in the Mediterranean in 1942.