The Great War
Through Picture Postcards
Picture postcards were the main way that troops and their families communicated during the 1914‒18 war, and the illustrations and slogans they displayed give us insights into their lives and attitudes. The more than 500 contemporary cards in this collection come from a variety of home fronts and theatres of war around the world. They demonstrate everything from patriotic propaganda and angry satire to startling images of, mass graves, proud displays of new weapons and soldiers cheerfully posing in gas masks.
The Great War at Sea
A Naval Atlas 1914–1919
Establishing control of the seas was a significant factor in eventually forcing the Central Powers to surrender in 1918. The complex struggle all over the world is traced in this naval analysis through 125 maps. Identifying the vessels involved, their courses, manoeuvres and engagements, the charts describe key operations such as the Battle of Jutland and the Dardanelles campaign as well as skirmishes, raids and U-boat activities up to the scuttling of the German fleet in 1919.
Your Country Needs You
The Secret History of the Propaganda Poster
Alfred Leete’s iconic image of Lord Kitchener pointing over the slogan ‘Your Country Needs You’ is a design classic which was widely imitated, for instance in the American designer James Montgomery Flagg’s Uncle Sam poster. James Taylor explores its influence on the propaganda posters of Allied countries in the First World War and beyond, while arguing that, since it originated as a magazine cover and postcard, its direct effect on enlistment was smaller than is commonly believed.
Eyes All Over the Sky
Aerial Reconnaissance in the First World War
The fighter aces took the glory but reconnaissance flyers had perhaps the more significant role during the First World War, sighting for the artillery, following troop movements, patrolling British coastal waters for U-boats and gathering data for constantly updated maps. Drawing on the experiences of British, American and German airmen, Streckfuss examines the work of balloonists, reconnaissance pilots and aerial photographers over the Western Front and UK seas.
Makers of the Modern World: Sir Robert Borden
Canada’s Prime Minister from 1911 to 1920, Borden went to Paris convinced that the British Dominion of Canada must assume full sovereignty and, by the efforts of his delegation, the country did gain international autonomy, signing the Versailles Treaty in 1919.Representatives of 32 nations attended the Paris Peace Conferences of 1919–1923; their common aim – to achieve a lasting peace – culminated in the Treaty of Versailles and the creation of the League of Nations, but what of the circumstances and aims of each nation? Focusing on individual countries’ delegates, this series examines what the representatives brought to the conference table, what they achieved in negotiation and the consequences of the peace treaties for their country. Slightly off-mint.
New Perspectives on the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 1915–16
The doomed Gallipoli campaign – the Allied military effort to force a passage through the Dardanelles Straits and knock Ottoman Turkey out of the war – has been controversial since the final evacuation of troops from the Peninsula in January 1916. Focusing on the MEF, this volume presents original research by more than 20 historians: Part I covers the structure of the battle; Part II discusses command and control; Part III deals with support and enablers, including British air power, nurses, chaplains and mining.
Gallantry in Action
Airmen Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and Two Bars 1918–1955
The DFC was introduced as the medal for gallantry by airmen when the Royal Air Force was formed after the First World War; multiple awards are recognized with silver ribbon bars. There were sixty recipients of a second bar up to 1955 (only three have been awarded since) and this book profiles each one with a brief biography, contemporary photograph and the original citation that accompanied the award.
A Handful of Bullets
How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces the Peace
The assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in June 1914, this study argues, brought about far more than the outbreak of the First World War; it sowed the seeds of global insecurity in the 21st century, creating four new ‘horsemen of the apocalypse’: weakened states, economic insecurity, religious and political extremism, and environmental crisis. The remedies it proposes lie in fundamental political and economic reform, and a realignment of US strategic priorities.
The Last Voyage of the Lusitania
The sinking of the Lusitania by a German U-boat in 1915 was a historic event, not just because it was the most famous ship afloat and 1,200 people died, but because it was instrumental in bringing the United States into the war. First published in the 1950s, this analysis of the disaster draws on survivors' accounts and naval records to reconstruct the last days of the luxury liner.
To Our Brothers
Memorials to a Lost Generation in British Schools
In the years after the First World War, Britain’s public schools, in common with thousands of communities across the country, erected memorials honouring their war dead. Ranging from wooden crosses returned from makeshift graves near the battlefields to new buildings, and including panels listing the dead, stained glass windows, statues and books of remembrance, the memorials in 49 schools are surveyed in this handsome, illustrated volume, with details of each school’s way of remembering its fallen old boys and masters.
They Didn't Want to Die Virgins
Sex and Morale in the British Army on the Western Front 1914–18
Beginning with discussions of the British Army’s attitude toward sex, the soldier’s moral code, and army morale, this study looks in depth at the sexual lives of troops on the Western Front. Beyond the usual topics of venereal disease and sexual violence, Cherry explores organized prostitution, the Army’s ‘red lamp’ official brothels and fraternization with local women, always mindful that ‘the story of the soldier’s sexual life is arguably also the story of a woman’s survival strategy’.
The Battle of the Ardennes 22 August 1914
This analysis of the crucial 1914 encounters on the Western Front, collectively known as the Battle of Ardennes, encompasses both German and French viewpoints on moments of success and failure, and explores the underlying political, bureaucratic, and military issues in the years before the war.
The Sea Devil
The Adventures of Count Felix von Luckner, the Last Raider Under Sail
Slipping past a British blockade disguised as a Norwegian merchant vessel in 1916, the last fighting sailing ship in the German Navy, Seeadler, set out on a voyage that resulted in the sinking of 14 Allied ships. This account of the exploits of the ship’s aristocratic commander describes his remarkable seamanship, his gentlemanly conduct and his 2,500-mile journey in an open boat after the loss of Seeadler in the South Pacific.
Consequences of the Peace
The Versailles Settlement: Aftermath and Legacy 1919–2010
In this concluding volume of the Makers of the Modern World: The Peace Conferences of 1919–23 and Their Aftermath series, Alan Sharp investigates some of the most significant, long-term legacies and contributions of the peace treaties signed at the end of the First World War, including the creation of the League of Nations and the United Nations.
The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps in France, 1917–1921
Women Urgently Wanted
Documenting the experiences of the WAACs who served in France, this study follows the women from enrolment to demobilization, notes the part they played in the Spring Offensive of 1918 and the Armistice, and analyses how the army, the general public and the press viewed them.
Menus, Munitions and Keeping the Peace
The Home Front Diaries of Gabrielle West 1914–1917
Gabrielle West worked variously as a Red Cross volunteer, a cook and a police officer during the First World War. Her diary entries, now part of the Imperial War Museum archives, note the discrimination she encountered as a woman in a position of responsibility, and the dangers posed by the Zeppelin raids over London. They paint a lively picture of her experience of the British Home Front and are illustrated with her drawings and family photographs.
The Lengthening War
The Great War Diary of Mabel Goode
Having lived in Germany for a time before the outbreak of the First World War, middle-aged, middle-class diarist Mabel Goode knew 'the enemy nation' as many Britons did not, which adds an extra dimension to her contemporary account of the years 1914–1916. She records enrolment, rationing, the collapse of domestic service and the growth of war work, the Zeppelin attacks over Yorkshire, the ever-mounting casualty lists and a growing disillusionment with a lengthening conflict.
Holding the Home Front
The Women's Land Army in the First World War
Within days of the start of the First World War there were calls for women to come to the fields, but it would be almost three years before the Women’s Land Army was formally established. Using previously unpublished accounts and photographs, this social history examines how the movement impacted agriculture at a time of national crisis and examines the rhetoric surrounding it, the political purpose that shaped it and the experiences of those who worked for it.
Sniping in the Great War
Trained to precisely target individual combatants, marksmen were deployed in the First World War to tackle the static nature of much of the fighting. Featuring eyewitness accounts, this study analyses their role on the Western Front and in other theatres of the war, describes the training, fieldcraft and counter-sniping measures that were employed and outlines developments in rifles, ammunition and sighting equipment.
The Siege of Tsingtau
The German-Japanese War 1914
With support from the Allies in the First World War, Japan took the opportunity to invade Germany’s Pacific colonies. Drawing on records from both sides, this book reveals the political background to a conflict that climaxed in the siege of the German base at Tsingtau, China.
18th, 19th & 22nd Battalions of the Durham Light Infantry in the Great War
The three battalions of Durham Light Infantry raised during the First World War all saw significant action in France from 1916. This history describes their recruitment, training and active service and is supported by first-hand accounts and archive photographs.
De Havilland Enterprises
Geoffrey De Havilland not only designed the aerodynamics of his first biplane in 1909 but also the engine that propelled it. Later models, such as the Gipsy Moth, were among the most successful of the interwar period, and his Comet jet airliner of 1952 showed the way ahead for civil aviation. This directory profiles every one of his company's products, including unrealized design concepts and aircraft produced by the Canadian and Australian subsidiaries.
Over and Above
First published in 1919, this novel about a First World War fighter pilot is closely based on the real-life service of the author, who scored 28 victories, flying a Bristol F.2b with 22 Squadron. The airmen in the story display the genial nonchalance typical of the period but the derring-do is tempered by the loss of comrades and the struggle to keep going as the war wears on.
The Huns Have Got My Gramophone!
Advertisements from the Great War
Extolling the virtues of motorcycles for ‘lady war workers’ and ‘absolutely waterproof’ trench coats for soldiers, the advertisements collected and discussed here illustrate how the First World War offered companies new commercial opportunities and fundamentally changed British society.
From Downing Street to the Trenches
First-Hand Accounts from the Great War, 1914–1916
This collection adds some of the most eloquent voices of the age to the body of eyewitness evidence of the First World War. Drawn from the manuscript collection of the Bodleian Library in Oxford and covering the first two years of the conflict, from the front line to the Cabinet Office, the correspondents and diarists include Margot Asquith, Lewis Harcourt, TE Lawrence, WB Yeats and a young Harold Macmillan.
British Soldiers of African Descent in the First World War
After an introduction discussing the First World War as fought in colonial Africa, this study focuses on the little-known existence of black British soldiers, born and domiciled in the United Kingdom, who enlisted for military service during the War.
Preston in the First World War
From the declaration of war as reported in local newspapers to demobilization, David Huggonson gives a well-illustrated account of Preston’s response to the First World War. He describes the recruiting drives, the Preston ‘Pals’ and news of the soldiers at the front, but also looks in detail at other aspects of wartime in this industrial town, particularly the work undertaken by women, food rationing and the ‘Buffet’ providing refreshment for soldiers.
All Roads Lead to France
Bath and the Great War
From rumours of war in July 1914 to its aftermath in 1919, this well-researched and illustrated study explores the impact of the First World War on the city of Bath and surrounding area. Combining letters from the front lines with stories from the home front, and covering topics such as rounding up ‘aliens’, the War Hospital and food shortages, the author builds up a vivid picture of wartime Bath. The book ends with lists of the city’s military and naval casualties.
Key Scientists, Code-breakers and Propagandists of the Great War
The First World War was a modern, industrial conflict – and the struggle for technological supremacy was not confined to the battlefield. This history reveals the war effort behind the lines, and profiles key figures, from the aircraft designer Frederick Handley Page to the newspaper magnate Lord Beaverbrook. It records the rapid advances spurred by the war in aviation, chemistry, and medicine, and the secret weapons of cryptology and propaganda.
The Birth of the U.S. Chemical Warfare Service and the Race for the World's Deadliest Weapons
Although German gas attacks on the battlefields of the First World War were greeted with horror, the Allies responded by developing their own chemical weapons. In America, laboratories began engaging in chemical weapon research, eventually amalgamating into the Chemical Warfare Service. This history of the organization brings together the key scientists, politicians and military personnel involved in its establishment, and describes the numerous logistical and ethical challenges they faced in deploying gas against the Germans. Off-mint with felt-tip mark on upper trimmed edge.
Bad Teeth No Bar
A History of Military Bicycles in the Great War
Relatively light, cheap to produce and silent to operate, bicycles were widely employed during the First World War by all the major combatants. This illustrated history considers how cycle troops were organized, trained and equipped, reviews the various types of bicycle and ancillary equipment in use and profiles the principal manufacturers of the day, including Birmingham Small Arms, Royal Enfield, Triumph and Raleigh.
The SA, The Nazis' Brownshirts, 1922–1945
The hardmen of the Sturmabteilung der NSDAP, or SA, broke up political meetings, beat up opponents and intimidated the German public for two decades, significantly contributing to Hitler’s rise to power. This history of the SA, which explores its methods and ideologies, paints a portrait of Ernst Röhm, the organization’s co-founder and erstwhile commander, and includes numerous illustrations of uniforms, flags and badges belonging to its auxiliary forces.
Forgotten Aerodromes of World War I
British Military Aerodromes, Seaplane Stations, Flying-Boat and Airship Stations to 1920
Biggin Hill and Duxford are famous today thanks mainly to events of the Second World War but owe their origins to the First – the rapid development of military aviation resulting in the establishment of over 500 sites in Britain by the end of the conflict. Organized by country and county, this illustrated gazetteer identifies every location, including aerodromes, aircraft factories, airship, seaplane and kite balloon stations, describing each base, its operational history and what remains today.
Fighting the Kaiser's War
The Saxons in Flanders 1914/1918
Troops from the Kingdom of Saxony fought as part of the German Empire's army in the First World War but retained a distinct identity, which has since been largely forgotten. Drawing on the detailed first-hand accounts of ten soldiers of the Royal Saxon Army and illustrated with over 300 contemporary photographs, this history provides a review of the Saxons' actions over four years at the Western Front, and an insight into the experience of the soldiers.
Bloody April 1917
An Exciting Detailed Analysis of One of the Deadliest Months in the Air in WW1
The German Air Service had created new Jagdsteffeln fighter units in Autumn 1916 and these squadrons, equipped with superior aircraft and gunnery, would prove devastating to the British and French air forces when they were called upon to support the Allied offensives of April 1917.
Black September 1918
WW1's Darkest Month in the Air
By the last months of the war, the Allies had achieved air superiority, with American squadrons now operational and significantly greater numbers of aircraft available. Nevertheless, the effective German fighters inflicted the highest casualties of the air war during the fighting of September 1918.
The Western Front
Battlefields, Memorials and Cemeteries of the First World War
In 2013, Marcel Belley and Tom Curry drove along the Western Front to photograph some of the war graves and memorials of the First World War. En route the pair recorded images of remnants of barbed wire, munitions and trenches, but their lenses focused mainly on the cemeteries created by the British and British Dominions, France, Belgium, Germany and the United States. The commentary includes discussion of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s decision not to repatriate remains.
Geology and Trench Warfare on the Western Front 1914–18
The geology of the Western Front had an enormous impact on how military operations were carried out, determining the strength of trench walls, whether tunnels could be dug under no man’s land, if tanks could proceed without sinking into mud, even the size of craters after shell explosions. This survey examines how the terrain and topography of Flanders, Artois and Picardy, including soil and rock formations, influenced military strategy during the First World War.
Loyal to Empire
The Life of General Sir Charles Monro, 1860–1929
Charles Monro commanded divisions in France during the First World War and ordered the evacuation of Gallipoli in 1915 before being appointed Commander in Chief of India. This biography describes his contributions to the Army and the governance of the Empire.
What Did You Do in the Great War, Grandfather?
The Life and Times of an Edwardian Horse Artillery Officer
Charles Barrington pays tribute to his much-loved grandfather in this celebratory biography of army officer Guy Meade. Meade was commissioned into the Royal Horse Artillery in 1902 and served in J Battery in the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War, seeing action at Mons, Ypres and Fromelles. After the war, tours to Egypt and India preceded a return to Aldershot in 1934 and promotion to Commander Royal Artillery, his most senior rank.
Voices from the Past
In the full knowledge that hostilities would end at 11am, some units were still sent into battle on the morning of 11th November 1918, and some soldiers were reportedly keen to fire the very last shots. From the first attempts to negotiate a peace to the final battles and the moment of ceasefire itself, this book tells the story of the conclusion of the First World War through contemporary newspaper reports and the words of politicians, military leaders and ordinary soldiers.
The Road to Passchendaele
The Heroic Year in Soldiers' Own Words and Photographs
This extraordinary collection of 170 photographs, taken surreptitiously by soldiers over the course of 1917 when spirits on the front line were at their lowest, captures not only the physical destruction of the war, but moments of respite away from the shelling when the men could swim, dine and relax. Equally poignant are the excerpts from soldiers’ memoirs which, in describing their own conditions and activities, tell personal stories of hope and, all too often, bewilderment.
All Quiet on the Home Front
An Oral History of Life in Britain During the First World War
First published in 2003, this oral history used interviews with 100 people then in their late nineties, who had lived through the First World War, not as combatants, but as children and young adults on the home front. Their words, along with letters, diary entries and the authors’ linking narrative, offer an unusual view of the war, from fears of the Kaiser’s ambition in the years before its outbreak, to the jubilation, readjustment and mourning following the Armistice.
No Better Death
The Great War Diaries and Letters of William G Malone
A Lieutenant-Colonel in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, William Malone (1859–1915) helped lead the capture of Chunuk Bair at Gallipoli, only to be killed days later while defending the peak. This edited collection of his diaries, letters and personal photographs covers the twelve action-filled months prior to his death, from his initial deployment to Egypt in 1914, to his part in the Gallipoli Landings, Walker’s Ridge and the Second Battle of Krithia.
Devils on Horses
In the Words of the Anzacs in the Middle East 1916–19
Drawing on a large selection of personal diaries and letters as well as other archival material, newspaper reports and memoirs, this book describes the long campaign of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles against the Turks in the Sinai Peninsula from 1916-1918.
The Church of England and the Home Front 1914–1918
Civilians, Soldiers and Religion in Wartime Colchester
An historian and parish priest, Dr Robert Beaken gives a detailed account of the impact of the First World War on life in the ancient garrison town of Colchester, focusing on the parish churches and their response to the challenges of wartime.
To Hell and Back
How did a continent at the summit of its prosperity and security plunge itself not once, but twice in a generation, into wars of unprecedented savagery and destructive power? In this eighth volume in the Penguin History of Europe series, one of Britain’s most acclaimed historians provides a narrative of events and profiles the key decision-makers, offering a clear analysis of the underlying forces that drove them. Off-mint and felt-tip mark on lower trimmed edge.
France, the Great War, and a Month that Changed the World Forever
‘In our collective memory’, writes Cabanes, ‘the catastrophes of Verdun and the Somme in 1916 have eclipsed the unprecedented violence of the war’s first month.’ His history of the first weeks of war is told from the perspective of the ordinary men and women, soldiers and civilians of France and evokes the traumas of mobilization, German conquest and occupation, the death toll of battles – 27,000 in one day at Charleroi – an army in retreat, and old ways of life gone for ever.
Peace and War:
Britain in 1914
This discerning cultural history presents a portrait of a nation on the eve of war. While it details the social and political issues of the day, including the Ulster crisis, suffragettes, labour disputes and the anxiety of approaching war, it also highlights the nascent modernism of contemporary artists and poets, including Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis, who anticipated the end of the Edwardian era and the ‘cosy certainties’ that belied the social conflicts of a troubled Britain.
Dreams of a Great Small Nation
The Mutinous Army that Threatened a Revolution, Destroyed an Empire, Founded a Republic, and Remade the Map of Europe
In 1917, 50,000 Czech and Slovak army veterans found themselves stranded in Siberia as the Russian Empire disintegrated. Determined to reach the West, they seized control of the Trans-Siberian Railway… Drawing on first-hand accounts, this book tells the gripping story of a little-known episode of the First World War, in which a band of soldiers posed what Trotsky considered the greatest threat to Soviet rule, helped destroy the Austro-Hungarian Empire and realized their dream of an independent Czecho-Slovakia.
The Splintered Empires
The Eastern Front 1917–21
At the beginning of 1917, three warring empires were at breaking point. Russia was the first to collapse, triggering the Bolshevik Revolution; but by the end of 1918, both the German and Austro-Hungarian empires had also disintegrated. The fourth and final volume of Prit Buttar’s history of the Great War’s Eastern Front charts these momentous events and describes the ‘successor wars’ that followed the Armistice – the bitter struggles for national sovereignty that paved the way for the Second World War.
Memoirs of Naval Secret Service
In the years before the First World War, British journalist Hector Bywater used his role as naval correspondent for the New York Herald to bluff his way into dockyards and naval installations across Germany. He would memorize important details then report his findings back to MI6 in London. First published in 1931, these remarkable memoirs recount Bywater’s years as an active secret service agent for the Royal Navy.
A Dangerous Occupation
A Story of Paddle Minesweepers in the First World War
Paddle steamer pleasure boats of P&A Campbell's White Funnel Fleet were hired by the Admiralty in 1914 to act as minesweepers, and were manned by naval personnel. This illustrated analysis explores the work of these vessels in the North Sea and around the British coast.
Everything to Nothing
The Poetry of the Great War, Revolution and the Transformation of Europe
In this cultural history of the First World War, the conflict and the tremendous changes it wrought are seen from the perspective of poets and writers from all over Britain and Europe, including those who wrote propaganda or embraced the new violence, as well as more familiar 'war poets'.
The Long Shadow
The Great War and the Twentieth Century
‘In Britain…1914–18 has become a literary war, detached from its moorings in historical events.’ In this study, David Reynolds seeks to redress the balance and broaden our vision by demonstrating how the First World War shaped the 20th century at home and abroad, through the widening of the democratic franchise, the creation of states in Europe and the Middle East, and the establishment of an ‘international order’; and how it paved the way for another, greater conflict.
The Cultural History of a Catastrophe
The sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 by a German U-boat, drowning nearly 1,200 civilian passengers, including 128 Americans, was greeted with jubilation by the German establishment and press. Although it resulted in America’s entry into the First World War, it also marked the beginning of a new kind of brutality in German warfare which, Willi Jasper argues in this erudite study, precipitated the totalitarian violence for which Germany became notorious.
Trapped Behind Enemy Lines
Accounts of British Soldiers and Their Protectors in the Great War
In 1914 David Cruickshank, a private in the Scottish Rifles, became trapped by an advancing German force in the village of Le Cateau. He was taken into hiding by the Baudhuin household, but frequent German patrols forced him to dress as a woman. ‘Mademoiselle Louise’ lived in the village for over two years before being caught and sentenced to death. This extraordinary account of Cruickshank’s plight is interwoven with the stories of other stranded British soldiers.
The Russian Army in the First World War
Rare Photographs from Wartime Archives
Rarely seen, here are photographs of first the Tsarist army, then the army of the Provisional Government and Bolsheviks in action against the Germans and Austro-Hungarians on the Eastern Front until the 1917 Revolution and the end of Russia’s war.