The Five Giants
A Biography of the Welfare State
Five giants loomed over the reconstruction of postwar Britain: want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. The battle against them was fought by five great programmes at the core of the Welfare State: social security, health, education, housing and full employment. Meticulously researched and vividly written, this award-winning history charts the epic struggle to forge a fair and decent society from the ashes of war, and chronicles the highs and lows of the decades that followed.
Deer and People
Despite deer being central to human cultures throughout time, from hunter-gatherers to post-medieval deer hunting, this is the first multi-disciplinary volume dedicated to research into human–cervid relationships. Covering Europe, North America and Asia, the 24 essays range from the archaezoology of deer to the image of the courtly huntress and include studies of dispersal patterns, exploitation, symbolic significance, and effects on landscape and land management.
Evolution in a Man-Made World
‘The Pekingese is a tinkered wolf, not redesigned wholesale from its wolf ancestors.’ This impressive study examines recent developments in evolutionary biology through the lens of domestication. The rapid physical and behavioural changes which, through centuries of breeding, have been wrought on pets and farm animals, allow us to see evolutionary processes accelerated, and therefore, Francis argues, to understand them better; particularly their conservative nature, a notion espoused by the fields of genomics and evolutionary developmental biology, which feature prominently here. Slightly off-mint.
Why the English Sailed to the New World
During the 17th century unprecedented numbers of people left England. They were on their way to new lives in the Caribbean and the North American colonies – but what were their motivations for undertaking such a perilous transatlantic voyage? Using contemporary letters, diaries and court records, Evans tells the personal stories of men and women who left their homeland in search of a fortune, for political and religious reasons or because their desperate poverty meant they had little to lose.
The Secret World of the Victorian Lodging House
Throughout the burgeoning cities of Victorian Britain, lodging houses provided shelter to those who flocked from the countryside in search of work. Crowded, insanitary and often disreputable, they aroused the horror of respectable society, and were viewed as hotbeds of crime and disease. Drawing on contemporary accounts, newspaper reports and court cases, this fascinating social history shines a light into the shadowy world of itinerant labourers, criminals, street entertainers, peddlers, prostitutes, abandoned children, and families fallen on hard times.
Return to Fukushima
On 3 March 2011, a powerful earthquake shook northern Japan, killing more than 15,000 people and triggering a tsunami that sent the Fukushima nuclear plant into meltdown. Five years later, survivors were allowed to revisit the evacuated town of Tomioka. Rebecca Bathory accompanied them into the exclusion zone. Her photographs of abandoned streets and schoolrooms vividly convey the human cost of the disaster, and offer a stark warning for the future.
Friends of Alice Wheeldon
The Anti-War Activist Accused of Plotting to Kill Lloyd George
Sheila Rowbotham’s 1986 play Friends of Alice Wheeldon dramatized the trial of a Derby socialist and feminist accused by an undercover agent during the First World War of plotting to kill the prime minister, Lloyd George. This new edition includes a carefully researched historical introduction that describes the interaction between workplace militants and anti-war activists, the intrigues of politicians and the intelligence agencies, and the campaign to clear Wheeldon’s name.
Animal Bodies, Renaissance Culture
Discussing familiar animals – horses, sheep, dogs, cats, rats and moles – in the literary contexts of Renaissance works including Hamlet, Utopia and Romeo and Juliet, Karen Raber argues that ‘there is no such thing as human identity, history, culture, without the prior cooperation, collaboration, habitation, ideological appropriation, consumption of animals, without animals as the "always already" of both materiality and culture itself.’
The Future of Violence: Robots and Germs, Hackers and Drones
Confronting the New Age of Threat
We have been alerted to the threat of cyberterrorism and nerve-agent attacks by hostile states, but the power to wield robotic technology, the internet or biological agents as weapons is increasingly accessible to individuals and small groups as well as national governments. This thoughtful study explores how this possibility has created an entirely new security landscape, assesses how these new threats might be developed as technology advances further, and also discusses possible approaches to dealing with them.
Attack of the 50 Ft Women
How Gender Equality Can Save the World!
Gender equality is good for everyone, so why are fewer than 10 per cent of the world’s leaders women? In this provocative, surprising and inspiring book, Catherine Mayer, who founded the Women’s Equality Party in 2015, combines the insights gained from hands-on political experience with wide-ranging interviews and in-depth research to tackle some of the biggest questions of our age. From business to politics, from the environmental crisis to global conflict, could women hold the key to the planet’s future?
Foreign Citizens in the Old Regime and After
Although the numbers of immigrants seeking naturalization in pre-revolutionary France were insignificant, the process of becoming ‘naturalized foreigners’ – they never attained the full legal status of French ‘naturals’ – offers a unique perspective on the policies and practices of citizenship and nationality. Sahlins’ social, political and legal history of early immigration explores these processes of naturalization before and after the 1789 Revolution.
Animals and Roman Society
Ancient Romans often treated animals in ways that we consider cruel, but in many respects their attitudes were similar to our own. Ferris proposes ‘a way to understand Roman culture through analysing the society’s relationship with animals’. Using literary, visual and archaeological evidence, he shows how animals were kept for farm work and as household pets; how they were slaughtered for food, as sacrifices and as public entertainment; and how Romans presented animals in mythology and as attributes of deities.
During the 1980s, Neil Ansell was working at a charity for homeless people, living alongside them in squats across London. Then, as the harsh economic policies of the decade began to bite, the numbers of homeless increased, the streets became awash with heroin, and friends started to disappear and die. In this remarkable memoir, he recounts how, facing a personal crisis, he found solace and healing in the Scottish island of Jura.
Stories of Survival from Europe's Refugee Crisis
Riot police patrol the borders, children’s bodies wash up on beaches, and refugees crowd into makeshift camps; how did the EU, founded on the values of human rights and dignity for all, reach this point? With vigour and compassion, Cast Away reveals the human stories behind the numbing statistics through the first-hand accounts of five people forced to flee their homelands, and forms a scathing indictment of Europe’s political leadership.
Why Did the Chicken Cross the World?
The Epic Saga of the Bird That Powers Civilization
There are currently more than 20 billion chickens on the planet, constituting humanity’s most important source of protein. But how did a humble fowl rise from the thickets of South Asian jungles to a position of such global supremacy? Reframing how we think about all domesticated animals, this history of our relationship with chickens ranges over four continents to trace their vital role in human cultures and the spread of civilization, from ancient Egyptian processions to the latest flu vaccines.
Lady Constance Lytton
Aristocrat, Suffragette, Martyr
Raised amid the grandeur of Knebworth House, Lady Constance Lytton was an unlikely radical. Drawing on unpublished family papers, this biography tells her story for the first time: how, witnessing the trial of Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, she became convinced that women must win the right to vote; and how, in jail, she discovered that her status afforded her preferential treatment, and on release disguised herself to discover the horrors that other suffragettes were forced to endure.
Psychedelia and Other Colours
The music writer Rod Chapman takes ‘the scenic route’ in his exploration of the history and cultural impact of LSD in the mid 1960s. Starting with earlier experiments with drugs by poets, painters and musicians, Chapman describes what was really going on, from Haight-Ashbury hippies to Charles Manson in the USA, and from Love Me Do to the trajectory of the Rolling Stones’ Brian Jones ‘from blues purist to experimentalist to crushed spirit’.
A Path in the Mighty Waters
Shipboard Life and Atlantic Crossings to the New World
In October 1735 two merchant ships and a naval vessel left London, beginning a five-month transatlantic voyage to the new British colony of Georgia. Berry uses logs, letters and diaries from this expedition to describe the passengers’ experience of sea travel and their hopes and fears about a new life in America. He also examines how such voyages shaped American Protestantism, as shipboard life gave a foretaste of the New World’s denominational and ethnic diversity.
Hysteria in Nineteenth-Century Paris
During the 1870s the famous Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris had an entire ward dedicated to treating 'hysteria'. This mysterious illness baffled physicians and fascinated the public, who came to witness the spectacle of Dr Jean-Martin Charcot's demonstrations with his hysterical patients. After a profile of Charcot himself, this book tells the stories of Blanche, Augustine and Geneviéve – three of the 'hysterics' under his care and hospitalized during a crucial moment in the history of psychiatry.
The Deadly Legacy of India's Partition
Seventy years ago the British Raj was dissolved and the self-governing countries of India and Pakistan were born at midnight on 14–15 August 1947. But in the months surrounding Partition violence broke out between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs, resulting in widespread ethnic cleansing that carved a gulf between the two countries with terrible consequences to this day. This book investigates how things went so very wrong, and left a toxic legacy of extremism, terror and nuclear proliferation.
Science, Society and Power
Environmental Knowledge and Policy in West Africa and the Caribbean
Focusing on environment, forestry and conservation sciences, this study explores the transformation in global science and its contrasting effects in Guinea, one of the world’s poorest countries, and the more prosperous Trinidad.
Britain's Railway Disasters
Fatal Accidents from the 1830s to the Present Day
Ten people died in the Staplehurst train crash of 1865, but accidents were not uncommon at the time and the disaster is now most notable because Dickens was one of the passengers. This history focuses on the most serious accidents on the British network from the beginnings of rail travel to the present day, comparing official reports with contemporary newspaper accounts and examining how attitudes changed as court claims became more common and safety was taken more seriously.
The Encyclopedia of Migration and Minorities in Europe
From the 17th Century to the Present.
Although central topics of concern in contemporary Europe, migration, integration and multiculturalism have always been part of its history. A scholarly overview of migration within and into Europe since the 17th century, the Encyclopedia comprises 17 survey studies of the various regions and countries of Europe, followed by information on approximately 220 groups, from African slaves in early modern Britain to affluent British migrants to the Costa del Sol in the late 20th century.
A physician, professor of neurology and author, Oliver Sacks (1933–2015) has been described by the New York Times as 'a kind of poet laureate of contemporary medicine'. His books are made up of case histories of his patients, and explore both their neurological disorders and the strategies they adopted to cope with them. In Seeing Voices, a journey into the world of the profoundly deaf, Sacks examines the consequences of living in silence, including the different ways in which the deaf and the hearing learn to categorize and convey the experience of their respective worlds.
Health, Medicine, and the Sea
Australian Voyages, c 1815-1860
In this lively, well-researched study, Foxhall examines how convicts, emigrants and ships' surgeons created medical knowledge at sea in the first half of the 19th century. Focusing on the route between the ports of Britain and Ireland and the Australian colonies, it makes a significant contribution to the histories of medicine, penal reform, colonialism and immigration.
Their Natural and Unnatural Histories
Janet Lembke's celebration of the chicken in its every aspect has chapters on classical, medieval, Renaissance and modern chickens, literary and scientific chickens, eggs and urban chicken-keeping. It is also a very practical book, drawing on the author's own experience of building coops, keeping poultry - and eating it. She includes a survey of chicken cuisine and a selection of recipes.
Worse Than War
Genocide, Eliminationism and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity
The crimes of the Nazis led to the establishment of international conventions to ensure that such horrors would not happen again; yet they have - in Rwanda, Kosovo, Darfur and countless other places. This lucid, sobering study by the acclaimed author of Hitler's Willing Executioners undertakes an unflinching examination of the continuing global problem of genocide. It asks crucial questions such as how and why mass murders begin and how they are implemented, and proposes radical new preventive measures.
The World Before the Great War
The year 1913 is generally seen as nothing more than the prelude to an apocalypse. That was not how it felt at the time. This majestic account presents that year as it appeared to contemporaries. Through the stories of 28 cities, from London to New York, Vienna to St Petersburg, and Constantinople to Beijing, it presents a panorama of a world alive with potential, wealthy as never before, intoxicated by technological progress, and oblivious to the catastrophe that lay ahead.