Green Lord of the Wild Wood
As well as the 'historical' Robin ?– a simple human hero ?– John Matthews explores the various manifestations of Robin in folklore and legend, and relates the 'merry men' myths to mummers and morris dancers. From ancient lore, ballads, poems and masques, Robin emerges as a semi-divine embodiment of the mysterious, all-pervading life-force of the land: a Green Man, whose spirit lives on in the stories of his exploits. The book concludes with a substantial collection of Robin Hood ballads.
The Middle Ages in Modern England
Michael Alexander’s study traces the evolution and course of the Medieval Revival, from the literature of the 1760s through to the writings of Waugh, Auden and the Inklings in the mid-20th century. He considers its influence beyond literature, looking at architecture, art and religion.
A Tourist's Guide to the Campaign by Car, by Bike and on Foot
The six tours in this guide follow the route of Edward III’s victorious English army across northern France from St-Vaast-la-Hougue via Abbeville to the battlefield itself. Illustrated with colour photographs and maps, each tour has information on public transport and where to stay and eat.
Medieval Dress and Textiles in Britain
A Multilingual Sourcebook
Dress in the Middle Ages was an identifier of status, wealth, occupation, gender and ethnicity, and fashions in dress caused controversy and complaint: ‘Do not fashion your clothing in a new-fangled way’, wrote Robert Brunne in Handlyng Synne (1303). This volume of manuscript sources, transcribed and translated from Old and Middle English, Latin and Anglo-Norman French, illuminates these subjects through readings from wills, accounts, inventories, moral and satirical works, sumptuary regulations and epics and romances.
The Medieval World
The Illustrated History of the Middle Ages
Arranged thematically, this historical survey begins by tracing the growth of dynasties and empires, from the Carolingians to the Ottomans. Further sections cover warfare and conquest (in particular the Crusades and the Hundred Years’ War), as well as daily life under the feudal system and developments in religion and culture. Also featured are photographs of medieval maps, artworks and significant documents such as Magna Carta and Joan of Arc’s final letter. Includes material previously published in The Middle Ages.
The Norman Conquest
William the Conqueror's Subjugation of England
Did the Normans bring civilization to England and enable stronger links with continental Europe? Was William’s victory the result of supreme strategy – or just luck? As new discoveries have cast doubt on the traditional picture of 1066, Cole reassesses the evidence for the Conquest and its effects. Explaining the background to the invasion, she highlights the long development of English relations with Normans and Scandinavians; describing the aftermath, she considers how the conquerors crushed resistance and exploited the kingdom’s riches.
The Development of Medieval North Atlantic Identities
Looking beyond the warlike Viking stereotypes, this study demonstrates how distinct identities developed in the North Atlantic islands that were settled by the Norse as they migrated from their Scandinavian homelands between 800 and 1250. Knight uses evidence from archaeological sites and texts including sagas and law codes to examine the settlement, economy and lifestyle of three zones, following the settlers’ progress from Shetland and the Faroe Islands, via Iceland, to Greenland.
An Archaeological Study of the Bayeux Tapestry
The Landscapes, Buildings and Places
Trevor Rowley, an authority on the Normans and landscape history, focuses on the mid 11th-century landscapes in North-western France and England in which the epic events portrayed by the Bayeux Tapestry took place. Following those events, from Earl Harold’s journeys to Bosham and France to the Battle of Hastings, Rowley describes, with photographs and diagrams, the archaeological evidence and existing sites of the buildings and places represented and sometimes named on the Tapestry.
And the Road to Magna Carta
On the death of Richard I in 1199, his brother John took possession of the vast Angevin lands in England and France. By the time of his own death in 1215, King John had lost control of the continental lordships, England was facing invasion, and his English subjects had confronted him with the Magna Carta. Church's study of John approaches the king as a man ill-suited to his position of power, who came to be seen by his contemporaries as a tyrant.
The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses
The Wars of the Roses that convulsed 15th-century England sprang from a family quarrel as fraught and intimate as any before or since. It is often viewed in terms of its male protagonists but, as this history makes clear, women played a key role, among them the Yorkist matriarch Cecily Neville; Margaret of Anjou, formidable wife of the mad King Henry VI; and Margaret Beaufort, whose ambition for her son ushered in the Tudor dynasty.
A Year in the Life of Plantagenet England
The year 1215 is remembered for King John’s reluctant granting of Magna Carta, but the famous meeting at Runnymede is just one episode in the year’s story of political, constitutional and religious upheaval. The author of The Hollow Crown here combines a narrative of high politics and civil war with the evidence for everyday life to show how these transformative months were experienced by people at different levels of English society.
Long Live the King
The Mysterious Fate of Edward II
The brutal murder of Edward II with a red-hot poker at Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most infamous of all royal deaths – but is it true? A remarkable document discovered in a Montpellier archive more than a century ago claims that he escaped to Ireland before making his way to Italy, where he lived as a hermit. This historical investigation charts his reign and his downfall, before carefully evaluating all the evidence for and against his survival.
Representing War and Violence
From crusade and conquest to self-mortification, violence took many forms in the Middle Ages. In nine essays, this multi-disciplinary volume explores how violence and conflict were represented and narrated in medieval and early modern works ranging from the Alliterative Morte Arthure to Tudor narratives of the fall of Calais in 1558.
A History of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, 1257–1301
Simon of Luton and John of Northwold
St Edmund’s Abbey, one of the country’s wealthiest religious houses, was closely involved with the central government of medieval England. This history, which covers the rule of two 13th-century abbots, uses evidence from the abbey’s extensive surviving records to provide insights into its governance and economy in difficult times as well as its religious, intellectual and cultural life. The monks’ dietary regime is examined in an appendix featuring recipes from the archives.
Health and the City
Disease, Environment and Government in Norwich, 1200–1575
In 1559, the physician William Cunningham published The Cosmographical Glasse, focusing on Norwich as an exceptionally ‘healthfull and pleasant city’. Isla Fay’s book explores the philosophy that linked a city’s location and landscape with its health, and the practical realities of Norwich’s ‘vibrant, native culture of urban hygiene’.
Queens of the Conquest
England's Medieval Queens: Book One
Piecing together the fragments of fact and stripping away the legends that surround England’s medieval queens, Alison Weir presents fresh, balanced and authoritative biographies of her cast of ‘heroines, villains, Amazons, stateswomen, adulteresses and lovers’. This first volume covers the lives of the Norman queens: Matilda of Flanders (1032?–1083), the wife of William the Conqueror; Henry I’s queen, Matilda of Scotland; Adeliza of Louvain; Matilda of Boulogne and the Empress Maud (1102–1167), whose second husband was Geoffrey ‘Plantagenet’, Count of Anjou. Slightly off-mint and felt-tip mark on upper trimmed edge.
The True Origins of the Once and Future King
Adam Ardrey follows up the detective work in his Finding Merlin with this account of his wider investigations into the legend of King Arthur. He reaches the startling conclusion that the historical Arthur came from Scotland, and also presents evidence to suggest that some of the story’s most familiar features – the Round Table, the Sword in the Stone and the Lady of the Lake – have their origins in the landscapes of the Scottish Highlands.
Brother, Protector, King
The loyal brother of Edward IV, Richard was entrusted as Protector of Edward’s son and heir, but in 1483 he took the crown himself while his nephews, Edward V and Prince Richard, disappeared. It was widely rumoured that the king had murdered his brother’s sons. Avoiding the bias of Richard’s evil reputation, this narrative history of his life and reign returns to original sources and looks in depth at contemporary politics, Richard’s earlier years and northern affinity, and how he constructed his own power base.
Everyday Lives in Medieval England
Beginning with the Wife of Bath and what she can tell us of the wool trade and matrimony, each of Chaucer’s 23 pilgrims on the road to Canterbury illuminates several aspects of 14th-century life in this unusual social history. From close readings of the Ploughman, the Miller, the Reeve and the Franklin the practicalities of rural life are revealed; while other pilgrims, from ‘Mine Host’ to the Shipman, provide the detail and inspire discussion of city, religious and military life.
Britain's Medieval Episcopal Thrones
History, Archaeology and Conservation
Six episcopal thrones survive from 14th-century cathedral churches. In this scholarly volume, Charles Tracy presents in-depth studies of the timber thrones in Exeter, St David’s and Hereford Cathedrals and the impressive, canopied oak bishop’s chair in Lincoln; and Andrew Budge contributes a chapter on the two stone episcopal thrones at Wells and Durham Cathedrals. There is much additional information in appendices, and the studies are lavishly illustrated with photographs, plans and line drawings of the thrones.