In ‘a long, eventful history, rich in eccentricity’, John Swinfield traces the progress of the submarine and submariners, from Leonardo da Vinci’s diving machines and William Bourne’s 16th-century submersible wood, leather and grease rowing boat (never built) to the end of the First World War, when the submarine was already changing the course of war at sea.
Ferries Across the Humber
The Story of the Humber Ferries and the Last Coal-Burning Paddle Steamers in Regular Service in Britain
Before a bridge was built across the Humber in 1981, ferries had provided the link between East Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. Drawing on archive photographs, ephemera and personal accounts, this illustrated story of the services that plied the waters focuses on the paddle steamers that operated on the river from 1814 up until the 1970s, and in particular on the last vessels in service, Tattershall Castle, Lincoln Castle and Wingfield Castle.
Scotland and the Sea
The Scottish Dimension in Maritime History
Scotland was at the forefront of Britain’s dominance of international trade in the 19th century: the greatest centre of shipbuilding in the world and the possessor, in Glasgow, of one of the principal ports and centres of industry. This history details these contributions to seaborne business and also describes the part that energetic and well-educated Scottish emigrants have played in encouraging maritime commerce by taking their engineering and entrepreneurial skills to all parts of the world.
Ancient Boats and Ships
The long-established Shire Archaeology series comprises illustrated introductory guides on a wide range of archaeological topics. Each volume offers an overview of our current knowledge, as well as providing suggestions for further reading and information about sites to visit. New editions of these books are updated with information learned from the most recent excavations and research.
The Warship Anne
Launched in 1678, the Anne was one of the ‘Thirty Ships of War’ constructed to double the strength of Charles II’s Navy. Having been lost at the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690, it is now one of the most important wrecks on England’s south coast. In this volume the ship’s technical historian explains Anne’s construction and specifications, follows its 1687 mission to the Mediterranean and discusses efforts to survey and preserve the wreck.
Napoleon's Grand British Holiday
The Remarkable Story of Bonaparte and His Time on the South Devon Coast
Captured after Waterloo, Napoleon was held aboard HMS Bellerophon off the Devon coast. This book records the forgotten episode in which he became a magnet for celebrity seekers who would row out to catch a glimpse of the captive emperor as he paced the deck.
The Wager Disaster
Mayhem, Mutiny and Murder in the South Seas
In 1741, with Britain at war with Spain, HMS Wager was wrecked on an uninhabited island off the coast of Chile. Drawing on survivors’ accounts, this book tells the story of the men who mutinied and sailed 2,500 miles in an open boat to safety in Brazil.
Sailors on the Rocks
Famous Royal Navy Shipwrecks
Peter C Smith investigates the circumstances in which 15 naval vessels have been driven ashore or lost on the coast, from the Coronation, destroyed by a gale in 1671, to the frigate Nottingham, which ran aground off Australia in 2002 despite its electronic navigation aids.
Master and Madman
The Surprising Rise and Disastrous Fall of the Hon Anthony Lockwood RN
Although press-ganged into the Navy, and prone to bouts of lunacy, Lockwood (c.1775–1855) enjoyed a successful career and became Surveyor General of New Brunswick. Driven by a desire to instil democracy, he attempted to stage a coup, but his subsequent imprisonment and state of mind saw him ending his days in a London asylum.
The so-called 'Dreadnought Revolution' was a modernization plan, instigated by First Sea Lord Jacky Fisher, which replaced all frontline ships of the Royal Navy with 'all big gun' designs driven by faster, more efficient steam turbine engines. This review of the battlecruiser class vessels of this period features original plans and drawings and an analysis of the design, construction, armament and machinery of the 15 ships built, including Invincible and Indefatigable.
The Barbary Corsairs
Warfare in the Mediterranean 1480–1580
With chapters on the Barbarossa brothers, the Siege of Malta, the African lands and cities of the corsairs and slavery, Jacques Heers examines the maritime history of the Mediterranean in the period of the corsairs’ greatest success, when they were able to influence the balance of power in European politics. Translated by Jonathan North.
A boom in leisure cruising has seen many new large passenger ships and smaller 'expedition' ships built in recent years, while in response to the drive for cheaper cargo shipping, container vessels have got bigger, some approaching 400m in length, and are designed for slower running with more efficient engines. The 17th edition of this standard reference work, now with over 200 colour photographs, provides comprehensive and authoritative information on all the world's ocean-going passenger and cargo ships.
From Cabin 'Boys' to Captains
250 Years of Women at Sea
For centuries the sea was considered a male preserve. Using interviews and unpublished sources, this book traces the lives of women seafarers, from 18th century pirates such as Anne Bonney, and girls disguised as cabin boys, to the cruise-liner and container-ship captains of today.
The Ships that Shaped the World
Designer John Willis Griffiths’s conclusion that a sailing ship built for speed required ‘a sharp flared hollow and concave bow’ and a stern designed for ‘minimal drag’, revolutionized shipping well into the 20th century. This erudite history of the clipper, the fastest of all merchant sailing ships, considers different designs, including Yankee, Australian and tea clippers, as well as their cargoes and trade routes, with a focus on the treacherous seas around Cape Horn.
The Untold Story
During the Battle of Crete in 1941, HMS Gloucester was attacked by dive bombers and sunk; 83 of the 810 crew were rescued by German vessels the following day. Including first-hand accounts from survivors, this volume tells the ship’s story from its launch in 1937, investigating in particular the controversial circumstances of its sinking and the failure of any British ship to search for survivors.
A New History of Yachting
A few English aristocrats had pleasure yachts from as early as the mid 17th century and the hobby grew considerably in the following centuries, despite remaining the preserve of the wealthy. This history charts the evolution of yachting through the golden age before the First World War and into the era of affordable dinghies, plastic moulded hulls, and the record-breaking voyages of single-handed ocean sailors in recent decades.
Off the Deep End
A History of Madness at Sea
As well as isolation, cramped conditions and alcoholism, there are many reasons why madness is ‘seven times more likely’ at sea. In this survey of maritime distemper, Nic Compton documents numerous cases of mental illness on board ships, yachts and lifeboats, many of which led to suicide and occasionally cannibalism. Particularly poignant is the story of Donald Crowhurst, the singlehanded sailor who, becoming delusional, faked his position in a 1968 round-the-world race, only to jump overboard to his death.
Charts of War
The Maps and Charts That Have Informed and Illustrated War at Sea
Information is power, and sea charts, with their details of harbour approaches, coastal hazards, tides and currents, have often been closely guarded secrets. Handsomely illustrated with historic maps drawn from maritime archives around the world, this book explains how sea charts developed in response to changing military techniques and technology, and describes their role in planning, preventing, conducting and recording wars at sea, from the Battle of Lepanto to the D-Day landings.
and the First Yacht Race Across the Atlantic
Proprietor of the New York Herald, James Gordon Bennett Jr was famous for being eccentric, impetuous and wealthy, qualities that resulted in a $30,000 bet and the first transatlantic yacht race. With a cast of New York socialites, oddballs and adventurers, this book tells the story of the record-breaking race through the voyage of Bennett’s winning vessel, the Henrietta, which left New York in high winds in midwinter 1866.
The Ships of Ellis Island
The manifests of Ellis Island record a total of 818 ships bringing new citizens to America between 1892, when the facility was opened, and 1924, when immigration quotas were much reduced. Through contemporary photographs and promotional posters, this book profiles 100 of the most interesting, from large and famous liners such as the Lusitania and the Olympic to the many more modest vessels that offered the life-changing transatlantic voyage from ports all over Europe.
A Dangerous Occupation
A Story of Paddle Minesweepers in the First World War
Paddle steamer pleasure boats of P&A Campbell's White Funnel Fleet were hired by the Admiralty in 1914 to act as minesweepers, and were manned by naval personnel. This illustrated analysis explores the work of these vessels in the North Sea and around the British coast.
The Savage Shore
Extraordinary Stories of Survival and Tragedy from the Early Voyages of Discovery
Several months after the Dutch yacht Gilt Dragon set sail for the East Indies, it foundered off the coast of ‘Southland’. The ship broke up, but 73 survivors made it ashore, a few of whom would sail 2,500 miles in a shuyt to fetch help. This was 1653, over a century before Cook’s ‘discovery’ of Australia. These maritime tales present many of the early and often fabled encounters with Australia, its perilous coastline and indigenous population.
During the 19th century, it became quite common for women to go sea with their merchant seamen husbands, but rarely did they write books about the experience. Between 1829 and 1831, Abby Jane Morrell accompanied her husband Benjamin on an adventurous voyage that took them from New England to the South Pacific. This is her very accomplished account of that journey aboard the schooner Antarctic.
The Memoirs of Robert Hay
Robert Hay (1789–1847) joined the Royal Navy when he was 14 years old and served on the lower decks as a ‘shoe boy’ during the French wars. After one attempt to desert, he was posted to the East Indies, where he was badly wounded; the next time he got home to Scotland without falling foul of the press gang. Written in 1820, his memoir is a vivid account of naval life – and a wonderful yarn. Edited and introduced by Vincent McInerney.
On 25 August 1833 the chartered transport Amphitrite set sail from London, its 16 crew, 100 female prisoners and their children bound for an Australian convict colony. Days later, and before a crowd of helpless onlookers, the ship would break up off Boulogne, drowning all but three on board. This erudite account of the tragedy also examines the Admiralty’s investigation of the captain who, inexplicably, refused help offered from the shore.
The First Circumnavigators
Unsung Heroes of the Age of Discovery
Ferdinand Magellan’s armada set sail in 1519 to claim the ‘Spice Islands’ for Spain; in 1522, only one of the original five ships, the Victoria, and 19 of Magellan’s crew arrived back in Spain, having circumnavigated the world. This book tells the story of that historic voyage and those that followed: the circumnavigations of Loaisa and Saavedra (1525), Villalobos (1542), Legazpi (1564) and two English sea captains, Francis Drake (1577) and Thomas Cavendish (1586). Slightly off-mint.
Early Ships and Seafaring
Water Transport Beyond Europe
Seán McGrail’s scholarly study presents the evidence for early hand-built rafts and boats in the world beyond Europe, from Egypt and Arabia to Asia, Oceania and Australia. It combines the insights of ethnographical research with the analysis of excavated vessels and contemporary written accounts to give a comprehensive picture of our knowledge about ancient seafaring and the techniques and materials that were used to construct the different types of craft.
We Die Like Brothers
The Sinking of the SS Mendi
On a foggy morning in 1917, a large British mail ship travelling dangerously fast off the Isle of Wight collided with SS Mendi, a steamship carrying more than 600 members of the South African Native Labour Corps (SANLAC). The Mendi sank in 20 minutes, leaving few survivors. Drawing on recent archeological evidence from the wreck, the book reconsiders this terrible tragedy and tells the story of the SANLAC in the British war effort.
The South China Sea
The Struggle for Power in Asia
‘A fulcrum of world trade and a crucible of conflict’, the South China Sea, its shipping lanes and the ownership of its many island groups are matters of global concern. Bill Hayton, a journalist with long experience in Asia, gives a detailed account of the region’s complex history, from the earliest human migrations to the depletion of fish stocks today and problems of sovereignty and territory, which remain insoluble while China refuses to deal with these issues on a multilateral basis.
A Rich and Curious History of Pirates, Castaways and Madness
Daniel Defoe's famous castaway has been etched into the popular imagination for three centuries. This account of the real island – Juan Fernández Island in the South Pacific – draws on the voyage journals, maps and illustrations of visiting sailors, scientists, writers and artists to reveal its colourful and often violent history, from the early encounters of the 1500s to the naval battles of the First World War, and the impact of Britain’s seafaring past on the nation’s identity.
Ships to Remember
1400 Years of Historic Ships
From St Brendan’s sixth-century curragh or ‘naomhóg’ to 20th-century vessels, including Cunard’s Lusitania, the Blue Riband passenger liner sunk by a U-boat in 1915, and the workaday tug Yelcho that rose to the challenge of rescuing Shackleton’s men from Elephant Island, Rorke Bryan tells the stories of some of history’s most remarkable ships and their crews. Each of the 25 chapters is accompanied by details of the ships’ careers, maps, and drawings and paintings by Austin Dwyer.
Ancestors in the Arctic
A Photographic History of Dundee Whaling
Drawn from the collections of Dundee Art Galleries and Museums, this volume of early photographs shows the sailing ships and the highly skilled crews of the Dundee whaling industry, often set against the dramatic ice seas and landscapes of the Arctic. Offering insights into an almost forgotten aspect of Dundee’s history, the book demonstrates the importance of whaling for the city between the mid 18th century and the First World War.
A Brief History of Fighting Ships
This illustrated introduction to Napoleonic naval history describes the ships that fought at sea, providing details of their construction and armaments; accounts of daily life on board and the problems faced by commanders; and an outline of the battles in which they took part.
Aspects of Devon History (Off-Mint)
People, Places and Landscapes
Marking the 40th anniversary of the Devon History Society, this volume brings together 30 essays on a wide range of topics: places such as the medieval landscape of Branscombe and the parish of Parkham in 1841; miscellaneous subjects including fishing, farming, water supply and the coming of electricity; and people from the Saxon thane Ordulf in Tavistock to Dame Georgiana Buller, the only child of Sir Redvers Buller, and her work for disabled people in 20th-century Devon. Off-mint.
Governing the Sea in the Early Modern Era
Essays in Honor of Robert C Ritchie
The global expansion of the early modern European empires challenged their old, land-based systems of defending borders and trade. Now there were issues such as rights to fishing waters and smuggling. This volume of eleven essays sets out to examine how successfully early modern rulers dealt with problems of watery borders, rampant piracy, trade in far-flung colonies, and the slave trade.
Early Ships and Seafaring
European Water Transport
Since the Stone Age, seas, lakes and rivers have been the prime means by which humans have travelled, both for exploration and to make trading connections. Written by a former Royal Navy officer and maritime archaeologist, this survey of important excavations shows how scholars have interpreted different types of evidence to understand not only the techniques of ancient European ship-building but also the uses to which vessels were put from the earliest times to the 15th century.
First Atlantic Liner
Brunel's Great Western Steamship
Isambard Kingdom Brunel's achievement in building the steamship Great Western has been overshadowed by the fame of later vessels Great Britain and Great Eastern, but the wooden-hulled steamer was, for a short time, the largest and fastest passenger vessel making transatlantic voyages. This book looks at the business and design problems that beset Brunel during the development of Great Western and uses contemporary diaries to examine what life on board was like for passengers and crew. Slightly off-mint.
Lawson Lies Still in The Thames
The Extraordinary Life of Vice-Admiral Sir John Lawson
On 13 December 1659 Vice-Admiral Sir John Lawson (1615–1665) led 22 warships into the Thames and threatened to blockade London in defence of Parliament; in January 1660 Pepys began his diary, ‘Lawson lies still in the river’. This biography charts Lawson’s central role in the English Civil Wars and the Dutch wars, for which he received a gold chain from Oliver Cromwell, but also his vital contribution to the Restoration, rewarded by a pension from Charles II.
Sweet Water and Bitter
The Ships that Stopped the Slave Trade
In 1807, the British Parliament abolished slavery throughout the Empire. The trade in human misery did not stop, however, as other countries - and illegal slavers - continued to abduct people from the coasts of West Africa. Combining meticulous research with narrative verve, this compelling book tells the story of how, in six decades of dramatic and daring action on the high seas, the Royal Navy's 'Preventative Squadron' liberated 150,000 Africans at the cost of 17,000 of its own men.
Mutiny on the Globe
The Fatal Voyage of Samuel Comstock
Sailing between Hawaii and Tahiti in 1824, the captain and officers of the Nantucket whaler Globe were hacked to pieces and dumped overboard by their crew, led by the ruthless, 21-year-old Samuel Comstock. The events that followed - told in full for the first time in this enthralling, meticulously researched account - form an epic to rival the mutiny on the Bounty as Comstock's megalomaniac ambition to set up his own tropical kingdom led him and his crewmates to disaster.
Horatio Lord Nelson
Horatio Nelson was undoubtedly Britain's greatest naval commander. Although his complex character often made him enemies and led to mistakes in both his public and private life, he was an unrivalled seaman, an original and brave tactician and a charismatic leader. In this volume, Brian Lavery describes a legend in naval history, from his first naval posting at the age of twelve to his heroic death at Trafalgar. Published in association with the National Maritime Museum.
Passage to the World
The Emigrant Experience 1807–1940
From the early 19th century, millions of people crossed the seas to escape war, famine or poverty, or were taken against their will as slaves, convicts or indentured labourers. Based on original sources and first-hand accounts, this book examines the transition from one life to another, beginning with the journey to the port, the perils of the voyage and their reception in the Americas or Australasia.
The Life of Captain Woodes Rogers
Having proved himself a remarkable fighting seaman during a circumnavigation of the globe attacking Spanish shipping, Woodes Rogers was appointed Governor of the Bahamas by George I and tasked with the job of ridding the colony of pirates. Drawing on his own memoir as well as other contemporary sources, including notes from the trials of notorious pirates, this book recounts Rogers's adventures, which include rescuing the marooned Alexander Selkirk, the inspiration for Robinson Crusoe.
Caricature and the Navy 1756–1815
From the mid 18th century to the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Royal Navy was the nation's greatest expense and biggest employer. The ensuing public interest made household names of its commanders and established the 'Jack Tar' as an ideal of no-nonsense British pluck. This book explores the period through the lens of contemporary caricaturists such as Gillray, Rowlandson and Cruikshank; its selection of satirical and sometimes bawdy prints is drawn from the National Maritime Museum collection.
The Fabled Coast
Legends & Traditions from Around the Shores of Britain & Ireland
Pirates and smugglers, ghost ships and sea serpents, fishermen's prayers and sailors' rituals – the coasts of Britain and Ireland harbour an astonishing variety of legends, customs and superstitions. Area by area, this rich compendium of folklore trawls these shores for tales and traditions, from the lost land of Lyonesse to the mermaid-saint of Antrim, tracing their origins and examining their basis in fact. At once scholarly and compellingly readable, it offers a fascinating journey through the history of these islands. Off-mint.
The Empire of Necessity
Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World
Greg Grandin's study of slavery begins not on the west coast of Africa but in the South Pacific, off the coast of Chile, where in 1805 Captain Amasa Delano, an anti-slavery American, happened upon a slave rebellion on board the Tryal. The incident, recorded in Delano's memoirs, has inspired many literary works, notably Herman Melville's Benito Cereno; here, it leads to a new account of slavery across continents, and the deceptions inherent in the New World's 'Age of Freedom'.
Giants of the Seas
The Ships that Transformed Modern Cruising
When Royal Caribbean's Sovereign of the Seas was launched in 1988 it was the largest passenger ship to be built for more than 40 years, but it signalled a new era in the cruise business and has inspired the construction of dozens of ever more spectacular vessels. This book celebrates this new golden age of cruising by examining 40 modern ships – from floating resorts accommodating thousands of holidaymakers to purpose-built polar and river cruisers.
Light Through a Lens
An Illustrated Celebration of 500 Years of Trinity House
Since its establishment in the 16th century, the Corporation of Trinity House has played a crucial role in maritime affairs in Britain, not least through the provision and operation of lighthouses in England and Wales. This history marking the 500th anniversary of the Corporation presents a collection of the best photography and illustrations from Trinity House's own archives, revealing its work over the centuries and celebrating the iconic structures it manages around the British coastline.
Seadogs Aboard an English Galleon
English ships of the 1520s were built principally for coastal sailing but over the following century designs, and the life of the men aboard, changed rapidly as Elizabethan mariners ventured far beyond home waters. Drawn from accounts of hundreds of 16th century and early 17th century ocean voyages, including the words of Drake and Ralegh, this book explores how these intrepid seamen coped with tropical heat, violent storms, bad water, rotten food, disease, navigational problems and enemy fire.
A Brief History of British Sea Power
Before the reign of Elizabeth I, Britons showed little appetite to explore the seas beyond their own shores; but from the 16th century Britain's naval power began to grow steadily. From fifth-century skin boats to the battleships of the Second World War, this maritime history charts how a tradition of seamanship evolved in Britain, and how the exploits of merchant adventurers and naval warriors contributed to achieving a total domination of the seas after 1815.
Sir Martin Frobisher
Seaman, Soldier, Explorer
A pirate and privateer who looted countless ships, Martin Frobisher aided Francis Drake in a daring attack on the Spanish in the West Indies and played a key role in the defeat of the Armada. Yet despite his exploits, he remains a shadowy figure. This new biographical study focuses on Frobisher's three epic voyages to the Canadian Arctic in search of the Northwest Passage, creating a vivid and compelling picture of one of the great sea dogs of Elizabethan England.
The Dysfunctional Sons of the Brine
The American War of Independence was won as much at sea as on land, an achievement due in part to a remarkable quintet of naval commanders: John Manley, Silas Talbot, Dudley Saltonstall, Joshua Barney and John Paul Jones. Yet these men were anything but flawless heroes, as this gripping psychological history, punctuated by fast-paced naval battles, reveals. Arrogant and quarrelsome, they disobeyed their government and antagonized their fellow officers, while their lust for glory often brought them to the brink of disaster. Felt-tip mark on upper trimmed edge.
Seaspray and Whisky
Tale of a Turbulent Voyage
Described by the Marconi company staff clerk as 'Not a Cunarder', the Allenwell turned out to be a dirty, down-at-heel cargo ship with crew to match, and Norman Freeman had signed up as radio officer for a three-month trip from Liverpool to the USA. Some of the cargo – Scotch whisky – didn't make it that far. Freeman's memoir of this 1961/62 trip is an entertaining and sometimes poignant account of 'a very odd ship and an unusual voyage'.
Jack Tar's Story: The Autobiographies and Memoirs
Examining the autobiographical writings of antebellum American sailors, and how they remembered and interpreted experiences such as the War of 1812 and British impressment, this study explores contested meanings of manhood and nationalism in the early republic.