Magna Carta, Religion and the Rule of Law
With contributions from distinguished theologians, historians, a Lord Chief Justice and a Chief Rabbi, this volume of 19 conference papers and commissioned essays focuses on the enduring power of Magna Carta, the influence of Stephen Langton in its formulation, and its narratives of faith and governance – in the 13th century and through changing concepts of civil society to the present day.
A History of Political Trials
From Charles I to Charles Taylor
While the creation of international tribunals to try heads of state for crimes against humanity are usually hailed as new, breakthrough victories for human rights, this study argues that such trials have a long history. In cases from Charles I in 1649 to Charles Taylor, the former president of Liberia, in 2012, Laughland examines the constitutional issues raised by political trials and ‘special tribunals’, discussing the nature of the Prosecution and the often ignored Defence as well as procedural shortcomings.
When in Rome
Social Life in Ancient Rome
With hundreds of excerpts from contemporary sources, this survey of Roman social history features the words of elite male authors alongside evidence from correspondence, inscriptions, graffiti and curse tablets that record the voices of women, and those from lower classes. Organized thematically, the book covers topics including family life, food and medicine, but also deals with issues less often addressed in modern accounts of ancient Rome, such as domestic abuse, disability and female genital mutilation.
East West Street
On the Origins of 'Genocide' and 'Crimes Against Humanity'
The concepts of ‘genocide’ and ‘crimes against humanity’ were originated by Rafael Lemkin and Hersch Lauterpacht, legal experts involved in the Nuremberg Tribunal. International lawyer Philippe Sands tells the stories of these very private men, showing how they developed their world-changing ideas in response to unprecedented atrocities. He also describes the trial which brought them together with defendant Hans Frank, who oversaw the ghetto in Lemberg, the Polish city where both lawyers studied and where Sands’ grandfather was born. Off-mint with felt-tip mark on the lower trimmed edge and American-cut pages.
Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms
In this illustrated study, the authors explore the evolving relationship between courts and democracy through the iconography of Justice, in both the figure of a blindfolded woman holding scales and a sword and the architecture of courthouses, from antiquity to the present. The book discusses how democracy has changed processes of adjudication; the emergence of rights to equal justice; and how the move from public to private arbitration and mediation poses a problem for democracies.
Sex and Punishment
Four Thousand Years of Judging Desire
Sex is one of the most powerful human drives, and societies have sought to regulate it since the dawn of history. Meticulous, scholarly, yet laced with spicy anecdote, this chronological survey ranges from the brutal impalement of an adulteress in Mesopotamia to the trials of Oscar Wilde. Peopled with transvestites, rent boys, royal mistresses and gay charioteers, it demonstrates how what is 'normal' in one age is forbidden in another, exposing the futility of such attempts to constrain human sexuality.
Sailors in the Dock
Naval Courts Martial Down the Centuries
Some embarrassing cowardice displayed by the captains of several British ships at the Battle of Dungeness in 1652 led to the formulation of the 'Articles of War', establishing a strict code of conduct for the Navy and empowering officers to apply it. This collection of significant legal cases in the history of the Royal Navy ranges from a mutiny at the Battle of Cadiz in 1587 to a captain's decision to scuttle HMS Manchester in the Mediterranean in 1942.