Heath Robinson's Great War
The Satirical Cartoons
Best known for his humorous cartoons featuring over-elaborate contraptions, William Heath Robinson published drawings in magazines satirizing the First World War throughout the conflict, among the most popular being his series ‘Inventions Rejected by the Inventions Board’ which included the ingenious ‘Hot-bottler for Warming Highlanders’ Legs after a Night in the Trenches’. This volume reproduces three collections of the best of this work, originally published during the war: Some Frightful War Pictures, Hunlikely! and The Saintly Hun.
War Amongst the Clouds
My Flying Experiences in World War I and the Follow-On Years, 1920–1983
Hugh White flew reconnaissance patrols aged just 18, in 1916, and within two years was Flight Commander of 29 Squadron, flying the SE5a biplane. This account of his aviation career begins with his own recollections of the First World War and continues with his son’s evaluation of his later posts: commanding fighter squadrons in India and Britain and then training technical staff before retiring as Air Vice Marshal.
A Perfidious Distortion of History
The Versailles Peace Treaty and the Success of the Nazis
The conventional view that the harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty were responsible for crippling Germany’s economy and paved the way for Hitler is challenged by Jürgen Tampke. Beginning his study in pre-war imperial Germany, he argues that the Treaty failed to assign war guilt to Germany, that the terms were never as punitive as is usually thought, and that hyper-inflation was a deliberate ploy by the German government to minimize the cost of reparations.
Yorkshire Women at War
Story of Women's Land Army Hostels
The thousands of women who volunteered to take on agricultural work in Yorkshire during the Second World War were housed in a network of hostels, where they slept in shared dormitories and were often provided with only basic facilities. With first-hand accounts and contemporary photographs, this local history describes life under the sometimes-domineering wardens and out on the farms during the war and throughout the 1940s.
War! Hellish War! Star Shell Reflections 1916–1918
The Illustrated Great War Diaries of Jim Maultsaid
Jim Maultsaid was injured on the Somme in 1916, after which he was commissioned into the Chinese Labour Corps, directing these foreign recruits in non-combatant support work and manual labour. His unusual war diaries include his frank but often upbeat observations about his experiences as well as drawings, satirical cartoons and scrapbook photographs which give a unique insight into his everyday activities and the characters he encountered.
A History of the 12th (Pioneers) King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 1914–1918
The British Army’s Pioneer battalions were formed in 1914 in order to provide logistical support including the construction and repair of roads and the laying of barbed wire to protect the front line. This history of one battalion, originally published in the 1920s, gives an eyewitness account of movements around the war zone and shows how Yorkshire miners and engineers applied civilian skills in the new arena of industrialized warfare.
The 1/5th (Territorial) Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment in the Great War
The volunteer ‘Saturday night soldiers’ of the West Yorkshire Territorials were considered ‘too sleepy to fight well’ by General Haig, but on the Western Front the 1/5th Battalion became a formidable body of men. Sheehan uses newspapers, letters and photographs to tell the stories of many individuals who displayed heroism and fought with honour, even as their battalion was virtually wiped out on the Somme, at Passchendaele and at Wytschaete.
Churchill and Fisher
Titans at the Admiralty
The legendary Admiral Jacky Fisher and the energetic Winston Churchill were a formidable pair as the political and professional heads of the Royal Navy in the lead up to the First World War but their partnership ended in acrimony over the Gallipoli campaign. This detailed study of the two leaders’ term at the Admiralty draws on an extensive new analysis of the Churchill and Fisher papers held at Churchill College, Cambridge.
British Battle Planning in 1916 and the Battle of Fromelles
A Case Study of an Evolving Skill
With its high casualty count, Fromelles (19–20 July 1916) is generally considered a failure resulting from incompetent British generalship. By analysing the process of planning the battle, Lee gives a more nuanced picture of the command structure’s strengths and weaknesses.
The Escape Artists
A Band of Daredevil Pilots and the Greatest Prison Break of WWI
Known as the ‘Black Hole’, Holzminden was the most infamous of the First World War prison camps that housed airmen of the Royal Flying Corps. Bascomb uses unpublished memoirs to reveal how 29 prisoners tunnelled their way out of Holzminden and dashed 150 miles to Holland, before sending a telegram to taunt the sadistic Camp Commandant and returning to Blighty for a private audience at Windsor Castle.
Postcards of the Army Service Corps 1902–1918
Coming of Age
The first decades of the 20th century saw significant modernization of the British Army. This collection of over 500 contemporary postcards, with detailed captions by a military expert, shows the development of motorized transport, and the personal side of soldiers’ lives, including a group pictured with their donkey mascot, a tug-of-war and field catering facilities.
The Home Front
Derbyshire in the First World War
This history records the impact of the First World War on every aspect of life in Derbyshire. Illustrated with historic photographs, it details the recruitment drive, the role of women, anti-German feeling, the reception of Belgian refugees, Zeppelin raids, the treatment of conscientious objectors, and the deadly flu pandemic of 1918–20.
Edinburgh in the Great War
Your Towns and Cities in the Great War
Like other cities, Edinburgh sent men to the front, cared for war wounded and coped with profound social changes. Personal accounts, letters and newspaper reports give a sense of the experience of living in the capital during the conflict.
One of the RFC's Most Decorated Squadrons
Formed in September 1915 in response to the new threat posed by Germany’s Fokker monoplanes, 20 Squadron saved many lives through its aerial reconnaissance work, with its members winning some 70 gallantry decorations. Sellwood, whose grandfather was killed within a week of joining the squadron, presents the fruits of more than 15 years’ research into its almost daily air battles during the First World War.
Enemy on the Euphrates
The British Occupation of Iraq and the Great Arab Revolt 1914–1921
During the First World War the need for oil was central to Britain’s continuing occupation of Mesopotamia (present day Iraq). This book presents a full account of the Arab uprising between July 1920 and February 1921, which came very close to defeating the occupying British.
Scots in Great War London
A Community at Home and on the Front Line 1914–1919
Scots working in London when the First World War began were quick to join the London Scottish Regiment; many never returned. Drawing on unpublished records, these essays record the involvement of figures such as Douglas Haig and John Buchan, and practical and discuss the moral support offered by churches, charities, clubs and associations to these men and their families during and after the conflict.
Regimental Records of the Royal Welch Fusiliers
Volume V, 1918–1945: Part One, November 1918–May 1940
The oldest military regiment in Wales, the Royal Welch Fusiliers was much reduced after the First World War. This volume of its history begins with its reorganization before describing in detail its deployments in Ireland, India, the North-West Frontier, Cyprus, Sudan, Shanghai, Gibraltar and Hong Kong between the wars, before returning to France in 1939. The descriptions are accompanied by maps and contemporary photographs and include staff lists of officers and NCOs.
The British Soldier in the First World War
This study of the ordinary British soldier of the First World War focuses on his everyday routines and the equipment, uniform and personal kit that would have been his familiar companions. Covering recruitment, training, life in the trenches and recuperation away from the front, first-hand accounts are complemented by examples of items including mess tins, Mills bombs and the YMCA stationery issued in rest camps, many assembled in historical tableaux that recreate period scenes.
Remembering 1914–18, Great War Britain
Swindon’s principal employer – the Great Western Railway – expanded its output of rolling stock during the First World War, as well as extending operations to the production of munitions. This review of the conflict’s impact on the town includes archive photographs and ephemera.
Remembering 1914–18, Great War Britain
The King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment was the destination for many of Lancaster’s young men in 1914. This study of the city’s experience of the war draws on regimental records as well as first-hand accounts and contemporary documents and photographs.
Securing the Narrow Sea
The Dover Patrol, 1914–1918
The men of the Dover Patrol, including many citizen volunteers, fought the longest continuous naval campaign of the First World War. It brought together a ramshackle assortment of vessels including trawlers, drifters, yachts and riverboats, and even airships, under controversial commanders who were often hampered by Admiralty infighting. This is a detailed account of their duties, from shore bombardment and barrage building to antisubmarine and escort tasks, culminating in the infamous Zeebrugge and Ostend raids.
The Great War
Through Picture Postcards
Picture postcards were the main way that troops and their families communicated during the 1914‒18 war, and the illustrations and slogans they displayed give us insights into their lives and attitudes. The more than 500 contemporary cards in this collection come from a variety of home fronts and theatres of war around the world. They demonstrate everything from patriotic propaganda and angry satire to startling images of mass graves, proud displays of new weapons and soldiers cheerfully posing in gas masks.
The Great War at Sea
A Naval Atlas 1914–1919
Establishing control of the seas was a significant factor in eventually forcing the Central Powers to surrender in 1918. The complex struggle all over the world is traced in this naval analysis through 125 maps. Identifying the vessels involved, their courses, manoeuvres and engagements, the charts describe key operations such as the Battle of Jutland and the Dardanelles campaign as well as skirmishes, raids and U-boat activities up to the scuttling of the German fleet in 1919.
Your Country Needs You
The Secret History of the Propaganda Poster
Alfred Leete’s iconic image of Lord Kitchener pointing over the slogan ‘Your Country Needs You’ is a design classic which was widely imitated, for instance in the American designer James Montgomery Flagg’s Uncle Sam poster. James Taylor explores its influence on the propaganda posters of Allied countries in the First World War and beyond, while arguing that, since it originated as a magazine cover and postcard, its direct effect on enlistment was smaller than is commonly believed.
Eyes All Over the Sky
Aerial Reconnaissance in the First World War
The fighter aces took the glory but reconnaissance flyers had perhaps the more significant role during the First World War, sighting for the artillery, following troop movements, patrolling British coastal waters for U-boats and gathering data for constantly updated maps. Drawing on the experiences of British, American and German airmen, Streckfuss examines the work of balloonists, reconnaissance pilots and aerial photographers over the Western Front and UK seas.
Makers of the Modern World: Sir Robert Borden
Canada’s Prime Minister from 1911 to 1920, Borden went to Paris convinced that the British Dominion of Canada must assume full sovereignty and, by the efforts of his delegation, the country did gain international autonomy, signing the Versailles Treaty in 1919. Slightly off-mint.
New Perspectives on the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 1915–16
The doomed Gallipoli campaign – the Allied military effort to force a passage through the Dardanelles Straits and knock Ottoman Turkey out of the war – has been controversial since the final evacuation of troops from the Peninsula in January 1916. Focusing on the MEF, this volume presents original research by more than 20 historians: Part I covers the structure of the battle; Part II discusses command and control; Part III deals with support and enablers, including British air power, nurses, chaplains and mining.
Gallantry in Action
Airmen Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and Two Bars 1918–1955
The DFC was introduced as the medal for gallantry by airmen when the Royal Air Force was formed after the First World War; multiple awards are recognized with silver ribbon bars. There were sixty recipients of a second bar up to 1955 (only three have been awarded since) and this book profiles each one with a brief biography, contemporary photograph and the original citation that accompanied the award.
A Handful of Bullets
How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces the Peace
The assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in June 1914, this study argues, brought about far more than the outbreak of the First World War; it sowed the seeds of global insecurity in the 21st century, creating four new ‘horsemen of the apocalypse’: weakened states, economic insecurity, religious and political extremism, and environmental crisis. The remedies it proposes lie in fundamental political and economic reform, and a realignment of US strategic priorities.
The Last Voyage of the Lusitania
The sinking of the Lusitania by a German U-boat in 1915 was a historic event, not just because it was the most famous ship afloat and 1,200 people died, but because it was instrumental in bringing the United States into the war. First published in the 1950s, this analysis of the disaster draws on survivors' accounts and naval records to reconstruct the last days of the luxury liner.
To Our Brothers
Memorials to a Lost Generation in British Schools
In the years after the First World War, Britain’s public schools, in common with thousands of communities across the country, erected memorials honouring their war dead. Ranging from wooden crosses returned from makeshift graves near the battlefields to new buildings, and including panels listing the dead, stained glass windows, statues and books of remembrance, the memorials in 49 schools are surveyed in this handsome, illustrated volume, with details of each school’s way of remembering its fallen old boys and masters.
They Didn't Want to Die Virgins
Sex and Morale in the British Army on the Western Front 1914–18
Beginning with discussions of the British Army’s attitude toward sex, the soldier’s moral code, and army morale, this study looks in depth at the sexual lives of troops on the Western Front. Beyond the usual topics of venereal disease and sexual violence, Cherry explores organized prostitution, the Army’s ‘red lamp’ official brothels and fraternization with local women, always mindful that ‘the story of the soldier’s sexual life is arguably also the story of a woman’s survival strategy’.
The Battle of the Ardennes 22 August 1914
This analysis of the crucial 1914 encounters on the Western Front, collectively known as the Battle of Ardennes, encompasses both German and French viewpoints on moments of success and failure, and explores the underlying political, bureaucratic and military issues in the years before the war.
Consequences of the Peace
The Versailles Settlement: Aftermath and Legacy 1919–2010
In this concluding volume of the Makers of the Modern World: The Peace Conferences of 1919–23 and Their Aftermath series, Alan Sharp investigates some of the most significant, long-term legacies and contributions of the peace treaties signed at the end of the First World War, including the creation of the League of Nations and the United Nations.
The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps in France, 1917–1921
Women Urgently Wanted
Documenting the experiences of the WAACs who served in France, this study follows the women from enrolment to demobilization, notes the part they played in the Spring Offensive of 1918 and the Armistice, and analyses how the army, the general public and the press viewed them.
Menus, Munitions and Keeping the Peace
The Home Front Diaries of Gabrielle West 1914–1917
Gabrielle West worked variously as a Red Cross volunteer, a cook and a police officer during the First World War. Her diary entries, now part of the Imperial War Museum archives, note the discrimination she encountered as a woman in a position of responsibility, and the dangers posed by the Zeppelin raids over London. They paint a lively picture of her experience of the British Home Front and are illustrated with her drawings and family photographs.
The Lengthening War
The Great War Diary of Mabel Goode
Having lived in Germany for a time before the outbreak of the First World War, middle-aged, middle-class diarist Mabel Goode knew 'the enemy nation' as many Britons did not, which adds an extra dimension to her contemporary account of the years 1914–1916. She records enrolment, rationing, the collapse of domestic service and the growth of war work, the Zeppelin attacks over Yorkshire, the ever-mounting casualty lists and a growing disillusionment with a lengthening conflict.
Holding the Home Front
The Women's Land Army in the First World War
Within days of the start of the First World War there were calls for women to come to the fields, but it would be almost three years before the Women’s Land Army was formally established. Using previously unpublished accounts and photographs, this social history looks at how the movement impacted agriculture at a time of national crisis and examines the rhetoric surrounding it, the political purpose that shaped it and the experiences of those who worked for it.
Sniping in the Great War
Trained to precisely target individual combatants, marksmen were deployed in the First World War to tackle the static nature of much of the fighting. Featuring eyewitness accounts, this study analyses their role on the Western Front and in other theatres of the war, describes the training, fieldcraft and counter-sniping measures that were employed and outlines developments in rifles, ammunition and sighting equipment.
18th, 19th & 22nd Battalions of the Durham Light Infantry in the Great War
The three battalions of Durham Light Infantry raised during the First World War all saw significant action in France from 1916. This history describes their recruitment, training and active service and is supported by first-hand accounts and archive photographs.
De Havilland Enterprises
Geoffrey De Havilland not only designed the aerodynamics of his first biplane in 1909 but also the engine that propelled it. Later models, such as the Gipsy Moth, were among the most successful of the interwar period, and his Comet jet airliner of 1952 showed the way ahead for civil aviation. This directory profiles every one of his company's products, including unrealized design concepts and aircraft produced by the Canadian and Australian subsidiaries.
The Huns Have Got My Gramophone!
Advertisements from the Great War
Extolling the virtues of motorcycles for ‘lady war workers’ and ‘absolutely waterproof’ trench coats for soldiers, the advertisements collected and discussed here illustrate how the First World War offered companies new commercial opportunities and fundamentally changed British society.
From Downing Street to the Trenches
First-Hand Accounts from the Great War, 1914–1916
This collection adds some of the most eloquent voices of the age to the body of eyewitness evidence of the First World War. Drawn from the manuscript collection of the Bodleian Library in Oxford and covering the first two years of the conflict, from the front line to the Cabinet Office, the correspondents and diarists include Margot Asquith, Lewis Harcourt, TE Lawrence, WB Yeats and a young Harold Macmillan.
Preston in the First World War
From the declaration of war as reported in local newspapers to demobilization, David Huggonson gives a well-illustrated account of Preston’s response to the First World War. He describes the recruiting drives, the Preston ‘Pals’ and news of the soldiers at the front, but also looks in detail at other aspects of wartime in this industrial town, particularly the work undertaken by women, food rationing and the ‘Buffet’ providing refreshment for soldiers.
All Roads Lead to France
Bath and the Great War
From rumours of war in July 1914 to its aftermath in 1919, this well-researched and illustrated study explores the impact of the First World War on the city of Bath and surrounding area. Combining letters from the front lines with stories from the home front, and covering topics such as rounding up ‘aliens’, the War Hospital and food shortages, the author builds up a vivid picture of wartime Bath. The book ends with lists of the city’s military and naval casualties.
Key Scientists, Code-breakers and Propagandists of the Great War
World War One was the first modern, industrial conflict and the struggle for technological supremacy was not confined to the battlefield. This history reveals the war effort behind the lines, and profiles key figures, from the aircraft designer Frederick Handley Page to the newspaper magnate Lord Beaverbrook. It records the rapid advances spurred by the war in aviation, chemistry, and medicine, and the weapons of cryptology and propaganda.
The Birth of the U.S. Chemical Warfare Service and the Race for the World's Deadliest Weapons
Although German gas attacks on the battlefields of the First World War were greeted with horror, the Allies responded by developing their own chemical weapons. In America, laboratories began engaging in chemical weapon research, eventually amalgamating into the Chemical Warfare Service. This history of the organization brings together the key scientists, politicians and military personnel involved in its establishment, and describes the numerous logistical and ethical challenges they faced in deploying gas against the Germans. Off-mint with felt-tip mark on upper trimmed edge.
Bad Teeth No Bar
A History of Military Bicycles in the Great War
Relatively light, cheap to produce and silent to operate, bicycles were widely employed during the First World War by all the major combatants. This illustrated history considers how cycle troops were organized, trained and equipped, reviews the various types of bicycle and ancillary equipment in use and profiles the principal manufacturers of the day, including Birmingham Small Arms, Royal Enfield, Triumph and Raleigh.
The SA, The Nazis' Brownshirts, 1922–1945
The hardmen of the Sturmabteilung der NSDAP, or SA, broke up political meetings, beat up opponents and intimidated the German public for two decades, significantly contributing to Hitler’s rise to power. This history of the SA, which explores its methods and ideologies, paints a portrait of Ernst Röhm, the organization’s co-founder and erstwhile commander, and includes numerous illustrations of uniforms, flags and badges belonging to its auxiliary forces.
Fighting the Kaiser's War
The Saxons in Flanders 1914/1918
Troops from the Kingdom of Saxony fought as part of the German Empire's army in the First World War but retained a distinct identity, which has since been largely forgotten. Drawing on the detailed first-hand accounts of ten soldiers of the Royal Saxon Army and illustrated with over 300 contemporary photographs, this history provides a review of the Saxons' actions over four years at the Western Front, and an insight into the experience of the soldiers.
Black September 1918
WW1's Darkest Month in the Air
By the last months of the war, the Allies had achieved air superiority, with American squadrons now operational and significantly greater numbers of aircraft available. Nevertheless, the effective German fighters inflicted the highest casualties of the air war during the fighting of September 1918.
The Western Front
Battlefields, Memorials and Cemeteries of the First World War
In 2013, Marcel Belley and Tom Curry drove along the Western Front to photograph some of the war graves and memorials of the First World War. En route the pair recorded images of remnants of barbed wire, munitions and trenches, but their lenses focused mainly on the cemeteries created by the British and British Dominions, France, Belgium, Germany and the United States. The commentary includes discussion of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission’s decision not to repatriate remains.
Geology and Trench Warfare on the Western Front 1914–18
The geology of the Western Front had an enormous impact on how military operations were carried out, determining the strength of trench walls, whether tunnels could be dug under no man’s land, if tanks could proceed without sinking into mud, even the size of craters after shell explosions. This survey examines how the terrain and topography of Flanders, Artois and Picardy, including soil and rock formations, influenced military strategy during the First World War.