Peace and War:
Britain in 1914
This discerning cultural history presents a portrait of a nation on the eve of war. While it details the social and political issues of the day, including the Ulster crisis, suffragettes, labour disputes and the anxiety of approaching war, it also highlights the nascent modernism of contemporary artists and poets, including Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis, who anticipated the end of the Edwardian era and the ‘cosy certainties’ that belied the social conflicts of a troubled Britain.
Unseen Panoramas of the Third Battle of Ypres
Specialist photographers risked life and limb during the First World War to take images of the front that could be pieced together into broad panoramas delineating the battlefield terrain. This history of the fighting at Ypres in 1917 reproduces 50 examples of these vital reconnaissance images, both British and German, and also uses hundreds of maps, plans, diagrams and the first-hand accounts of combatants to tell the story in detail.
The First Nazi
Erich Ludendorff: The Man Who Made Hitler Possible
Along with Hindenburg, Erich Ludendorff led the German Army during the latter stages of the First World War, and it was his ill-conceived Spring Offensive in 1918 that precipitated Germany’s defeat. Ludendorff blamed Germany’s failure on Jews and other ‘undesirables’, claiming they placed profit before patriotism. Backing Hitler and the Nazi party during the 1920s, he helped pave their way to power, a strategy that is highlighted in this authoritative biography.
The Splintered Empires
The Eastern Front 1917–21
At the beginning of 1917, three warring empires were at breaking point. Russia was the first to collapse, triggering the Bolshevik Revolution; but by the end of 1918, both the German and Austro-Hungarian empires had also disintegrated. The fourth and final volume of Prit Buttar’s history of the Great War’s Eastern Front charts these momentous events and describes the ‘successor wars’ that followed the Armistice – the bitter struggles for national sovereignty that paved the way for the Second World War.
Memoirs of Naval Secret Service
In the years before the First World War, British journalist Hector Bywater used his role as naval correspondent for the New York Herald to bluff his way into dockyards and naval installations across Germany. He would memorize important details then report his findings back to MI6 in London. First published in 1931, these remarkable memoirs recount Bywater’s years as an active secret service agent for the British Navy.
A Dangerous Occupation
A Story of Paddle Minesweepers in the First World War
Paddle steamer pleasure boats of P&A Campbell's White Funnel Fleet were hired by the Admiralty in 1914 to act as minesweepers, and were manned by naval personnel. This illustrated analysis explores the work of these vessels in the North Sea and around the British coast.
Everything to Nothing
The Poetry of the Great War, Revolution and the Transformation of Europe
In this cultural history of the First World War, the conflict and the tremendous changes it wrought are seen from the perspective of poets and writers from all over Britain and Europe, including those who wrote propaganda or embraced the new violence, as well as more familiar 'war poets'.
The Long Shadow
The Great War and the Twentieth Century
‘In Britain … 1914–18 has become a literary war, detached from its moorings in historical events.’ In this study, David Reynolds seeks to redress the balance and broaden our vision by demonstrating how the First World War shaped the 20th century at home and abroad, through the widening of the democratic franchise, the creation of states in Europe and the Middle East, and the establishment of an ‘international order’; and how it paved the way for another, greater conflict.
The Cultural History of a Catastrophe
The sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 by a German U-boat, drowning nearly 1,200 civilian passengers, including 128 Americans, was greeted with jubilation by the German establishment and press. Although it resulted in America’s entry into the First World War, it also marked the beginning of a new kind of brutality in German warfare which, Willi Jasper argues in this erudite study, precipitated the totalitarian violence for which Germany became notorious.
Trapped Behind Enemy Lines
Accounts of British Soldiers and Their Protectors in the Great War
In 1914 David Cruickshank, a private in the Scottish Rifles, became trapped by an advancing German force in the village of Le Cateau. He was taken into hiding by the Baudhuin household, but frequent German patrols forced him to dress as a woman. ‘Mademoiselle Louise’ lived in the village for over two years before being caught and sentenced to death. This extraordinary account of Cruickshank’s plight is interwoven with the stories of other stranded British soldiers.
The Russian Army in the First World War
Rare Photographs from Wartime Archives
Rarely seen, here are photographs of first the Tsarist army, then the army of the Provisional Government and Bolsheviks in action against the Germans and Austro-Hungarians on the Eastern Front until the 1917 Revolution and the end of Russia’s war.
The Red Baron
A History in Pictures
By 1918, the Red Baron was a national hero and his death in April of that year was a significant loss for the German Air Force and the nation; the event has been the subject of conflicting accounts and theories ever since. This biography is led by a collection of archive photographs of Richthofen during the war years, as well as significant people, places and aircraft.
The Triumphs, Failures and Controversies of France's Commander-in-Chief in the Great War
In 1914, General Joffre led the French armies that blocked the invading Germans at the Marne, saving Paris from occupation and France from defeat. In 1916, after a series of failed offensives and the bloodbath of Verdun, he was dismissed. Written by a general with command experience, illustrated with maps and photographs, and translated into English for the first time, this acclaimed study provides new insights into the character and motives of this key figure of the First World War.
British Nannies & the Great War
How Norland's Regiment of Nannies Coped with Conflict & Childcare in the Great War
Founded in 1892, the Norland Institute trained educated working- and middle-class young women to be nannies, and quickly won the patronage of British and European royalty. Drawing on Norland archives and the nannies’ own accounts, this book tells their story of caring for children on the home front, behind enemy lines, and in distant parts of the British Empire, or volunteering as nurses during the First World War.
Royal Prussia, Imperial Germany and the First World War 1825–1918
Blaine Taylor presents an illustrated study of Prussian and German railways – personnel, lines, locomotives, rolling stock and stations – from 1825, through the Wars of Unification (1864–71) to the Armistice in November 1918.
Britain's Railways in Wartime
The Nation's Lifeline
Victory in the two world wars would have been impossible without the railways: ‘everything that was grown, made or mined, had to be carried, and soldiers, sailors, airmen, and civilians also had to be carried.’ The scale of the task and dangers faced by the women and men of the railways were enormous, and this book, with its wealth of statistics and archival photography, pays tribute to the resourcefulness of railway staff, from cleaners and clerks to drivers and porters.
Legacies of the First World War
Building for Total War 1914–18
Drawing together studies by English Heritage and Historic England’s archaeologists and historians, this volume explores the physical effects of the First World War on the English countryside and built environments. Among the topics discussed in the ten illustrated essays are army camps, airfields and coastal defences; munitions factories, civic and civilian building during wartime and the impact of enemy blockade on the nation’s agriculture; and a final essay examines the building of war memorials.