Off the Deep End
A History of Madness at Sea
As well as isolation, cramped conditions and alcoholism, there are many reasons why madness is ‘seven times more likely’ at sea. In this survey of maritime distemper, Nic Compton documents numerous cases of mental illness on board ships, yachts and lifeboats, many of which led to suicide and occasionally cannibalism. Particularly poignant is the story of Donald Crowhurst, the singlehanded sailor who, becoming delusional, faked his position in a 1968 round-the-world race, only to jump overboard to his death.
The Invention of the Modern Mind
This wide-ranging account of how Enlightenment philosophers developed a concept of mind explores the intellectual ground covered by English, Scottish, French and German thinkers, including the notion of the mind existing solely within, and nurtured by, the body. The author also demonstrates, with reference to Foucault, how these ideas led to mind sciences, including phrenology and psychology, and why in our own times consensus on the nature of the mind has yet to be achieved.
A Woman Looking at Men Looking at Women
Essays on Art, Sex, and the Mind
Why are the sciences considered masculine and hard, the arts feminine and soft? And why is hard better than soft? In these groundbreaking essays, the award-winning novelist looks at artists including Picasso and Bourgeois to challenge such long-held assumptions.
Emma Jung, Her Marriage to Carl and the Early Years of Psychoanalysis
Long overshadowed by her husband, Emma Jung was a resourceful and intelligent woman who became a noted practitioner of psychoanalysis and made significant contributions to the early development of the movement. This book follows the twists and turns of the Jungs’ personal and professional lives together, from the penniless doctor’s first meeting with the teenage heiress, through the years when his numerous affairs and complex personality tested the marriage, to their achievement of greater harmony and understanding.
Violent jealous reactions make newspaper headlines, but Peter Toohey explains how ‘jealousy’s daily life is much quieter’ and ‘surprisingly beneficial’. Dealing with all kinds of jealousy – including that of infants, animals, families and academics – he explains its biological and evolutionary basis, its relation to humans’ socialization and how it protects and strengthens relationships. As well as its place in our lives, the study discusses jealousy in artistic creativity and the psychological study of the emotion.
Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain
This groundbreaking book by a leading neurologist concerns ‘the brain science of emotion’ and ‘its implications for decision-making in general and social behaviour in particular’. Published in 1994, it continues to attract the attention of neuro-scientists, philosophers and the general public with its proposal that reasoning evolved as an extension of the automatic emotional system, and emotion plays multiple roles in the reasoning process.
The Cosmic Serpent
DNA and The Origins of Knowledge
While undertaking anthropological fieldwork in the Pichis Valley of the Peruvian Amazon, Narby became intrigued by the local community’s claim that they received their phenomenal biochemical knowledge under the influence of hallucinogens. Here he reports how further investigation dispelled his scepticism and led him to conclude both that such transmission is possible and that indigenous peoples have known for millennia about the double helix structure of DNA.
A Critical Introduction
Like modern art, psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan’s work is famously difficult to decipher. Accordingly, this study takes an original approach, peering at the man through a prism of ideas, stories and associations drawn not only from Lacan’s theoretical influences, including Hegel, Freud and Saussure, but also from his emotional and professional life. The result is a pleasing matrix of ideas revealing Lacan to be as wilful as he is complex.
The Story of You
‘In the brain’s microscopically small circuitry is etched the history and future of our species.’ The neuroscientist David Eagleman looks deeply into what the latest brain science findings mean for our lives. Without presupposing any specialized knowledge, the book challenges readers’ assumptions as it tackles questions such as how we decide, how we perceive reality, who we are, who’s in control and where we are heading as a species.
Revolution in Mind
The Creation of Psychoanalysis
Few disciplines have had such a profound influence on the way we see ourselves and one another as psychoanalysis. This magisterial history contextualizes Freud’s early work amid the social and scientific changes of late 19th-century Europe, before charting its development to the end of the Second World War. Lucid, meticulously researched and scrupulously impartial, it describes the bitter split with Jung and Adler, and the eventual acceptance of psychoanalysis throughout the Western world.
The Science and Showbiz of Hypnosis
An Olivier award-winning performer, accredited hypnotherapist and the first-ever artist in residence at the British Library, Christopher Green presents an illustrated history of hypnosis, covering both the reputable side of the subject – brain imaging, clinical trials, hypnotherapy etc – and the smoke and mirrors of stage ‘mesmerists’ and hypnotists. ‘I love hypnosis’, writes Green, ‘I don’t know of any other subject that is at once so erudite and yet so trashy’.
LSD, Ecstasy and the Power to Heal
Early experimentation with LSD in the 1950s and its widespread recreational use in the 1960s resulted in its outlawing and attracted all the negative associations of an illegal drug subculture. Using a series of case studies of the medical application of LSD and MDMA (commonly known as ecstasy), this exploration of the history of these psychedelic drugs presents a compelling case for their use in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental illness.
Historical Tales and National Identity
An Introduction to Narrative Social Psychology
Drawing on social, political, cognitive and psychodynamic areas of psychology, László outlines a theory and methodology which provide tools for a better understanding of the relation between the present psychological condition of a society and representations of its past.
Sex and Sexuality in Anglo-Saxon England
Essays in Memory of Daniel Gillmore Calder
Honouring a scholar who advised his students to explore topics in Old English literature that would interest the modern sensibility, this volume of eight essays is in three sections discussing same-sex desires, sexualities of the virgin, and sex, violence and the nation.
A Russian Life in Science
Born to a family of priests in provincial Russia, Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936) made his home and professional life in imperial St Petersburg, suffered the destruction of his world during the Bolshevik Revolution, and successfully rebuilt his career in the 1930s. In this definitive biography, Todes reinterprets the physiologist's famous research on conditional reflexes and weaves his life, values and science into the tumultuous period of Russian history between the reigns of Tsar Nicholas I and Stalin.
The Upright Thinkers
The Human Journey From Living in Trees to Understanding the Cosmos
Leonard Mlodinow, bestselling author (with Stephen Hawking) of The Grand Design, traces the human 'odyssey of discovery', from starting to walk upright to space travel. Emphasizing the unity of knowledge and the creative impulse, he deals first with the evolution of the human brain and the urge to understand; then describes the development of the hard sciences up to the early 20th century; and finally surveys the exponential progress of science and technology since the discovery of quantum physics.
Dictator or Puppet?
Hitler's crimes against humanity cast a shadow over the world; but were his beliefs and actions motivated simply by evil, or was there a clinical reason for his delusions? Andrew Norman's groundbreaking book examines the evidence provided by Hitler himself and by other, independent sources, that he 'heard' voices whose commands he felt obliged to obey. They explain his irrational decisions, violent prejudices and strange body language, and point to what would now be diagnosed as schizophrenia.
An Introduction to Social Psychology
A pioneering work in psychology first published in 1908, this enormously influential book served as a catalyst in the study of the foundations of social behaviour. McDougall's work grounds social behaviour in biology and and he was the first to formulate a theory of human instinctive behaviour. This volume is a reprint of the 1936 (14th) edition.
Bright Colors Falsely Seen
Synaesthesia and the Search for Transcendental Knowledge
In this study of synaesthesia, a form of perception in which one sense responds to stimuli received by other senses, the discussion encompasses the Romantic notion of transcendental synaesthesia, eidetic imagery, and hallucinogenic drugs.
The Constitution of Agency
Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology
In these ten essays, Professor Korsgaard draws on the work of Kant, Aristotle, Hume and Plato to show how their ideas can inform an understanding of contemporary philosophical problems of practical reason, agency, and the role of emotion in action.
Why Can't a Woman be More Like a Man?
The Evolution of Sex and Gender
How significant are the differences between men and women, and to what extent are our abilities and behaviour determined by genetic or cultural factors? In this book an eminent developmental biologist provides answers to such controversial questions. Covering common claims about the two sexes' maths and language skills and their health, emotions and brains, it sorts the myths from the science and introduces the findings of modern research into the development of embryos and young children.
Why Some People Thrive at the Limits
On land and sea, on mountains and in deep caves, in the frozen wastes of Antarctica and the vastness of space, men and women risk all to live, work and play in extreme environments. What personal qualities does it take? Drawing on evocative first-hand accounts and the latest psychological research, this book reveals the courage, teamwork, skill and determination required to endure pain, fear, stress and loneliness, and the lessons we can all derive for everyday life.
A physician, professor of neurology and author, Oliver Sacks (1933–2015) has been described by the New York Times as 'a kind of poet laureate of contemporary medicine'. His books are made up of case histories of his patients, and explore both their neurological disorders and the strategies they adopted to cope with them. In this book, Sacks draws on the stories of his patients and his own experiences with hallucinogenics to show how hallucinations have influenced every culture's folklore and art, and why the potential for hallucination is in all of us and not confined to the mentally ill. Slightly off-mint.
The Genius in All of Us: Why Everything You've Been Told
about Genetics, Talent and Intelligence is Wrong
Where does human brilliance come from? Are some of us blessed with certain genetic 'gifts'? Science journalist David Shenk argues that intelligence and talent are not predetermined to the extent that is often claimed, and that we should be aware of how to influence interactions between our genes and our environment. The book's first part sets out this thesis, while the second part provides full details of the evidence used.