Sir John Tiptoft: 'The Butcher of England'
The Earl of Worcester 1427–1470
A scholarly, well-travelled man, Sir John Tiptoft held several high offices of state under Henry VI and Edward IV, including Treasurer, Constable of England, and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; but it was the scale and brutality of the executions he ordered that came to define him. This reappraisal argues that the denigration of his character reflected English antipathy towards his cosmopolitan mindset, and his refashioning of the royal court according to continental models.
Great Walls and Linear Barriers
Hadrian’s Wall and the Great Wall of China are world famous, but they are not exceptional phenomena. This impressively researched volume shows how, throughout history and across the globe, societies have built such barriers to reinforce their control over territory. Illustrated with numerous photographs and specially commissioned maps, the book ranges from Mesopotamia to Kievan Rus to examine their construction and strategic function, and identifies a recurrent theme: the separation of nomadic peoples from areas of settled agriculture.