Thus Spake Zarathustra
This profoundly influential literary-philosophical experiment – a book of aphorisms put into the mouth of the Persian sage Zarathustra – contains the kernel of Nietzsche's thought: his famous proclamation that 'God is dead', and the much-misinterpreted theory of the rise of the Übermensch that has attained a higher, enhanced humanity. First published in four parts in 1883–85.
Human, All Too Human
Published in 1878, two years after Nietzsche broke with German Romanticism and his former friend, Richard Wagner, this is his first philosophical book written in aphoristic style. Here he describes the ‘free spirits’ that will transcend traditional Christianity, challenges the Christian notions of good and evil, and introduces the concept of the will to power.
Written in 1888, shortly before Nietzsche succumbed to mental illness, Ecce Homo (originally entitled Why I Am So Wise) is his last book, an intellectual autobiography tracing the development of his philosophy and explaining its concept of ‘free will’ and ‘free spirit’. Translated, with an introduction, by Gerta Valentine.